Presentation on theme: "MILITARY AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS"— Presentation transcript:
1MILITARY AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS Part 2AIR TO AIR MISSILES
2Air to Air Missiles Are used to engage aircraft, helicopters, and unmanned air vehiclesat short- to medium-range.In aircraft such as the Typhoon FGR4,targets are identified using the onboard radarand this data is fed to the weapon bythe aircraft’s weapons system.In aircraft such as the Tornado GR4,where ASRAAM missiles are carried for self-defence,targets are identified visually and targetedusing the missile’s infra-red seeker.
3Air to Air Missiles are highly agile and travel at speeds in excess of Mach 4,but they are vulnerable toelectronic and expendable countermeasures.Modern missiles are capable ofguiding themselves to a targetwithout the support of the launching aircraft.
4Air to Air Missiles 10lb and 18lbs of high explosive, All Air-to-Air Missileshave payloads of between10lb and 18lbs of high explosive,but are limited by the propellant availablefor their rocket motors.The general types of fusesused in Air-to-Air Guided Missiles are:Proximity and Contact fuses.
6AIM-120 AMRAAM Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile Incorporates an active radarwith an inertial reference unitand a datalink microcomputer system.In a Beyond Visual Range (BVR) engagement,the AMRAAM is launched from a range of 20nm plusand is guided by its own inertial navigation system,while receiving updates via the data link.When it reaches the No Escape Zonea set distance from the target aircraft,the missile enters terminal guidance,where its own monopulse radartracks the target and guides it to impact.
9AIM-132 ASRAAM Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile A highly manoeuvrable, Infra-Red (IR) guided,air-to-air missile able to counter sophisticatedIR countermeasures.The first missile to use a sapphire-domedstaring array detector,to detect the whole target aircraft.The missile has a fire-and-forget capability,thus the pilot can engage multiple targetswith several missiles simultaneously.Following release,the missile accelerates in excess of Mach 3whilst being guided using its IR seeker.
10Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile AIM-132 ASRAAMAdvanced Short-Range Air-to-Air MissileFitted to :The Typhoon FGR4The Tornado GR4 & F3Performance:Range: 8nm+Speed: Mach 3+Sensor: IR staring array with inertial guidanceDimensions:Length: 2.9mDiameter: 0.17mWeight: 192lb 87kg
12AIM-9L Sidewinder Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile (Retired) Variants of the AIM-9 Sidewinder were the primaryshort-range air-to-air missile since the late 1960s,culminating with the AIM-9L replaced by ASRAAM.Sidewinder was a supersonic, IR-guided,short range, air-to-air missile,which homed on the heat signature of the target ,and detonated with a laser-proximity fuse.Like ASRAAM,Sidewinder was a fire-and-forget missile,allowing pilots to fire several missilesat different targetswithin a very short time frame.
15METEOR Beyond Visual-Range Air-to-Air Missile Meteor is in the advanced stages of developmentand will enter RAF service from 2015.Designed around an air breathing ramjetto boost the weapon away from the launch aircraftand then remain under poweruntil warhead detonation.This gives it the energy to pursue and destroythe fastest and most agile aircraft at range.Its warhead carries impact and proximity fusesso targets can be destroyedeven if the missile does not score a direct hit.
18Skyflash Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (Retired) It was the primary medium-range air-to-air missileuntil its replacement with the AIM-120 AMRAAM.Skyflash used semi-active homing,where the launch aircraft illuminated the targetand the missile used its own radar receiverto home in on the reflected energy.Although Skyflash was primarily a BVR missile,it could also be employed at shorter rangesto ensure quick reaction timesand maximum manoeuvrability after launch.
20Check of Understanding Which of the following is a capabilityof the ASRAAM?Radar-guidanceMedium rangeInfra-red guidanceAnti shipping
21Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon?SkyflashAMRAAMASRAAMSidewinder
22Check of Understanding What is the typical rangeof a Short Range missile?12 to 15+ nm6 to 8+ nm3 to 5+ nm20+ nm
23Check of Understanding Identify this weapon being loadedon the aircraft?SidewinderSkyflashMeteorMaverick
24Check of Understanding The AIM-120 AMRAAMis steered to its target by:Passive on-board radarThe attacking aircraftActive on-board radarVideo display
25Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon?ASRAAMMeteorSkyflashAMRAAM
26Check of Understanding Which missile isa fire-and-forget 'dogfight' missile?MeteorSidewinderAMRAAMASRAAM
27Check of Understanding What weapon is on the wing of this aircraft?SkyflashSidewinderASRAAMAMRAAM
28Check of Understanding SKYFLASH has semi-active homingwhich is where the launch aircraft . . .Illuminates and guides the missile to the target.Requires ground unitsto illuminate the target.Illuminates the target and the missileusing its own radar receiverto home on the reflected energy.Fires and forgets.
29Check of Understanding Identify this air-launched weapon?ASRAAMAMRAAMSkyflashMeteor
30Check of Understanding What does the abbreviationAMRAAM stand for?Advanced Medium Range Anti-Aircraft MissileAdvanced Medium Range Air to Air MissileAdvanced Military Reusable Air to Air MissileAdvanced Military Retractable Air to Air Missile
31Check of Understanding Identify this weapon;MeteorSidewinderASRAAMAMRAAM
32Check of Understanding The payload of air-to-air missilesgenerally contain between:25 lbs and 30 lbs of high explosive18 lbs and 25 lbs of high explosive10 lbs and 18 lbs of high explosive5 lbs and 10 lbs of high explosive
33Check of Understanding Identify this weapon;MeteorSidewinderSkyflashAMRAAM
34Check of Understanding The AIM-9L Sidewinder missileis steered to its target by:RadarLightHeatSound