Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 802.15-09-0257-00-004f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE 802.15.4 Overview Presented to Hardware Action Group Active."— Presentation transcript:
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE Overview Presented to Hardware Action Group Active Tagging (HAT) at GS1 Joint GSMP-JAG Meeting 2009 Mike McInnis The Boeing Company
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Standard Task Groups defines 1 Mac + 3 PHYs –(2.4 GHz, Europe, Australia) a defines 2 PHYs –(2.4 GHz band Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS) and UWB) c defines 1 new PHY –(2.4 GHz, 868 MHz, 915 MHz, UWB, and China MHz band) d defines 1 new PHY –(2.4 GHz, 868 MHz, 915 MHz, and Japan MHz band) e will define MAC Enhancements to in support of ISA SP100.11a f will define ‘n’ new PHY(s?) –( UWB, 2.4 GHz, 433 MHz bands?) g will define ‘n’ new PHY(s?) for Smart Neighborhood Networks – Energy Industry Smart Grid Application –( MHz band?)
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE Alliances ZigBee –http://www.zigbee.org/http://www.zigbee.org/ ZigBee RF4CE –http://www.zigbee.org/rFAQ/tabid/413/Default.aspxhttp://www.zigbee.org/rFAQ/tabid/413/Default.aspx SynkroRF –http://www.freescale.com/webapp/sps/site/overview.jsp?nodeId= CB14C2Fhttp://www.freescale.com/webapp/sps/site/overview.jsp?nodeId= CB14C2F ISA SP100.11a –http://www.isa.org/source/2008_02_ISASeminar_ISA100.11aStatus_Sexton_Kinney.pdfhttp://www.isa.org/source/2008_02_ISASeminar_ISA100.11aStatus_Sexton_Kinney.pdf WirelessHART –http://www.hartcomm2.org/hart_protocol/wireless_hart/wireless_hart_main.htmlhttp://www.hartcomm2.org/hart_protocol/wireless_hart/wireless_hart_main.html ISTEON –http://www.insteon.net/developers-about.htmlhttp://www.insteon.net/developers-about.html
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE and Homeland Security In 2006, two completely separate government programs were initiated: –One (1) through the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science & Technology Directorate –The second (2) through the European Commission's (EC) Preparatory Action for Security Research (PASR) program The DHS program, named Marine Asset Tag Tracking System (MATTS): –Tags provide continuous global location using GPS, integrate with sensors (wired or wirelessly) and transmit that data securely –Power management is critical given the autonomous nature of a MATTS tag –It was agreed that the radio protocol supporting MATTS would be IEEE on 2.4GHz The EC PASR program was named Secure Container Data Device (SECCONDD) –Focused on bridging the gap between civil research (supported by the Commission's framework programs) and national and inter-governmental security research initiatives –The SECCONDD program had similar goals to MATTS, but was further integrated with a container security device –The SECCONDD program chose IEEE (2.4GHz) air interface protocol
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Non-IEEE Alliances EnOcean Alliance –http://www.enocean.com/http://www.enocean.com/ Z-Wave –http://www.z-wavealliance.org/modules/start/http://www.z-wavealliance.org/modules/start/ DASH7 Alliance –http://www.dash7.org/http://www.dash7.org/ Bluetooth SIG –https://www.bluetooth.org/apps/content/https://www.bluetooth.org/apps/content/ –However, Bluetooth was ‘standardized’ within IEEE as IEEE and 15.1a
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee Chipset Suppliers
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee Chip Comparison - Transceivers
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee Chip Comparison – Integrated MCU +Transceivers
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee and IEEE Chipset Shipments Feb 09 Freescale shipped 7 million units of ZigBee and IEEE chipsets in year 2008 to take number one ranking in this market. With this, Freescale garners a market share of 60% in IEEE based ICs. Since energy management is a global agenda, Zigbee and other IEEE devices have a bigger role to play in wireless energy meter and other household metering solutions. By year 2011, it can be estimated; the IEEE based chipset market demand might reach greater than 100 million units. Peak consumption of these devices may start in 2010 and continue up to In about 4/5 years of timeframe from 2009, there is a market demand for about 1 billion unit shipments.
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee Compliant Platforms
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Designed for ZigBee but not yet ZigBee certified
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE 802 Standard documents Available for download at no cost; –http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/portfolio.htmlhttp://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/portfolio.html IEEE IEEE Standard for Information technology-- Telecommunications and information exchange between systems--Local and metropolitan area networks-- Specific requirements Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Low Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs)IEEE IEEE a-2007 IEEE Standard for PART 15.4: Wireless MAC and PHY Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs): Amendment 1: Add Alternate PHYIEEE a-2007 IEEE IEEE Standard for Information technology- Telecommunications and information exchange between systems-Local and metropolitan area networks-Specific requirements - Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) SpecificationsIEEE
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ZigBee Specification documents Available at no cost for download from; –http://www.zigbee.org/Products/TechnicalDocumentsDownload/tabid/237/Default.aspxhttp://www.zigbee.org/Products/TechnicalDocumentsDownload/tabid/237/Default.aspx
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company ISO Standard documents Must Purchase; –http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43 892http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43 892
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Asset Tracking IEEE WSNs provide sensor and location information about valuable assets. Example applications include container/vehicle tracking and monitoring, personnel identification, etc.
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Advanced Metering Infrastructure IEEE WSNs are used to automatically collect indications from metering devices (water, gas, electricity, etc.) without need for human participation
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Building/Home Automation IEEE WSNs in residential homes as well as in large commercial buildings are used to continuously monitor and control such physical conditions as temperature, humidity, light, smoke, etc.
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Industrial Automation IEEE WSNs improve manufacturing- and process-control via continuous monitoring of industrial machinery and equipment.
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE protocol stack IEEE standard specifies only the lowest part of OSI communication model: PHY layer and MAC sub-layer. Medium Access Control sub-layer (MAC) MAC sub-layer is responsible for reliable communication between two devices over direct physical link (without intermediate nodes). The key functions of the MAC layer include: Data framing and validation of received frames Device addressing Channel access management Device association and disassociation Sending acknowledgement frames Physical layer (PHY) Physical layer provides means for bit stream transmission over the physical medium. The key responsibilities of PHY are: Activation and deactivation of the radio transceiver Frequency channel tuning Carrier sensing Received signal strength estimation (RSSI & LQI) Data coding and modulation Error correction Structure of IEEE protocol stack
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IP-Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) IP for Smart Objects Alliance (IPSO) – The IPSO Alliance was formed to promote the Internet Protocol as the network technology of choice for connecting Smart Objects around the world. –IP opens the door to linking sensor and other simple networks directly to the Internet, eliminating the need for translation gateways. –"Some people don't get that now you can put IP in a sub-$2 device," he added. "We can fit into as small a memory footprint as anyone if not smaller," requiring as little as 4 Kbytes RAM and 32 Kbytes flash, he added. –"The formation of the IPSO Alliance represents a disruptive development for sensing and control [networks] and momentum [for its approach] is accelerating,“ –IP-based technologies for wireless sensor networking have been gaining attention over the past year, most notably 6LoWPAN," the Internet Engineering Task Force standard for running IPv6 over IEEE nets 6LoWPAN –Most businesses deploy TCP/IP today and they see 6LowPAN as an easy extension to this architecture. –The IPSO alliance hopes to have an interoperability program in place in November. It initially aims to test interoperability of the ten or more 6LoWPAN software stacks that have been released to date. –http://www.ipso-alliance.orghttp://www.ipso-alliance.org –http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=0CNEE2EILSTSGQSNDLPCKHSCJUNN2JVN?articleID= http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=0CNEE2EILSTSGQSNDLPCKHSCJUNN2JVN?articleID= Routing Over Low power and Lossy networks (roll) group Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) –IPv6 routing with high reliability while permitting low-power operation over IEEE and others. –http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/roll-charter.htmlhttp://www.ietf.org/html.charters/roll-charter.html –http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml;?articleID= http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml;?articleID= IPv6 over Low power WPAN (6Lowpan) group Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) –The “Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE Networks" standard (RFC4944) defines the format for the adaptation between IPv6 and IEEE –http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/6lowpan-charter.htmlhttp://www.ietf.org/html.charters/6lowpan-charter.html
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Auto-ID Labs presentation at GS1 Joint GSMP – JAG Meeting 2009 Tuesday March 24 3:00-5:30pm “Our approach is to store sensor profile in servers on the Internet, and allow networked clients to search or download relevant profile using an EPC of target sensor node. To identify sensor nodes we assign EPCs to sensor nodes. To find authorized sensor profile servers, called sensor profile server, we adopt resolution service by extending ONS that changes an EPC to authorized locations of EPCIS. Readers or other roles in EPCglobal Network who do not have prior capability information but want to access sensor networks and physical data collected from them may use sensor profile services.” Presentor: Daeyoung Kim Note
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE General Types of network devices There are two basic types of devices that can be present in an network: RFD and FFD RFD – Reduced Function Device An RFD (also referred as an end-device) contains limited set of features. The main characteristics of an RFD are; It can communicate only to a single FFD in the network and not other RFDs It requires little memory, processing and power resources for operation Usually such reduced networking functionality is sufficient for sensor and actuator nodes. FFD – Full Function Device A device of FFD type contains the full set of IEEE features and hence FFD is capable to act as a network coordinator and as an end-device Can communicate both to FFDs and RFDs requires extra memory and processing power, consumes more energy compared to RFD A network device must be FFD if it wants to act as network coordinator or if it requires data packet forwarding capability
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company Data transfer models Data transmission in an network can be organized in two ways: star and peer-to-peer. Star In star model devices are interconnected in form of a star: There is a central node (coordinator). All the network nodes (FFDs and RFDs) communicate only to the coordinator. Data forwarding is possible only through coordinator (two-hop only) Coverage area is limited by one-hop transmission range Peer-to-peer In peer-to-peer model an FFD can communicate to all other devices within its range. RFD can talk only to an FFD it is currently associated with. Peer-to-peer model is characterized by following properties: Data frames can be delivered via several intermediate nodes (multi-hop transmission) Large spatial areas can be covered by a single network Packet routing algorithms are required Star data transfer model Peer-to-peer data transfer model
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE PHY Layer PHY communication is available on 3 frequency bands: a, c, d currently provide PHY alternatives to f and g are expected to proved additional PHY alternatives to in the near future.
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company IEEE MAC Layer MAC layer defines mechanisms for direct (single hop) communication between two devices. Such single hop data exchange is possible only within transmission range of participating pair of nodes. Key MAC layer responsibilities are described below. Data framing Communication on MAC layer is packet based. It means that data to be sent is encapsulated into a MAC frame that is passed to RF transceiver. A node shall accept only frames destined for it and upon their reception frames are checked on errors that could have occurred during transmission and corrected if possible. Device addressing Each device is identified by unique 64 bits long MAC layer address that is used by sender as destination for the packets sent on the MAC layer. Channel access management: CSMA-CA Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) is well known “listen- before-send” principle for managing access to single physical channel among multiple devices. It ensures reliable communication and provides efficient usage of limited channel bandwidth. Device Association/Disassociation Upon higher layer requests MAC layer performs device association and disassociation (enters/leaves network).
doc.: IEEE f Submission March 2009 Mike McInnis - The Boeing Company The End Any Questions?