Presentation on theme: "Comparative Politics A summary Jennifer Bailey POL 1000 Fall 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Comparative Politics A summary Jennifer Bailey POL 1000 Fall 2013
Pensum – KP/CP Sodaro, Michael J. (2008), Comparative Politics: A Global Introduction, 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Kap: 1-12; Jørgen Møller (2012), Statsdannelse, regimeforandring og økonomisk udvikling (hele boka) Heywood, Andrew (2007), Political Ideologies: An Introduction, 5th edition. Palgrave/ Macmillian. Paperback. Kap. 1-5, 7, 10, articles and chapters
Key Themes Covered Ideas and Ideologies – – what is the good society? (values) Method – – Emprical knowledge – how do we know what we know? The State – the building block of comparative and international politics Democracy – Our good society – Where does it come from? – What does it take? – How do we make it work? Individual countries
Ideas and Ideologies What is an ideology? – Package of beliefs: How the world works, how it should work, and plan of action Which? – Liberalism, conservatism, socialism, fascism, nationalism, some on fundamentalism, anarchism How to study: – Focus on package of beliefs Pure types vs «spin offs» – Understand basic assumptions – «Tensions between» boxes useful – «isms» boxes
Method Boring! Hard to understand! BUT fundamental & essential – Making and evaulating arguments about causality – Sodero: Hypothesis making and testing – Møller the comparative method with a few cases Example: how academic debate develops – Bailey, Møller and Sodero: the logic of comparison and evidence The language of method (including but not limited to): – Theory, cases, causes, causal mechanisms, variables, operationalization, methods of difference & agreement, MSSD & MDSD, path dependency, hypothesis/hypothesis testing
What is the state? Weber, Møller, Sodero (Knutsen, Jellinek and international law) The building block of comparative and international politics The setting for the evoltuion of democracy Møller – various theories about development of the state in Western-central Europe – The importance of a state SYSTEM – The importance of war-making – Feudalism & free cities and the secular state – Tilly, Downing, Ertman, Hui Critical to international politics and development of democracy
Democracy What is Democracy? – Sodero, lectures – Definitions of democracy, ancient and modern – Democracies vs republics – Do we have a democracy today?
Democracy: Where does it come from? Møller – theories of development of democracy and captialism in Europe – Hintze, Moore, Bloch, Weber, Møller, Anderson, Møller, Skocpol, etc. Also in Sodero’s “what does it take?” (implicit) Implict in the country studies
Democracy: what does it take? Sodero & lectures – Sodero’s 10 conditions – Extra focus on culture and civil society The «coconut theory»: – Can democracy take root just anywhere? – Sodero – Afghanistan and Iraq
Translating Democracy from Ideal to practice Organization & institutions matter – Reflect history – Impact outcomes Constituions and vertical division of power – Confederations, federations and unitary states Horizontal division of power – Executives, Legislatures (electoral systems) (and Judicial branch) Civil Society & Interest groups
The readings on individual countries What is the point? Empirical knowledge of other countries Apply concepts to individual countries Source of examples and questions – Yeah, I see that or – That doesn’t fit!