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NEWLINK  Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J2.

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Presentation on theme: "NEWLINK  Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J2."— Presentation transcript:

1 NEWLINK  Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J2

2 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Media : OPTICAL FIBER

3 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber  Transmits Light Pulses  Multimode uses LED based emitters  Single-mode uses LASER emitters TXRX Electrical Signal Light Signal Optical Fiber Light Signal Electrical Signal

4 Cabling Systems NEWLINK EIA-TIA-568-B.1 Classification  By Core / cladding – Multimode – Single-mode  By construction – Tight Buffer – Loose Tube  By Use – Indoors – Outdoor – Specialty Applications

5 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cables

6 Cabling Systems NEWLINK EIA-TIA-568-B.1 Classification ISO / TIA  Different Core Diameters  Several Performance Options CATEGORIES  OM-1 62,5 or 50/125um / 200  OM-2 62,5 or 50/125um / 500  OM-3 50/125um / 1500 (accepts 850nm laser)  OS-1 8,3/125um / “virtually unlimited”

7 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Multimode Optical Fiber CORE : um CLADDING : 125 um Several Propagation Modes

8 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Single-Mode Optical Fiber CORE : 8.3 um CLADDING : 125 um One PropagationMode

9 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Fan Out  Breakout  Plenum  Riser Rated - OFNR Indoor Optical Fiber Cables

10 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Aerial  ADSS  Direct Buried - Armored  Duct Rated Outdoor Optical Fiber Cables

11 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cables Aerial 8-SHAPE CONSTRUCTION Ripcord Reinforcement Members External Jacket Water-Blocking Tape Central Dielectric Member Fibers 250um FillerTubes Steel messanger

12 Cabling Systems NEWLINK LOOSE TUBE ARMORED Ripcord Reinforcement Members Reinforced Jacket Water-Blocking Tape Central Dielectric Member Fibers 250um Filler Tubes Steel Armor Optical Fiber Cables Direct Buried

13 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cables NFPA 70 Electrical Safety Classification OFNP OFNR OFN-LS Optical Fiber Conductive Limited Smoke OFCROptical Fiber Conductive Riser Optical Fiber Non-Conductive Plenum Optical Fiber Non-Conductive Riser Optical Fiber Non-Conductive Limited Smoke OFC-LS Optical Fiber Conductive PlenumOFCP

14 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cables Designs  Tight Buffer –Indoors/Outdoors. –External “tight buffer” protects each fiber with a 900um. –Jacket is easy to strip and finish.  Loose Tube –Outdoors Use Only. –Typically each fiber has a 250um acrylate covering colored following the standard. –Requires a “breakout kit” for proper termination

15 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cable “Tight Buffer” Jacket 2,4 ~ 3mm Aramyd Protection Tight Buffer um Optical Fiber - 125um Acrylate Protection 250 um

16 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Cable “Loose Tube” 125um Optical Fiber + 250um Colored Acrylate Tube Outer Jacket Gel

17 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Transmission Wavelengths Used Wavelengths  850 nm: Multimode  1300 nm: Multimode  1310 nm: Singlemode  1383 nm: Singlemode  1550 nm: Singlemode

18 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Light Spectrum Visible Light Infrared / 800 nm Ultraviolet / 400 nm 850 nm 1300 nm 1550 nm Higher Frequencies Greater Wavelengths Multimode, Short Wave Multi / Monomode, Long Wave Monomode, Long Wave FIBER OPTIC APPLICATIONS

19 Cabling Systems NEWLINK MULTIMODE TRANSMISSION DIFFERENTIAL MODE DELAY Compound Signal InputOutput Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 t1t1 t2t2 t3t3

20 Cabling Systems NEWLINK FO Refraction Index

21 Cabling Systems NEWLINK MULTIMODE TRANSMISSION Graded Index

22 Cabling Systems NEWLINK MULTIMODE TRANSMISSION Step Index

23 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Fiber Optics Connectors  Brings mechanical support and Protection  Align the fibers properly to permit maximum light transmission

24 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Advantages  EMI Interference Immunity  Dielectric “No ground loops”  Very Low Losses  Large Bandwidth  Smaller than UTP  Lighter than UTP

25 Cabling Systems NEWLINK More…  More Secure  Zero Risk of Electrical Shocks  Wide temperature Range  Low repeaters quantity  The better ratio Cost / Benefit  No obsolescense  Wide material availability

26 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Disadvantages  More Initial Investment  Connections, splices an testing are more complicated  Requires Proper Trained Personal  Fear to the unknown material  Requires some equipment / tools be changed

27 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Distance / Applications Optical Fiber 62,5/125 um50/125 umSingle-Mode Application 10 BASE-FL Token Ring 4/ BASE-FX 100VG-AnyLAN FDDI ATM 52 ATM 155 Fibre Channel 266 ATM BASE-SX 1000 BASE-LX 2000NST 2000NST 500 / 2000NST 2000NST / / / / Fibre Channel / -500 / Values are shown in 850 / 1300 nm for Multimode OF Single-mode uses 1300 nm

28 Cabling Systems NEWLINK PATCH CORD TEST TIA / EIA 568-B.1 Fiber Optics TEST Use calibrated instruments Use updated software Verify cleanliness and good status for the connectors Link patch cords using matching couplers Perform a loop Test with the 4 patch cords that are intended for using at both ends

29 Cabling Systems NEWLINK HORIZONTAL LINK TEST TIA / EIA 568-B.1 Fiber Optics TEST Use calibrated instruments Use pre-tested Patch Cords for instruments attachment Test the Links by Pairs using the scheme showed

30 Cabling Systems NEWLINK STANDARD LIMITS FOR PERMANENT LINK TIA / EIA 568-B.1 Fiber Optics TEST Maximum Insertion Loss: 2,0 dB considering the losses due to the use of two connectors over the entire Fiber Optic cable and the losses in the Fiber itself. 2,75 dB if the Permanent Link includes a Consolidation Point. Test are required to be conduced in one (1) wavelength only because the difference in performance is very small for short segments (up to 100 meter)

31 Cabling Systems NEWLINK STANDARD LIMITS FOR BACKBONES TIA / EIA 568-B.1 Fiber Optics TEST Maximum Insertion Loss: 0,75 dB for each connector used. 0,30 dB for each splice used. Each Optical Fiber has a specific Insertion Loss coeficient. That value could be found in the product data sheet and is expressed in terms of dB / km. Partial Insertion Loss corresponding to the Fiber shall be less than the value calculated by the formula: Value (dB) = length (km) x coefficient (dB/km) Multimode Optical Fiber shall be tested at both 850 and 1300 nm Single-mode Optical Fiber at 1310 and 1550 nm

32 Cabling Systems NEWLINK FIBER Typical Attenuation Coeficients Multimode 50 and 62,5 um 850 nm 1383 nm 1550 nm 1310 nm 1300 nm 3,5 dB / km 1,5 dB / km 0,5 dB / km 1,0 dB / km Single-mode Outside Plant Single-mode Inside Plant

33 Cabling Systems NEWLINK FIBER Typical Modal Bandwidth Coeficients OM and 62,5 um 850 nm 1300 nm 200 MHz km OM and 62,5 um OM / 125 um 500 MHz km 1500 MHz km 500 MHz km 2000 MHz km850 nm Overfill Launch Laser Launch

34 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Backbone Example TIA / EIA 568-B.1 Fiber Optics TEST Aerial FO Cable Length = 800 meter, MM 50/125um, OM-3 Splices = 3 Connectors = 2, one at each end TOTAL INSERTION LOSS LIMIT= ( 2 x 0, x 0, x 1,5 ) = nm

35 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Pathways and Spaces for Telecommunication’s Commercial Installations

36 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Purpose DESIGN & PLAN NEAT INSTALLATIONS

37 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Purpose  Establish the criteria to follow for planning routes, cabling support structures and rooms inside commercial buildings.

38 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Scope  Limited to the Telecommunication systems in commercial buildings and campuses  This standard suggest some safety considerations but is not intended to replace pertinent standards

39 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A PROJECT STAGES  ARCHITECTURAL DRAFT  PRELIMINAR DESIGN  COMPATIBILITY CHECKS  DETAILED ENGINEERING  APPROVALS  INSTALLING  MOVES & CHANGES  MAJOR REMODELING

40 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm HORIZONTAL PATHWAYS VERTICAL PATHWAYS WORK AREA TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM / CLOSET EQUIPMENT ROOM SERVICE ENTRANCE TIA / EIA – 569-A Elements Covered

41 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A PATHS TR IC ER SE Work Area Telecommunications Room Intermediate Closet Equipment Room Service Entry WA Building ABuilding B TR SETR ER WA IC

42 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569 Vertical / Backbone  Path for Inter-building Backbones  Paths for the Backbone Cabling inside buildings

43 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Backbone  Inter-Building Backbone –Interconnects the different buildings in a Campus through their Service Entrances –Uses: Direct Buried Cables Buried Ducts / Conduit Aerial

44 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Backbone  Intra-Building Backbone –Interconnects the different floors inside a building through their Telecomm. Rooms –Uses: Wall-mounted conduit Ladder Trays

45 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569 Backbone  Consider space requirements from the design stage of the project  Kept enough margins and room for future growing and changes  Consider only 40% of the usable cross section as the conduit capacity during Design Stage  Use up to 60% normally without restrictions during Cabling Stage  A minimum of one 75mm (3”) diam. conduit shall be installed connecting Telecommunication Rooms

46 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569 Backbone  Keep recommended distances from power lines  Select special materials where mechanical protection is required  Look for corrosion resistance, rodents and other environmental factors  Use fire-stopping products to seal inter-floor passes

47 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A For Horizontal Runnings  Includes all the conduit and accesories required from the Telecommunictions Room to the Work Area

48 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Horizontal  Could be: –Under floor Ductways –Raised Technical Floor –Conduit –Ladder Trays –Other Suspended Systems –Perimetral Paths

49 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Telecommunication Room  Space or Room dedicated to host the Cross- connections between Vertical and Horizontal Cabling  Must be located strategically, in the center of the covered area  It is recommended at least one TR in each attended floor

50 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Telecommunication Room  Must have enough space for access and maintenance  Shall be interconnected to the other Telecommunications Rooms  It is recommended proximity to shafts and riser structures for vertical runnings  The standard recommends a minimum Area of 12 sq. m.

51 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Telecommunication Room  One floor could have more than one TR depending on distances.  Cabling Distance between TR not to exceed 90 meters.  Lighting, power and grounding accordingly to the room’s size and intended equipment.  Air conditioning or forced ventilation must be revised.

52 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Work Area  Space where User interacts with the Computers, Phones or Networking Equipment

53 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Work Area  Square 2 gangs (100 x 100mm) boxes are recommended. Requires a reduced cover.  Rectangular 1 gang boxes could be used for up to 2 outlets.  A minimum of 2 outlets per Work Area.  Two different possible positions are recommended for each Work Area.  DO NOT SHARE boxes or conduit already in use by electrical installation.  Evaluate space requirements considering 10 sq. m for each user as a preliminary approach.

54 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Equipment Room  Space dedicated to the Main IT Equipment: Servers, PBX, Routers, Switches, etc

55 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Equipment Room  Space dedicated to the Main IT Equipment: Servers, PBX, Routers, Switches, etc  Avoid hard restricted spaces  The standard recommends 14 sq. meter area, 3 meter height  Use the same criteria as a Telecommunication’s Room for interconnecting conduits

56 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Equipment Room  Precision Air conditioners, Uninterruptible Power Supply, standby generator set, security, fire protection and other specialities depending upon the complexity and size.  In some cases TR and ER share the same room.

57 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Building Entry Points  Each building must have an Entry Point for incoming Telecommunication’s Services inside a Campus.  A DEMARCATION POINT must exist for the external vendor services coming to the premises.

58 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Typical Outdoor Routes  Underground Ducted  Direct Buried  Aerial

59 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Outdoor Techniques  Underground Ducted  Consist of conduits, ducts or tunnels.  Use at least 100 mm or 4”.  Build access for pulling cable or maintenance each 30 meters or less.  Consider drainage for raining water.  Check for depth compatibility with existing installations (sewage, water, high-voltage)

60 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Outdoor Techniques  Direct Buried  Use armored cables to resist severe mechanical stress.  The cable is dropped inside a ditch without additional protections. compacted soil buried cable graded fill

61 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569-A Outdoor Techniques  Aerial  Uses poles and steel messenger cables to support the telecommunication cables  Some cables include the supporting element in theri construction

62 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Typical Indoors Techniques  Concealed Ducts  Technical Raised Floor  Boxes & Conduit  Ladders & Trays  Hangers, J-Hooks  Raceways

63 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Concealed Ducts  Underfloor installed  Mounted during installation  Rectangular section, uses transitions and diverse accesories  Outlets and Boxes unifromly distributed  Uses mesh design

64 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Concealed Ducts ADVANTAGES  Ease for Access  Modular Flexibility to attend each Work Area  Isolated channels for power and telecomm  Ease for Design DISADVANTAGES  High Initial Investment  Some form, capacity and finish restrictions  Low Availability

65 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Technical Raised Floor  Mounted over the finished floor  Different models and finishes  Anti-static coverings  Modular sizes, adjustable heights  Dismontable

66 Cabling Systems NEWLINK ADVANTAGES  Superior Accesibility  Modular Flexibility to attend each Work Area  Renewable. Versatil design.  Easiest Design DISADVANTAGES  High Initial Cost  Requires special dimensions (modular)  Maintenance Issues  Safety Issues TIA / EIA – 569- A Technical Raised Floor

67 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Concealed or Exposed depending on local codes  Steel, Aluminium, PVC  Rigid or Flexible  NFPA requires PVC conduit to be concealed above the 3rd floor  Use pulling boxes, outlet boxes and registers in different commercial sizes TIA / EIA – 569- A Boxes & Conduit

68 Cabling Systems NEWLINK ADVANTAGES  Low Cost  Low space required  Brings mechanical and EMI/RFI protection DISADVANTAGES  Low flexibility for Moves & Changes when concealed  Limited hard to modify capacity TIA / EIA – 569- A Boxes & Conduit

69 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Could be supported from ceiling or walls  Give a Protected and Ordered raceway for Horizontal and Backbone Indoors  Allow large volumes of cables  Commercially available in different models and materials  Uses cover and special accesories TIA / EIA – 569- A Ladders & Trays

70 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Ladders & Trays ADVANTAGES  Low Cost  Flexibility for Moves & Changes  Allow optimal cross-section use  When covered brings extra EMI/RFI protection DISADVANTAGES  Require planning from the beginning  Require accesibility to above ceiling space  Runs the cable in the “high noise” area (hvac, lighting fixtures, fans)

71 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Suspended from ceiling  Brings unprotected paths  Ease for replacement  Use different models and accessories TIA / EIA – 569- A Hangers

72 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A Hangers ADVANTAGES  Low Cost  Great flexibility for Moves & Changes  Ease to add in existing / operating offices DISADVANTAGES  Do not bring cable protection  Depending on local codes require the use of expensive Plenum Cables that raise the final cost

73 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A UTP Cabling Practices  Un-twisted Permitted over UTP Cables: –12 mm for CAT 5E y 6 –25 mm for CAT 3 y 4  Bending Radii: –4X the outer cable diameter  Max. Tensile Stress –11 Kg (25 Lbf ) R > 4 dia

74 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 569- A FO Cabling Practices  Bending Radii: –10X the outer cable diameter –During Installation do not to be less than 20X  Max. Tensile Stress –depend on cable construction –check technical specs R > 10 dia

75 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 General Cabling Practices  Avoid heat and UV exposition for indoor cables  Avoid mechanical stresses over the cable. Exemption are aerial cables.  Avoid bending cables repeatedly  Avoid humidity and water exposition  Bring access to cable runnings

76 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Only 2 bends of 90º, between boxes are allowed. Pulling Box TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices 1 2

77 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Maximum 30 meters between Boxes Pulling or Outlet. Pulling Box TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices MAX 30 m Pulling Box

78 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Use different conduit for Telecommunications and Power.  Also use different boxes. TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices NEVER TOGETHER !! Telecommunications Power

79 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Keep minimum separation accordingly with the power level of the Electromagnetic Interference source. Motors, transformers, light ballasts, VFD, etc. TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices Telecommunications Power D kVA < D mm

80 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Keep the cabling far away from heat sources  Use cable build accordingly the mechanical / environmental requirements  Use UV resistant jackets / conduit when outdoors  Use (conduit), trays, ladders, etc with soft surfaces, without cutting edges  Do not splice or pig-tailed UTP cable TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices

81 Cabling Systems NEWLINK  Splices over Fiber must remain accessible in a box  Boxes and Cabinets for Structured Cabling must contain only Telecommunications grade materials and equipment  Plenum space must remain accessible for telecommunication trays. Avoid closed ceilings  Use Fire stopping products as suggested by NFPA 101 TIA / EIA – 569- A General Cabling Practices

82 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Backbone Distances HC A ES B HCIC MC C Horizontal Cross-connect HC Intermediate X-connect..... IC Main Cross-connect MC Fiber Single-mode Fiber Multimode UTP Balanced - DATA UTP Balanced - VOICE ABC

83 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

84 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

85 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Telecommunication Management Standard Summary

86 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Purpose  Establishes guidelines and “common sense” practices for Manage Telecommunication Installations.

87 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Scope  These concepts apply to each standard’s element: –Cross-Connections –Cables, media –Pathways –Spaces and Rooms –Work Areas

88 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Management Hand-outs  Documents: –Lettering –Registers –Reports –Blue-prints / Maps –Schemes

89 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK Demarcation Point – CO side Demarcation Point – LAN side Common Equipment 1 st Level Backbone - MCC to IC 2 nd Level Backbone - IC a Closet Horizontal Cabling – CT side Inter-Building Backbone Auxiliary Circuits, Security, Alarms Special Use / Multi-line Phones Color Coding for Rooms ANSI/EIA/TIA-606 BKCTCEESHC

90 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Lettering  Identifying Cables –All cables shall be identified as least in both ends –It is recommended more tags depending on the cable length –Tags must be of the permanent well attached around the cable jacket –Inscription must be clear and simple with wear resistant ink. ie. Laser printed

91 Cabling Systems NEWLINK D02 TIA / EIA – 606 Lettering 1A3 Bundle Marking Individual Marking D02T01 DataVoice

92 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Lettering  Accesories Marking: –Use a unique identifier for each service / cable –Identify each visible connecting element –Use icons or jack’s colors to customize your installation A01

93 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Lettering  Cable Pathways: –Identify the main cable pathways at both ends –Identify when a pathway suffers a split and name again each branch

94 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Lettering  Rooms and Spaces: –Each space must be identified –Identify spaces by unique code –Better if identification code is available from outside

95 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Documents  Registers: –Create a Database with all the pertinent data –Avoid innecessary or hard to maintain data –Include all the identifiers used along the installation –Size your Registers accordingly to the size of your installation

96 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Documents  Identifiers: –Use a simple and clear nomenclature: Cxxx (Cable xxx) TRxx (Telecommunications Room xxx) WAxxx (Work Area xxx)

97 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Documents  Reports: –Show all the pertinent data to specific purpose (inventory, moves & changes) –If based on PC applications could be easily configured and ed or printed

98 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Documents  Cable Report: –List all the installed cables and some technical data  Cross-Connect Report: –List all the X-connect located indicating the correspondent Telecom. Room, floor, etc

99 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Documents Cable ID: C001 Closet : CT-1A (Piso 1, Closet A) Path: 1A-3 WA : 35 Installer : CABLESA Cable Data: UTP CAT6 / NEWLINK Length:53 meter

100 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Documents XConnect : 3C – 1A Closet : CT-1A (Piso 1, Closet A) Outlets : DATA 1-48 Type : PP 48 Puertos, CAT6 Position : Rack C, posición C

101 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Drawings  Vertical Cabling and Spaces –Un-scaled –Show all the Telecom. Rooms –Show the backbone routes Building A SE TR-3A TR-2 TR-1 ER TR-3B

102 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Drawings  Horizontal Cabling –Un-scaled –Show any different model of link used i.e. telephony, data A Patch Cord CAT6, 1mNEW-16541BL B Patch Panel 24-ports CAT6NEW C UTP CAT6 CableNEW D Consolidation PointNEW E Jack RJ45 CAT6NEW F Patch Cord CAT6, 3mNEW-16543BL ABCDEF

103 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 606 Drawings  Blue-Prints / Maps: –Includes location for each Workstation –Shows the Identifier assigned to each “point” –Detailing depends on complexity and size –Some typical arrangements are used for more illustration

104 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

105 Cabling Systems NEWLINK


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