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Dr. Noriel Tiglao Citilabs 2012 Asia User Conference, Sept.4-7

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Noriel Tiglao Citilabs 2012 Asia User Conference, Sept.4-7"— Presentation transcript:

1 Assessing the Impacts of Traffic Mitigation Measures in Metro Manila through Multi-level Modeling
Dr. Noriel Tiglao Citilabs 2012 Asia User Conference, Sept.4-7 Plaza Athénée Bangkok, A Royal Méridien Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand

2 Outline Metro Manila Urbanization Travel Demand Patterns
Nature of Traffic Congestion Problem Transport Modelling Issues Need for Multi-level Modelling Benefits of Cube

3 Metro Manila Urbanization
High population growth rates and in-migration 13 percent of the country’s population are packed in only about 0.2 percent of the country’s land area Metro Manila dominates the economy accounting for 43.5 percent of the country’s GDP in 2000 The effect of rapid urbanization of the metropolis spilled over the adjoining municipalities Comprised of 17 cities and municipalities

4 Metro Manila Land Area: 636 sq. km Population (2007): 11.55 million
Population Density (2007): 18,166 persons/ sq. km

5 ‘Mega’ Manila 100-Km radius Land Area: 38,544 sq. km
Population (2000): 27.4 million Population Density (2000): 712 persons/ sq. km

6 Metro Manila Traffic Demand
Source: MMUTIS (1999)

7 Travel Demand Pattern Drastic increase in motorized trips in Metro Manila From 10.6 million trips in 1980 to million trips in 1996 Serious increase in car ownership From 10% in 1980 to 20% in 1996 6.75% average growth rate in vehicle registration for Metro Manila from 1990 to 2005 Higher vehicle registration growth rates in adjacent regions Alarming increase in motorcycle share since 2005, accounting for almost half of the vehicle fleet

8 Economic Cost of Traffic Congestion
100 Billion Pesos (in 1996 values) is lost each year due to road congestion Roughly 2% of GDP Based on travel time delays and 50% of hourly income across different occupation groups In addition, reduction in the urban quality of life increases health and living costs Source: Economic Impact of Traffic Congestion in Metro Manila,” A Study conducted by University of the Philippines National Center for Transportation Studies (NCTS) for the NEDA Legislative Executive Development Advisory Committee (LEDAC), 2000.

9 Metro Manila Road Network

10 Traffic Congestion Problem
Vehicle volume Pedestrian flows Truck traffic Stalled vehicles Roadside parking Oversupply of buses Motorcycle traffic Intersection treatment Poor pavement quality Uneven road geometry

11 Traffic Mitigation Measures
Vehicle volume – Color coding, UVVRP Pedestrian flows – Pedestrian barriers, Footbridges Truck traffic – Truck ban Stalled vehicles – Emergency bays Roadside parking – (Curbside development) Oversupply of buses – (Yellow lanes) Motorcycle traffic – (Motorcycle lanes) Intersection treatment – (U-turns, grade separation) Poor pavement quality – (Pavement rehabilitation) Uneven road geometry – ???

12 Transport Modelling Issues
Nowadays, agencies require thorough Traffic Impact Analysis as part of the Feasbility Study Important to consider economic and social considerations In heavily built-up areas/congested areas, justifying (costly) isolated interventions is a challenge Case in point: a flyover/underpass for through traffic Greater need to analyze a combination of mitigation projects at various level e.g. network expansion in one area and intersection treatment in another

13 Need for Multi-level Modelling
Macroscopic Region-Wide analysis Evaluation of network effects Mesoscopic Dynamic Traffic Assignment Queuing Analysis Microscopic Traffic operation level, e.g. Signal design

14 Multi-level Modelling - Macroscopic
Subarea extraction

15 Multi-level Modelling - Mesoscopic
Packet log analysis Packet log animation

16 Multi-level Modelling - Microscopic
Proposed Grade Separation

17 Benefits of Cube Consistency and flexibility in terms of modelling networks, flows, time, and travel behavior Increase response rate, cost-effective Analyze many scenarios in shorter time periods Results are easily accessible for decision-making Perform sensitivity analysis, share data across various data formats

18 Thank you!

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