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1ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Hopi saying: does this talk grow corn?

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Presentation on theme: "1ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Hopi saying: does this talk grow corn?"— Presentation transcript:

1 1ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Hopi saying: does this talk grow corn?

2 2ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Reality Check: Education, Research and Development

3 3ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. USA 35% EUROPE 29% JAPAN 15% REST OF WORLD 21% Information Technology  Teledensity (telephone lines per 100 inhabitants) Industrialized nations is over 48 Middle-income nations around 10 Least advanced countries is about 1.5 World average is 11.5  Informatics gap (PC ratio per 100 inhabitants) Industrialized nations is over 18 Middle-income nations around 2.3 Least advanced countries is about 0.01 IT MARKET SHARE

4 4ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Latin America Y2K There are hidden resources in Latin America. 100 million without basic education; 44 million illiterate 44% of LAC are poor, 211 million Population Growth By Y2K North America RussiaEurope Latin America Millions

5 5ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Who does S&T?  G-7 nations: industry does 50-70% of S&T resources for S&T come from government and industry majority of resources are spent in industry  USA: basic R&D sponsored primarily by the government applied R&D sponsored primarily by industry and government universities perform basic R&D  Latin America: R&D primarily sponsored by the government

6 6ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Who does S&T?  Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, and Cuba are the only countries in Latin America with greater than 1% investment of GDP in R&D. Japan 2.7% Germany 2.4% United States 2.4% Brazil 1.3 % Canada 1.6% Spain 0.9% Russia Less than 0.5% Latin American average is 0.5%

7 7ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Who does S&T?  Expenditure in S&T USA $265 billion (68% industry) Canada$11 billion Brazil $5 billion Spain$5.4 billion Mexico$1.7 billion Argentina $1.5 billion  Human Resources in S&T USA researchers1 million Latin American researchers 126 k (Brazil 50k, Arg 29k, Mex 15k) Spain and Portugal 63k Canada 100k Rest under 10k

8 8ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Scientists and Engineers in Brazil, South Korea and USA Source: Scientists and Engineers

9 9ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Indicators

10 10ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Indicators

11 11ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Indicators

12 12ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Indicators

13 13ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Indicators

14 14ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Labor Force in R&D  USA and Japan 0.8%  Korea 0.4%  Brazil 0.11% Mean value in developed nations is 0.54%

15 15ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Publications and Patents  OECD nations: 14% of world population generate 86% of publications and 85% of patents 3,000 S&E per 100,000 people Invest 2.4% of GNP in R&D  Latin America and Caribbean: 300 S&E per 100,000 people Invest 0.5% of GNP in R&D In 1997: LAC over 500 million people, filed 1,708 patents. Israel over 6 million, filed 1796 patents.

16 16ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. IEEE information used around the world

17 17ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Higher Education  LAC: 20% population For every 100 individuals 35 finish  OECD: 81% population  Asia: 28% Korea: 36%

18 18ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Higher Education  LAC: 1,963 PhD programs, 269 institutions, in 14 countries.  Concentrated in Brazil, Mexico, Cuba, Argentina, and Venezuela.  Brazil, Cuba, Mexico: 80% of PhD programs.  Limited offer: Chile, Colombia, Peru, Costa Rica and Uruguay  Extremely low offer: Bolivia, Ecuador, Honduras and Panama.  No offer: El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Dominican Republic.

19 19ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Higher Education  36% of institutions offer one (1) PhD program  70% of institutions offer 1-5 PhD programs  13% of 2000 institutions in LAC can offer a PhD program 50% of PhD programs are offered by 7.4% of the total number of institutions that offer at least 1 program Majority of PhD programs are concentrated in 1% of the total number of institutions

20 20ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. Higher Education  PhD programs: Humanities and Social Sciences – 31% Natural and Exact Sciences – 27% Medicine – 14% Technology and Engineering – 14% Agro Sciences – 9% Earth Sciences and Space – 4.3%

21 21ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. References  La Oferta de Formación Doctoral en América Latina Jesús Sebastián Centro de Información y Documentación Científica (CINDOC) Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, España  NSF Science and Engineering Indicators, 2002  EE Times, October 2000  Informe sobre necesidades de empleo y formacion en las Nuevas Tecnologias de la Informacion y las Comunicaciones, Madrid, Marzo 6-7, 2001  Oportunidades y desafíos tecnológicos: La brecha digital y la revolución biotecnológica. Quindi Franco y Nelson Viloria, CAF.

22 22ISTEC 2005All Rights Reserved. References  Universidade Pública e Desenvolvimento Carlos H. de Brito Cruz, Reitor UNICAMP  A Universidade, a Empresa e a Pesquisa que o País Precisa Carlos H. de Brito Cruz, Reitor UNICAMP  ISTEC Publications  IEEE presentation to ISTEC Board of Directors, Dr. Raymond D. Findlay


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