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Chapter 5 The Fourier Transform

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Basic Idea We covered the Fourier Transform which to represent periodic signals We assumed periodic continuous signals We used Fourier Series to represent periodic continuous time signals in terms of their harmonic frequency components (Ck). We want to extend this discussion to find the frequency spectra of a given signal

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Basic Idea notes The Fourier Transform is a method for representing signals and systems in the frequency domain We start by assuming the period of the signal is T= INF All physically realizable signals have Fourier Transform For aperiodic signals Fourier Transform pairs is described as Remember: Fourier Transforms of f(t) Inverse Fourier Transforms of F( )

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Example – Rectangular Signal Compute the Fourier Transform of an aperiodic rectangular pulse of T seconds evenly distributed about t=0. Remember this the same rectangular signal as we worked before but with T0 infinity! All physically realizable signals have Fourier Transforms T/2 -T/2 V notes

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Fourier Transform of Unit Impulse Function Example: Plot magnitude and phase of f(t)

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Fourier Series Properties Make sure how to use these properties!

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Fourier Series Properties - Linearity Find F(w)

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Fourier Series Properties - Linearity Due to linearity

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Fourier Series Properties - Time Scaling Due to Time Scaling Property Remember: sinc(0)=1; sinc(2pi)=0=sinc(pi) rect(t/T) rect(t/(T/2))

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Fourier Series Properties - Duality or Symmetry Example: Find the time-domain waveform for Remember we had: Arect( /2B) Refer to FTP Table FTP: Fourier Transfer Pair

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Fourier Series Properties - Duality or Symmetry Example: find the frequency response Of y(t)

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Fourier Series Properties - Duality or Symmetry Example: find the frequency response Of y(t) We know Using Fourier Transform Pairs Using duality

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Fourier Series Properties - Convolution Proof

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Fourier Series Properties - Convolution Example: Find the Fourier Transform of x(t)=sinc 2 (t) X1()X1()X2()X2() In this case we have B=1, A=1 Refer to Schaum’s Prob. 2.6

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Fourier Series Properties - Convolution Example: Find the Fourier Transform of x(t)= sinc 2 (t) sinc(t) Refer to Schaum’s Prob. 2.6 We need to find the convolution of a rect and a triangle function:

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Fourier Series Properties - Frequency Shifting Example: Find the Fourier Transform of g3(t) if g1(t)=2cos(200 t), g2(t)=2cos(1000 t); g3(t)=g1(t).g2(t) ; that is [G3(w)] Remember: cosa. cosb=1/2[cos(a+b)+cos(a-b)]

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Fourier Series Properties - Time Differentiation Example:

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More… Read your notes for applications of Fourier Transform. Read about Power Spectral Density Read about Bode Plots

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Schaums’ Outlines Problems Schaum’s Outlines: –Do problems 5.16-5.43 –Do problems 5.4, 5.5, 5.6. 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.14 Do problems in the text

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Fourier Series. is the “fundamental frequency” Fourier Series is the “fundamental frequency”

Fourier Series. is the “fundamental frequency” Fourier Series is the “fundamental frequency”

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