Presentation on theme: "JTLS at JWC ALLIED COMMAND TRANSFORMATION JOINT WARFARE CENTRE"— Presentation transcript:
1 JTLS at JWC ALLIED COMMAND TRANSFORMATION JOINT WARFARE CENTRE [12 Dec 2012]Mr Ivan VianelloChief Team ACAX Support BranchSimulation Modelling & C4 Division
2 New NATO’s Military Structure CommitteeSHAPEHQ-SACTACTACOJFCBrunssumLCCHeidelbergHQMadridJCLisbonMCCNaplesJFCNaplesJWCJFTCJALLCHQAIRCOMMRamsteinHQMARCOMMNorthwoodHQLANDCOMizmirNRDCJFC’S NOW WILL BE CONVERTED IN LARGER JOINT FORCE HQ CAPABLE TO DEPLOY 500 OF THEIR 850 PEOPLE.ACC RAMSTEIN WILL TAKE THE TASK OF MISSILE DEFENCE2 CAOCS NOT A DEPLOYABLE ONE DETACHED FROM THE 2 WILL BE CREATED. POGGIO AND NIEUW Milligen will be combined.NC3ANCST2 CAOCsFRRCORPEUROCORPSARRCNRDC-TNRDC-INCIANRDC-GE/NLNRDC-SNRDC : NATO’s Rapid Deployable Corps ; ARRC : Allies Rapid Reac Corps
3 JWC MissionJWC plans, conducts and executes operational training; conducts and supports collective training of joint and combined staffs of the NATO Command Structure (NCS) and NATO Force Structure (NFS) for Major Joint Operations (MJOs) and Small Joint Operations (SJOs)SIMULATION, MODELING & C4 DIVISION (SMC4) is responsible for the planning, management and provision of Computer Assisted Exercises (CAX) and the C4 and CIS environments related to the JWC Programme of Work (POW). CAX SUPPORT BRANCH is responsible for providing appropriate modeling and simulation support to deliver CAX capabilities for training events. he NATO Force Structure encompasses national and multinational forces and their associated operational headquarters, placed under the Alliance’s disposal on a permanent or temporary basis under specified readiness criteria.The NATO Command Structure has a strategic scope, primarily intended to command and control the Alliance’s joint operations (i.e. operations in which more than one service are involved).The NATO Force Structure is tactical in scope and provides additional command and control capabilities at the single service level. It is at present in the process of radical changes:
4 JWC Customers:Joint WarfareCentreJoint ForceCommand BrunssumMCC NorthwoodACC RamsteinSHAPESHAPE – 2 subordinate JFCs – generate land-based CJTF HQ - JFC Brunsum and Naples.JCL sea-based CJTF HQ - no subordinate CCIf operational requirements dictate, JFCB / JFCN CC can be tasked by SACEUR to provide a C2 capability.Responsible to ACT - responsive to ACOJoint ForceCommand NaplesLCC Izmir4
5 Live Stream is definitely a TA requirement but at today : Models in JWCJTLS + VBS2 to support NRF (Nato Response Force ) Exercises2 Main Events per year1 JFC and 3 HQ’s involved (1200 people) - DistributedExercise Control 400 people - centralized in JWCJWC CAX Specialist Team 9 People (Core Team) . Additional Support from Contractors , R&A , M&S COE (2 people)VBS2 to support ISAF HQ Training EventLive Stream is definitely a TA requirement but at today :Multiple streams are not possiblemax 3/4 vignettes per day (manpower demanding)difficulties to support TA last minute requests for streaming outside the MEL MIL (MSEL) plan .Going towards Kinetic (Article V) scenarios this requirement may rise more frequently. TA can take initiative not only React.
6 2012 a Challenging Year Steadfast Joist 12 Moving to New Building The Complete infrastructure is VirtualizedJWC Staff use Thin client for daily jobDuring the Execution JTLS is running on VM :Two Pools : 1 for Server (JTLS Services) , 1 for Clients (Whips).In Total 5 full Games Running1 JWC CAX Technician prepare and look after the entire CAX Infrastructure
7 2012 a Challenging YearSteadfast Juncture 12 New Scenario (towards Article V)Settings (GEO – DB) :52 national Boundaries17 CountriesAround targets(46520 Bridges , Facilities , 3040 Runways , 9789 Tunnels etc etc )8 Sides6345 Flight Corridor for Civilian flights.1500 Civilians Flights per day over the exercise AreaOrbat : Alliance , Sitfor , OPFOR (new concept) , built with JOBE7
8 JTLS in JWC Flexible ( easy to Rerun and deploy the model) Manageable - no complex Architecture keySize of the Game has impact on crash procedures i.e . CEP start time .(example of Next exercise)
9 JTLS in JWC “ Keep the CAX Architecture as Simple as possible” -Scenario Size implicationsReduce Complexity of Setup / Crash - Recover proceduresGame Start up time-Only CAX tools considered Critical for a specific Event are added in the event CAX Architecture .-CAX Environment has to be easily reproducible after the exercise with minimum manpower and resources-Minimize the possibility that required Architecture updates , can prevent a new model version to be used for an event.Current Approach fits with JWC IT (VM) Environment and available Manpower
10 and within your organizations ? ConsiderationsMission requirementsSecurityFeasibilityUsabilityCoherenceRobustnessAffordabilitySustainabilityModularityCohesivenessConnectivityEconomyExtensibilityAll design are technically feasible but the question is how do they fit with these 13 considerationsand within your organizations ?
11 SFJE12 EXPERIENCE JTLS to play a Cyber Attack incident JTLS for EXCON “next day preview” in support of a Kinetic Incident.JTLS information’s combined with Mel Mil (MSEL) layer and UAV Stream on a NATO C2 System
12 CYBER ATTACK with JTLSOne of the goals of Cyber Attacks is to discredit the “trust” in the IT systems used.However, from training perspective, such an effect could be intentionally planned to achieve a specific training Objective.
13 CYBER ATTACK with JTLSDuring the Execution of SFJE12 Mel Mil (MSEL) Team planned a specific Cyber IncidentOne of the two C2 systems (MCCIS) used had to be “attacked” : Additional enemy tracks were supposed to appear in the RMP.The goal was to have a mismatch in the Training Audience C2 systems.MCCIS showing “enemy tracks detected”AIR and Land C2 with no information's about the incoming threat
14 CYBER ATTACK with JTLSA Specific side was selected as temporary source for the “fake” tracks .Copies of enemies ships were created from the chosen side.In JTOI the Naval update for the “fake tracks” side was Filtered out in order to prevent Air C2 system to be stimulated (potentially it could receive Ship updates as well)TPFDD in
15 CYBER ATTACK with JTLSFake Ships were then Magic Moved and ordered to start sailingUnit intel was passed to Training Audience Side to force detectionFake Ships started getting reported only in 1 C2 system (MCCIS)No DSA in the areaAir Cell were role playing “no detection” from air asset in the area (fake tracks were still appearing in the WHIP)
17 ”The day after” Requirements : An MEL MIL (MSEL) Incident triggered the Training Audience Decision to conduct an Amphibious Attack during the Night. (No 24 hrs manning).Mel Mil team needed the “next day “ situation for a possible contingency plan.Solution :CAX team implemented the Amphibious in Run Ahead game Runahed was fast forwarded until the next morning with the TRIPP connected .During the Evening MEL MIL Sync meeting , Mel Mil team intensively used the TRIPP to analyze the situation.
18 Experiment : C2 as UDOPFrom Theatre : UDOP (User Defined Operational Picture) . The goal was to optimize the information flow and access within the HQ itself. The key was to reuse tools available in NATO (ICC) without starting new projects.ICC clients have been fed with different KML files :“Incidents” and “Actions” pulled from JEMM (MSEL tool)Simulation data’s updated in real time from JTLS. (KOI)JOC WATCH information's (Training Audience perception of incidents)VBS2 Stream Hyperlink within the KML “info bubble” the pointed operator to directly to the Live feed (As in real Life)
19 JWC WAY AHEAD Looking into BBW capabilities for the future exercises JTLS TBMD Stimulation Capabilitiesnext exercise TBMD will be Main TONATO new Air C2 systems (ICC 2.8.2) has embedded a TBMD “COP” tool that will be stimulated by JTLS
20 Questions“……Clearly the value of JTLS to an operational-level exercise is enormous. If we were not able to maintain “white truth” via JTLS , the exercise would not only be unmanageable but the entire exercise would fall apart.……JTLS set conditions for the execution of a revolutionary exercise in numerous way to include : cyber play , incorporating kinetic play as part of an operational-level exercise ….and the list goes on; I realize that we have only begun to tap into the potential for JTLS and I cannot imagine a serious exercise without it. ………”JWC Chief Mel MilSteadfast Juncture 12 Exercise.