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Presented by Steven J. Gitomer Program Director for Plasma Physics Physics Division, Mathematics & Physical Sciences Directorate National Science Foundation,

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by Steven J. Gitomer Program Director for Plasma Physics Physics Division, Mathematics & Physical Sciences Directorate National Science Foundation,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by Steven J. Gitomer Program Director for Plasma Physics Physics Division, Mathematics & Physical Sciences Directorate National Science Foundation, MPS-PHY Arlington VA USA

2  NSF/DOE Partnership in Basic Plasma Science & Engineering (solicitation NSF )  in existence since 1997, under interagency MOU  combined funding level $2.1 M FY13 (new starts)  NSF ( 7 programs), DOE BPS, & AFOSR  12% of submissions funded  NSF Career Awards  5 yr grants, 8 awarded since 2005, young faculty  Conference/Workshop grants  Other NSF  e.g. Accelerator Science, MRI, PIF, CDS&E, PFC, EPSCoR, GOALI, CAREER, PIRE, CREATIV, SAVI  [see NSF web site for more info …

3  HED/LPI … 18 projects  Low Temperature … 21 projects  Turbulence, etc. … 20 projects  Reconnection … 13 projects  TOTAL … 72 projects Thru end of FY13

4  Funding areas … continuing grants, new starts, & conferences/workshops

5  MRI – Major Research Infrastructure  Accelerator Science (NSF – PD ) - NEW  PIF – Physics at the Information Frontier  CDS&E – Computational & Data-Enabled Science & Engineering  PFC – Physics Frontier Centers  EPSCoR – Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research  GOALI – Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry  CAREER – young faculty, 5 year grants  PIRE – Partnerships for International Research and Education  INSPIRE / CREATIV – Integrated NSF Support Promoting Interdisciplinary Research & Education / Creative Research Awards for Transformative Interdisciplinary Ventures  SAVI – Science Across Virtual Institutes  see NSF web site for more info –

6  MRI – Major Research Infrastructure  NSF MRI Consortium: Development of A Large Plasma Device for Studies of Magnetic Reconnection and Related Phenomena (PI: Hantao Ji, Princeton University)  NSF MRI: Acquisition of Computer Cluster for Heliophysics, Plasma, and Turbulence Modeling (PI: Joachim Raeder, University of New Hampshire)  NSF MRI: Development of a Magnetized Dusty Plasma Device (PI: Edward Thomas, Auburn University)  NSF MRI: Acquisition of an Imaging Spectrograph for High Resolution Spectroscopic Analysis of Discharge Plasmas (PI: Kevin Martus, William Patterson University)  PIF – Physics at the Information Frontier  NSF Multi-Physics Modeling of Intense, Short-Pulse Laser-Plasma Interactions (PI: Bradley Shadwick, University Nebraska)  PFC – Physics Frontier Centers  NSF Center for Magnetic Self Organization in Laboratory & Astrophysical Plasmas (PI: Ellen Zweibel, University of Wisconsin)  GOALI – Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry  NSF GOALI: Advancing the underlying science of in-line RF metrology and pulsed RF power delivery in plasma enhanced manufacturing systems (PI: Steven Shannon, North Carolina State University)

7  CAREER – young faculty, 5 year grants  NSF CAREER: Low Temperature Microplasmas For Thermal Energy Conversion, Education, and Outreach (PI: David Go, University of Notre Dame)  NSF CAREER: Micro- and Nano- Scale Plasma Discharges in High Density Fluids (PI: David Staack, Texas A&M University)  NSF CAREER: Bright femtosecond x- and gamma-ray pulse production using ultra-intense lasers (PI: Alec Thomas, University of Michigan)  NSF CAREER: Investigation of the thermal and transport properties of a dusty plasma (PI: Jeremiah Williams, Wittenberg University)  INSPIRE / CREATIV  NSF INSPIRE Track 1: Concept Development for Active Magnetospheric, Radiation Belt, and Ionospheric Experiments using In-situ Relativistic Electron Beam Injection (PI: Ennio Sanchez, SRI International)  NSF Statistical State Dynamics of Turbulent Systems (PI: Brian Farrell, Harvard Univerrsity )  SAVI – Science Across Virtual Institutes  NSF SAVI: A Max-Planck/Princeton Research Center for Plasma Physics (PI: James Stone, Princeton University)

8  Basic Plasma Science Facility at UCLA was renewed thru 2016 … shared funding between DOE Office of Science & several NSF divisions NSF – PHY – Walter Gekelman, PI

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10 Figure 1: A spectrometer image of two screens at the image plane of the magnetic spectrometer. The left frame shows the energy loss of the GeV drive beam while the right frame shows both the unaffected beam charge at the initial beam energy and the accelerated beamlet at around 24 GeV. This beamlet has an energy spread of about 1% and contains about 30 pC of charge. The acceleration occurred in just 30 cm. Experiments on Ionization Injection of Electrons into a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator at FACET NSF – PHY PI Chan Joshi; this work … University of California Los Angeles, CA, USA, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA, USA, University of Oslo, Norway, Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich, Germany

11 Optical nonlinearity in Ar and N2 near the ionization threshold … measured with 10 fs time resolution and micron space resolution … impacts for example propagation of intense laser pulses in gases NSF – PHY PI Howard Milchberg; this work … University of Maryland, College Park MD

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13 The times and vertical (y) annihilation locations (green dots) of computer simulated antihydrogen atoms in the ALPHA trap under the assumption that gravity for antimatter is 100 times stronger than for normal matter. As can be seen by the solid black line, the average position of the annihilations tends towards the bottom of the trap, especially at late times. The experimental data (red circles) shows no such trend. From Description and first application of a new technique to measure the gravitational mass of antihydrogen, Nature Comm., , 2013 Collaborative Research: Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Plasma Physics of Antihydrogen Generation and Trapping NSF – PHY – – Joel Fajans, Jonathan Wurtele, University of California - Berkeley

14 In this project, we devised an experiment that allows us to measure the quantities in the Liouville equation, for the first time. We did this by reducing the physical system so that it had only two particles, which were harmonically confined to move along one axis, and we used particles large enough to determine their positions and velocities by video imaging. This physical system is called a dusty plasma. From the measured velocities of the particles, we determined the two-particle distribution function f2. We also calculated the more common one-particle distribution function f1 for each particle, allowing us to calculate the correlation function g2 = f2 – f1 f1. Unexpectedly, we found that g2 is dominated by coherent modes. Previously g2 was known only in theory for collisional processes, where it was always assumed to be dominated by randomness. Two-particle distribution and correlation function for a 1D dusty plasma experiment NSF – PHY – – John Goree, PI – this work was published in PRL with co-authors Amit K. Mukhopadhyay and J. Goree– University of Iowa

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