Presentation on theme: "The Australian Curriculum"— Presentation transcript:
0Shape of the Australian Curriculum December 2010 This presentation provides an overview of the design and development of the Australian Curriculum. It provides an update on progress in the development of the curriculum and addresses three main sections:Design and development of the Australian CurriculumThe Foundation to Year 10 learning areas for release in Dec 2010Consultation and revision processAustralian Curriculum website and digital resourcesFurther information is available at
1The Australian Curriculum sets what all students are to be taught (content) and the quality of learning expected by years or bands of schooling (achievement standards)affirms the central importance of discipline-based knowledge and skills as well as general capabilities and cross-curriculum prioritiesOn 5 December 2008, State, Territory and Commonwealth Ministers of Education meeting as the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, released the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians which sets the direction for Australian schooling for the next 10 years. Development of the Australian Curriculum by the Australian Curriculum, Reporting and Assessment Authority (ACARA) is being guided by the Melbourne Declaration.The goals were developed by education ministers in collaboration with the Catholic and independent school sectors, following public consultation on the draft declaration. The Melbourne Declaration emphasises the importance of knowledge, skills and understanding of learning areas, general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities as the basis for a curriculum designed to support 21st century learning.A curriculum for all young AustraliansA world-class curriculum for the 21st century
2Aims The Australian Curriculum aims to: help to ensure all young Australians are equipped with the skills, knowledge and capabilities that provide a foundation for successful and lifelong learning and participation in the Australian communitymake clear to teachers what is to be taught across the years of schoolingmake clear to students what they should learn and the quality of the learning expected of themThe Australian Curriculum aims to deliver the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians and develop a world-class, 21st century Australian Curriculum for all young Australians, including those who may move across state and territory boundaries throughout their schooling years.
3Catering for the diversity of students There is flexibility for teachers to shape classroom programs to take into account:the different rates at which students developthe diverse range of learning needs in the classSchools and teachers will continue to apply their professional judgment about how to best reflect local and regional circumstances, educational philosophies and learning environmentsThe Australian Curriculum is based on the assumptions that each student can learn and the needs of every student are important. It enables high expectations to be set for each student as teachers account for the current levels of learning of individual students and the different rates at which students develop.Every student is entitled to enriching learning experiences across all areas of the curriculum. Students in Australian classrooms have multiple, diverse and changing needs that are shaped by individual learning histories and abilities as well as cultural and language backgrounds and socio-economic factors.Additional information is provided on the Australian Curriculum website to assist the use of the curriculum for students with special education needs and students for whom English is an additional language or dialect.Diversity of learners
4Students with special education needs Most students with special education needs can engage with the Foundation to Year 10 curriculum content provided age-appropriate adjustments are made to content, complexity and pace of the curriculum and/or pedagogical approachFor students not able to access the Foundation to Year 10 curriculum, even with adjustments, ACARA is developing additional curriculum content and achievement standardsMost students can engage with the curriculum provided the necessary adjustments are made to the complexity of the curriculum content and to the means through which students demonstrate their knowledge, understanding and skills.For some learners, making adjustments to instructional processes and to assessment strategies enables students to achieve educational standards commensurate with their peers.For other students, teachers will need to make appropriate adjustments to the complexity of the curriculum content, focusing instruction on content that may be different to others. It follows that adjustments will also need to be made to how the student’s progress is monitored, assessed and reported.For a small percentage of students, the Foundation to Year 10 curriculum may not be appropriate nor meaningful, even with adjustments. Most of these students have significant intellectual disability. During 2011 ACARA will develop additional curriculum content and achievement standards for this group of students in order to provide an Australian Curriculum that is inclusive of every learner.
5Students for whom English is another language or dialect (EAL/D) Development of statements for inclusion in each learning area which describe who EAL/D learners are and the language requirements of the learning areaIdentification of the language, literacy and skills demands in the curriculum to address specific needs of EAL/D learnersACARA will continue to work with jurisdictions in provision of further advice and guidanceLearners of EAL/D are students whose first language is a language other than Standard Australian English and who require additional support to assist them to develop English language proficiency. While many EAL/D learners do well in school, there is a significant number of these learners who leave school without achieving their potential.EAL/D learners enter Australian schools at different ages and at different stages of English language learning and have various educational backgrounds in their first languages. For some, school is the only place they use English.EAL/D learners require additional time and support, along with informed teaching that explicitly addresses their language needs, and assessments that take into account their developing language proficiency.A national EAL/D document is being produced that will support the Australian Curriculum. It will provide a description of how language proficiency develops, and will be a valuable reference for all teachers. It will allow teachers to identify the language levels of the EAL/D learners in their classrooms and to address their specific learning requirements when teaching, ensuring equity of access to the English learning area for all.
6Australian Curriculum Development There are four stages in the development of the Australian Curriculum:Curriculum shapingCurriculum writingImplementationEvaluation and reviewFor more information on ACARA’s curriculum development process, see the Curriculum Development Process paper at
7Australian Curriculum Development Phase 3 developmentPhase 2 developmentShape PapersPhase 1 developmentDesign PaperSummarising the development of the Australian Curriculum:December The then Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) committed to a set of educational goals and actions, including the development and implementation of a world-class national curriculum. This commitment is captured in the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians. The Melbourne Declaration guides the development of the Australian Curriculum.The Shape of the Australian Curriculum documents - Lead writers for the learning areas developed form , with advice from advisory groups, developed a framing paper for each learning area. The framing papers were published for consultation and analysis of the consultation feedback led to a revision and publication in May 2009 of the Shape of the Australian Curriculum and the four companion papers, The Shape of the Australian Curriculum: English, Mathematics, Science and History. These documents were the blueprint for writing the Australian Curriculum. The Shape papers are available atCurriculum Design Papers - Built on the Shape paper and provided guidelines for writers.The following slide provides a more detailed timeline for the learning areas.Australian Curriculum developmenttimelines7
8Development of the Learning Areas TimelineEnglishMathematicsScienceHumanities and social sciencesHistoryGeographyEconomics, Business, Civics and citizenshipThe artsLanguagesHealth and physical educationDesign and the technologiessaw the development of the Foundation to Year 10 Australian Curriculum for English, mathematics, science and history. Senior secondary curriculum in these learning areas continues to be developed in 2011.2010 – 2012 Foundation to Year 12 Australian Curriculum for geography, languages and the arts are planned for development.will see the development of the Foundation to Year 12 Australian Curriculum including a focus on health and physical education, information and communication technology, design and technology, economics, business and civics and citizenship.Each phase of development involves comprehensive consultation, review and revision processes. Once approved by the ACARA Board, the curriculum is then presented to the Australian education ministers for final endorsement prior to publication.ACARA’s Curriculum Development Process paper describes the process that is being used to develop the Australian Curriculum. It is available atLearning areas currently not included in the Australian Curriculum will continue to be the responsibility of state and territory education authorities.
9Shape of the Australian Curriculum v2.0 provides a context for the Foundation to Year 10 Australian Curriculum for English, mathematics, science and history and guides the next stage of curriculum developmentdescribes what has been agreed about the structure and development of the Australian Curriculumwill be progressively revised to reflect the ongoing development of the Australian Curriculumavailable atThe Shape of the Australian Curriculum (May 2009) was originally written to guide the development of the first phase ( ) of the Australian Curriculum (English, mathematics, science and history). It was approved by all education ministers in September 2009.Development of the Australian Curriculum over the next 12 months and discussion about the Australian Curriculum as a whole will result in the development of a further version of the Shape of the Australian Curriculum towards the end of 2011.The Shape of the Australian Curriculum v2.0 can be accessed at
10Shape of the curriculum There are three core areas of the Australian Curriculum:Learning areas(content descriptions and achievement standards)General capabilitiesCross-curriculum prioritiesThe Australian Curriculum has three key design features: the learning areas to identify key disciplinary knowledge, skills and understandings; general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities.The content descriptions specify what teachers are expected to teach. They include the knowledge, understanding and skills for each learning area as students progress through schooling. The content descriptions provide a well-researched scope and sequence of teaching, within which teachers determine how best to cater for individual students’ learning needs and interests.An achievement standard describes the quality of learning (the depth of understanding, extent of knowledge and sophistication of skill) typically expected of students as they progress through schooling. Achievement standards comprise a written description and illustrative student work samples.The Australian Curriculum pays explicit attention to how seven general capabilities and three cross-curriculum priorities (listed below) contribute to, and can be developed through, teaching in each learning area.The seven general capabilities are: literacy; numeracy; information and communication technology competence; critical and creative thinking; ethical behaviour; personal and social competence; and intercultural understanding.The three cross-curriculum priorities are: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures; Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia; and sustainability.The following slides unpack each of these areas.Structure of the Australian Curriculum
11Curriculum content Foundation to Year 10 Rationale and aimsoutline the purpose and structure of the learning areaContent descriptionscore knowledge, understandings and skills – what students will be taughtaccompanied by content elaborations that illustrate and exemplify contentAchievement standardsdescribe the quality of learning typically expected of studentsaccompanied by work samples that illustrate and exemplifyThe overall structure of the curriculum is consistent across learning areas and includes the following sections:Rationale and aimsContent descriptionsContent elaborationsAchievement standardsEach achievement standard will provide an expectation of the quality of learning that students should typically demonstrate by the end of a particular year-in terms of depth of understanding and sophistication of skills in the context of knowledge taught and learnt. A student who achieves the standard at a particular year should be well placed to undertake the learning required at the next level of the curriculum.Teachers will use the Australian Curriculum content and achievement standards to identify where students are at in their learning and then select the most appropriate curriculum content (possibly from across several year levels) to teach individual and/or groups of students. Teachers will also use the achievement standards at the end of a period of teaching, to make on-balance judgments about the quality of learning demonstrated by the students.Work samples play a key role in establishing and communicating expectations described in the achievement standards. The examples of student work include the task and a student’s response, with annotations setting out the basis for the teacher’s judgement about the quality of learning evident in that response in relation to the achievement standard.
12Teaching time allocations The Australian Curriculum is designed to be taught within the overall teaching time and resources available to teachers and studentsSchool systems, sectors and schools determine time and other resource allocations for delivery of curriculumACARA’s Curriculum Design document (available at provides indicative time advice only to guide the drafting of the curriculum. Such an approach is not designed to establish time allocations for schools- these are provided by education systems, sectors and schools.
13General capabilitiesThe general capabilities in the Australian Curriculum are:LiteracyNumeracyInformation and Communication Technology competenceCritical and creative thinkingEthical behaviourPersonal and social competenceIntercultural understandingThe general capabilities are incorporated into learning area content in ways that are appropriate to each learning area21st century learning does not fit neatly into a curriculum solely organised by learning areas. That is why the Australian Curriculum has identified a comprehensive set of skills, behaviours and dispositions or general capabilities that will assist students in living and working successfully in an increasingly complex, information-rich, globalised world.Overviews that describe the nature, scope and significance of each general capability are available at the ‘general capabilities’ section of the Australian Curriculum website.General capabilities
14Cross-curriculum priorities Three cross-curriculum priorities:Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and culturesAsia and Australia’s engagement with AsiaSustainabilityThe cross-curriculum priorities are embedded in all learning areas as appropriateThey are designed to support relevance and address contemporary issuesAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures – will allow all young Australians the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, their significance for Australia and the impact these have had, and continue to have, on our world.Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia – will allow all young Australians to develop a better understanding of the countries and cultures of the Asia region. Students will develop an appreciation of the economic, political and cultural interconnections that Australia has with the region.Sustainability – will allow all young Australians to develop an appreciation of the need for more sustainable patterns of living, and to build capacities for thinking and acting that are necessary to create a more sustainable future.Further information is available on the ‘cross-curriculum priorities’ section of the Australian Curriculum website.Cross-curriculum priorities
15Assessment and Reporting The Australian Curriculum achievement standards provide a basis for assessment and reportingACARA is working with states and territories towards a nationally-consistent approach to reportingStates and territories will continue to determine assessment and reporting approaches until there is a nationally-consistent approachACARA will work with state and territory curriculum and school authorities to develop nationally consistent approaches to assessment and reporting. Until there is national agreement on such approaches, assessment and reporting of student achievement will continue to be determined by relevant state or territory curriculum and/or education authorities.Schools will be responsible for assessing their students and reporting their progress and achievement.
16Senior secondary courses ACARA is responsible for developing curriculum content and achievement standards for certain senior secondary courses (currently English, mathematics, science and history courses are under development)States and territories will continue to offer subjects that do not overlap significantly with the Australian Curriculum subjectsThe list of Australian Curriculum courses may grow in time if there is national agreementCurriculum, assessment and certification authorities will be responsible for determining the assessment, certification and quality assurance requirements of Australian Curriculum coursesACARA is responsible for developing curriculum content and achievement standards for certain senior secondary courses. States and territories will continue to offer additional senior secondary curriculum that does not overlap significantly with the Australian Curriculum courses. The list of Australian Curriculum courses may grow in time if there is national agreement.Curriculum, assessment and certification authorities in each state and territory will be responsible for the delivery of nationally-agreed curriculum content and achievement standards for senior secondary courses within their jurisdiction, that is, determining their assessment, certification and quality assurance requirements.16
17Recognition of Alternative Curricula Until a national recognition process for alternative curricula is developed by ACARA and agreed by education ministers, schools that offer well established alternative curricula, such as Steiner, Montessori and International Baccalaureate, will continue to have their curriculum approved under state and territory registration arrangementsAn ACARA Recognition process, once approved, will provide information about the recognition of alternative curriculum in relation to the Australian Curriculum, to proponent schools and organisations, and to the relevant state/territory Registration Authority that will continue to conduct the relevant Registration process, drawing on the curriculum recognition information provided by ACARA.
18Quality assurance and review The Australian Curriculum has been established on a strong evidence base, including what works in professional practiceThe Australian Curriculum will continue to be benchmarked against the curricula of countries leading the world in excellence and performanceThe Australian Curriculum will be subject to evaluation and validation during initial implementationThe Australian Curriculum is a dynamic curriculum. The online publication of the curriculum facilitates ongoing monitoring and review as well as providing the opportunity to update the curriculum in a well-managed and effectively communicated manner.Any updating will take into account review and evaluation data; new national and international knowledge and practice about learning, teaching, curriculum design and implementation; and contemporary research in discipline and cross-discipline areas.In this way, the Australian Curriculum will be subject to evaluation and validation during implementation and will continue to be benchmarked against the curricula of countries that are leading the world in excellence and performance.
20English Foundation to Year 10 Three interrelated strands (Language, Literature, Literacy)Each strand focuses on reading, writing, speaking and listeningTeaching of literature in primary yearsGrammar focus from Foundation to Year 10Strand structureThe Australian Curriculum: English Foundation to Year 10 is organised in three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of English. Together the three strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. The three strands are:Language – Knowing about the English language and how it works(eg: grammar at whole text, sentence and word levels, vocabulary, spelling, punctuation, sound-letter knowledge)Literature – Understanding, appreciating, responding to, analysing and creating literature(specifically literary texts including novels, plays, film, poetry, short stories etc classic and contemporary, world, Asian, Aboriginal and Torres strait islander texts)Literacy – ability to understand and produce the English language accurately, fluently, creatively, critically, confidently and effectively (comprehension, analysis, writing, speaking, participation in discussion, handwriting, editing etc)Scope and sequence Foundation to Year10Content in each strand is grouped in sub-strands that show a clear sequence of learning from Foundation to Year 10.An alternative presentation of the content that focuses on the processes or language modes of Speaking and listening, Reading (including viewing) and Writing is available on the website. This presentation includes no repetition of the content.It will be possible to use the filter function to identify the content descriptions that show which descriptions relate to more than one process.Literature in the primary yearsIn the Literature strand students will develop an understanding and informed appreciation of a range of literature, respond to literature, develop an understanding of the nature of literary texts, their language features, for example figurative language, rhythm, rhyme, sound, visuals and how authors use them for effect, and how stories, plots and characters are developed. This is a change of focus for primary schools where currently Literature is predominantly used as a vehicle to teach reading.GrammarThere is a strong focus on the contextual approach to the teaching of grammar with a gradual build up of grammatical features and terms across F–10. The terms used are predominantly standard grammatical terminology within a contextual framework. This approach has been reviewed by leading Australian linguists. Elaborations and a glossary are provided to support teachers.English (F-10)
21Mathematics Foundation to Year 10 Organised around three content strands (Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, Statistics and Probability)Content descriptions are grouped into sub-strands to illustrate sequence and development of concepts in each strandThe proficiencies are incorporated into the three strands (Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving and Reasoning)The Australian Curriculum: Mathematics Foundation to Year 10:- provides the skills for students to be confident, creative users and communicators of mathematicsenables students to investigate, represent and interpret situations both at school and in their lives out of schoolfocuses on developing increasingly sophisticated and refined mathematical understanding, fluency, logical reasoning, analytical thought and problem solving.Proficiencies describe the actions in which students can engage whilst learning the content and are incorporated into the content descriptions. Introductory year level statements are included at the beginning of each year level to accentuate where the proficiencies are evident in the content descriptions.Mathematics (F-10)
22Science Foundation to Year 10 Three interrelated strands (Science understanding, Science as a human endeavour, Science inquiry skills)Focus on inquiry-based approachesDevelopment of key science concepts from Foundation to Year 10 that relate to contemporary applications of scienceOverarching ideas that represent key aspects of scienceFocus on inquiry-based approachesReduction of mandated content to allow for inquiry-based approaches and an in-depth understanding of conceptsOpportunities to link inquiry to contexts relevant to the lives of studentsSpecific science inquiry skills to be taught at each stage of schoolingThree interrelated strands: Science understanding, Science as a human endeavour, Science inquiry skillsContent descriptions within the strands written to allow the content of the three strands to be taught in an interrelated wayAll three strands present in the Achievement StandardsContent elaborations offer additional guidance for teachers around links and relationships between the content of the three strandsThe Science as a Human Endeavour strand covers the Nature and development of science and the Use and influence of science. This content describes the unique nature of science and can provide engaging and challenging contexts in which science understanding can be developedScience understanding content addresses key science concepts that are developed through the curriculum, organised under the sub-strands of Biological sciences, Chemical sciences, Earth and space sciences and Physical sciencesThe Science inquiry skills strand addresses methods of science inquiry, and problem-solving skills. This strand includes a strong emphasis on the general capabilities of numeracy, literacy and ICT competenceDevelopment of key science concepts from Foundation to Year10Key science concepts have been identified and content not specifically addressing these concepts has been removed to allow for depth of understanding rather than breadth of content within the curriculumStudents’ understanding of science concepts develop through experiences of observable phenomenon to more abstract ideas and concepts as they progress through the curriculumElaborations for content descriptions in both the Science understanding and the Science as a human endeavour strands emphasise contemporary applications of scienceScience (F-10)
23History Foundation to Year 10 Two interrelated strands: historical knowledge and understanding; historical skillsA world history approach – personal/family to worldA focus on historical inquiryOverviews and depth studiesA focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, Asia and Australia’s engagement with AsiaA world history approach:to equip students for the world in which they will live (local, regional and global)to enhance student’s appreciation of Australia’s history (which has been influenced by many overseas events and developments, not in isolation)the curriculum content moves from a focus (although not an exclusive focus) on personal/family/local history Foundation to Year 2, state/territory/Australian history 3-6, and world and Australian history 7-10this is consistent with international history curriculaFocus on historical inquiry:inquiry questions have been included at each year level to highlight the investigative nature of historical studythere is explicit reference to concepts for developing historical understanding (e.g. evidence, continuity and change, perspectives, significance), given their importance in the study of historyhistorical inquiry requires the development of Historical knowledge and understanding and Historical skillsTwo interrelated strands:Historical knowledge and understanding provides the broad contexts for study (i.e. societies, events, movements and developments) with opportunities to investigate the role of individuals and groupsHistorical skills includes skills associated with the historical inquiry process (asking historical questions, undertaking research, analysing sources, communicating findings)Foundation to Year 2 provides content without a chronological emphasis across Years 3-6 there is a stronger chronological representation – in view of this some content descriptions provide introductory content in the style of a brief overview, e.g. ‘The diversity and longevity of Australia’s first peoples’ in the study of ‘First contacts’ in Year 4in Years 7-10 there are four historical periods, e.g. ‘The ancient world’ in Year 7 and ‘The modern world and Australia’ in Year 10Overviews and depth studies:At Years 7-10 there is an overview and three depth studies at each year level:- overviews help students recognise important features of the historical period and to understand broad patterns of historical change- depth studies allow detailed study of specific aspects of the historical perioddepth studies are based on particular contexts which are used as a vehicle for developing ‘understanding’ and ‘skills’ e.g. ‘The Western and Islamic World ’ in Year 8depth study electives provide flexibility to cover particular contexts e.g. ‘Medieval Europe’ (as part of the ‘The Western and Islamic World ’ in Year 8)within a depth study, some content descriptions allows local resources and site visits to be structured into a teaching and learning program e.g. as part of the depth study elective ‘Making a nation’ in Year 9, the study of ‘living and working conditions in Australia at the turn of the twentieth century’, could include reference to what life was like in the local areaHistory (F-10)
25Consultation processACARA manages the consultation process that informs Australian Curriculum shaping and writingAll members of the community are encouraged to engage in the consultation process via the Australian Curriculum website (click on ‘Consultation’)This website provides key information about what is open for consultation and how and when feedback can be providedAs they become available, reports of consultation activities will be published on the websiteACARA will continue to seek, analyse and use feedback to contribute to the development process of the Australian Curriculum.Watch the website for opportunities to be involved in Consultation.Following consultation, the curriculum is finalised and submitted to the ACARA Board and education ministers for approval. Each state and territory has a ministerial nominee on the ACARA Board along with nominees of the Catholic and Independent School sectors. Australian education ministers consider the final version of the curriculum.Providing feedback on the Australian Curriculum
26Consultation occurs on: Initial Advice PaperDraft Shape PaperFinal Shape PaperDraft curriculum outlineDraft curriculumResponses to major feedbackRevised curriculumPenultimate/final curriculumConsultation occurs at multiple points in the curriculum development process for each learning area. The Draft Shape Paper and the Draft curriculum are released for public review and targeted feedback (from teachers, academics, authorities and associations) is sought at other points in the process.An initial Advice Paper for each learning area is developed to provide an overview of the learning area, with consideration of trends in curriculum development for that learning area. This paper stimulates discussion, and informs the development of the draft Shape Paper.The Shape Paper for each learning area provides an overview to guide the writing of the curriculum. It establishes the rationale and aims for the learning area and identifies the nature of knowledge, understanding and skills in the learning area and how these develop from Foundation to Year 12.
27Consultation processes State/territory consultation forums (teachers, academics, authorities, associations)National panel meetings (“experts” – teachers, academics, authorities, associations)Meetings with state and territory authorities and major professional associationsWeb surveys and written submissionsParticipation of trial schools and teachersCritical readers and reviewersConsultation on the curriculum occurs through a number of avenues, including forums, national panel meetings, web surveys and critical reviews.Feedback is sought from a range of people and organisations, including the general public, teachers, academics, school and education authorities and professional associations.Trial schools and teachers are particularly important in the consultation process as they use the draft curriculum or parts of it with students in their classroom.
28Australian Curriculum website & digital resources
29Digital curriculum and resources The Australian Curriculum is published online (www.australiancurriculum.edu.au)ACARA has worked with Education Services Australia to make adjustments to the online curriculum based on consultation feedback regarding layout and functionalityThe Australian Curriculum Connect project will link state/territory digital resources to support the teaching of the curriculumAustralian Curriculum Connect resources are being piloted and are planned to be available from March 2011.
30Online deliveryThe delivery of the Australian Curriculum within an online environment enables:the curriculum to be dynamic, multidimensional and more easily updatedteachers to use the online facility to design their teaching programsteachers to integrate ICT within their classroomsGo to to view a guided tour of the website, or to view a tour of the English, mathematics, science or history sections.The tours highlight key elements of the website and show how the functionality can allow the Australian Curriculum to be viewed and filtered from different perspectives (eg a learning area across year levels; a number of learning areas for a particular year group; general capabilities (eg literacy) in a number of learning areas or year levels).
31National digital learning resources There are over 11,000 national digital learning resources available through the Learning Federation.More than 80% of current resources are in English, mathematics, science and history.The Australian Curriculum Connect Pilot is testing a new way of linking digital resources (whether national or local) to the Australian Curriculummaking it easier for users to searchmore flexible and durableproviding access to a greater range of digital resources.Digital resources are being identified and tagged as relevant to aspects of the Australian Curriculum for English, mathematics, science and history.From 2001 to 2009 Commonwealth and State and Territory governments invested in The Federation to develop digital learning resourcesAustralian Curriculum Connect is an Education Services Australia (ESA) project being funded by the Department for Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), sponsored by ACARA. The project currently involves jurisdictions (Queensland and Victoria), ACARA and the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL). It is informed by an extensive Reference Network with states, territories and sectors. Subject to a successful pilot, ESA will work with jurisdictions to identify their individual implementation requirements.