Presentation on theme: "Giorgi Mosidze, M.S. The Influence of Brain Derived Protein Complex on the Proliferative Activity of Hippocampal Progenitor Cells Department of Biology,"— Presentation transcript:
Giorgi Mosidze, M.S. The Influence of Brain Derived Protein Complex on the Proliferative Activity of Hippocampal Progenitor Cells Department of Biology, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia 2012
ETPC- Endogenous Thermostable Protein Complex ( Investigation was started by Prof. Tumanishvili) Ethanol extraction according to the Bullough method (Bullough et al 1964) Note: Bullough studied endogenous growth factors and extracts of vertebrate epidermis contain an antimitotic chemical messenger, called the epidermal chalone, which appears to be of central importance in the control of epidermal mitosis. The termostable complex was received by boiling at 100 C ; Different sources of extraction: Phylogeneticaly diverse species (Bacteria,......human); Different organs of one species (in our case rat)
Chemical Characterization Native PAGE Bovine albumin 66.00 kDa Egg albumin 45.00kd Horse myoglobin 17.00kd Cytochrome C 12.00kd BrainHeart Fraction I – at molecular weight ranged between 45-66 kDa Fraction II – at molecular weight ranged between 12-17 kDa
Chemical Characterization hydrophobic-interaction HPLC The same picture as at electrophoresis - two fractions in the extracts from different organs Fraction I – corresponds to the second peak (hydrophobic) Fraction II – corresponds to the first peak at the diagram (hydrophilic);
Influence on Transcriptional Activity in vitro test system of isolated nuclei Intensity of RNA synthesis % 1.Intact nuclei 2.Nuclei + ETPC
Inhibition of Mitotic Index 1.Control 2.Experiment Note: experiment means the effect of ETPC after 3 hours of injection
Due to inhibition of transcriptional activity, ETPC decreases the mitotic index.
Specificity ControlHeartLiverBrain The tissue and species specificity were studied both at the level of transcriptional and mitotic activity. The ETPC is tissue-specific, but it is not shown to be species - specific. Intensity of RNA synthesis %
However, the tissue-specificity reveals only in case of terminally differentiated cells.
GOAL ! To study the influence of endogenous protein complex on the proliferative activity of newborn rats’ brain progenitor cells.
Materials and Methods Materials: Brain tissue of newborn (5-6 days) rats Adult Rats’ brain for the ETPC extraction Methods: Extraction of protein complex according to the Bullough method (Bullough et al 1964). Histochemical staining (hematoxilin/eosin) Imunohistochemical staining ( against Ki 67)
Changing of mitotic activity of dental gyrus cells, in 3 hours after ETPC injection. P<0.002
Mitotic figures of dentate gyrus of hippocampus 7X90 A B
Changing of mitotic activity in CA1 and CA3 fields of hippocampus in 3 hours of ETPC injection. P>0.05 P>0.2
Protein complex derived from adult rats, decreases the mitotic activity of dentate gyrus of newborn rats’ hippocampus.
Changing of Ki 67 positive cells’ quantity in dentate gyrus, in three hours after protein complex injection P<0.001
Ki 67 positive cells of dentate gyrus of newborn rats’ hippocampus. 7X40 7X90
Influence of ETPC on the quantity of Ki-67 positive cell G2 M G1 S G0 The increasing of Ki-67 positive cell quantity possibly defined by retention of cells in G2 phase and by the entering of new pool of cell into the cell cycle
The reversed effect of ETPC Equal mitotic index in control and experiment at 5 hours after injection Indicates on the reversed effect of ETPC
What might be the prospective mechanism of restoration of mitotic index?
Protein Protein complex derived from adult rats brain decreases the mitotic activity in homologies tissue in newborn rats. This inhibitory effect prolongs only three hours and is reversible process. The cells, which were impeded in G2 phase, maintain ability to enter into mitosis. Conclusion
Acknowledgement G. Tumanishvili † D. Dzidziguri N. Giorgobiani I. Modebadze E. Bakuradze L. Rusishvili M. Rukhadze T. AslamaziShvili and all members of working group.
Influence of ETPC on the quantity of Ki-67 positive cell The quantity of Ki- 67 positive cells is increased by the effect of ETPC
EPTC in Kidney Tumor EPTC was extracted from transformed cells. The ETPC in tumor cells was not identified Normal tissue Transformed tissue
The influence of ETPC on the different type of transformed cells MDCK Erlich ascitic carcinoma Jurkat Cell Note: Transcriptional activity 1. control; 2. experiment ( effect of EPTC on Isolated nuclei)
ETCP-Possible using in Cancer Therapy ETCP-Possible using in Cancer Therapy Two key points, absence of ETPC in transformed cells and inhibition effect on transcriptional and correspondently mitotic levels, give us possibility to think of this protein complex as a potential component of cancer therapy.
The future study strategy should be focused on more deep investigation of protein features, mechanism of acting in cancer cells. It will be interesting for our group to check if this protein complex, works according the schema advised by our group above. The future study
Asymmetric distribution of Ki 67 positive cells in various fields of hippocampus (intact rats)
Changing of Ki67 positive cells' quantity in CA1 and CA3 fields in three hours after protein complex injection