Presentation on theme: "Position of biodiversity in future CAP Nina Dobrzyńska Department for Direct Payments Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Poland Ryn, 29th September."— Presentation transcript:
Position of biodiversity in future CAP Nina Dobrzyńska Department for Direct Payments Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Poland Ryn, 29th September 2011
OBJECTIVES OF THE CAP 2007-2013 „to ensure food supply at affordable prices” increase agricultural production market stabilization protection of consumers and producers ensuring food security Policy frame to halt the biodiversity loss EU Common Agricultural Policy axis 2 ‘Improving the environment and the country- side through land management’ LFA payments Agri-environmental programme Restoring forestry potential and introducing prevention action First afforastation of agricultural land and first afforestation of non agricultural land
6 Number of beneficients of RDP 2007-2013 in respect of payments made
Cross compliance ‘Cross-compliance’ links area payments to farmers with their respect of environmental and other requirements Statutory Management Requirements (SMR) and the maintenance farm in good agricultural and environmental condition (GAEC)
Cross compliance standards Statutory management requirements (SMR): Farmers must respect other cross compliance standards called statutory management requirements set-up in accordance with certain EU Directives and Regulations relating to the protection of environment; public, animal and plant health; animal welfare. Good agricultural and environmental condition (GAEC): All farmers claiming direct payments must abide by standards.
OBJECTIVES OF THE FUTURE CAP NEW TARGETS ensuring food security, increase the competitiveness of European agriculture, development of renewable energy production, public goods: environmental protection in rural areas (biodiversity, water management...) mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Reform of the CAP Challenges : –Economic - food security (EU and globally), price volatility, economic crisis; Reasons : –Environmental - Environment (destruction of land, air and water quality, decline in biodiversity ) and climate change (sustainable management, greenhouse gas emissions, RES); –Territory - (strengthening social and territorial cohesion, vitality, diversity of EU agriculture). 12
The new programming period 2014-2020 –New financial perspective – debate over the level of support in the individual pillars. –Appear : N ew RDP, N ew system of direct payments, New market regulations.
„GREENING” - proposals Direct payments and „greening” component; Organic farms in principle included in the payment of "greening"; Farms in Natura 2000 areas eligible for "greening" payments.
Direct payments Minimum level of direct payment LFAs in 2nd pillar would end. Basic income support (basic decoupled direct payment, plus fulfilment of cross-compliance requirements) and an upper ceiling for direct payments (capping) „Greening" component of direct payments and possibility of enhancing certain elements of GAEC standards Support to small farmers – no controll Simplification of cross compliance rules
Payment for pro-environmental actions (GREENING) - proposals Crop diversification ; Permanent grassland - a reference level ; Areas excluded from the production - set- aside land, landscape elements, buffer zones.
Agricultural Advisory System The specific role of agri-environmental consultancy and training for farmers. The new issues for advisory system: –climate changes; –support for small farms.
CROSS - COMPLIANCE Emphasize the role of the instrument as a tool for decoupling; Discussion on the shape of the instrument; Proposition that small farms are not subject to inspection.
GAEC Reformulation of the requirements - an attempt to generalize and standardize. Proposed new standards, such as protection of wetlands?
New agri-environmental programme Mandatory instrument; 5-7-year commitment; Cross-compliance; Organic agriculture as a separate action; More specialized program and real goals; BUT does that mean that the easier?