Presentation on theme: "MILITARY AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS Part 2 AIR TO AIR MISSILES."— Presentation transcript:
MILITARY AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS Part 2 AIR TO AIR MISSILES
Air to Air Missiles Are used to engage aircraft, helicopters, and unmanned air vehicles at short- to medium-range. In aircraft such as the Typhoon FGR4, targets are identified using the onboard radar and this data is fed to the weapon by the aircraft’s weapons system. In aircraft such as the Tornado GR4, where ASRAAM missiles are carried for self-defence, targets are identified visually and targeted using the missile’s infra-red seeker.
Air to Air Missiles Air-to-Air Missiles are highly agile and travel at speeds in excess of Mach 4, but they are vulnerable to electronic and expendable countermeasures. Modern missiles are capable of guiding themselves to a target without the support of the launching aircraft.
Air to Air Missiles All Air-to-Air Missiles have payloads of between 10lb and 18lbs of high explosive, but are limited by the propellant available for their rocket motors. The general types of fuses used in Air-to-Air Guided Missiles are: Proximity and Contact fuses.
Incorporates an active radar with an inertial reference unit and a datalink microcomputer system. In a Beyond Visual Range (BVR) engagement, the AMRAAM is launched from a range of 20nm plus and is guided by its own inertial navigation system, while receiving updates via the data link. When it reaches the No Escape Zone a set distance from the target aircraft, the missile enters terminal guidance, where its own monopulse radar tracks the target and guides it to impact. Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile
AIM-120 AMRAAM Fitted to : The Typhoon FGR4 The Tornado F3 Performance: Range: 20nm+ Speed: Mach 4 Sensor: Inertial & Active Radar Dimensions: Length: 3.66m Diameter: 0.18m Span: 0.53m Weight: 346lb 157kg Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile
Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile A highly manoeuvrable, Infra-Red (IR) guided, air-to-air missile able to counter sophisticated IR countermeasures. The first missile to use a sapphire-domed staring array detector, to detect the whole target aircraft. The missile has a fire-and-forget capability, thus the pilot can engage multiple targets with several missiles simultaneously. Following release, the missile accelerates in excess of Mach 3 whilst being guided using its IR seeker.
Fitted to : The Typhoon FGR4 The Tornado GR4 & F3 Performance: Range: 8nm+ Speed: Mach 3+ Sensor: IR staring array with inertial guidance Dimensions: Length: 2.9m Diameter: 0.17m Weight: 192lb 87kg AIM-132 ASRAAM Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile
Variants of the AIM-9 Sidewinder were the primary short-range air-to-air missile since the late 1960s, culminating with the AIM-9L replaced by ASRAAM. Sidewinder was a supersonic, IR-guided, short range, air-to-air missile, which homed on the heat signature of the target, and detonated with a laser-proximity fuse. Like ASRAAM, Sidewinder was a fire-and-forget missile, allowing pilots to fire several missiles at different targets within a very short time frame. Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile (Retired)
AIM-9L Sidewinder Fitted to : The Tornado GR4 The Hawk T1A Performance: Range: 6nm+ Speed: Mach 3+ Sensor: IR reticule seeker Dimensions: Length: 2.87m Diameter: 0.13m Weight: 186lb 84kg Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile (Retired)
METEOR Meteor is in the advanced stages of development and will enter RAF service from Designed around an air breathing ramjet to boost the weapon away from the launch aircraft and then remain under power until warhead detonation. This gives it the energy to pursue and destroy This gives it the energy to pursue and destroy the fastest and most agile aircraft at range. Its warhead carries impact and proximity fuses so targets can be destroyed even if the missile does not score a direct hit. Beyond Visual-Range Air-to-Air Missile
Skyflash Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (Retired) It was the primary medium-range air-to-air missile until its replacement with the AIM-120 AMRAAM. Skyflash used semi-active homing, where the launch aircraft illuminated the target and the missile used its own radar receiver to home in on the reflected energy. Although Skyflash was primarily a BVR missile, it could also be employed at shorter ranges to ensure quick reaction times and maximum manoeuvrability after launch.
Check of Understanding Which of the following is a capability of the ASRAAM? Radar-guidance Medium range Infra-red guidance Anti shipping
Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon? Skyflash AMRAAM ASRAAM Sidewinder
Check of Understanding What is the typical range of a Short Range missile? 12 to 15+ nm 6 to 8+ nm 3 to 5+ nm 20+ nm
Check of Understanding Identify this weapon being loaded on the aircraft? Maverick Skyflash Meteor Sidewinder
Check of Understanding The AIM-120 AMRAAM is steered to its target by: The attacking aircraft Video display Passive on-board radar Active on-board radar
Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon? AMRAAM Meteor Skyflash ASRAAM
Check of Understanding Which missile is a fire-and-forget 'dogfight' missile? Sidewinder ASRAAM Meteor AMRAAM
Check of Understanding What weapon is on the wing of this aircraft? Skyflash Sidewinder ASRAAM AMRAAM
Check of Understanding SKYFLASH has semi-active homing which is where the launch aircraft... Requires ground units to illuminate the target. Fires and forgets. Illuminates and guides the missile to the target. Illuminates the target and the missile using its own radar receiver to home on the reflected energy.
Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon? Meteor AMRAAM Skyflash ASRAAM
Check of Understanding What does the abbreviation AMRAAM stand for? Advanced Medium Range Air to Air Missile Advanced Military Retractable Air to Air Missile Advanced Medium Range Anti-Aircraft Missile Advanced Military Reusable Air to Air Missile
Check of Understanding Identify this weapon; Sidewinder AMRAAM Meteor ASRAAM
Check of Understanding The payload of air-to-air missiles generally contain between: 18 lbs and 25 lbs of high explosive 5 lbs and 10 lbs of high explosive 25 lbs and 30 lbs of high explosive 10 lbs and 18 lbs of high explosive
Check of Understanding Identify this weapon; Sidewinder AMRAAM Meteor Skyflash
Check of Understanding The AIM-9L Sidewinder missile is steered to its target by: Light Sound Radar Heat