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NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Alternative Check Dams for Polyacrylamide Dosing Melanie M. McCaleb, CPESC North Carolina State University,

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Presentation on theme: "NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Alternative Check Dams for Polyacrylamide Dosing Melanie M. McCaleb, CPESC North Carolina State University,"— Presentation transcript:

1 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Alternative Check Dams for Polyacrylamide Dosing Melanie M. McCaleb, CPESC North Carolina State University, Soil Science Department Richard A. McLaughlin, Ph.D. North Carolina State University, Soil Science Department

2 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Sediment is the #1 pollutant in NC waterways!

3 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE EPA Rules and Regulations

4 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Effects of Baffles: Velocityinletoutlet

5 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Check dams should help prevent erosion and scour and promote grass growth!

6 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE We don’t want to create erosion!

7 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Excelsior wattles Rock Rock w/ Excelsior Rock w/ coir Coir logs

8 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE 4 minutes at each 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 1.0, and 0.5 cfs soil added at 6,000 mg/L 4 samples were collected in each bottle- 5 bottles total 3 consecutive runs sediment depth and length was measured LIDAR scan was taken soil

9 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Ideal BMP Spacing BMPs theoretically spaced such that flow goes from pool to pool… This slows water velocity down and gives more time for water to infiltrate into the ground and causes sediment to fall out of suspension!

10 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Ground-based LIDAR LIDAR – LIght Detection And Ranging –Uses reflected laser pulse to determine 2-way travel time (X,Y,Z) coordinates from the scanner head –Records 50,000 points/second –360 degree field of view

11 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Scanning Site (SECREF)

12 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE LIDAR Data (Down Channel)

13 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Methodology Take LIDAR scans before and after test Interpolate points to 3-D surfaces Calculate the difference in the 2 surfaces –Reveals total volume and spatial distribution of sediment captured within the basin First Scan (bottom layer) 3-D View of Before and After Surface Final Scan (top layer)

14 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE 3D Channel Rock Check Dam Flow Direction

15 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Coir3 Sediment Depth Coir Location Sediment In Front of First Coir Check Dam

16 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Method Comparison In Front of First Trap RUN NAMEmax depth(in)Volume (m3)Volume (ft3) Coir RC RC RX X In Front of Second Trap RUN NAMEmax depth(in)Volume (m3)Volume (ft3) Coir RC RC RX X

17 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Behind first check dam

18 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Behind second check dam

19 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Total Suspended Solids

20 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Introduction of PAM Rock with PAM Rock with Excelsior wrap with PAM Excelsior wattle with PAM

21 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Sprinkle 60 grams of APS 705 PAM over the check dam where the water is going to flow over.

22 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Flocs sticking to rocks

23 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Comparison of Treatments

24 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE Comparison of Treatments

25 NC STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE There is a rainbow on our horizon!


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