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Filing a Minnesota Return

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1 Filing a Minnesota Return
Non-Resident Aliens Filing a Minnesota Return

2 Minnesota Residency for tax purposes
183 day rule - in Minnesota must establish a tax home - visa’s are a temporary status any day or part of a day qualifies as a counted day in MN rent or occupy an abode : self contained living unit, suitable for year-round use, equipped with own cooking and bathing facilities Visa’s are for temporary stays, but for tax purposes, residency must be established. If here 183 days or more –state residence for the year. Also need to be here 183 days or more to qualify for PR.

3 Filing a Minnesota return
Filing federal Form 8843 – nothing for MN Required to file a federal return then required to file a MN return Start with federal taxable income 1040NR - line 40 1040NR-EZ - line 14 Itemize on federal- must add back all state income tax on line 2 - do not use schedule in booklet Minnesota adopted additional standard deduction for MFJ - no longer an add back (Only applies to students from India) May qualify for other additions and subtractions Except for charitable contributions (subtraction now on schedule M1M) Minnesota requires a copy of the federal enclosed Non-resident aliens, who have been in MN for 183 days or more are considered residents. Full year residents are required to file a state return, if required to file the federal. Not allowed standard deduction, so must itemize. Allowed a state tax deduction, but must add back the amount of state tax claimed. No other specific provision for non-resident aliens, can qualify for other additions and subtractions. Except for Charitable because they itemize.

4 Filing status same as federal A. line 3 (EZ) or line 8 (NR long)
B. - C. most likely blank D. FAGI - line 10 (EZ) line 35 (NR long) Line 1- FTI line 14 (EZ) line 40 (NR long) Go over completing return: do not photo copy, capital letters, printing numbers, dark pen or pencil if not computer generated, whole dollar amts, if line does not pertain to tp leave blank, no symbols, extra notes, don’t staple or tape return. If line 1 is negative, mark x in box. Line 2 - State Tax line 11 (EZ) line 3 Schedule A Line 5 State tax refund line 11 of 1040NR

5 Line 26 M1W show MN withholding only Line 28 M1CD Line 30 K-12 Ed
Credit Refund or payment due 1042 –S in place of W-2

6 Filling out the M1W M1W - W-2 Box 15 - MN ID…………...
Box 16 - State Wages……... Box 17 - MN Withholding... Only need to fill in this form if there is state taxes withheld…..usually no state tax on 1042S 1042S Box 23 Box 2 Gross Box 22 Box 24 - name of state

7 1042 –S in place of W-2

8 Minnesota Credits MFS cannot claim credits
Must be single or married filing jointly Single with qualifying child (see pub. 17) Must qualify for the federal credits Must have Minnesota assignable income

9 Minnesota credits, cont.
Child and dependent care credit - M1CD K-12 Education credit – M1ED - paid qualifying expenses for 2006 - household income limit and maximum credit are now based on number of qualifying children in K-12 for 2006 (See page 17 of M1 instruction booklet for more information) Marriage credit - MFJ

10 Filing MN as part year resident Schedule M1NR
Non-resident/Part year resident form - do not use if only Minnesota source income Must have received income while residing in another state

11 Property Tax Return Must be a Minnesota resident - 183 day rule -
Dependents are not eligible (50% Rule) Must be self supporting Must live in a unit which is considered an “abode” - cooking and bathing facilities Property taxes paid on unit Filing status is not an issue - living situation 1)Cannot be considered someone else’s dependent by federal definition 2)Someone from home supporting them, or government agency assistance On the PR filing status is not an issue, living situation, renter or homeowner.

12 Student living situations
For the property tax refund- must pay property taxes on unit - may not receive a CRP if non-profit organization Dormitory separate cooking facility bathing facility per unit Student housing Living off campus Student housing – each unit sep. and pays RE taxes Qualifying one – living off campus

13 Household income Line 1 - federal adjusted gross income
1040NR-EZ line 10 1040NR line 35 Line 5 - must include income from all sources - taxable and non-taxable income included - write non-resident alien in box and also income type scholarships and fellowships income excluded by a tax treaty tuition paid by the University for the PhD student in exchange for TA duty Interest See page 9 of Property Tax Booklet Other income on page 9 of PR booklet

14 Property Tax Return cont.
Line 7 - Subtraction for dependents – See federal definition for qualifying child. (To determine amount see worksheet on page 10 of M1PR instruction booklet). Only Mexico and Canada can use for PR purposes if able to claim dependents on the 1040 NR. Just to make note that you will have to pay attention to these special situations for the PR return, otherwise there is no subtraction for dependents. Unique situations: Japanese, South Koreans, Mexicans, and Canadians are allowed dependent exemptions - Indian students with children who are residents or citizens - only Mexico and Canada can use for PR purposes.

15 Property Tax for Renters
If two unmarried adults in a unit, CRP is split equally and apply for refund separately If income is less than the rent paid, enclose an explanation of the source of funds used to pay the rent

16 SS# or ITIN Capital letters- Name/address x Living Status
Federal adjusted gross income Additional Non-Taxable income Line 5 page 9 - M1PR Other income not included in line 1 - Line 5 – include interest, scholarships and grants, or other income excluded by treaty. If you enter an amount on line 5 make sure to identify the source.

17 Signature on bottom of return
STIN/site number in 9 boxes – don’t use IRS labels Signature on bottom of return

18 For more information see Fact Sheet #16 Aliens at Questions????

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