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Prof. Giancarlo Spinelli Leonardo da Vinci II WE KNOW IT Milano and Torino 4-8 April, 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. Giancarlo Spinelli Leonardo da Vinci II WE KNOW IT Milano and Torino 4-8 April, 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. Giancarlo Spinelli Leonardo da Vinci II WE KNOW IT Milano and Torino 4-8 April, 2005

2 MAP OF EUROPE

3 MAASTRICHT TREATY - 7 FEBRUARY 1992 Article 126 ……………………….…………. L'action de la Communauté vise à: - développer la dimension européenne dans l'éducation, notamment par l'apprentissage et la diffusion des langues des États membres; - favoriser la mobilité des étudiants et des enseignants, y compris en encourageant la reconnaissance académique des diplmes et des périodes d'études; - promouvoir la coopération entre les établissements d'enseignement; - développer l'échange d'informations et d'expériences sur les questions communes aux systèmes d'éducation des États membres; - favoriser le développement des échanges de jeunes et d'animateurs socio-éducatifs; - encourager le développement de l'éducation à distance.

4 Article 127 The Council, acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 189c and after consulting the Economic and Social Committee, shall adopt measures to contribute to the achievement of the objectives referred to in this Article, excluding any harmonization of the laws and regulations of the Member States. Article 127 …………………… 4. Le Conseil, statuant conformément à la procédure visée à l'article 189 C et après consultation du Comité économique et social, adopte des mesures pour contribuer à la réalisation des objectifs visés au présent article, à l'exclusion de toute harmonisation des dispositions législatives et réglementaires des États membres. MAASTRICHT TREATY - 7 FEBRUARY 1992

5 age ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (“SCUOLE ELEMENTARI”) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (“SCUOLE MEDIE”) HIGH SCHOOL (“SCUOLE MEDIE SUPERIORI”) 19 EXAMINATION FOR H.S. LICENCE (“MATURITÀ”) THE ITALIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM BEFORE ENTERING THE UNIVERSITY THE ITALIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

6 Sciences, Economics, Humanities, Law, … Engineering, Architecture, … Medecine, Veterinary, … THE OLD SYSTEM

7 Percentage of students on the total amount of registrations Years of study > ,46 5,82 3,90 6,30 13,13 14,35 8,58 Average: 7,37 years TIME-TO-DEGREE IN ENGINEERING IN THE OLD EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AT THE POLITECNICO DI MILANO

8 DURATION OF STUDIES BEFORE ENTERING UNIVERSITY

9 USA 6 years old 18 years old 24 years old * from the A.Y. 2000/2001 Italy abandoned this system EXAMPLE OF COMPARISON BETWEEN THE OLD SYSTEM AND THE USA SYSTEM

10 * Traditional FCD SCD TCD Diplom-Ingenieur U 5 Years Doktor-Ingenieur U ~ 4 Years Diplom-Ingenieur FH 4 Years Short*Integrated* HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN GERMANY

11 HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN FRANCE

12 Joint declaration on harmonization of the architecture of the European higher education system by the four Ministers in charge for France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom. SORBONNE DECLARATION - 25 MAY 1998

13 introduction of an internationally recognized first cycle degree, and then a graduate cycle with a shorter master’s degree and a longer doctor’s degree improving the external recognition, facilitating student mobility,  by spreading the use of the European Credit Transfer System,  by setting the goal of encouraging every student to spend at least one semester in Universities outside their own country, offering access to a diversity of programs, validating acquired knowledge and recognizing respective degrees, improving employability, giving the European educational system more international competitiveness. SORBONNE ISSUES

14 Pour un modèle européen d’enseignement supérieur Commission Jacques Attali 1998

15 BOLOGNA June 19, Ministers PRAGUE May 19, Ministers BERLIN September Ministers May 25, 1998 PARIS Sorbonne DeclarationBologna DeclarationPrague CommuniquéBerlin Communiqué 4 Ministers

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20 Austria, Belgium (2 ministers), Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany (2 ministers), Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Spain, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom Bologna Declaration – 30 countries (32 ministers) Praga Meeting – 33 countries (35 ministers) Croatia, Cyprus, Turkey Albania, Andorra, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Holy See, Russia, Serbia & Montenegro, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Berlin Meeting – 40 countries (42 ministers) PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES

21 Bergen, Norway 2007 … 2010

22 Among other actions: promotes workshops to be organized by national ministries. They contribute on specific topics of interest for the next communiqué. Bologna Follow-up Group Bologna Preparatory Group BOLOGNA FOLLOW-UP GROUP

23 …… Salamanca 1 st Convention on European Higher Education May 29-31, Graz 2 nd Convention on European Higher Education March 31-April 2, 2005 – Glasgow 3 rd Convention on European Higher Education: Strong Universities for Europe. EUA European Association of Universities

24 SEFI (Société Européenne pour la Formation des Ingénieurs) Example in engineering: CESAER (Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research) A meeting in Helsinki on Masters level degrees which produced a document for the Graz Conference. + ASSOCIATIONS

25 Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees Adoption of a system essentially based on two main cycles Establishment of a system of credits Promotion of mobility Promotion of European cooperation in quality assurance Promotion of European dimensions in higher education BOLOGNA DECLARATION (1999) Aimed at creating a European Higher Education Area (EHEA)

26 Actions following the six objectives of the Bologna Process Furthermore  Lifelong learning  Higher education institutions and students  Promoting the attractiveness of the European Higher Education Area Continued follow-up PRAGUE COMMUNIQUÉ (2001)

27 Additional actions  European Higher Education Area and European Research Area – two pillars of the knowledge based society  Stocktaking  Follow-up structure  Work program BERLIN COMMUNIQUÉ (2003)

28 LAUREA (L) 1st level LAUREA MAGISTRALE (LM) 2nd level DOTTORATO DI RICERCA 3rd level THE NEW SYSTEM Italy has implemented the Bologna Declaration THE ITALIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM MASTER DI I LIVELLO MASTER DI II LIVELLO

29 * According to the Bologna declaration (since 1998) ** Traditional FCD SCD TCD Diplom-Ingenieur U 5 Years Bachelor FH / U Years Master FH / U Years Doktor-Ingenieur U ~ 4 Years Diplom-Ingenieur FH 4 Years Short**Fully consecutive *Integrated** HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN GERMANY (AFTER BOLOGNA)

30 HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN FRANCE (PROVISORY, SUMMER 2003)

31 Academic year Academic year HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN FRANCE (Provisory, Summer 2003)

32 * Options compatible with the Bologna declaration ** Traditional in continental Europe FCD SCD TCD Consecutive * Undergraduate (First Cycle) Study Years Graduate (Second Cycle) Study Years Postgraduate (Third Cycle) Study Years Undergraduate (First Cycle) Study Years Long Doctorate Years Long Study Programme ~ 5 Years Doctorate ~ 3 Years Short Study Programme Years Short**Integrated**Graduate school * EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM (EHES) AND ALTERNATIVES

33 2 types d’organisation 3 modes de fonctionnement Master of Science (1 à 2 ans) Bachelor of Science (3 à 4 ans) “Ingénieur” de conception (5 à 6 ans) “Ingénieur” de production (3 à 4 ans) Organisation Anglo-SaxonneOrganisation continentale européenne Les diplômés vont sur le marché du travail Arrivée de nouveaux étudiants conceptuels La différence entre “3 puis 5” et “3 ou 5” USnon US


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