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III. Multicore Processors (4) Dezső Sima Spring 2007 (Ver. 2.1)  Dezső Sima, 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "III. Multicore Processors (4) Dezső Sima Spring 2007 (Ver. 2.1)  Dezső Sima, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 III. Multicore Processors (4) Dezső Sima Spring 2007 (Ver. 2.1)  Dezső Sima, 2007

2 Dual/quad-core desktop processors Dual-core server processors AMD’s MC processors

3 Source:http://pc.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/2006/0313/kaigai05l.gif Figure: Overview of AMD’s recent lines 10.2 Overview of AMD’s multi-core processor lines

4 Windsor line Manchester line90 nm 5/2005 5/ nm Toledo line 90 nm 5/2005 Athlon 64 X2 lines Athlon 64 FX 60/70 lines Dual/quad-core desktop processors Brisbane line12/ nm Athlon 64 FX line 90 nm 1/2006 Barcelona (quad-core) line nm (E4) (E6) (F2/F3) (G1) (H) (E6/F2/F3)

5 Figure 5.9: Block diagram of AMD’s Athlon 64 X2 dual-core processor lines [2.8] Overview of the Athlon 64 X2 lines (1)

6 Source:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e4/Amd_cpu_die_compare.jpg L2: 2x 1 MB)(L2: 2 x 1 MB)(L2: 2 MB) Figure: The evolution of AMD’s Athlon 64 X2 dual-core processor lines L2: 1 MB BarcelonaWindsorToledoSan Diego Overview of the Athlon 64 X2 lines (2)

7 Stepping D Transition from 130 nm to 90 nm SOI and addition of SSE3 Stepping E Stepping F Support of DDR2 and the Pacifica virtualisation technology Transition from 90 nm to 65 nm Stepping F (Winchester cores) Stepping G (Brisbane cores) Figure: Main charateristics of the transitions from Steppings D to G Stepping E (Manchester/Toledo cores) Overview of the Athlon 64 X2 lines (3)

8 Table: Main features of AMD’s dual-core the Athlon 64 X2 family NX-bit Cool ‘n’ Quiet Pacifica virt. tech. AM2 939 Socket DDR2 DDR Memory type 65 W65/89 W89/110 W89 W 110 WTDP [W] (Brisbane)(Windsor) (1 MB)(Windsor) (512 KB)(Toledo)(Manchester)Cores 2*512 KB 2.0/2.2/ mtrs 147 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2005 E / *512 KB/2*1 MB 2.0/2.2/ mtrs 199 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2005 E – *512 KB mtrs 183 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2006 F2/F *1 MB 227 mtrs 230 mm 2 12/2006 F *512 KBL2 size 2.1/2.3/2.5/2.6f c [GHz] 154 mtrsNr. of transistors 126 mm 2 Die size 65 nm SOITechnology 12/2006Introduced G1Stepping Models Athlon 64 X2 1 Introduced 8/ Introduced 12/2006 Sources: AMD, Wikipedia Overview of the Athlon 64 X2 lines (4)

9 Source: Venice Stepping E3/E6, 90 nm, L2: 512 KB 84 mm 2, 77 mtrs San Diego Stepping E4/E6, 90 nm, L2: 1 MB 115 mm 2, 114 mtrs Figure: Single core versions of the Manchester and Toledo cores Manchester line (1)

10 Table: Main features of the Manchester cores NX-bit Cool ‘n’ Quiet Pacifica virt. tech. 939Socket DDRMemory type 89 W 110 WTDP [W] (Manchester)Cores 2*512 KB 2.0/2.2/ mtrs 147 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2005 E / L2 size f c [GHz] Nr. of transistors Die size Technology Introduced Stepping Models Athlon 64 X Manchester line (2) Sources: AMD, Wikipedia

11 Source: Figure: Die shot of the Toledo core (Stepping E6, 90 nm, L2: 1 MB)) Toledo Toledo line (1)

12 Figure: The dual-core Toledo core includes basically two San Diego cores (90 nm, L2: 1 MB) Toledo Source:http://www.sandpile.org/impl/k8.htm Stepping E6, 199 mm 2, 233 mtrs San Diego 115 mm2, 114 mtrs Toledo line (2)

13 Table: Main features of the Toledo cores NX-bit Cool ‘n’ Quiet Pacifica virt. tech. 939 Socket DDR Memory type 89/110 W89 W 110 WTDP [W] (Toledo)(Manchester)Cores 2*512 KB 2.0/2.2/ mtrs 147 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2005 E / *512KB/2*1 MB 2.0/2.2/ mtrs 199 mm 2 90 nm SOI 5/2005 E – L2 size f c [GHz] Nr. of transistors Die size Technology Introduced Stepping Models Athlon 64 X Toledo line (3) Sources: AMD, Wikipedia

14 Figure: Die shot of the Windsor core (Stepping F) Source: Revision G Rumor Mill, Windsor Windsor line (1)

15 Sources: Figure: Contrasting the Windsor (Rev. F) and the Toledo cores (Rev. E) Romanchenko V. and Sofronov D., „Debut of AMD AM2: the long-awaited DDR2 on AMD Athlon X2,” (Socket 939) (Stepping F supports DDR2 and the Pacific virtualisation technology) (Socket AM2) (Stepping F2/3, 90 nm/230 mm 2 /227 mtrs.) (Stepping E6, 90 nm/199mm 2 /233 mtrs.) ToledoWindsor Windsor line (2)

16 Table: Main features of the Windsor cores Windsor line (3) Sources: AMD, Wikipedia

17 Source: Revision G Rumor Mill, Figure: Die shot of the 65 nm Brisbane core Brisbane Brisbane line (1)

18 Source: PC Watch, Mai 2006, Figure: Floor plan of the Brisbane core (single core version) Brisbane line (2) Brisbane

19 PC Watch, Mai 2006, Sources: Revision G Rumor Mill, Figure: Floor plans of the Windsor and a single core Brisbane Windsor Brisbane (Stepping F2/F3, 90 nm, L2: 2 x 1 MB) (Stepping G1, 65 nm, 512 KB, enlarged) Brisbane line (3)

20 Table: Main features of the Brisbane cores Brisbane line (4) Sources: AMD, Wikipedia

21 (65 nm) K8 based (65 nm) K8L based Figure: Contrasting the basic parts of the Brisbane and Barcelona cores [2.4] BrisbaneBarcelona Barcelona line (1)

22 Figure: AMD’s Barcelona quad-core [2.1] Based on K8L.Taped out in 8/06, to be delivered in Mid Barcelona line (2)

23 Figure: The Barcelona core (Stepping G, 65 nm, 4 x 512 KB shared L2, K8L core) [2.3] Barcelona line (3) Barcelona

24 Die photo of AMD’s Barcelona Source: C/Net, 291 mm Barcelona line (4) Barcelona

25 Core Die shot of the quad-core Barcelona Barcelona line (5) Barcelona

26 Table: Main features of AMD’s dual-core Athlon 64 FX line 939 DDR 2*1 MB W 233 mtrs 199 mm 2 90 nm 1/2006 E6 60 (Toledo) AM2 DDR2 2*1 MB W 227 mtrs 230 mm 2 90 nm 5/2006 F2 62 (Windsor) Athlon 64 FX NX-bit Cool ‘n’ Quiet Pacifica virt. tech. Socket F (1207)Socket DDR2Memory type 125 WTDP [W] (Windsor)Cores 2*1 MB 2.6/2.8/ mtrs 230 mm 2 90 nm 11/2006 F3 70/72/74 L2 size f c [GHz] Nr. of transistors Die size Technology Introduced Stepping Models Sources: AMD, Wikipedia Barcelona line (6)

27 Opteron 200 Opteron 2000 Italy Opteron 100Denmark90 nm 8/ nm Santa Rosa8/ nm Opteron 800 Opteron 8000 Egypt5/ nm Santa Rosa08/ nm Opteron 1000 Santa Ana90 nm 8/2006 Dual–core Opteron UP-lines Dual–core Opteron DP-lines Dual–core Opteron MP-lines Dual-core server processors (E6) (F2) (E6) (F2) (E1/E6) (F2)

28 UP: Opteron 100/1000DP: Opteron 200/2000, MP: 800/8000 Figure: Basic structure of the Opteron families [2.5] Overview of the dual-core server processors (1)

29 Overview of the dual-core server lines (2) Figure: The integrated north bridge in AMD’s Opteron processors [2.7]

30 Table: Main features of AMD’s dual-core Opteron UP-lines Sources: AMD, Wikipedia Dual–core Opteron UP-lines (1)

31 Table: Main features of AMD’s dual-core Opteron DP-lines Sources: AMD, Wikipedia Dual–core Opteron DP-lines (2)

32 Table: Main features of AMD’s dual-core Opteron MP-lines Sources: AMD, Wikipedia Dual–core Opteron MP-lines (3)

33 Opteron (E-Stepping, 199 mm 2, 233 mtrs.) Figure: Die shot of the E-Stepping Opteron [2.6] (Denmark, Italy and Egypt cores) AMD’s UP-, DP- and MP-servers (E-Stepping) (1)

34 Toledo (E6-stepping, 199 mm 2, 233 mtrs) Opteron (E-stepping,199 mm 2, 233 mtrs.) Further source: Figure:Contrasting the 90 nm desktop E6-stepping Toledo and the E-Stepping Opteron cores [2.6] AMD’s UP-, DP- and MP-servers (E-Stepping) (2)

35 Figure: Die shot of the F2-Stepping Opteron (90 nm, L2: 2 x 1 MB, 220 mm 2 ?, 243 mtrs.?) [2.2] F2-stepping Opteron (Santa Ana, Santa Rosa cores) AMD’s UP-, DP- and MP-servers (F-Stepping) (1)

36 Further source: Revision G Rumor Mill, Windsor (F-stepping)Opteron (F-stepping) (90 nm, 230 mm 2, 227 mtrs.) (90 nm, 220 mm 2 ?, 243 mtrs.?) Figure: Contrasting the dies shots of the Windsor and Opteron (F-Stepping) cores [2.2] AMD’s UP-, DP- and MP-servers (F-Stepping) (2)

37 Figure: Contrasting the die shots of the E and F2 Stepping Opterons [2.6], [2.2] E-stepping Opteron (199 mm 2, 233 mtrs) F2-stepping Opteron (220 mm 2 ?, 243 mtrs.?) AMD’s UP-, DP- and MP-servers (F-Stepping) (3)

38 Figure: Shmoo plot of the F-stepping dual-core Opterons [2.2] (Technology: 90 nm, plot normalized to f c = 2.6 GHz and V DD = 1.35 V, at 95 W) Shmoo plot of the 2.6 GHz F-stepping dual-core Opterons

39 Source: ”AA-64 Implementation AMD K8,” Figure: 65 nm single core Opteron parts with 1 MB L2 on a 300 mm wafer Opteron processors on wafers (1)

40 Source: http: ”AA-64 Implementation AMD K8,” Figure: 90 nm dual core Opteron parts with 1 MB L2 on a 200 mm wafer Opteron processors on wafers (2)

41 200 mm wafer 300 mm wafer Figure: Contrasting 200 and 300 mm wafers (single core 90 nm parts, L2: 512 KB) Source: Opteron processors on wafers (3)

42 200 mm wafer Single core, 90 nm, L2: 512 KB Opteron processors on wafers (4) Figure: Single core Opteron chips (90 nm, 512 KB L2) on a 200 mm wafer Source:

43 10.2 Literature [2.8] - AMD Athlon 64 X2 Dual-Core Processor Key Architectural Features, [2.4] Romanchenko V. and Sofronov D., „Debut of AMD AM2: the long-awaited DDR2 on AMD Athlon X2,” [2.1] Case L., „AMD unveils Barcelona Quad-Core Details,” Oct. 2006, [2.3] Hester P., 2006 Technologyh Analyst Day, June 2006, [2.5] Sander B., „AMD Microőrocessor Technologies,” 2006, [2.7] Weber F., „AMD’s Next Generation Microprocessor”, Oct. 2001, [2.6] Teich P., „Multi-Core Processor Technology,” WinHEC 2005, [2.2] Dwang D. T., „ISSCC 2006: AMD Opteron,” AMD_Server_roadmap.pdf?PHPSESSID=f0ce292d844c2ea860c37749b177d513 [2.9] - „AMD Server/Workstation Solution Provider Roadmap,” 3/2006,


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