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Unit 1: The Scientific Method El Método Científico 7sSuhQ1_24.

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1 Unit 1: The Scientific Method El Método Científico 7sSuhQ1_24

2 What are the steps?! ¿Cuáles son los pasos? The Scientific Method - El Método Científico 1.State the problem - Indique el problema 2.Ask a question - Haz una pregunta 3.Form a hypothesis - Formar una hipótesis 4.Design an experiment - Diseñar un experimento 5.Collect data/results - Recoger datos / resultados 6.Draw a conclusion - conclusión

3 What’s a hypothesis?! ¿Qué es una hipótesis?! Hypothesis - A prediction, an educated guess, a possible answer to the question. Predicción, conjetura, respuesta posible.

4 What’s a hypothesis?! ¿Qué es una hipótesis?! Make a hypothesis for this question. Haz una hipótesis para esta pregunta. – Can a whale hear, how do you know? – ¿Puede oír una ballena? Si es así, ¿cómo lo sabes? – – Was your hypothesis accepted or rejected?

5 Variables Dependent (dependiente) variable – variable that responds to the independent one. – Variable que responde a la independiente Independent (independiente) variable – variable that you control. – variable que usted tiene control What are the dependent and independent variables in the whale hypothesis? ¿Cuáles son las variables dependientes e independientes en la hipótesis?

6 Experimental Variables – Dependent variable is the factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, which may change because of the manipulated variable; also known as a responding variable. – Independent variable is the factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes. – Control group is the factor or factors in an experiment that the scientist purposely keeps the same.

7 Collecting Data Two types of data. 1.Quantitative: numerical data, a number (Quantity) 2. Qualitative: written observations, words (Quality)

8 Drawing a Conclusion The Last Step Inference: A logical interpretation based on your prior knowledge. (to infer)

9 Work with your neighbor! You may work on your own if you prefer. – Complete the hypothesis worksheet, using your notes. Complete la hoja de hipótesis. – Keep it in your BINDER ! Guárdelo en su carpeta! A few more notes!

10 Hypothesis vs. Theory Hipótesis vs. Teoría Hypothesis is an educated guess. – Hipótesis es una conjectura. A theory is an idea well supported with evidence. – La teoría es una hipótesis bien apoyado. Tiene pruebas. Like the theory of plate tectonics. Al igual que la teoría de la tectónica de placas. – – We know it to be true because of all the supporting evidence. Sabemos que es verdad, porque de todos las pruebas de apoyo.

11 Theory vs. Law Teoría vs Ley A theory is well supported with evidence. – La teoría es una hipótesis bien apoyado. Tiene pruebas. A law is constant. Under the right conditions it will have the same results every time. – Una ley es constante, no importa qué. En determinadas condiciones, tendrá los mismos resultados cada vez. – For example the law of motion – for every force there is equal and opposite force. – Por ejemplo, la ley del movimiento - por cada fuerza existe fuerza igual y opuesta. –

12 Scientific Principles los principios científicos Principles explain the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of certain phenomena. Principios explicar el "por qué" y "cómo" de ciertos fenómenos. For example – static electricity Por ejemplo - la electricidad estática –

13 HOMEWORK TAREA Binder for MONDAY! Carpeta para Lunes! Parent signed Syllabus!! Dominante firmó Syllabus! Enroll in CLASS DOJO! Inscribirse en CLASE DOJO!

14 FINISHED FOR TODAY If you still have time in class you may continue on to tomorrows assignment or ask Miss Mason for another “job” to do.

15 esource/ fsys/belief-systems/ Watch the video

16 On blank paper in your binder, draw a line down the middle of the page.

17 What are some examples of beliefs? ¿Cuáles son algunos ejemplos de creencias? Beliefs (creencias)

18 Watch the video chromosome-2/ chromosome-2/

19 What are some examples of Science? ¿Cuáles son algunos ejemplos de la ciencia? Beliefs (creencias)Science (ciencia)

20 Table Group Discussion Does a person have too choose between having personal beliefs versus scientific knowledge? Why? Una persona tiene demasiado elegir entre tener creencias personales versus conocimiento cientifico? Por que? On blank sheet of paper summarize your discussion with at least 3 sentences. Complete Fact vs. Opinion worksheet – keep in binder.

21 What makes a GOOD source? Que hace que una buena fuente?

22 A Good Source will have… Una buena fuente tendra 1.Credible authors, someone considered to be an expert on the information. (check website domain names 1.Autores creibles, un experto en la informacion. Utilizar los nombres de dominio 2.Information you can USE. It should not be overshadowed by advertisements. 2.La informacion que usted puede utilizar. No eclipsado por la publicidad

23 A Good Source will have… 3.Information that is supported by other sources as well. 3.Información que es apoyada por otras fuentes también. 4.Not biased opinions or results. 4. Opiniones o resultados no sesgados.

24 A Good Source will have… 5. Up to date information. 5. Información actualizada.

25 FINISHED FOR TODAY If you still have time in class log into and look at your vocabulary terms or play a vocabulary game.

26 Metric Practice Lab Activity 1.Use appropriate laboratory behavior or you will be asked to leave the room and receive a 0 for the assignment. 2.In your table group of 4 complete the lab procedures given to you. 3.Carefully READ all instructions.

27 FINISHED FOR TODAY If you still have time in class you may ask Miss Mason for another “job” to do.

28 Application of the Scientific Method READ and INTERPRET The Sponge Bob experiments & Practice Quiz QUIZ tomorrow, STUDY! – Use Quizlet for Vocab.

29 What makes a living thing, living? Que hace que un ser vivo de estar? IMAGINE …. Imaginar You’re an astronaut, on Mars. You find a “thing” and aren’t sure if it is ALIVE or not. How do you figure it out? What do you do? Eres un astronauta, en Marte. Usted encontrara una “cosa” y no esta seguro de si esta vivo o no. Como te diste cuenta? Discuss with your group, make a list of ideas.

30 Activity Each of your groups will get several “things” you will explain why you think they are either ALIVE or NOT, with 3 reasons. Thing #_____ is __________ (alive or not alive) Because …. 1.______________________________________ 2.______________________________________ 3.______________________________________

31 8 Characteristics of ALL life

32 Guided Reading Assignment Asignacion de lectura guiada Textbook pages 16 – 20 Paginas de libros de texto – Read and complete worksheets for tomorrow! – Leer y completar para manana

33 #1 ALL living things are made up of cells! Todos los seres vivos están formados por células. – Multicellular = many cells – Unicellular = one cell Two types of Cells 1.Prokaryote (bacteria) 2.Eukaryote (animals/plants)

34 #2 ALL living things can reproduce. Todos los seres vivos se reproducen. – Asexual reproduction = one parent copies itself (identical) – Sexual reproduction = two parents combine genetic information to make new individual

35 #3 ALL living things have DNA. – A universal genetic code. Todos los seres vivos tienen DNA – Un código genético universal.’

36 #4 ALL living things can grow and develop. Todos los seres vivos pueden crecer y desarrollarse.

37 #5 ALL living things obtain and use energy! Todos los seres vivos obtienen y utilizan la energía. – Metabolism: The chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials for energy.

38 #6 ALL living things respond to their environment. Todos los seres vivos responden a su medio ambiente. Stimulus: something that causes a reaction or response from a living thing

39 #7 ALL living things maintain a stable internal environment. Todos los seres vivos mantienen ambiente interno estable. – Homeostasis: regulation of an organisms internal environment. Examples: Body temperature, water content and blood sugar regulation.

40 #8 Taken as a group ALL living things change over time. Tomados en su grupo de todos los seres vivos cambian con el tiempo. – Evolution: Change in a kind of organism over time

41 Essay Assignment Write a persuasive essay To persuade means to cause someone to do or believe something through reasoning or argument. You need to persuade me to believe your answer to the question. – 1 page in length – Typed (preferred) or Written – Spelling and grammar count! – Use ALL of the 8 characteristics of life – Use vocabulary terms, explain them. Grading rubric

42 ESL 1&2 Adapted Writing Explain in your own words all 8 characteristics of life. – 1 page in length – Typed (preferred) or Written – Spelling counts! – Use ALL of the 8 characteristics of life – Use vocabulary terms

43 Biological Levels of Organization Niveles Biológicos de la Organización

44 Levels of Biological Organization From Smallest to Largest – Desde pequenas a grandes 1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Organelles 4. Cells 5.Tissue 6.Organs 7.Organ Systems 8. Organisms

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46 Textbook Page 896 Section 35 – 1 Assessment 1, 2 and 4 Then make a poster. Draw the levels of organization in living things and order them by level smallest to largest (8 levels in all). Hacer un cartel. Dibuja los niveles de organizacion y etiquetarlos. Textbook chapters 2, 7 and 35 can help you.

47 Get a Unit 1 Test Study Guide/Review. Obtener una unidad de guia un estudio. – Know ALL vocabulary (Quizlet) – Study your notes – Study your study guide You will do GREAT! As long as you prepare! Que va a hacer muy bien! Mientras te preparas!

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