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United States Marine Corps Inspector General Intelligence Oversight MR EDWIN T. VOGT Assistant Inspector General Intelligence Oversight Division Intelligence.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Marine Corps Inspector General Intelligence Oversight MR EDWIN T. VOGT Assistant Inspector General Intelligence Oversight Division Intelligence."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Marine Corps Inspector General Intelligence Oversight MR EDWIN T. VOGT Assistant Inspector General Intelligence Oversight Division Intelligence Oversight Division

2 Slide 2 Changing Times

3 Slide 3 Inspector General “A typical IG is a man past middle age, spare, wrinkled, cold, passive, non-committal, with eyes of a codfish, polite in contact, but at the same time unresponsive, calm, and damnably composed as a concrete post or a plaster of paris cast, a human petrification with a heart of feldspar and without charm or friendly germ, minus bowels, passion, or a sense of humor. Happily, they never reproduce and all of them finally go to hell.” -- Gen George S. Patton, Jr. United States Army

4 Key 3 How to approach and conduct I/O Who to contact if you have questions The implications of not having good I/O can be huge (Bradley aka Chelsea Manning, Edward Snowden? Slide 4

5 Slide 5 ABUSES - 60s/70s VIETNAM ERA ABUSES INFILTRATION OF COLLEGE CAMPUSES INVOLVEMENT IN DOMESTIC POLITICAL ISSUES SURVEILLANCE OF ANTI-WAR PROTESTORS ABUSES - 80/90’S COMPARTMENTED PROGRAM ABUSES El Salvador “Hit Squads ” Waco, TX Fort Bragg, NC IRAN-CONTRA; GUATEMALA IO MISSION 1975 – Church Committee 1981 – E.O – DODR R SECNAVINST E SECNAVINST E MCO B

6 Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert O. Work ATSD (Civil Support) Inspector General ATSD (Intelligence Oversight) General Counsel ASD (Legislative Affairs) ASD (Public Affairs) Director Administration and Management USD (Policy) USD (Comptroller) USD (Personnel & Readiness) DNI Director Operational Test & Evaluation USD (Acquisition Technology and Logistics) RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OVERSIGHT OF ALL INTELLIGENCE / COUNTER INTEL ACTIVITIES IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ATSD I/O USD Intelligence

7 Slide 7 IGMC Organization GS-15

8 Slide 8 Responsible for the Oversight of intelligence and non-intelligence “Sensitive Activities ” Includes: Intelligence, counterintelligence, covered/clandestine actions, special access programs, support to law enforcement agencies, special operations, other special activities Insider Threat Program - Force Protection Information Operations – Cyber Oversight Division

9 Slide 9 Sensitive Activities n Sensitive Activities are activities, by their very nature, that require special oversight to reduce the potential for: n Physical risk to DON personnel or property n Issues of unlawful/improper conduct n Public embarrassment n May require special protection from disclosure

10 Slide 10 Do your homework and read the regulations. Identify subordinate Intel units and/or activities. Get your Staff Judge Advocate involved. Inspect as part of the CGIP : Training program in place Understanding of appropriate activities Knowledge of reporting requirements

11 Slide 11 GOOD IO PROGRAM COMPONENTS INSIGHT- Knowledge of programs and potential pitfalls OVERSIGHT – Review of programs for compliance with current laws and directives FORESIGHT – Determine way ahead to mitigate future problems and set path for future lawful conduct

12 Slide 12 GOOD INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT PROGRAM INDICATORS COMMAND AND LEADER EMPHASIS CODIFY RESPONSIBILITIES AND REQUIREMENTS FORMALLY APPOINT IO OFFICIAL (Whom Everyone Knows) TRAINING – EARLY AND OFTEN – WITH CREATIVE REINFORCEMENT

13 Slide 13 GOOD INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT PROGRAM INDICATORS MUST BE AN ACTIVE PART OF ALL OPERATIONAL PLANNING AND EXECUTION ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT BY SJA QUESTIONABLE ACTIVITY REPORTING  Timeliness  Prompt and Appropriate Corrective Action ACCURATE / CURRENT RECORDS & FILES

14 Slide 14 1.General Provisions 2.Collection of Info on U.S. Persons 3.Retention of Information 4.Dissemination of Information 5.Electronic Surveillance 6.Concealed Monitoring 7.Physical Searches 8.Searches of Mail 9.Physical Surveillance 10.Undisclosed Participation in Organizations 11.Contracting for Goods and Services 12.Assistance to Law Enforcement 13.Experimentation on Humans 14.Employee Conduct 15.Questionable Activities DoD R Procedures DoD R Procedures

15 Slide 15 Procedure 15 Under Procedure 15, IGs must... Identify, investigate, and report questionable activities. Marines should report through their Commander or IG. IGs must then report all questionable activities within five working days from discovery to IGMC-IGO Determine whether any organization, staffs, or office not specifically identified as an intelligence component are being used for foreign intelligence or counterintelligence purposes. You can reach IGMC-IGO at DSN or (703)

16 Slide 16 Questionable Activity Commonly Reported Examples Gathering information on U.S. domestic groups not connected with a foreign power or international terrorism. Producing and disseminating intelligence threat assessments containing U.S. person information without a clear explanation of the intelligence purpose for which the information was collected. Storing operations and command traffic about U.S. persons in intelligence files merely because the information was transmitted on a classified system. Collecting U.S. person information from open sources without a mission or authorization to do so. Disseminating command force protection information on U.S. person domestic activity as an intelligence product. Becoming directly involved in criminal investigative activities without proper authorization.

17 Significant or Highly Sensitive (S/HS) Matter Impugn the reputation or integrity of the DoD intelligence community and/or Challenge the propriety of an intel activity  Prompted by Congressional inquiry  May result in adverse media coverage  May impact foreign relations  Significant unauthorized disclosure of classified or sensitive material  Report serious questionable intelligence activities and all significant or highly sensitive matters immediately.

18 Slide 18 Relevance in the Current Environment GWOT AND TRANSFORMATION FORCE PROTECTION PRE-DEPLOYMENT TRAINING & COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES EVOLVINGCAPABILITIES INFORMATION SHARING & INTELLIGENCE FUSION OPENSOURCECOLLECTION

19 Reporting Format DTM Assessment of effect on national security, international relations, civil liberties, and privacy rights Remedial action taken or planned Actions taken if incident involves improper handling or compromise of classified information Signed on letterhead (not an or phone call) Recommend discussion between COCOM and Service IG’s on jurisdiction

20 Slide 20 Intelligence Oversight Inspection Methodology Identify your command’s intelligence components Involve your local Staff Judge Advocate Request a briefing from these intelligence components on their program to comply with MCO B Does the unit or activity have a copy of MCO B and appropriate SOPs on hand? Examine training records to determine if personnel are receiving training in accordance with MCO B Quiz unit or activity members

21 Slide 21 Intelligence Oversight Inspection Methodology (continued) Review unit procedures for handling all intelligence information. Physically check the intelligence files for U.S. person information. Check the unit or activity's annual review of intelligence files. Pay particular attention to files pertaining to support given to law- enforcement activities. Determine if the unit or activity knows about Procedure 15 and how to report a questionable activity.

22 Slide 22 Command IG Responsibilities for Intelligence Oversight Inspect intelligence components and activities as part of the Commanding Generals Inspection Program (CGIP) to ensure compliance MCO B. Report any questionable activities within five working days to IGMC-IGO in accordance with Procedure 15. Ensure that inspected personnel are familiar with the provisions of DoD R (Procedures 1 through 4 and 14) and know how to report questionable activities in accordance with Procedure 15.

23 Slide 23 Intelligence Oversight Triangle A system of checks and balances to mitigate risk Commanders Remain Responsible for Everything the Unit Does or Fails to Do Intelligence Professional Inspector General of the Marine Corps

24 Slide 24 Inspections  Execution of Intelligence Activities is Generally Good  Troops Get Trained—Leaders and Contractors Don’t  Unimaginative Training Leads to Poor Retention  Lack of Non-Intel Leader Awareness and Emphasis on IO  Loss of High Demand Low Density Personnel to the Private Sector Reports of Questionable Intelligence Activity (Procedure 15)  Conduct of Intelligence Activities without Appropriate Authority  Personnel Misconduct in the Course of Intelligence Operations  Failure to Report Questionable Activities  Force Protection Dets are sometimes outside their authority in Collection vs Analysis Trends What We Are Seeing in DoD

25 Slide 25 Source Operations The Rogue Analyst The Rogue G2 The Rogue G3 who thinks they are James Bond CERP Funds for Sources Extorting money from drug cartel (Yes this was attempted) Unauthorized Collection Activities “Health and Welfare” (Wink, Wink) Subterfuge Searches Hacking into Accounts of US Persons Physical Surveillance and Investigations Other Employee Conduct Violations “The Instructor ‘Looked’ Like a Terrorist” DoD IO Case Files

26 Slide 26  Reporting is Non-Negotiable  Report All Questionable Activity Confirmed and Possible Violations  Report To Intel Oversight Within 5 Working Days of Discovery MARFOR, IGMC, SJA, Command Channels or VFR Direct IO Reporting Requirements & Resolution

27 Slide 27

28 Slide 28 - ENSURES PROTECTION OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS - PROTECTS USMC’S GOOD NAME - DEMONSTRATES THAT THE MARINE CORPS IS POLICING IT’S OWN INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES - PROCEDURE 15 - ALTERNATE REPORTING CHANNEL NOT A DISCIPLINARY REPORT BOTTOM LINE: ATTEND TO IO RESPONSIBILITES UP FRONT OR…. GET HELP ATTENDING TO DAMAGE CONTROL LATER INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT IS A GOOD THING INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT IS A GOOD THING

29 Slide 29 One Last Point On Reporting Questionable Intelligence Activities “In the information age, the bad news is going to get out…the only question is who will tell it first and will they tell it accurately.” - Torie Clark Former Asst. SECDEF for Public Affairs

30 Slide 30

31 Key 3 How to approach and conduct I/O Who to contact if you have questions The implications of not having good I/O can be huge Slide 31

32 Slide 32Summary/Conclusion “A free people have long had to decide where to plant the flag on that inevitable spectrum between security and liberty. We have always planted it close to liberty.” LtGen Hayden, Former Director, NSA

33 Slide 33 Mr. Edwin T. Vogt Assistant Inspector General Intelligence Oversight (703) DSN

34 Back-up slides Slide 34

35 Slide 35 GOOD IO PROGRAM COMPONENTS FORESIGHT OVERSIGHT INSIGHT

36 Slide 36 CLASSIFIEDACTIVITIES ISSUES ASSIGNED TO IGMC-IO INTELLIGENCEACTIVITIES

37 Slide 37 Questionable Activity Can the S-2 keep files on Marines in the battalion who are members of a suspicious group? Can the CI/HUMINT Company conduct surveillance of the local chapter of Hell’s Angels because we think that they may be a risk to our families and Soldiers? Can the S-1 collect and retain information on the spouses and children of Marines in the battalion? Can we use Low-Level Voice Intercepts (LLVI) to help local law- enforcement agencies? Can Military-Intelligence components collect information on the Ku Klux Klan? No. NCIS or the Provost Marshal has regulatory authority but not the intelligence organizations. Yes (social roster, NEO information, etc.) Maybe. Check Procedure 12 and consult your Operational Law Attorney. No -- as long as they are not agents of a foreign power. As a force-protection issue, the Provost Marshal or NCIS is better suited to collect this information.

38 Slide 38 Intelligence Oversight Presidential Charter INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT BOARD SECDEF ATSD(IO) POLICY AND GUIDANCE COMPLIANCE INSPECTIONS QUARTERLY REPORT Department of Defense General Counsel


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