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Translation Challenges: From Training to Profession Hammamet, Tunisia, 28-29 November Discovery and justification procedures in the corpus-based translation.

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Presentation on theme: "Translation Challenges: From Training to Profession Hammamet, Tunisia, 28-29 November Discovery and justification procedures in the corpus-based translation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Translation Challenges: From Training to Profession Hammamet, Tunisia, November Discovery and justification procedures in the corpus-based translation classroom Sara Laviosa University of Bari “Aldo Moro” University of Rome “Tor Vergata” 0

2 Aim to illustrate how translator trainers are drawing on the research methods developed in descriptive translation studies in order to devise corpus-based teaching techniques inspired by the pedagogic principle of discovery learning 1

3 Presentation structure discovery and justification procedures (Toury 1995) case study of corpus-based translation pedagogy 2

4 Discovery and justification procedures I. selecting a corpus of translated texts and examining their acceptability in the target language II. mapping the segments of each target text onto the source text’s counterpart III. first-level generalizations about the norms underlying the concrete way in which equivalence is realized 3

5 Case study background information about the translation course teaching objectives of the module unit on polysemic lexical Anglicisms in the language of business and economics corpora and corpus-processing tools 4

6 Phase I: business in translated articles I. the work of producing or buying and selling goods or services for money II. a high profile area of business where more than one company operates III. a highly profitable business activity undertaken by a company IV. a large organization that provides services, or that makes or sells goods V. volume of business 5

7 lexico-grammatical patterning of business: I. words that refer to other human activities, (turismo e business), the place where business is carried out, and the people of different nationalities that are in business; it forms multi-word-units (business hub, area business, segmento business, aree consumer e business) II. nouns that identify a particular business sector and the position gained in the market, nouns referring to the major players that operate in or impact on it, adjectives describing its qualities, such as diversity, profitability or importance 6

8 III. words that refer to the company undertaking a particular business activity and to the type of activity undertaken, verbs referring to the changes undergone by a business, adjectives and nouns describing its main features, such as novelty, solidity or volatility; it forms one compound (core business) IV. words referring to the people owning or running a company or to the way in which a company organizes its activities; it forms multi-word-units (business model, modello di business, business manager, business partner) 7

9 V. words that refer to the monetary value of a company or business sector: Al 73enne Ecclestone è rimasto il 25% del gruppo che gestisce il business da 800 milioni di dollari. Per contrastare il cambiamento del clima anche gli ambientalisti riscoprono il nucleare. Un business da 125 miliardi di dollari. 8

10 business in comparable non-translated articles: I. the work of producing or buying and selling goods or services for money II. a high profile area of business where more than one company operates (including illegal sectors) III. a highly profitable business activity undertaken by a company IV. a large organization that provides services, or that makes or sells goods V. volume of business (including that of an illegal company) 9

11 I. words that refer to other spheres of human activity (business  società, sport e business, musica  business, business  genetica), the place where business is carried out, and the people of different nationalities that are in business; it forms multi-word-units (business information, aree di business, clienti business, utenti business); used in puns (il business resta in porto; titanic del business) II. nouns that identify a particular sector and the position gained in the market, nouns referring to the major players that operate in or impact on it, adjectives describing its qualities, such as diversity, profitability or importance; compounds (business travel, social business, business online); illegal sectors (il business dei falsi; i business si chiamano droga, prostituzione, racket); used creatively (un business che si chiama sconto; un business duro come il teak) 10

12 III.business activity and the type of activity undertaken, verbs referring to the changes undergone by a business activity, adjectives and nouns describing its main features, such as novelty, importance, competitiveness, credibility or profitability; it forms various compounds (core business, business continuity, business case, business plan), it strongly collocates with: possibilità, opportunità, occasioni, fare; used in creative collocations and puns (il business in una cannuccia, ora faccio business col cuore, un Tornado di business; ho più di un business per capello) 11

13 IV.words referring to the people owning or running a company or to the way in which a company organizes its activities; it forms multi-word-units (business unit, unità di business, business development manager); used in creative collocations, creative metphors and puns (un business fatto di nuvole, l’Enav e quel business che è caduto dal cielo; il business lievita alla luce del sole) 12

14 V.words that refer to the monetary value of a given enterprise; it is used creatively: Quel business da 2,5 milioni di sacchi di caffè it refers to illegal activities: Il business [dei falsi] vale almeno 7 miliardi di euro all’anno … Cibo Nostro. La Mafia nell’alimentare. Quasi 20 miliardi di incassi per la criminalità organizzata: tanto vale oggi il business mafioso nell’agroalimentare, nelle sue varie declinazioni. 13

15 Conclusions – Phase I when a word is polysemous, the lexico-grammar of one sense of the word differs from the lexico- grammar of its other senses; the collocation, colligation and semantic preference of business in translational and non-translational Italian appear to be divergently similar; the translator seems to have resisted the influence of English to a degree by limiting the use of business and largely reproducing its unmarked lexico-grammatical patterning. 14

16 Phase II: mapping Italian target texts onto English source texts I) il mondo degli affari, gli affari, affari, l’attività, attività commerciali II) il settore, l’industria, le industrie (business translates industry) III) un’attività commerciale, l’attività, le attività delle aziende IV) un’azienda V) Ø → business Examples of explicitation: generating the business → cedendo i prestiti (relinquishing loans) 15

17 Phase III: the norm initial norm: acceptability textual-linguistic norms: preference for native Italian equivalents tendency towards explicitation 16

18 Conclusions students’ professional empowerment (Kiraly 2003) teacher’s professional empowerment 17

19 Bibliography Kiraly, D.C. (2003) From Instruction to Collaborative Construction: A passing fad or the promise of a paradigm schift in translator education?. In B.J. Baer and G.S. Koby (eds.) Beyond the Ivory Tower. Rethinking translation pedagogy. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Görlach, M. (2003) English Words Abroad. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Johns, T. And P. King (eds.) (1991) Classroom Concordancing. ELR Journal 4. Birmingham: University of Birmingham. Sinclair, J.McH (2004) Reading Concordances. London: Pearson Longman. Toury, G. (1995) Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins 18


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