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MC68HC11 System Overview. System block diagram (A8 version)

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Presentation on theme: "MC68HC11 System Overview. System block diagram (A8 version)"— Presentation transcript:

1 MC68HC11 System Overview

2 System block diagram (A8 version)

3 68HC11: major features  HCMOS Technology (low power / high speed)  On-chip RAM, ROM, EEPROM  Basic core functions of MC6801 --improved instruction set functionality  2 operating modes and 2 test modes  On-chip counter / timer  On-chip analog-to-digital conversion  On-chip parallel and serial ports  Improved interrupt capabilities than earlier products  supports 21 interrupt vectors  Some fault detection capability for major errors  (power, illegal instruction, hung processor)

4 68HC11: major features  Available in at least 25 different versions – Different pin counts and packaging – Different amounts/types of memory » RAM size (192 to 1.25K bytes) » ROM size (4K to 32K bytes) » EEPROM (512 to 2K bytes) » ROM, EPROM, or EEPROM program memory Memory maps vary from version to version! – Different I/O capabilities (number of timers, chip selects, DMA channels, A/D types, etc.) CONTD

5 68HC11: major features  Our textbook generally discusses the 68HC11A8 version, but we use the 68HC11E9 in the lab – A8: 256 bytes RAM 8 KB ROM 512 bytes EEPROM – E9: 512 bytes RAM 12 KB ROM 512 bytes EEPROM

6 68HC11: major features

7 Pin assignments  Basic support pins – Vdd, Vss: power (+5V) and ground – Xtal, Extal: crystal connection for internal oscillator – E: "enable" clock output signal (input freq ÷ 4) – Reset*: external reset; system failure indicator – IRQ*, XIRQ*: interrupt request lines – MODA, MODB: specifies operating mode CONTD

8 Pin assignments Port functions (in addition to parallel I/O) – Port A: timer functions – Port B: strobed outputs, expanded mode address (high byte) – Port C: parallel I/O, expanded mode address (low byte) and data – Port D: general serial I/O pins, handshake lines for expanded mode – Port E: A/D conversion

9 Modes of operation  The chip has 2 “operating” modes and 2 “test” modes  Mode determination : – On reset or power up, the mode is selected by values on pins MODA and MODB » Jumpers J3 and J4 on EVBU trainer kit – During operation, mode can be changed in some cases by writing to the HPRIO register

10 2 “operating” modes  Single chip (MODA=0, MODB=1) – No external address and data bus functions » CPU can only access on-chip memory – Ports B and C are general purpose parallel I/O – All software needed to control MCU must be in internal memory – On reset, execution begins at address $E000 » Located in ROM » For EVBU version, checks jumper J2, may jump to $B600 (EEPROM) CONTD

11 2 “operating” modes  Expanded multiplexed (MODA=MODB=1) – External memory and peripheral devices can be accessed by time-multiplexed address-data bus – Port B used for high byte of address (output) – Port C provides low byte of address (output) and 8- bit data (bi-directional) – External address latch is required – Execution begins at address $E000 » Just as in single-chip mode, jumper J2 can be used to have the program jump to address $B600

12 2 “test” modes  Special bootstrap (MODA=MODB=0) – On power up or reset, the program in the bootstrap ROM is executed – CPU waits for a 256-byte program segment to be downloaded through the serial link and stored starting at address $0000 – Execution then begins at address $0000 – Permits wide variety of programs to be downloaded CONTD

13 2 “test” modes  Special test (MODA=1, MODB=0) – Primarily a testing mode for the manufacturer – Overrides some automatic protection mechanisms -- risky!

14 On-chip memory  ROM (12K bytes) – Factory programmed – Special bootstrap ROM  RAM (512 bytes) – Data, stack – Can be used for downloaded code – Low-power standby mode  EEPROM (512 bytes) – Programmed and erased on-chip – Calibration storage, diagnostic log, critical data logging, security data – Can also be used for downloaded code CONTD

15 Off-chip memory  EPROM – For prototype development – Windowed and one-time programmable versions

16 Memory maps  Different versions of the HC11 have different memory maps: type, quantity, and location of memory varies  Be sure to know which version you are using! – Our text references the generic HC11A8 version – We use the HC11E9 version in the lab

17 Working with memory  Usually work with 8-bit data values in HC11 (sometimes 16-bit values)  Addresses are 16 bits  Example:

18 Working with memory  Often show memory contents as follows: $110 8E 01 FF BD 60 00 CE 8A C0 31 E2 42 29 90 01 FE Addr 16 data values  16-bit data values are stored in consecutive memory locations – MSB = first location – LSB = second location – What is the 16-bit value stored at location $11A?

19 68HC11 register set

20  68HC11 CPU registers – Accumulators ACCA and ACCB used for computations » 8-bit values » For 16-bit computation, ACCA and ACCB may be combined and accessed as ACCD – Index registers IX and IY generally used to hold addresses » 16-bit values » Used as pointers to memory locations » Some instructions use them for 16-bit computation, also CONTD

21 68HC11 register set – SP and PC » Used by the CPU » Not generally used by the programmer  Programming model – Register-register operations – Register-memory operations – Memory-only operations – Indexed addressing

22 Condition code register

23 5 on-chip I/O ports  Port A (8 bits) – 1 bidirectional pin, 4 output pins, 3 input pins – Also used for timer  Port D (6 bits) – 6 bidirectional pins (controlled by direction register) – Also used for asynchronous (SCI) and synchronous serial (SPI) I/O  Port E (8 bits) – 8 input pins – Also used for A/D converter CONTD

24 5 on-chip I/O ports  Port B (8 bits) – 8 output pins with optional handshaking – Also used as address in expanded mode (replaced by PRU)  Port C (8 bits) – 8 bidirectional pins with optional handshaking and wired-or mode – Also used as data/address in expanded mode (replaced by PRU)

25 I/O registers  HC11 includes 64 I/O registers – Each has a specific function – Some are used for system configuration – Others are used to interface with the different I/O subsystems » Control » Status » Data CONTD

26 I/O registers  These registers are accessed like memory locations – Addresses $1000 to $103F – Programming Reference Guide and textbook both contain list of I/O registers  Eg., you write a value to a specific I/O port by storing a value to the corresponding memory location – The PORTA register is at address $1000 – The instruction STAA $1000 will write the value in ACCA to Port A

27 Programming model -- summary  Use ACCA and ACCB for most operations and computations – 8-bit values  Use ACCD and/or IX for 16-bit computations  IX and IY usually used to hold addresses – Pointers to memory locations  Perform I/O by reading/writing I/O registers – Memory locations $1000-$103F  There are also several addressing modes -----but that's a topic for another day

28 MC68HC11 EVBU Universal Evaluation Board  Kit includes – MC68HC11 board – Development software (freeware assembler, PCbug11 monitor, Buffalo monitor) – Documentation  Compact, low-cost "universal" evaluation board – MC68HC11E9 or MC68HCX711E9 » 12K ROM or EPROM CONTD

29 MC68HC11 EVBU Universal Evaluation Board » 512 bytes EEPROM » 512 bytes RAM – 8 MHz crystal (2 MHz bus clock) – RS232 interface (MC145407) with DB25 connector – Reset switch (MC34064P) – Wire-wrap area  Added for ECPE 4535 at Virginia Tech: – Power supply – Protoboard area – IASM11 assembler and SIM11 simulator

30 Designing with the MC68HC11  Understand HC11 capabilities – Microcontroller resources – Standard components such as switches and displays  Understand application domain – Application requirements – Appropriate algorithms – Data and signal formats CONTD

31 Designing with the MC68HC11  Structure the design – Decompose functions and map to resources – Define interfaces between functions and keep them simple – Specify memory and timing requirements for each function – Understand interactions for timing, interrupts, data, etc.

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