Presentation on theme: "Blue Heron Middle School October 2, 2012. Cocoa pods grow on a tree Grown 15 degrees north or south of equator A delicate crop, bears fruit in."— Presentation transcript:
Cocoa pods grow on a tree Grown 15 degrees north or south of equator A delicate crop, bears fruit in fifth year A tree can live 25 years or more How Cocoa Is Grown
Cocoa Pods Rough, leather-like husk weighing over 2 pounds Filled with 30–50 seeds called cocoa beans Seeds contain a sweet pulp Pulp is half cocoa butter and half cocoa solids
Beans are extracted by farmers Harvesting occurs a few times a year Beans are fermented under piles of banana leaves Fermenting takes five days Beans are dried in the sun on bamboo mats Picking and Fermenting
Dried beans are sold to agents who sell to wholesalers Most are used to produce chocolate confections Some cocoa butter is used in cosmetics Distributing
Beans are roasted in cylinders Inside of bean (nib) ground into cocoa mass Cocoa butter pressed out of the cocoa mass Cocoa powder remains Making Cocoa Powder
Other ingredients are added: sugar, milk, etc. Heavy rollers swirl mixture (conching) Mixture is heated, cooled, and then heated (tempering) Chocolate is poured into molds Used to make candies such as chocolate surrounding caramel (enrobing) Producing Chocolate
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