Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma Department of Corrections DUI Offender Profile"— Presentation transcript:
1Oklahoma Department of Corrections DUI Offender Profile Analyzing differences between DUI-specific and general population prison receptions, incarcerates and prison releases.
2Overview Purpose: DUI offenders discussed are those imprisoned for: To profile and discuss statistical differences between DUI-specific and overall population offenders who have been or are currently imprisoned by the Oklahoma Department of Corrections.DUI offenders discussed are those imprisoned for:DUI – Liquor or Drugs /APCVDUI – Liquor or Drugs/APCV (after former conviction of a felony)Personal Injury Accident while DUIManslaughter, First Degree while DUIThree sections include:Prison Receptions (5 years)Current IncarceratesPrison Releases (5 years)
3Prison ReceptionsComparisons between DUI-specific and all prison receptions for a five-year period
4Receptions - Offense Type DUI ReceptionsAll Receptions
5Receptions – General Info GenderDUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsMale91%85%Female9%15%AgeAverage Age41.8 years34.5 yearsRace/EthnicityAsian0.1%0.3%African American12%27%Caucasian62%54%Hispanic9%8%Native American17%10%Other0.2%DUI offenders tend to be more male, older in age, with a higher representation among Caucasians and Native Americans and a lower representation among African Americans than all prison receptions.
6Receptions – Assessed Security Level DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsDUI receptions are more likely to be assessed to be in need of a minimum security level while incarcerated than the general prison receptions population.
7Receptions – Sentence Length DUI ReceptionsAvg. Sentence Length (yrs.)Minimum SentenceMaximum SentenceMale4.015 Days25 YearsFemale3.730 Days20 YearsTotal3.9All ReceptionsAvg. Sentence Length (yrs.)Minimum SentenceMaximum SentenceMale6.815 Days999 YearsFemale5.425 Days65 YearsTotal6.6Note: Life, Life without Parole, and Death sentences were removed.Though the average sentence length for DUI offenses is not the same for each year’s reception population, it has remained fairly constant – ranging from 3.7 to 4.3 years – and averages 3.9 years for the five-year time frame. The same trend applies to all receptions.
8Receptions – Sentence Length by Race Average Sentence LengthNative American DUI receptions received the longest average sentence length, 4.3 years.Regarding all receptions, African Americans received the longest average sentence, 7.0 years.Note: Life, Life without Parole, and Death sentence were removed.
9Receptions – Avg. Sent. Length by County DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsAverage Sentence LengthAverage Sentence LengthOklahoma County is among the top five counties sending offenders to prison. More interesting is that it also has the highest average sentence for controlling crimes, ranging between one and two years longer.Note: Life, Life without Parole, and Death sentences were removed.
10Receptions – Prior Offense Types DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsOffender TypeNumberPercentAlcohol-related1,29754%3,5109%Drug-related45019%11,56928%Violent51721%7,664Non-violent1,68470%21,82353%DUI offenders tend to have a greater representation in regards to prior alcohol-related offenses for which the offender was ordered to imprisonment by the Oklahoma Department of Corrections.
11Receptions – LSI-R Elements DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsCrim. History – Three or more prior convictions78%55%Crim. History – Arrested under age of 1618%31%Crim. History – Official record of assault/violence46%57%Financial – Reliance upon social assistance30%33%Alcohol/Drug – Alcohol problem in lifetime98%60%Alcohol/Drug – Drug problem in lifetime88%82%Alcohol/Drug – Marital/Family problems84%66%Alcohol/Drug – School/Work problems70%56%Alcohol/Drug – Medical Problems10%7%The LSI-R is comprised of 10 Subscales (e.g., Criminal History, Financial) which contain varying numbers elements or questions. The assessment helps to determine the risk of reoffending.
12Receptions – LSI-R Risk Level DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsBased on responses to LSI-R elements, a risk level is determined (i.e., High, Moderate, Low). DUI offenders are slightly more represented in the Moderate category, whereas all receptions are more evenly split between Moderate and High.
13Receptions – Programmatic Needs Percent in NeedDUI receptions are more likely to be assessed with a Moderate to High need for substance abuse treatment than the general population, 82% vs. 67%.
14Receptions – TABE Scores Average Grade LevelTABE stands for Test of Adult Basic Education and it assesses the individual’s skill level in various subjects. Average TABE scores are generally the same for both populations, DUI and all receptions, resulting in an average total battery grade level of 6.7.
15Receptions – Mental Health Level DUI ReceptionsAll ReceptionsApproximately 41% of DUI offenders and 48% of all offenders have been assessed with a MHL of A – D. Of those with a MHL A-D, the majority are assessed B.
16Incarcerated Offenders Comparisons between the DUI and general prison population
17DUI Incarcerates – Offense Type Number of OffendersApproximately 25,600 offenders are currently incarcerated; 23,000 males and 2,600 females. Offenders serving time on a controlling DUI conviction account for 2.5% of the population; males – 2.5% and females – 2.0%.
18Incarcerates – General Info CategoryDUI IncarceratesAll IncarceratesMale92%90%Female8%10%Average Age43.6 years38.4 yearsAverage Sentence Length5.4 years15.4 yearsTop County of ConvictionTulsaOklahomaNote: Life, Life without Parole, and Death removed when determining average sentence.DUI Offenders are slightly more male and higher in age than the general incarcerated population. They are also, on average, serving considerably shorter sentences for their controlling offense when compared to all incarcerates.
19Incarcerates – Race/Ethnicity DUI IncarceratesAll IncarceratesCaucasians make up the majority of both DUI and general incarcerates, however there is a greater representation of Native-American offenders and fewer African-American offenders when compared to the entire population.
20Incarcerates – Facility Type Percent of IncarceratesMany more of the DUI offenders when compared to the general population are housed at Community-level facilities, which are no higher than Minimum security.
21Incarcerates – Active Offenses Offense TypeDUIAll IncarceratesDrug-related3%37%Violent7%52%Non-violent93%48%Split Sentence24%25%The overall incarcerated population tends to have a greater representation of violent offenders than the DUI-specific population due to higher crime categories and longer sentences, which keep them imprisoned for longer periods of time.
22Incarcerates – Earned Credit Level DUI IncarceratesAll IncarceratesOffenders earn good time credits based on their behavior and the accumulation of these credits reduce the time the offender is imprisoned. DUI offenders and all incarcerates both have a similar representation in the highest credit level category (Level 4), 43% and 49%, respectively.
23Incarcerates – Proj. Days Remaining DUI IncarceratesAll Incarcerates1-90 Days15%5%Days13%6%DaysDaysDays14%10%Days9%8%731+ Days23%61%As the average sentence length of the DUI population is much shorter than all incarcerates, the projected time until release is shorter as well. The majority are projected to release in less than two years.
24Prison ReleasesComparisons between DUI-specific and general prison releases for a five-year period.
25Releases – Offense Type DUI ReleasesAll Releases
26Releases – General Info CategoryDUI ReleasesAll ReleasesMale91%85%Female9%15%Average Age43.0 years36.8 yearsAverage Sentence Length3.8 years6.4 yearsDUI prison releases are slightly more male and higher in age than all prison releases. They are also, on average, serving considerably shorter sentences for their controlling offense when compared to all releases.
27Releases – Sentence & Time Served MalesFemalesAverage LengthAverage LengthBased on average controlling offense sentence length and average time served, offenders are serving approximately 47% of their sentence. This is true for males and females, DUI-specific and general releases.
28Releases – LSI-R Risk Level DUI ReleasesAll ReleasesDUI releases tend to represent the Moderate Risk category more so than all prison releases.
29Releases – Met Program Needs DUI ReleasesAll ReleasesPercent NeedsPercent NeedsRegarding both populations, approximately 25% or fewer specific needs are being met prior to the offender discharging from prison. However, more DUI offenders completed Substance Abuse treatment than all releases.
30Releases – Post-prison Supervision Percent of ReleasesFewer DUI offenders released from prison to ODOC probation or parole supervision when compared to all prison releases.
31Releases – Returns to Prison Recidivism RateDUIAll ReleasesNumberPercentMale53019.1%8,71025.5%Female2511.1%1,03917.0%New DUI SentenceDUIAll ReleasesNumberPercentMale41478.1%8689.9%Female1976.0%605.8%Recidivism is defined as returning to an ODOC reception center within three years of releasing from prison. Statistics are based on Fiscal Year 2004 through Fiscal Year 2008 prison releases. DUI offenders recidivate less frequently than the overall prison release population.
32ConclusionsSeveral concluding remarks can be made regarding offender profile differences:DUI prison receptions and prison releases have remained relatively constant over the past five years.DUI imprisonments when compared to all ODOC imprisoned offenders are generally more moderate-risk and are in need of lower security levels.DUI imprisonments have a higher need for substance abuse treatment than the overall imprisoned population, but this need is only being met, at best, for 25% of the offenders.The recidivism rate for DUI offenders is generally lower than the recidivism rate for all prison releases.
33Contact InformationLaura J. Pitman, Ph.D.Deputy Director, Female Offender OperationsClint CastleberryAdministrator, Programs UnitRenée M. PhilippStatistical Analyst, Evaluation and Analysis Unit