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Visual Studio.NET: Tips, Tricks, & Toys by Kevin Grossnicklaus.

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Presentation on theme: "Visual Studio.NET: Tips, Tricks, & Toys by Kevin Grossnicklaus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Visual Studio.NET: Tips, Tricks, & Toys by Kevin Grossnicklaus

2 Agenda Introduction General Tips Code Editor Tricks Searching Layout and Navigation Advanced Design-Time Tips Debugging Tips VS.NET Plug-Ins External Development Tools Additional Resources Questions?

3 Introduction Kevin Grossnicklaus – ArchitectNow- (2009-Present) President – Washington University - CAIT Program (2003-Present) Instructor – SSE - (1999-2009) Chief Architect Software Development Practice Leader Email: Twitter: @kvgros

4 Expectations What are we going to cover? Why is this something I should be aware of? Who can use this stuff? How detailed are we going to get?


6 Managing Shortcuts Keyboard vs. Mouse Verify your current environment settings – This talk assumes “General Development” Manage keyboard shortcuts here: – Tools->Options->Environment->Keyboard All settings (including shortcuts) can be imported and/or exported from: – Tools->Import and Export Settings

7 Keyboard Shortcuts Standard Shortcuts: – Ctl-K – Ctl-Shift-O “Chords” = Two character shortcuts – Written as: Ctl-K,D or Ctl-K, Ctl-D

8 Shortcut Reference Posters Visual Studio 2010 Keybinding Posters – us/download/details.aspx?id=13189 us/download/details.aspx?id=13189

9 Top Level Shortcuts Ctl-Shift-N = New Project Alt-Shift-N = New Website Ctl-Shift-O = Open Project Alt-Shift-O = Open Website Ctl-Shift-A = Add New Item Alt-Shift-A = Add Existing Item


11 Cut/Copy/Paste Copy or Cut = Ctl-C or Ctl-X (respectively) – If no selection, cuts or copies the current line to the clipboard – If there is a selection, cuts or copies the selection to the clipboard Tools->Options->Text Editor->All Languages->General Uncheck the “Apply Cut or Copy Commands to Blank Lines When There is No Selection” option Current Line – Ctl-L to cut the current line to the clipboard (including EoL) – Ctl-Shift-L to delete the current line

12 Cut/Copy/Paste (Cont.) Paste = Ctl-V – Pastes the last item cut or copied into the editor at the current cursor location Clipboard “Ring” = Ctl-Shift-V – Cycles through the previous 20 items cut to the clipboard and pastes them at the current cursor location – Accidentally cut or copy something you didn’t mean to? Cycle through pasting until you get to the item you overwrote

13 Misc Selection/Insertion Commands Ctl-Enter to insert a blank line above current line Ctl-Shift-Enter to insert a blank line below current line Ctl-W to select current word Ctl-Delete to delete next word Ctl-Backspace to delete previous word

14 Drag/Drop Code Selections of code can be dragged around a code file or to different files – Hold Shift to “Copy” Code can be dragged onto the Toolbox dock- window in the “General” section and then dragged back onto other editors – These can be renamed to be more readable – This is a handy way to reuse sections of code

15 Weird Editor Shortcuts Ctl-T to transpose a character Ctl-Shift-T to transpose a word Alt-Shift-T to transpose a line Ctl-U to make current selection or character lowercase Ctl-Shift-U to make current selection or character uppercase

16 Undo/Redo Ctl-Z to Undo Ctl-Y to Redo Use the dropdowns for more granular control and information

17 Scrolling Use the scroll bars or mouse wheel Press mouse wheel to allow for 4-way navigation

18 “Go-Back” Markers and Navigation What is a “Go-Back” marker? Ctl-Minus to navigate backwards Ctl-Shift-Minus to navigate forwards Optionally use the toolbar buttons and dropdown boxes for more info

19 Navigation Bar What is the navigation bar? Ctl-F2 to select the navigation bar Tab or Shift-Tab to switch between combo boxes once selected Arrow keys to navigate down and enter to select To enable/disable per language: – Tools->Options->Text Editor->All languages (or specific language)->General – Set the “Navigation Bar” option

20 Splitting Editor Windows Window->Split to split Window->Remove Split to remove Splitter can be resized via mouse F6 to switch between split panes

21 Line Numbers Enable line numbers here: – Tools->Options->Text Editor->All languages (or specific language)->General – Check “Line Numbers”

22 Track Changes  Tools->Options->Text Editor->General  Check “Track Changes”  What does this do?  Yellow – Lines were edited since last save.  Green – Lines were edited prior to last save.  Yellow becomes Green after one save, close and re-open a file and Green is gone

23 Code Selection Click and drag to select code via the common “stream” mode Hold Alt-Shift and click and drag to select in “box” mode Shift-Arrow Keys to manually select code in “stream” mode Alt-Shift-Arrow Keys to manually select in “box” mode

24 Formatting What does code formatting do? Where can I adjust the settings? – Tools->Options->Text Editor->(Language)- >Formatting Ctl-K,D to format the current document Ctl-K,F to format the current selection

25 Outlining Ctl-M,M to toggle outlining around cursor Ctl-M,L to toggle all outlining in current file Ctl-M,P to turn off outlining Edit->Outlining->Start Automatic Outlining to turn back on Ctl-M,O to collapse to definitions Selecting a collapsed definition allows you to cut and paste it as a whole

26 Remove Unused Usings Right click in editor and select: – Organize Usings->Remove Unused Usings

27 Bookmarks Ctl-K,K to toggle bookmarks on current line Ctl-K,N to go to the next bookmark Ctl-K,P to go to the previous bookmark Ctl-K,L to clear all bookmarks Ctl-K,W to view the bookmarks window Organizing Bookmarks

28 Commenting Handy Shortcuts: – Ctl-K,C = Comment Block – Ctl-K,U = Uncomment Block XML Comments Task List Comments – //TODO – //HACK – //UNDONE

29 Intellisense Ctl-J to invoke statement completion (i.e. bring up Intellisense) Ctl-Space or Alt-Right Arrow for statement completion

30 Smart-Tags Ctl-Period to drop down a Smart-Tag menu – Enter to select the first item Resolve Context Menu

31 Code Snippets Ctl-K,X to bring up Code Snippet menu – Type-ahead supported – Or enter the snippet shortcut keyword and press Tab-Tab Ctl-K,S to insert a code snippet around a selected block of code Tab and Shift-Tab to switch between “tokens” Ctl-K,B to bring up the Code Snippet Manager

32 Refactoring Ctl-R,R to rename current item Ctl-R,M to extract the currently selected code into a new method Ctl-R,E to encapsulate field into a property Ctl-R,I to extract interface from current class Ctl-R,P to promote selected local variable to a parameter Ctl-R,V to remove parameters Ctl-R,O to reorder parameters

33 Call Hierarchy Window To display: Ctl-K,T Nice navigation between calling methods and methods called from the current method


35 Searching - 1 Incremental Search – Ctl-I – Start typing – Ctl-I again to jump to next occurrence Current Word Search – Ctl-F3 to search for the currently selected word – Ctl-Shift-F3 to search for the current word looking backwards Quick Find – Ctl-F to bring up Quick Find with current word as the default – Use Regular Expressions

36 Searching - 2 Quick Replace – Ctl-H brings up the Quick Replace window with the current word as the default Find Symbol – Alt-F12 brings up the Find Symbol dialog – Shift-Alt-F12 searches for the current word using the Find Symbol functionality but skips the UI

37 Searching - 3 Find in Files – Ctl-Shift-F opens the Find in File dialog Replace in Files – Ctl-Shift-H opens the Replace in Files dialog Find in Files options


39 Document Windows Document Windows = Tabbed Documents Ctl-Alt-Down Arrow to drop down file tab channel Tab Context Menu – Close All But This – Copy Full Path – Open Containing Folder Tab Groups – Horizontal or Vertical Windows Menu

40 Document Navigation Ctl-Tab to display the IDE navigator – Ctl-Tab again to scroll through open documents – Ctl-Shift-Tab to scroll in reverse – Arrow keys or mouse to select a document or dock- window Ctl-F6 and Ctl-Shift-F6 to jump between currently open documents without using the IDE navigator (forwards and backwards) Ctl-F4 to close the current document

41 Dock/Tool Windows Docking Targets Five “States” – Dockable – Floating – Tabbed – Hide – Auto-Hide Alt-F7 and Alt-Shift-F7 to scroll (forwards or backwards) through all opened tool windows using the IDE navigator Alt-F6 and Alt-Shift-F6 to scroll (forwards or backwards) through all opened tool windows without the navigator

42 Dock/Tool Windows (Cont.) Tool windows that are hidden can be shown via their shortcut key or most are found under one of the following menu locations: – View – View->Other Windows – Debug->Windows

43 Window Layouts Four Layouts: – Design View – Full Screen – Debugging View – File View Shift-Alt-Enter to toggle between Full Screen mode and Design View

44 Toolbars Drag and drop customization Visible based on current context Right click to display any toolbar at any time Customization dialog – “Show Shortcut Keys in Screen Tips” – Full customization of all toolbars while this dialog is visible

45 Context Menu Customization Complete editing of any context menus Tools->Customize Select Toolbars tab Check “Context Menus”


47 Quick Launch In Title Bar Ctl-Q to place cursor

48 Command Window Ctl-Alt-A to open the command window Enter a > to run any VS command from the command prompt – Full Intellisense for commands, arguments, and even file paths – Command aliasing ? = Debug.Print Enter “alias” by itself to see current aliases

49 Task Window Custom Tasks Task Shortcuts Comment Tasks

50 External Tools How to add external tools? – Redirecting console output to Output Window – Passing arguments

51 Code Definition Window Ctl-\,D to show the Code Definition Window This window is a read-only source view of any symbol currently selected in the live editor. – Code can be copied from this window – Breakpoints can be set


53 Common Shortcuts F5 to start debugging Ctl-F5 to start without debugging F11 to step into the current line F10 to step over the current line Shift-F5 to stop debugging

54 Breakpoints F9 to toggle a breakpoint – Or, simply click in the left border of the code editor Ctl-Shift-F9 to delete all breakpoints Ctl-B to show Break at Function dialog

55 Breakpoints - Advanced Breakpoint Context Menu – Location – Condition – Hit Count – Filter – When Hit

56 Next Statement Manipulation Yellow arrow = “NEXT” statement to execute Can be dragged to new location – Within Limits – Be careful

57 Debugging Threads Ctl-Alt-H brings up the Threads tool window At breakpoints all threads break together Threads can be frozen/thawed from the Threads tool window – This keeps them paused when execution continues Threads toolbar also exposes functionality

58 Break On All Exceptions Ctl-Alt-E to bring up Exceptions dialog It is common to break when a CLR exception is “thrown” – This will break even when the exception is caught by a try/catch block

59 Variables Windows They Are: – Locals ( Ctl-Alt-V,L ) – Autos ( Ctl-Alt-V,A ) – Watch ( Ctl-Alt-W,1-4 ) – Quick Watch ( Ctl-Alt-Q ) All have similar functionality – All display values of variables and allow for in- place editing Provides access to debugging visualizers

60 Runtime Variable Tooltips Provides ability to view all of an objects properties and manipulate the values directly in the tooltip Provides access to debugging visualizers

61 Debugging Visualizers Special user interfaces used to view the values of specific data types in variable windows or runtime tooltips Noted by the magnifying glass icon near the value – Click to open visualizer Notable visualizers: – Datasets – Test – XML – HTML

62 Immediate Window Ctl-Alt-I to bring up the Immediate Window The immediate window can be used to execute statements and evaluate expressions in the context of the current statement – Access to any variable in scope is granted – Can assign values to variables, read values, execute methods, etc Use the “>” character to allow entry and use of any VS commands (as in the Command window) Command window has much of the same functionality

63 Son of Strike (SoS) SoS is a debugger extension that is loaded with VS.NET and available from within the IDE from the Immediate Window To load SoS: – Edit your project properties and, under the Debug tab, check the “Enable Unmanaged Code Debugging” – Open the Immediate Window and enter:.load sos – For help, enter: !help

64 Debugging The BCL Microsoft has made many of the debug symbols for the Base Class Libraries available for public use – What does this mean? – Does this mean.NET is open source?

65 Debugging into the BCL How can I hook this up? – Options->Debugging->General – CHECK “Enable.NET Framework Source Stepping” Loading Symbols – From the Modules window or the Call Stack, right click on a BCL DLL and select “Load Symbols”


67 Extension Manager Extensions and Updates Common Ones I Use: – Microsoft Web Developer Tools – NuGet Package Manager – Productivity Power Tools 2012 – VSCommands for Visual Studio 2012 – Web Essentials 2012

68 President Kevin Grossnicklaus http://architectnow.net or @kvgros 800.362.3919 x 101 636.236.3279

69 Conclusion Thank you for coming!

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