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Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 1 A Flow Stream Approach for Process Cell Modularization François Lebourgeois (Rhône Poulenc) Jean-Michel Rayon (Consultant) Jean Vieille (Consultant) World Batch Forum 2000 Atlantic City, April 2000
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 2 Summary Origin of ASTRID Product Processing vs Equipment Control : no longer mixed-up Safe Operation vs Flexibility: reducing the risk Material & Energy Flow Analysis Bottom-up Engineering The 4 ASTRID objects ASTRID vs S88: how do they fit together? Successes and Issues Future
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 3 Origin of ASTRID The Story begins in 1988 WG led by Health, Safety and Environment Management of Rhône-Poulenc Part of « Process Control Safety » program Focused on Safe Operation of Multipurpose process cell Operator Safety Interlock System Control System Actuators
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 4 Product Processing vs Equipment Control: no longer mixed-up Detail Process Cell Elements Assemble Process Elements in paths Define Equipment Procedural Elements Equipment Control Definition Product Processing Definition Describe Recipe Procedure Using Equipment Procedural Elements EPEs Granularity against Flexibility / Complexity
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 5 Safe Operation and Flexibility : Reducing the risk Reactor #1 Allocated to batch A Reactor #2 Allocated to batch B V1 ?
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 6 Material and Energy Flow analysis Energy Sources Energy Sinks Material Sources Material Sinks A DB E F C
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 7 1. Identify Containers Material Sources Material Sinks A DB E F C
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 8 2. Identify realistic Paths Material Sources Material Sinks A DB E F C
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 9 3. Create / check Recipes: Sequence Paths 1 Material Sources Material Sinks A DB E F C
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 10 Bottom-Up Engineering 1.Identify, highlight & name Containers or RESOURCES on P&ID –Analytic Process Equipment check –Straightforward, rule-based Process 2.Identify, highlight & name Paths or FUNCTIONS: Build all elementary flows/paths –Combine and attach resources to the path –Check ability to execute Recipes 3.Attach DEVICES to Resources 4.Describe FUNCTIONS and RESOURCES behavior
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 11 Work on P&ID AA AA P1
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 12 Highlight Resources AB CD P1 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5R6
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 13 Define paths : get functions AB CD P1 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5R6 F1 : Fill A (R1, R2) F2 : Fill B (R1, R3) F3 : Transfer B -> C (R3, R4, R5) … F1 F2 F3
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 14 Attach Devices to Resources : manage interlocks Transfer from B to C: F3 is active, F1 and F2 are inactive: V4 and V5 are controlled by F3 V2,3,6 are locked; F2 is inhibited, F1 is available for use AB CD P1 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5R6 V1 V4 V5 F1 F2 F3 V2 V3 V6
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 15 The 4 ASTRID Objects V1 R1: Feeding Line F3: Transfer B-> C V2 R2: Tank A V3V4 R3: Tank B R4: Transfer Line R5: Tank C V5V6 R6: Tank D F1: Fill A F2: Fill B R1: Recipe
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 16 ASTRID vs S88: How do they fit together ASTRIDS88 Procedural model (Functionality) Equipment model CONTROL MODULE PROCEDURE UNIT PROCEDURE OPERATION PHASE EQUIPMENT MODULE UNIT PROCESS CELL RESOURCE DEVICE FUNCTION (Path) CONTROL MODULE FUNCTION (Behavior, Chaining, Sequencing) Procedural model (Functionality) Equipment model
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 17 Successes & Issues Successes –Used for over 10 years –20 plants, 40 Process Cells, 100 Controllers, I/O ’s –New Users since Rhône-Poulenc affiliation (AVENTIS, RODHIA, PASTEUR-MERIEUX): PFITZER, DANONE (LU, KRONENBOURG), SANOFI, (Chemical, F&B, Pharma) –Users are fans! Issues –Slow spread: education and promotion needed (as S88) –Control System implementation : ASTRID resources availability, programming features
Authors nameCopyright © 2000 World Batch ForumSlide 18 Conclusion ASTRID as an S88 companion –for Equipment control: solidification of concepts ASTRID fans love: –Easy to understand, Equipment based Specifications –Dynamic and optimized Resource Allocation / Safe Actuator Interlocks –Easy Material transfers –Information propagation and summarization –Operational Qualification support for validation –SO SIMPLE! Future –Improvement of ASTRID vs S88 compliance –ASTRID vendor libraries in Control Systems Extensive documentation available at
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