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Nathaniel Hawthorne “Young Goodman Brown”. Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864 Born in Salem, Massachusetts Puritan Background Ancestor of John Hathorne – one.

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Presentation on theme: "Nathaniel Hawthorne “Young Goodman Brown”. Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864 Born in Salem, Massachusetts Puritan Background Ancestor of John Hathorne – one."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nathaniel Hawthorne “Young Goodman Brown”

2 Nathaniel Hawthorne Born in Salem, Massachusetts Puritan Background Ancestor of John Hathorne – one of the three judges in the Salem Witch Trials

3 Hawthorne’s Background Began writing after college at Bowdion College in Maine Spent many years in seclusion – starving artist Held many jobs including writer, publisher, working at a custom house, and consul in England

4 More Background Married Sophie Peabody in 1825 Was friends with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Herman Melville, and President Franklin Pierce

5 His Themes in Writing Moral allegories The sinful man Hypocrisy The Dark side of Human Nature Religious in Nature

6 His Most Famous Works Novels –The House of Seven Gables –The Scarlet Letter Short Stories –“The Minister’s Black Veil” –“Young Goodman Brown”

7 Who were the Puritans? Wanted a “pure” church –No candles –No Images –No stained glass windows Rejected the “showy” church of England Led very somber lives governed solely by a strict interpretation of the Bible No “nonsense” – dancing, gambling, drama, etc

8 Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church Jesus Christ is the Son of God – died on the cross for all everyone’s sins The whole Bible is the word of God and it is to be followed to the letter. The belief that these ideas are fact are known as a person’s faith

9 Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church Faith is what is necessary to get into heaven. If you don’t go to heaven you go to hell. Sins, as defined by the Bible, are to be avoided at cut out of life A catechism is a book that is used to teach basic principles of the church

10 The Infamous Puritans The Salem Witch Trials put the Puritans prominently in the history books Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible put it in Literature classes forever

11 And Now, Nathanial Hawthorn’s Short Story “Young Goodman Brown” …my favorite short story of the year…

12 Some Basics… Characters –Young Goodman Brown –His wife, Faith –Mysterious man in the forest with a strange looking staff

13 Some Basics… Minor Character’s Notes… –Constable: person in law enforcement –Deacon: position in church held by congregation member –Goody: abbr. of “goodwife”, female version of goodman –Reverend: pastor –Sabbath: day of rest in the Judo/Christian church – in this case, Sunday

14 YGB as an Allegory What is an allegory? –A story where everything is a symbol –Used commonly to instruct especially in religious matters –Some famous allegories are: Dante’s Divine Comedy (more famous though is the first part commonly known as Dante’s Inferno John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

15 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics The Snake Satan – The Devil Why? –See Genesis Chapter 3

16 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics The Forest Evil / Sin

17 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics Stars / Sky / Heavenly Bodies Heaven / Connection with God

18 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics WhitePurity RedSin Pink????

19 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics Fire Hell

20 The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – now, not basic Young Goodman Brown The common Christian man – brown is neutral Faith A Christian’s faith Witches Satan / Evil

21 One Last Thing for Tomorrow… Another literary term feather for your literary term cap… Imagery: words and phrases that re-create vivid sensory experiences for the reader. Usually imagery is visual, but often it is written to the senses of smell, hearing, taste, and touch

22 Assignment for Tomorrow… Read “Young Goodman Brown” There will be a basic quiz tomorrow on the PowerPoint and the story –PowerPoint is online for your viewing enjoyment Underline in pencil examples of imagery – for effort points


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