Presentation on theme: "Scientific writing workshop Eric Weeks, Emory University"— Presentation transcript:
1Scientific writing workshop Eric Weeks, Emory University Overall ideaswriting introduction, conclusion, etcWriting an abstractBibliography software (www.citeulike.org)How to get yourself to write
2Basic ideasStart with figuresConsider your audienceTell a story
3Oh no! A big hole in science! Don’t worry, we fill this hole. Parts of the paperStart with figures – it’s still good adviceIntroductionExplain background / prior work. Identify major unsolved problem. Then state that you solve it.whatweknowOh no! A big hole in science! Don’t worry, we fill this hole.prior workother prior work
4Parts of the paper Start with figures – it’s still good advice IntroductionExplain background / prior work. Identify major unsolved problem. Then state that you solve it.I like to include one pretty figure in introduction, examples on next slides
7Parts of the paper Introduction Methods: Need to be reproducible Can put boring details online or in appendixOr, write a ‘methods’ paperResults: based on figuresResults from one figure can suggest a question. Next figure answers question…. which leads to next questionConclusion: significance, summary.Most people write introduction, conclusions last
8General advice“There are often details that are true and interesting, that nonetheless do not belong in your paper” – Harry SwinneyUse simple language: “This is more germane to the critical aspects of building and sustaining traditional, and nurturing nascent, sub-programs within the department.”: “This is more relevant to sustaining our department’s current programs and building new ones.”Read other people’s papers. What did they do well? What did they do poorly? (What parts are confusing, for example?)Spell-check
9Overall ideaswriting introduction, conclusion, etcWriting an abstractBibliography software (www.citeulike.org)How to get yourself to write
10Writing an abstractWe’re going to discuss this with a specific exampleYou are going to work on an abstract for this exampleWould you like to hear about the example?Yes, you would.
11You’re also going to think about titles, so this is not a title. Ph.D. work of Dandan Chen, Emory UniversityEmulsion: oil droplets in water, added soap
12Emulsion pumped through chamber Note! Chamber is thin, so droplets are flat. Like pizzas.
16Stress related to shape of droplet (“deformation” D)
17Deformation fluctuates as sample flows (data from red-shaded region) X0.033st
18Larger fluctuations = when more T1 events happen
19Stress rises before T1 event, falls after Bigger effect closer to T1 eventdistance to center of T1 event (center of 4 droplets)
20Length scale 3 droplet diameters (from analysis of below data) distance to center of T1 event (center of 4 droplets)
21Your task: Skim paper Write a title for this paper I suggest introduction, conclusions, figuresWrite a title for this paperMake list of five most important things to mention in abstract, about this paper specificallyIf time, write a good first sentence for abstractThis is not a test of your internet skills
26We experimentally study the shear flow of oil-in-water emulsion droplets in a thin sample chamber with a hopper shape. In this thin chamber, the droplets are quasi-2D in shape. The sample is at an area fraction above jamming and forced to flow with a constant flux rate. Stresses applied to a droplet from its neighbors deform the droplet outline, and this deformation is quantified to provide an ad hoc measure of the stress. As the sample flows through the hopper we see large fluctuations of the stress, similar in character to what has been seen in other flows of complex fluids. Periods of time with large decreases in stress are correlated with bursts of elementary rearrangement events (‘‘T1 events’’ where four droplets rearrange). More specifically, we see a local relationship between these observations: a T1 event decreases the inter-droplet forces up to 3 droplet diameters away from the event. This directly connects microscopic structural changes to macroscopic fluctuations, and confirms theoretical pictures of local rearrangements influencing nearby regions. These local rearrangements are an important means of reducing and redistributing stresses within a flowing material.
27Overall ideaswriting introduction, conclusion, etcWriting an abstractBibliography software (www.citeulike.org)How to get yourself to write
28Overall ideaswriting introduction, conclusion, etcWriting an abstractBibliography software (www.citeulike.org)How to get yourself to writeLet’s look at this websiteOthers exist (Mendeley is popular)
29Overall ideaswriting introduction, conclusion, etcWriting an abstractBibliography software (www.citeulike.org)How to get yourself to write
30Strategies for getting it done Editing/revising easier than writing from scratchHow much outline to do?How to get work doneHow to get feedback