Presentation on theme: "GRID Alternatives Team Leader Orientation"— Presentation transcript:
1 GRID Alternatives Team Leader Orientation Welcome Future Team Leaders!
2 GRID Alternatives Who? Non-profit solar installer. What? Install solar PV systems for income-qualified homeowners.How? Volunteers and job trainees install our PV systems.
3 Team LeadersWho? Anyone who attends at least one installation with GRID Alternatives and attends Team Leader Orientation can begin the process of becoming a Team Leader.What? Team Leaders manage small groups of volunteers and teach skills essential to solar PV installation.How? Team Leaders must demonstrate mastery of a set of skills and have each skill signed off on by a Solar Installation Supervisor (SIS) before becoming a Team Leader.Why? Team Leaders get experience in a management role and also demonstrate leadership capabilities; traits that are desirable to potential employers.
4 NABCEP Installation Requirements Team Leaders can use their installations with GRID to fulfill the experience requirements for the NABCEP Professional Installers exam.Depending on professional experience, Team Leaders must lead 3-5 ground installations and 3-5 roof installations (in addition to 58 hours of NABCEP approved classroom training) to become eligible to sit for the NABCEP exam. Please refer to the NABCEP Eligibility Requirements Summary Table to determine your required Team Leader installations.Once Team Leaders have fulfilled these requirements they must contact their local Volunteer Training Associate for a letter confirming they have fulfilled the NABCEP installation requirements.
6 Working Together on the Job Site SISRoof Team LeaderRoof TeamGround Team LeaderGround Team
7 Team Leader Tools for Success Quality Control ChecklistSingle Line DrawingRoof PlanInverter ManualModule Cut Sheet
8 Quality Control Checklist The Quality Control Checklist is an essential tool for the commissioning of a PV system. The checklist is broken down into sections referring to various parts of the installation.Roof checklist items include:RackingMicroinvertersModulesJunction BoxRacewaysGround checklist items include:AC DisconnectInverterWiringElectrical PanelLabeling
9 Quality Control Checklist Within each sectionthere is a sub-set of items to check.For example,in the module section there are boxes to check for the clamps being tight, module connections being tight, and the modules being properly grounded.
13 Module Cut SheetModule cut sheets contain all the electrical information for the PV modules you are installing. On the cut sheet you can find a module’s Open Circuit Voltage (Voc) Short Circuit Current (Isc) and Maximum Power (Pmax). The cut sheets also give you the dimensions of your PV module. It is always a good idea to refer to the cut sheet for module dimensions when doing your layout.
14 Inverter ManualInverter manuals are a useful reference when wiring or hanging an inverter. Also, the inverter manual contains reference codes in case the system does not start up during commissioning. The inverter manual should always be left with the homeowner after installation.
15 Being a Good Team Leader SAFETY is the most important part of being a Team Leader.Always err on the side of QUALITY over speed.Don’t be afraid to ASK QUESTIONS.Make sure volunteers are LEARNING and INVOLVED.Remember you are REPRESENTING GRID Alternatives.
16 Volunteer Management (R1 & G1) Be patient.Keep people busy.Be a teacher.Don’t allow any one person or group to dominate (i.e. tool grabbing).Make sure volunteers respect each other as well as homeowner and neighbors.
17 Being Patient…GRID Alternatives volunteers come from a wide range of backgrounds and vary in skill level. For example, some volunteers may be proficient in the use of power tools while others require a bit of teaching.
18 Keep People Busy…It is important to assign tasks and roles to volunteers so they stay engaged. Everyone has more fun when they feel they are making a contribution to the installation.
19 Demonstrate how to do something then let the volunteers do the work. Be a Teacher…Demonstrate how to do something then let the volunteers do the work.
20 No Domination…Don’t let any one person or group dominate the installation.An example of dominating the installation would be “tool grabbing.”Again, make sure everyone is able to participate.
21 Respect…It goes without saying that we need to be respectful of each other while working.It is also important to be mindful of the neighbors and the homeowner.Be careful not to trample landscaping or do any damage to the homeowner’s home or the neighbor’s home.
22 Safety First (R2 & G2) When in doubt ask! … and second … … and third… If you ever have any uncertainty on the job never hesitate to stop and ask your SIS for help. The most important thing is to maintain a safe working environment.
23 General Site Safety Help SIS maintain safety protocols during projects Be able to deliver the morning Safety TalkRead and understand Site Safety PlanEnsure all volunteers:Sign the Liability Waiver FormWear hard hats with name tag whenever on siteWear safety glasses and glovesPut on fall protection harness early and appropriatelyEmergency Response PlanKnow where to find itCarry out if SIS is incapacitatedHelp monitor site conditionsRain, thunder, and lightningNatural disasters – fire, earthquake, high windsExtreme heatThreat of violence
24 Common Safety RisksSunburn – Sunburn is the most common injury on the job in solar. Therefore, it is a good idea to apply sunscreen before you begin work for the day. Volunteers may not realize how long they will be working in the sun. Since Team Leaders are often times more experienced they should encourage other volunteers to apply sunscreen.Dehydration/Heat Illness – After sunburn, dehydration is the next most common injury on the job in solar. It is critical to stay hydrated and avoid heat related illness. Make sure to take plenty of water breaks and rest in the shade when possible. Setting a water break timer is a good way to remember to take water breaks.
25 PPEGRID Alternatives requires the use of PPE on the job site! It is your job as a Team Leader to ensure volunteers are wearing the appropriate PPE as required:Hard hats are the first item on and the last item off: hard hats are required at all times on the job site.ANSI Z87.1 rated safety glasses are always required when using power tools or near someone using a power tool (drills, impact drivers, and band saw).Gloves are always required when handling flashings or other sharp objects, shingle or other abrasive objects, lumber, and during wire or rope pull.The use of noise suppression headphones or single-use earplugs are required when exposed to excessive noise levels for long periods of time.
26 Electrical Safety Hazards Do not plug anything in without being told.Always treat all wires as if they are hot.Only the SIS or a licensed electrician authorized by the SIS are allowed in the main service panel.
27 Electrical Safety Hazards Exposure and Energized WorkVolunteers are required to keep a minimum observance distance of 3.5 feet away from any open, energized service panel or inverter.If physically within the 3.5 foot boundary of an open, energized service panel or inverter, the SIS or authorized electrician are required to wear safety glasses and insulated gloves with leather protectors and use insulated tools.It is always better to de-energize the power source than control the potential safety hazard through the use of PPE.
28 Electrical Safety Hazards Microinverter System Lockout/Tagout ProtocolThe implementation of lockout/tagout kits are required in order to isolate any potential hazardous energy sources on site. The SIS will implement one of the following systems in order to isolate AC sources in microinverter systems:Lockout and tag the entire main service panel when no one is working inside.Do not install the solar breaker until after the junction box and AC disconnect have been wired and are closed. Lock the removed solar breaker until ready for installation.If the solar breaker has been installed, lockout and tag the breaker until the junction box and AC disconnect have been wired and are closed and the system is ready for testing.
29 Electrical Safety Hazards Central Inverter System Lockout/Tagout ProtocolThe SIS will implement one of the following systems in order to isolate DC sources in central inverter systems:Lockout and tag all homerun connectors AND any jumper connectors that are going into the junction box immediately after crimping.Do not install connectors until the junction box and inverter have been wired and are closed.AC sources can be isolated in the same way instructed in the microinverter protocol.
30 Ladder Safety Make sure all ladders are tied off before use. The proper ladder angle is a 4:1 ratio with three ladder rungs extending past the eaves.Always one person on a ladder at a time.Never climb a ladder with tools in your hand.Always maintain three points of contact with the ladder.
31 Roof SafetyNever walk backwards on a roof and keep an eye out for tripping hazards.Don’t place anything including tools and hardware on the edge of a roof.If you drop something let it go and yell “headache” or “duck.”If you are on the ground and hear “headache” or “duck” DO NOT LOOK UP.Always ensure that you and your crew are implementing an appropriate fall protection system. When using personal fall arrest systems, volunteers must be secured to a lifeline and anchorage point before getting off the ladder. GRID Alternatives strictly enforces a 100% fall protection policy.
32 Power Tool SafetyAlways wear safety glasses when operating power tools.Replace batteries when they start to feel low.Teach volunteers the difference between the impact driver and drill, and their associated safety hazards.
33 Safety Feedback Let us know how GRID is doing on safety! Go to
34 Ground vs. Roof Team Leader Ground Team Leaders are responsible for tasks such as hanging and wiring inverters, bending conduit, and pulling wire.Roof Team Leaders are responsible for leading volunteers on the roof. They are typically responsible for assisting with the layout, proper installation of footings, rails, and the installation of modules.
35 Skill Set ChecklistIn order to earn your orange shirt and the title of Team Leader you must have an SIS sign off each skill on the Skill Set Checklist.There is a separate list for Ground/Electrical & Roof Team Leaders.
36 Getting Skills Signed Off Aspiring Team Leaders should communicate with the SIS they are working with to get skills signed off.It is important to let the SIS know which skills you would like to work on.In the morning, either before or after the safety talk, is a good time to set goals for that day’s job.
37 Roof Team Leader Checklist Skill Description (Must be able to train another volunteer)R1 Volunteer ManagementR2 SafetyR3 Protecting the RoofR4 Locating RaftersR5 Stand-off InstallationR6 Racking AssemblyR7 Junction Box WiringR8 Home Runs & Ground WireR9 Module InstallationO1 Tile Installation (Optional)O2 Tilt-up Installation (Optional)O3 Microinverters (Optional)Each skill has a corresponding reference code. Once you are proficient in a skill you can circle the reference code on the volunteer sign-in sheet and have your SIS sign off on that skill.
38 Flashing penetrations R3 Protecting the RoofFlashing penetrationsCarpet squaresIt is also important to instruct volunteers to not drag their feet or sit on the ridge.Team Leaders should let the SIS know if the roof is being damaged.
39 R4 Locating Rafters YES! Mallet Method Rafter Tail Method Are there any other methods of locating rafters?YES!If either method of locating rafters is not working, rafters can by located by looking in the attic.
51 R9 Module InstallationWEEBs are a UL listed grounding component used to bond modules to rails.WEEBs should be installed perpendicular to and on top of a channel nut, spanning the channel of the rail.The “teeth” of the WEEB will penetrate the anodized coating of the module creating a metal to metal bond.WEEBs may not be reused.Note: Some AHJs do not allow the use of WEEBs for bonding; check your plans or ask your SIS if WEEBs are allowed for that job.
52 WEEB Location WEEB WEEB No WEEB Wiley Electrical Equipment Bond For arrays with an even number of modules WEEBs are installed between every other module.For arrays with an odd number of modules you will need to “double up” on the ends to completely bond all of the modules.No WEEB
53 R9 Module Installation NEGATIVELY GROUNDED, CENTRAL INVERTER SYSTEM WITH 2 STRINGS OF 10 IN PARALLELSTRING 1 GROUNDEDSTRING 1 UNGROUNDEDJUNCTION BOXSTRING 2 UNGROUNDEDSTRING 2 GROUNDED
58 O3 Microinverters Engage Cable Enphase Microinverter M215 AC Wires Termination CapDisconnect ToolEnvoy Monitoring System
59 O3 MicroinvertersEnphase Microinverters installed on rails, ready for modules.
60 Ground/Electrical Team Leader Checklist Skill Description (Must be able to train another volunteer)G1 Volunteer ManagementG2 SafetyG3 Conduit BendingG4 Inverter WiringG5 Inverter & Disconnect Mounting
61 G3 Conduit BendingLine up the arrow on the bender with where you want to make your bend (Above) Apply constant pressure to the degree you would like to bend (Right)