Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Moles 1.Stoichiometry - “measuring matter” –Water contamination –Radon Levels –Hormone levels in milk –Impurities in computer chips Stoichiometry.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Moles 1.Stoichiometry - “measuring matter” –Water contamination –Radon Levels –Hormone levels in milk –Impurities in computer chips Stoichiometry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Moles 1.Stoichiometry - “measuring matter” –Water contamination –Radon Levels –Hormone levels in milk –Impurities in computer chips Stoichiometry

2 Moles H vs He He vs C C vs Mg Atomic Mass

3 Moles Mole- Standard Number of atoms or molecules used by chemists 1 mole = X atoms/molecule Amadeo Avagadro’s Number

4 Moles

5

6 Stoichiometry GramsMolesAtoms 1 g H1 mole H6.02 X atms 2 g H 12 g C 3 mol C X10 23 atm He

7 GramsMolesAtoms 14 g N 42 g N 48 g C 2 mol Na 3 mol Be X10 23 atm O X10 23 atm Ca X10 23 atm Si

8 Moles Stoichiometry Rounding – 1 decimal place Iron g/mole  55.8 g/mol Sulfur g/mole  32.1 g/mol Oxygen g/mole  16.0 g/mol

9 Moles Grams Moles Atoms 1.How many Na atoms are present in 11.5 g of Na? (Ans: 3.01 X atoms) 2.How many C atoms are present in 18.0 g? (Ans: 9.03 X C) GMA

10 Moles 3.What is the mass of 1.20 X atoms of Na? (Ans: 45.8 grams) 4.What is the mass of 1.51 X atoms of Be?(Ans: 2.26 g) 5.Start with mole V 6.Start with mole Rn GMA

11 Moles How many grams and atoms are in moles of Sulfur?

12 Moles 1.Molar Mass = mass of one mole 2.Units – grams/mole or amu (atomic mass units) 3.What is the molar mass of: 1.C 2.O 2 3.BaCl 2 Molar Mass

13 Moles Molar Mass 4.What is the molar mass of Cu(NO 3 ) 2 ? (187.5 g/mol) 5.What is the molar mass of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? (342.3 g/mol)

14 Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)0.589 g Ne b)4.567 X atoms of K c) mol of Ba Calculate the molar mass of: a)KrF 4 b)Al(NO 3 ) 3 c)Calcium hydroxide

15 Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)0.589 g Ne ( mol, 1.76 X10 22 atoms) b)4.567 X atoms of K (7.58 mol, 297 g) c) mol of Ba (1.16 g, 5.09 X10 21 atoms) Calculate the molar mass of: a)KrF 4 (159.8 g/mol) b)Al(NO 3 ) 3 (213.0 g/mol) c)Calcium hydroxide (74.1 g/mol)

16 Moles 1.Monoatomic Elements (C, Fe, Au) GMA 2.Molecules and Ionics (H 2 O, CaCl 2, O 2 ) GMMA 3. You may see “Formula Units” instead of “Molecules” for Ionic compounds GMMA

17 Moles

18 Grams Moles Molecules Atoms 1 mole of Na 2 mole of Na 1 mole of H 2 O 1 mole of CH 4 3 mole of CH 4 GMMA

19 Moles 1.How many calcium and chlorine atoms are in grams of Calcium Chloride? 2.How many hydrogen and oxygen atoms are in 3.60 grams of H 2 O? (Ans: 2.41 X atoms H) GMMA

20 Moles 3.Given mol of Al 2 (CO 3 ) 3, find everything else. 4.Given 3.01X10 24 molecules of SO 3, find everything else. 5.Given 9.42 X10 22 molecules of C 2 H 4, find everything else. GMMA

21 Moles 6. What is the mass of 3.01 X molecules of Iron(III)Bromide? (Ans: 14.8 g) GMMA

22 Moles 1.Given g of Mg, find moles and atoms. ( mol, 2.01X10 22 atoms) 2.Given 3.47 X atoms of fluorine, find grams and moles. (1.10 g mol) 3.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of C 2 H 6 ? (Ans:1.45 X atoms of C) 4.How many carbon atoms would be needed to weigh the same as one Titanium atom?

23 Moles 1.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of carbon? (1.81 X ) 2.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of C 2 H 6 ? (Ans:1.45 X atoms of C) Mixed Examples

24 Moles Warm-Up Problems (find everything else) a) 10.0 g C b) 10.0 g C 2 H 6 c) 4.00 X atoms of S d) 4.00 X molecules of SO 2 e) moles of SO 2 Mixed Examples

25 GramsMolesMoleculesAtoms 10.0 g C0.833========5.02 X g C 2 H X X C 12.1 X H 21.3 g S0.664========4X10 23 S 42.6 g SO X10 23 SO 2 4 X S 8 X O 28.2 g SO SO X X S 5.30 X O g/mol197.0 g/mol234.0 g/mol 71.0 g/mol106.8 g/mol

26 Moles 1. Definition - % of the elements in a compound by mass 2.Class Example Girls12 Boys13 Percent Composition

27 Moles 1.What is the % composition of CaCl 2 ? (Ans: 36.1 %, 63.9%) 2.What is the % composition of C 2 H 5 OH? (Ans: 52.2 %, 13.0 %, 34.8 %) 3.What is the % composition of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? (Ans: 15.8 %, 28.1 %, 56.1 %) Percent Composition

28 Moles 1.Definition – The simplest ratio of the elements in a compound 2.Class with 6 girls, 9 boys Empirical Formula

29 Moles 3.Examples FormulaEmpirical Form. C 2 H 2 Al 4 S 6 C 6 H 12 O 6 C 12 H 24 O 12 Empirical Formula

30 Moles 1.What is the EF of a compound that has g Ca and 1.60 g Cl? Rules - Go to moles - Divide by the smaller Empirical Formula

31 Moles 2. What is the EF of a compound that is 40.0 % C, 6.67 % H and 53.3 % O? 3.What is the EF of a compound that is 66.0 % Ca and 34.0% P? 4.What is the EF of a compound that is 43.7 % P and 56.3 % O? Empirical Formula

32 a.Write the formula of calcium nitrate. b.Calculate the percent composition of calcium nitrate. (24.4% Ca, 17.1% N, 58.5% O) c.A compound was analyzed and found to contain 13.5 g Ca, 10.8 g O, and g H. Calculate the empirical formula of the compound? (CaO 2 H 2 or Ca(OH) 2 ) d.A compound is 69.6% manganese, the rest is oxygen. Calculate the empirical formula.

33 Moles 1.Empirical – Only tells you the ratios of the elements 2.Molecular – Tells you the true number of each element Molecular Formula

34 Moles EFMF CH 2 OCH 2 O (30 g/mol) C 2 H 4 O 2 (60 g/mol) C 3 H 6 O 3 (90 g/mol) C 4 H 8 O 4 (120 g/mol) Molecular Formula

35 Moles 1.What is the MF of benzene if it has an EF of CH and a molar mass of 78.0 g/mol? 2.What is the MF of a compound if it has an EF of AgCO 2 and a molar mass of g/mol? Molecular Formula

36 Moles 3.What is the MF of a compound that is 40.9% C, 4.58 % H and 54.5 % O? It has a molar mass between 350 and 360 g/mol. 4.What is the MF of a compound that contains 4.90 grams of N and 11.2 g of O? The molar mass is about 90 g/mol. Molecular Formula

37 Moles % Cu, 14.9% N, 51.2% O % Na, 40.0% O, 2.5% H % Ca, 63.9% Cl 4.70% Fe, 30% O 5.32% Fe, 27.6% C, 3.5% H, 36.8% O % Cu, 62.6% Cl % Ba, 18.7% O, 1.2% H % N, 74.1% O 9.60% Ti, 40% O % Cu, 20.1% S, 40.0% O

38 CaOKMnO 4 NH 3 N 2 H 4 O 3 AlI 3 H 2 SO 4 KINaNO 3 SO 2 H 3 PO 4 K 2 Cr 2 O 7 C 8 H 8 O 3 N 2 H 8 SO 4 As 2 O 3 AgNO 3

39 C 2 H 2 O 4 C 8 H 16 O 4 C 2 H 6 C 2 H 4 Cl 2 C 6 H 4 Cl 2 N 2 O 4

40 Moles 15gramsmolatoms a) X b)1.57 X X X c)43.2 (Boron) X d)4.25 X X X e) X X a) 41.0 gb) 400. gc) 3.67X10 6 g 19a) 10.0 molb) 122 molc) 3.16X mol 26. a) g/mol b) g/mol c) g/mol d) g/mol e) g/mol

41 Moles 30GramsMolesMolecules a) X b) X X c)3.0 X X d) X g/mol 46 a) 3.2%, 19.4%, 77.4% b) 38.8%, 61.2% c) 12.7%, 19.7%, 67.6% d) 12.2%, 5.2%, 27.0%, 56.6%

42 Moles %, 6.0%, 21.2%, 9.3% 57. a) SiO 2 b) C 2 Sc) X 5 Y 6 d) Fe 2 C 3 O 9 59.K 2 S 2 O 3 61.NH 3 C 3 64.Na 2 CrO 4 67.C 3 N 3 O 9 H N 4 S 4 72.C 6 H 12 O 6 88.K 2 C 2 O 6

43 Moles Calculate the empirical formula of a compound that contains 55.3 grams of potassium, 14.6 g of phosphorus, and 30.1 g of oxygen.

44 Moles 1.Make up a compound containing 3 elements 1.No subscripts >5 2.Use both even and odd numbers 3.Ex: C 3 O 5 F 2 2.Calculate the percent composition of your imaginary compound. Also calculate the molar mass. Write these numbers down on an index card. 3.Give your card to another group. See if they can determine the formula of your compound.

45 Moles Beware the Mole Man


Download ppt "Moles 1.Stoichiometry - “measuring matter” –Water contamination –Radon Levels –Hormone levels in milk –Impurities in computer chips Stoichiometry."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google