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DRAGOMAN MARSH BULGARIA ASSESSMENT OF THE DAILY METABOLISM, GHG RELEASE AND CABON SEQUESTRATION.

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Presentation on theme: "DRAGOMAN MARSH BULGARIA ASSESSMENT OF THE DAILY METABOLISM, GHG RELEASE AND CABON SEQUESTRATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 DRAGOMAN MARSH BULGARIA ASSESSMENT OF THE DAILY METABOLISM, GHG RELEASE AND CABON SEQUESTRATION

2 Andrey Ralev, BALKANI Wildlife Society Ivan Traykov, Department of Ecology and EP, Sofia University

3 Balkani Wildlife Society Created 1989, registered members and 10 employees. 1. Research, conservation and restoration of biodiversity. 2. Development of nature protection legislation. 3. Rising public awareness.

4 Dragoman Marsh  331 ha, 705 m.a.s.l., 40 km from Sofia  The biggest karst marsh  Drained 1930s-1950s  Restoration since end of the 1990s

5 Dragoman Marsh - now  226 species of birds, 126 breeding  pairs Ferruginous Duck (Aythia nyroca)  2006: Great White Egret, Purple Heron, Gray Heron, Great Bittern, Little Bittern

6 Chepan Hill (1206 m)  Unique steppic submediteranean flora  Endemic plants: E. serbicus, A. wilmottianus, T. urumoffii

7 Wet meadows  Specific boreal flora: Salix rosmarinifolia, Plantago maxima, Viola pumila, Fritilaria meleagroides  pairs of Corncrake (Crex crex)

8 1. Monitoring of birds 1. Monitoring of birds (since 1994) (since 1994) 2. Environmental 2. Environmental education education Work in the region

9 3. Purchase of land in the Marsh (43 ha) 3. Purchase of land in the Marsh (43 ha)

10 Work in the region 4. Visitors infrastructure:

11 WetlandConservationCentre

12 Work in the region 5. Programme for wastewater treatment :

13 Constructed Wetlands Pond System Creates work for local people (building and keeping) Needs less energy and expertise for keeping Needs more space (~10 sqm/inh. = 3-4 ha total for 3500 inh.)

14 Work in the region 6. Protection and restoration of species:

15 Work in the region 7. Using biomass from the marsh as energy :

16 Carbon sequestration Ivan Traykov, Anelia Kenarova Department of Ecology and EP, Sofia Ubiversity Anita Tosheva Department of Botany, Sofia University

17 Production of the marsh  Vegetation type/ habitat maps  Above ground biomass assessment (emergent and submergent vegetation)  Phytoplankton production (light and dark bottles, chlorophyll-a)  Community metabolism (diurnal oxygen changes)  GHG ebullition rates (CH 4 and CO 2 )

18 Vegetation type/ habitat maps %ha H 2 0 mirror35117 Reed1343 Typha2069 Club-rush1860 Carex1242 TOTAL331

19 Above ground biomass assessment gDW/m2 shootsrootsMet. losestotalgC/m2tDW/y Phragmites1100 ±141439,6 ± 64219,8 ± ± ± ± 22 Typha , Schoenoplectus , Carex Ceratophillum485 ± ± 7197 ± ± ± ± 332

20 Phytoplankton production  GPP = 3,45 gC/m2/d  CR = 3,46 gC/m2/d  P/R = 0,99

21 The measured NPP in the draining canals corresponds to Chl-a content in the phytoplankton of 39.8 ± 11.7 mg/m3, while in the inner open water pools the Chl-a is 5.33 ± 1.4 mg/m3. Vassilev and Tsavkova (2004) have shown strict relationship between the two studied parameters in Srebarna marsh. If we accept it to be true for Dragoman marsh as well, than the NPP of phytoplankton in the inner basins would be 0.08 gO2/m3/h, which is just 5.8% of the СМ (1.38 ±0.33 gO2/m3/h) in this type of habitats. The area of the open water habitat in the marsh is117 ha, from which the draining canals take just 1%. The NPP of the inner pools is assessed to be 44.2 tC/y and that of the drainage canals tC/y Phytoplankton production

22 Community metabolism gO2/m3/hgO2/m2/d NPGPCRANPAGPDCRP/R canal0,5360,9210,3856,43611,05311,0810,997

23 Community metabolism gO2/m3/hgO2/m2/d NPGPCRANPAGPDCRP/R SM11,6202,1840,5644,0556,8756,7821,014 SM21,9583,3431,3859,79016,71516,6201,006

24 Community metabolism NPPmax = 2,85 gO2/m3/h at 0,3m depth between 2 and 4 pm

25 GHG ebullition rates CH4 ebullition ca kg/y', i.e., 287 kg/ha/y. Annual CH4 emition up to ca. 633 kg/ha/y. comparable to the 701 kg/ha/y found by Kankaala et al., (2004) for total annual emission of methane from the littoral zone of shallow lakes. CO2 ebullition is ca kg/y', i.e., 15.3 kg/ha/y. mg/m2/d CH4CO2O2 Avrg117,56,21,2 Stdev12,60, 70,1

26 Storage and fluxes of carbon P gC/m2/y R gC/m2/y Area ha P gC/m2/y R gC/m2/y Phragmites ,380,2 Typha ,6154,3 Schoenoplectus ,2123,2 Carex ,28,6 Ceratophillum ,9112,6 Phytoplancton 10,280,25340,09 Phytoplancton 23,453,1410,03 C ebullition 20 total production 600 total respiration 499 C sequestration 101

27 Future actions

28 Future actions: More detailed study of CO 2 sequestration Dragoman Marsh management plan – habitat for endangered species Waste water treatment plant of Dragoman town – constructed wetland Using biomass from the marsh as energy source Preventing the common practice of burning the organic remains on agricultural lands

29 Thanks for your attention


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