Presentation on theme: "The Political Spectrum Source: rocklin. k12. ca"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Political Spectrum Source: http://www. rocklin. k12. ca
2 “Far Left” of SpectrumRadical – (“Far Left”) – Favor a rapid, fundamental (overall) change in the existing social, economic and/or political systems. - Will use extreme measures (including violence) to achieve their goals. (example: Communists)
3 Left of “Moderate” (a.k.a. “middle”) Liberal – (“Left”)Believe that the government should take action to bring about social reform (changes) to increase individuals’ well being.They are for the idea of change but work peacefully by using the existing political system. Examples include Democratic Party and the Green Party.
4 Moderate (“Middle” of Spectrum) Moderate – (“Middle”) – Moderates are people who have opinions between those of liberals and conservatives. - They are generally tolerant of many viewpoints. They generally don’t hold any extreme viewpoints.
5 Right of “Moderate”Conservative – (“Right”) - Government should stay out of the lives of citizens and businesses, except on moral issues (items about such things as abortion). - They are generally for the status quo (keeping things the way they currently are). - They are often hesitant to change. They will work peacefully using the existing political system. (examples: Republicans, Reform Party)
6 “Far Right” of the Spectrum Reactionary – (“Far Right”) - Members of this group want a return to a previous social, political or economic that existed earlier in history. - They will use extreme measures to achieve their goals, including violence. (dictatorships, monarchies, oligarchies)
7 Liberal Conservative Change Tradition Problems are circumstantial Problems are individualGov’t is responsible for social reform/changeGov’t needs to be less involvedFreedom – personal choicesEquality/fairness – gov’t. levels the playing fieldHuman RightsProperty rightsMoral AbsolutesRelative Values
8 Democrat vs. Republican (liberal) vs. (conservative)
9 Ideology Applied to Issues ChangeTraditionPro-choicePro-lifeHeterosexualmarriageGay marriageFlag burningFlag burningAmendment
10 Drug rehabilitation programs Problems in SocietycircumstantialIndividualWelfare limitsWelfare programsPrivate health careHealth care for allDrug rehabilitation programsTough on crime
11 Role of Government in Society Gov’t responsible for social reform Gov’t should be less involvedEducation fundingSchool VouchersCharity Tax DeductionsAssistance ProgramsEnvironmental ProgramsDe-regulation
12 Affirmative Action Programs Equality - FreedomSocial EqualityIndividual FreedomAnti-discriminationThe Right to HireMerit PayGender EquityAffirmative Action ProgramsCompetition
13 Crime Prevention-Rehabilitation The People’s RightsHuman RightsProperty RightsEnvironmentPro-businessTax CutsAssistance ProgramsCrime Prevention-RehabilitationTough on CrimeDeath Penalty
14 Morality Relative Values Moral Absolutes Pro-choice Pro-life Traditional FamilyGay RightsLegalize DrugsCriminalize drugs
15 - liberals would like to rebuild the train station while Rex Tugwell, an advisor to president FDR, said that differentattitudes toward change characterize adherents to differentpolitical philosophies. He wrote that if a community neededa new train station, or education reform, crime control, etc …- liberals would like to rebuild the train station whilethe train is running;- radicals prefer to blow up the train station andforgo service until the new structure is built;- conservatives would prefer to keep the oldstation, being satisfied with it;- while reactionaries would abandon the stationentirely since they do not approve of trains in thefirst place.