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How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? [Module 2] How to integrate CSP into urban development?

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Presentation on theme: "How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? [Module 2] How to integrate CSP into urban development?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? [Module 2] How to integrate CSP into urban development?

2 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics 2 How to integrate CSP into urban development? Embedding CSP into urban planning Coherence between CSP and various development programmes Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation Implications of Global Warming for Urban Sanitation How to improve linkages between sanitation and other sectors? Moderated discussion on impacts of Global Warming on Urban Sanitation

3 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Embedding CSP into urban planning CSP Master Plan Plans at ULB level City Development Plan City Mobility Plan Solar City Master Plan Slum Free City Plan of Action DPRs from other sectors Local legal framework Municipal Bye-laws Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan Development Control Rules Plans and programmes from other sectors with local outreach Industrial Development Corporations Port Trusts RailwayAirport Transport Department Irrigation Department Slum Clearance Boards coordinate and consider

4 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Population living in notified & non notified slums, BPL households to be recognized with a legal right to land tenure Housing provisions to be made for all such households with a provision of toilet, bathroom Majority of the population defecation in the open can be covered Integrated slum development can support facilities for excreta disposal (septic tanks, sewer), storm water, etc. Sewerage, Drainage, storm water, water supply, septage management, waste water treatment, etc. Integrating other schemes with CSP - a win-win situation – financial provision can help in achieving NUSP objectives Coherence between CSP and other programmes - framework

5 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Coherence between CSP and other programmes - details RAY JNNURM UIDSSMT NRCP ILCS Social Welfare Dept. Other CSP Objectives Integrated slum redevelopment with basic civic & social infrastructural amenities & shelter: ~250 cities, mainly Class-I by the end of 12th Five Year Plan sewerage, waste management, construction & improvement of (storm water) drains preservation of water bodies water supply housing for urban poor (BSUP) Identified cities only (million plus preferred) sewerage, waste management, construction & improvement of (storm water) drains preservation of water bodies water supply all other cities not covered under JNNURM waste water treatment, public and community toilets cities along major river banks individual toilets Convert dry latrines into pour flush latrines all sectors – housing, toilets, livelihood all cities Finance Commission: all sectors – all cities State Programmes: as defined International Donors: as per project

6 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Urban Development What is urban development? What are the elements? please try to define …  zoning of residential, recreational, business and industrial uses  supply with food and goods of daily life  supply with water and electricity  accessibility and transport  management of residuals (waste, waste water)  health, safety and disaster management  administration and management  public participation to ensure and provide for:  health and safety,  inclusion and equity, and  accessible services for the urban citizens Urbanization Urban development … increase of population in urban areas versus rural areas Elements of urban development

7 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Livelihood and quality of life of urban population Sectors Elements of urban development from the perspective of urban sanitation Public Infrastructure Housing BusinessIndustry Land use Health facilities Water resources Environmental Quality Public Health Pollution control Sanitation Waste water Water supply Solid waste Strom water Access to toilets

8 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – Water supply Wastewater Water supply Re-cycling of treated waste water reduces consumption Amount of water supplied determines: amount of waste water generated dimension and technology of sanitation facilites Leakages of sewer can pollute water resources of water pipes can cause contamination of drinking water through intrusion Required coordination (e.g.) Ensure balance between water supply / consumption, type & capacity of waste water and excreta disposal facility Ensure water treatment provisions and monitoring of water quality at household level Install effective leak detection system to protect water supply pipes from potential contamination Sanitary surveillance of water supply sources especially in poor localities Promote re-cycling of treated waste water where appropriate Control quality of treated waste water

9 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Explain Better planning, management and maintenance can protect water bodies from contamination separate drains from sewer protect septage tanks from contact with storm water run-off / overflow of septage tanks to storm water drains maintain and manage drains Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – Storm water + +

10 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Solid waste littered in drains has  impact on physical condition of drains and reduces functional efficiency  impact on quality of water (contamination / pollution) Strategies to tackle:  regular cleansing of drains  cover drains wherever possible  stop littering through provision of services Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – Solid waste Proper and efficient solid waste management can reduce maintenance work for drains, ensure proper functioning of drains and avoid public health problems

11 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras (1)information on new housing projects (area, number of units, inhabitants, standards, etc.) (2)provide information on sanitation requirements to housing department (number and capacities of septage tanks, sewer lines, storm water drains, etc.) (3)include new data in plans and concept, check capacities of downstream elements (main sewers, main drains, CETP etc.) (1)All new housing schemes shall be equipped with effective sanitation system (2)Coverage to be expanded to existing areas Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation housing Objective / recommended standard Coordination requirement with housing department

12 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – health facilities Sanitation Health facilities Proactive health education will: reduce rate of open defacation help to reduce sanitation related health problems Improved sanitation will take pressure from often inadequate health facilities

13 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – land use planning (1)information on required sites and size for provision of safe sanitation infrastructure (2)Allocation of required sites in required sizes on plan (3)communication of urban development strategy to sanitation department for comments and consideration in sanitation planning at an early stage (4)include new data in plans and concept, check capacities of downstream elements (main sewers, main drains, CETP etc.) Comprehensive land use planning provides (1)Information to foresee and consider future demand for sanitation facilities (2)Allocates required land resources (3)Ensures early understanding of additional capacity requirements (4)Helps to reduce open defecation through provision of land resources Objective / recommended standard Coordination requirement with planning department

14 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – urban infrastructure (1)Inclusive planning of roads with integrated waste water drains along road (2)Designing of roads to carry storm water (3)Communication of infrastructure development strategy to sanitation department for comments and consideration in sanitation planning at an early stage (4)Include new data in plans and concept, check capacities of downstream elements (main sewers, main drains, CETP etc.) (1)Well planned roads can also function as storm water drains (e.g. Slum Networking Project) (2)Accelerated storm water run-off from roads and paved areas has to be considered in planning of storm water drains / storm water management (3)Roads should be protected from inundation Objective / recommended standard Coordination requirement with infrastructure and planning department

15 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – industry and business (1)Establish a cadastre on generators of industrial waste water including quantities and qualities (2)Ensure on-site pre-treatment of industrial waste water (3)Ensure adequate capacity for collection and treatment of pre-treated industrial waste water (4)Ensure continuous monitoring and control (5)Communication of urban business and industrial development strategy to sanitation department for comments and consideration in sanitation planning at an early stage (6)include new data in plans and concept, check capacities of downstream elements (main sewers, main drains, CETP etc.) Objective / recommended standard Coordination requirement with industry and business development (1)Waste water from industries and businesses is properly managed and treated and does not pollute water bodies or soils. (2)Municipality provides the capacities to manage and treat non-industrial waste water from businesses and SMEs

16 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras 1$ investment in sanitation can lead to $9 returns Construction, O & M of sanitation facilities increase employment opportunities increase income, strengthen local economy and business Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation - livelihood Good sanitation facilities keep people healthy save medical costs avoid loss of working time Availability of sanitation facilities improves quality of life of urban population, particularly poor increase safety of women and girls and reduces their specific health risks

17 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Extras Direct contact with polluted water Sewage into streams Ground water Contamination Multiple dimensions Stagnation Direct disposal Direct discharge into water bodies Causes of water contamination Elements of urban development and their linkages with sanitation – water resources

18 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics (1)Consider all existing plans such as CDP, Master plans and DPRs prepared or implemented (2)Consider cross cutting issues, and challenges e.g. pollution of water bodies, flooding, impacts of climate change, future growth, natural conditions (3)Devise and establish a mechanism to evolve coordination and integration between departments, and stakeholders (4)Consider schemes and programmes that can fund different components (5)Seek support at the highest appropriate level to ensure conflict resolution How to ensure that all aspects of CSP and urban development are integrated?

19 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Activities 1.What can the participants do in their position to improve linkage between urban sanitation and the other sectors relevant for urban development? What support would they need? Linkage between CSP and urban development Group Work Plan available, relevant department Possible activities Support required Land use planning Roads and Infrastructure Housing Business & Industries Slums Health Education

20 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics 20 Urban Sanitation and Global Warming What is the connection between urban sanitation and Global Warming?

21 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Heat waves Drought Increased Rainfall Floods Sea level rise Impacts on Sanitation Infrastructure Urban Sanitation and Global Warming – What are the possible effects of Global Warming?

22 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics Urban Sanitation and Global Warming – Impacts on Urban Sanitation (1)If sewage is managed well – sewage treatment can yield methane which can be used as energy source to generate electricity or as gas (2)Waste from the sewage treatment units can be used as compost, reducing energy intensive fertilizer consumption (1)Rise in sea level, and floods can impact functioning of sanitation network system (2)Water logging can become a common problem (3)Increased rainfall can exceed capacities of existing infrastructure Impacts of Global Warming Possible mitigation effects of Urban Sanitation

23 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Activities Do you know how Climate Change will affect your home state / home town? Give some details about changes in temperature and rainfall regime. Have you got any knowledge about probability of hydro- meteorological disasters? What about diseases triggered by Climate Change? Are you aware where you can find relevant information? What do you think are the consequences of Climate Change for urban sanitation in your home town? Self-assess your knowledge about impacts of climate Climate Change in your region. Do you think it is adequate, or would you require more detailed knowledge? Linkage between CSP and Climate Change Moderated discussion

24 How to use a CSP as a tool for urban development? – M2: How to integrate CSP into urban development? Module 2: Basics 24 Indo-German Environment Programme (IGEP) Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sustainable Urban Habitat B-5/2, First Floor, Safdurjung Encalve, New Delhi , Tel: /01/02 Thank you very much


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