Presentation on theme: "Schéma Holistique pour l’Auto-évaluation Paysanne de la Résilience climatique Self-evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers."— Presentation transcript:
Schéma Holistique pour l’Auto-évaluation Paysanne de la Résilience climatique Self-evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers and Pastoralists Caterina Batello (AGPME) John Choptiany (AGPME); Suzanne Phillips (AGPMC); Benjamin Graub (AGPME) The development of SHARP has received funding from the European Union through the Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction Programme. Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction Programme
Resilience context CC, population growth and conflict have pushed some regions into permanent crises Political will for increased resilience: e.g. AU’s Malabo Declaration: 1/3 of African farmers to be climate-resilient by 2025 There are no resilience self-assessments at the household level (but there are many tools e.g. FAO’s RIMA effort on a broader scale) Need to understand both “academic” resilience & the needs and desires of the people most affected
What is SHARP? SHARP is a self-assessment of climate resilience of farmers and pastoralists at the household level Developed over 1.5 years Initial workshop in Burkina Faso 4 field tests (Uganda x2, Senegal, Mali) E-discussion 150+ reviewers Tablet-based participatory and interactive tool Implementation in GEF-funded CC adaptation projects in sub-Saharan Africa over the next 3-5 years by AGPME & AGPMC under FAO’s SO2
3 Phases Phase 1: –Interactive self-assessment of resilience Phase 2: –Participatory discussions with farmers/local leaders, government etc. Phase 3: –Integrate results to perform temporal/ geographical/ practice analyses and combine with CC data –Incorporate data for use in FFS/ government policies/ upcoming projects
The SHARP survey The survey has 4 sections: practices, environment, social and economic 51 questions, partially tailored to farmers/pastoralists Questions matched to 13 resilience indicators outlined by Cabell and Oelofse (2012) Central idea is that facilitators empower farmers to self-assess their resilience to CC and discuss options
Learning participatory tool Farmers have interactive learning and have a dialogue during FFS Integrated into FFS curricula over a season Immediate feedback
Scoring QuestionAspect measuring Scale/ rating (/10) (a) Adequacy scale/ rating (/10) (b) Importance scale/ rating (/10) (c) Relative resilience ranking (a+b+c) Land degradation Types of land degradation observed 0=10, 1=7, 2=4, 3+=0 Not at all = 0, A little = 2.5, Average =5, A lot =7.5, Completely =10 Not at all = 10, A little = 7.5, Average, =5, A lot =2.5, Very = 0 Group membership Number of groups a member/ involved with 0=0, 1=7, 2+=10 Not at all = 0, A little = 2.5, Average =5, A lot =7.5, Completely =10 Not at all = 10, A little = 7.5, Average, =5, A lot =2.5, Very = 0 Market accessAccess to marketNo access=0 Intermittent=4 Sustained access =10 Not at all = 0, A little = 2.5, Average =5, A lot =7.5, Completely =10 Not at all = 10, A little = 7.5, Average, =5, A lot =2.5, Very = 0 Relative resilience = response score + adequacy + importance
The questions Each question has 4 parts: –Acquire quantifiable information on the resource level (e.g. # water sources, level of access to information) –Perceived adequacy of resource level for their livelihood (Likert scale) –Perceived importance of specific resource to their livelihood (Likert scale) –Space for elaboration/explanation
Resilience ranking and rapid assessment Ranking represents priority levels for improvements to be made to farm system Once a resilience ranking is obtained: –Individual level priorities identified –Resilience of different participants compared –Resilience scores can be compared for different groups: m/f, f/p, etc. –Priorities at community level Discussions with facilitators and f/ps should take into account the feasibility and potential improvement of any actions.
Next steps Finalizing the tablet-based application Implementing in GEF-funded CCA projects: Angola, Chad, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Uganda, Senegal, Mali, Niger and more upcoming projects Publish article on literature review, SHARP methodology, first SHARP document & Facilitators’ Guide in early 2015 Have continual feedback to improve the tool, esp. Phases 2 & 3 Mainstream SHARP in more projects, incl. possibilities for project design
Definition of Resilience is “the capacity of social, economic, and environmental systems to cope with a hazardous event or trend or disturbance, responding or reorganizing in ways that maintain their essential function, identity, and structure, while also maintaining the capacity for adaptation, learning, and transformation” (IPCC, 2014).