Presentation on theme: "Comparative Politics A summary"— Presentation transcript:
1Comparative Politics A summary Jennifer BaileyPOL 1000Fall 2013
2Pensum – KP/CPSodaro, Michael J. (2008), Comparative Politics: A Global Introduction, 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Kap: 1-12;Jørgen Møller (2012), Statsdannelse, regimeforandring og økonomisk udvikling (hele boka)Heywood, Andrew (2007), Political Ideologies: An Introduction, 5th edition. Palgrave/ Macmillian. Paperback. Kap. 1-5, 7, 10, 12.4 articles and chapters
3Key Themes Covered Ideas and Ideologies – Method – The State Democracy what is the good society? (values)Method –Emprical knowledgehow do we know what we know?The Statethe building block of comparative and international politicsDemocracyOur good societyWhere does it come from?What does it take?How do we make it work?Individual countries
4Ideas and Ideologies What is an ideology? Which? How to study: Package of beliefs: How the world works, how it should work, and plan of actionWhich?Liberalism, conservatism, socialism, fascism, nationalism, some on fundamentalism, anarchismHow to study:Focus on package of beliefsPure types vs «spin offs»Understand basic assumptions«Tensions between» boxes useful«isms» boxes,
5Method Boring! Hard to understand! BUT fundamental & essential Making and evaulating arguments about causalitySodero:Hypothesis making and testingMøllerthe comparative method with a few casesExample: how academic debate developsBailey, Møller and Sodero: the logic of comparison and evidenceThe language of method (including but not limited to):Theory, cases, causes, causal mechanisms, variables, operationalization, methods of difference & agreement, MSSD & MDSD, path dependency, hypothesis/hypothesis testing
6What is the state?Weber, Møller, Sodero (Knutsen, Jellinek and international law)The building block of comparative and international politicsThe setting for the evoltuion of democracyMøller – various theories about development of the state in Western-central EuropeThe importance of a state SYSTEMThe importance of war-makingFeudalism & free cities and the secular stateTilly, Downing, Ertman, HuiCritical to international politics and development of democracy
7Democracy What is Democracy? Sodero, lectures Definitions of democracy, ancient and modernDemocracies vs republicsDo we have a democracy today?
8Democracy: Where does it come from? Møller – theories of development of democracy and captialism in EuropeHintze, Moore, Bloch, Weber, Møller, Anderson, Møller, Skocpol, etc.Also in Sodero’s “what does it take?” (implicit)Implict in the country studies
9Democracy: what does it take? Sodero & lecturesSodero’s 10 conditionsExtra focus on culture and civil societyThe «coconut theory»:Can democracy take root just anywhere?Sodero – Afghanistan and Iraq
10Translating Democracy from Ideal to practice Organization & institutions matterReflect historyImpact outcomesConstituions and vertical division of powerConfederations, federations and unitary statesHorizontal division of powerExecutives, Legislatures (electoral systems) (and Judicial branch)Civil Society & Interest groups
11The readings on individual countries What is the point?Empirical knowledge of other countriesApply concepts to individual countriesSource of examples and questionsYeah, I see that orThat doesn’t fit!