Presentation on theme: "Objective: SWBAT explain how various storms form WARM UP: 1.Using page 46 of the little blue book, DRAW the symbol for each weather front Storms: Tornadoes."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: SWBAT explain how various storms form WARM UP: 1.Using page 46 of the little blue book, DRAW the symbol for each weather front Storms: Tornadoes
What did you draw?
Station Model Practice What DIRECTION is the wind blowing? What WIND SPEED is shown? (use your key from hw sheet) What is the CLOUD COVER?
Wild Weather: Storms! Storm: violent disturbance in the atmosphere Sudden changes in air pressure Rapid air movements
Storms Hurricanes Tornadoes Blizzards Thunderstorms Lake-effect snowstorms (mostly in the Great Lakes Region) Ice storms
Tornado A violently rotating column of air (vortex), hanging from a cumulonimbus cloud, with circulation that touches the surface of the earth
Tornado Damage Tornadoes mainly cause damage by picking up something and throwing it through the air or hurling objects against something A 20-ton trailer blown off U.S. 30; it bounced 5 times A pick-up truck caught in the path of a tornado
The Supercell Tornado forms here
Tornadoes form from thunderstorms which contain one or more updrafts (upward moving air which is warm and moist). These updrafts form towering cumulonimbus clouds which race upward and cool to form ice crystals (once they reach the anvil of the thunderstorm). Severe thunderstorms, which is an intense thunderstorm with winds of at least 60 mph, most likely produce tornadoes. Tornado 101
Beginning Stage: Tornado begins as a rotating wall cloud which quickly evolves into a funnel
Early Stage: Tornado funnel develops (may be transparent) and extends down from the cloud to the ground
Mature Stage: Tornado funnel reaches maximum width as well as maximum intensity then begins to shrink
Decay Stage: tornado may remain stationary and take on a ropelike appearance before dissipating
Tornado Categories The Fujita-Pearson Tornado Intensity Scale or F-scale ranks tornadoes by their wind speed. signs of f5 F0- winds mph F1- winds mph F2- winds mph F3 – winds mph F4 – winds mph F5 – winds > 261 mph
Tornado Facts 1. Tornadoes are feet wide. Tornadoes have winds around 100 miles per hour. 2. Tornadoes last only a few minutes. 3. Some monster tornadoes are a mile wide, have winds up to 300 mph, last an hour or more, and travel 200 miles. 4. Tornadoes occur most often in the spring (April- June) 5. Most tornadoes in the US occur along “Tornado Alley,” an area that runs from Texas to Illinois.
Where Tornadoes Occur Tornado Alley covers the Great Plains states
When Tornadoes Occur Anytime of the year- usually in the spring, summer, and fall Most tornadoes occur during late spring in the month of May Between the late afternoon and early evening is when most tornadoes are spawned The most dangerous time for formation during evening hours A typical late afternoon tornado
Tornado Occurrence by Category
F0 Category (Weak) winds (40-72) mph, little damage Damage: tree branches snapped, chimneys toppled, signs torn down
F3 Category (Strong) winds: ( ) mph, severe damage Damage: most trees uprooted, trains overturned, roofs torn off, walls demolished
F5 Category (Violent) winds: ( ) mph, incredible damage; rare Damage: bark peeled off trees, houses lifted off foundations, vehicles travel greater than 100 m through the air
Satellite image taken May 3, 645 CDT
Other types…Microburst Microbursts are downdrafts from thunderstorms consisting of a narrow column of cool air traveling at high speeds which can cause damage similar to a weak tornado over a small area
Other types…Waterspouts A waterspout is a tornado that forms over a body of water, or a tornado that moves from land onto water
Signs of a Tornado! A greenish colored sky associated with the thunderstorm (caused possibly by the scattering of light by particles in the sky) A sudden drop in barometric pressure Large hail of at least.75 in. diameter Strong winds > 60 mph Frequent and intense lightning A rotating wall cloud or a cloud that appears to hang from the sky A loud rumbling noise- seek shelter!
Mammatus clouds Green sky
Early Warning Systems The National Storm Prediction Center constantly monitors the weather and radars across the U.S. They are responsible for issuing tornado watches and warnings. Tornado Watch: a parallelogram is drawn around a 10,000 mi.^2 s area where the atmosphere seems to possess the conditions necessary for tornado development (severe thunderstorm) Tornado warning: a county has a thunderstorm which appears to have produced a tornado or someone has physically spotted a tornado, apparent funnel, or observed damage from what could be a tornado! SEEK SHELTER IMMEDIATELY!!
Tornado Precautions Go to a basement, if you have one. Get in the innermost room of your house. Avoid rooms with windows. Bathrooms are good. Crouch with arms above your head. If outside, lie in a ditch or get under a bridge. If you live in an area with a frequency of tornadoes, listen to forecasts. Witness- Joplin Tornado (start at 23:44) Witness- Joplin Tornado
Tornadoes Write Time! Why would tornadoes most likely occur late afternoon in warm to moderate temperatures? Explain using the words Heat, Low Pressure, Density, and Rises