Presentation on theme: "Angela Chow Centre for Information Technology in Education The University of Hong Kong IT in Education Symposium, 10th July, 04."— Presentation transcript:
Angela Chow Centre for Information Technology in Education The University of Hong Kong IT in Education Symposium, 10th July, 04
Innovation & the future of schooling Why introduce ICT into the curriculum? About ICT – as a subject of study With ICT – make learning more effective Through ICT – new goals & new processes in education for the information society/ knowledge economy Education & societal change: Apprenticeship standardized production production of knowledge workers
21st century competencies? Premise: new abilities needed for the knowledge society Lifelong learning ability – ability to face new challenges, seek new information, refine problem and learn new knowledge and skills to solve new problems or seek new ways of solving old problems Ability to use ICT for all facets of life, for work or leisure, professional or social purposes
New Learning goals require new pedagogical practices ‘The traditional classroom …… is singularly ill suited to producing lifelong learners: “Right now, you’ve got 30 little workers who come into a room, sit in rows, follow instructions from a boss, and can’t talk to one another. School is the last time they’ll ever see that model”’ (Corcoran, 1993)
1. Project work (92 cases) 2. Scientific Investigation (8 cases) 3. Media Production (29 cases) 4. Virtual School & Online Course (20 cases) 5. Task-Based Activity (20 cases) 6. Expository Lessons (5 cases) What pedagogical practices are found in the 174 cases?
IPPUT Pedagogical features: extended learning task over a period of months deeply engaging, personally meaningful/relevant for learners involvement of significant others outside of the classroom in the learning process availability of suitable facilitation.
Questions we tackled Is there any meaningful way of comparing levels of innovation across cases? Which should be the focus: ICT or pedagogy? Or does it matter? Can such a comparison contribute to our knowledge and understanding of ICT use and pedagogical innovation?
Questions we tackled Are there some common features or models of pedagogical practice found across the international selection of IPPUT case studies? What are the most important dimensions/ features for studying ICT-supported pedagogical innovations? What type of analysis will contribute most to our understanding of IPPUTs, and for dissemination to practitioners?
Would the same findings be found across different countries? Would the findings be different if the focus is not on change brought about by ICT, but on pedagogical & curriculum change, with ICT as one of the elements? Questions we tackled
HK SITES team analysis: Comparing extent of emergence in curriculum,with ICT as one of the dimensions for comparison
How do we compare innovations? New Old NewOld Practices Technology 6 dimensions to understand innovativeness (from old to new): 6 dimensions of comparison Curriculum Goals Teacher’s Role Students’ Role Sophistication of ICT used Manifestation of Learning Outcome Connectedness Focus of Analysis
2. Teacher’s Role 6 dimensions to understand innovativeness Transmitter of information and evaluator of learning Coach to establish and support the development of learning communities Ability to function effectively as members of a learning community Develop own learning goals, learning strategy, self monitor & evaluate contribute to communal knowledge building Subject-based knowledge Follow instructions 1. Curriculum Goals 3. Students’ Role Design learning tasks; provide resource for learning Higher Order Thinking Determine learning strategies and schedule
4. ICT used 6 dimensions to understand innovativeness No ICT used Sophisticated technology tailored for specific educational purposes Unidimensional Multidimensional; knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes operating in concert for complex problem solving Standalone classroom Multiple ways of involving outsiders in the curriculum process 5. Manifestation of Learning Outcome 6. Connectedness Multiple ways to assess learning outcomes General software for classroom presentation Partial involvement of outsiders
Primary Art More Innovative Scoring on a 7-point likert scale for each of the 6 dimensions
The Hong Kong SITES report & the secondary analysis with international case studies examples: http://sitesdatabase.cite.hku.hk
Where lies the future of IT in education? Some recommendations for Hong Kong
The curriculum reform consultation document, Learning To Learn, was published after the launch of the Five Year Strategy. Only a few visionary schools principals are able to integrate the implementation of IT with their schools’ curriculum reform in order to enhance the quality of teaching and learning in the schools. 1. Integrate IT in education with Curriculum Reform
2. Provide Professional and Leadership Training for School Principals and Teachers Professional development is NOT the simple acquisition of ICT-related technical skills. Should focus on the development of curriculum leadership that can make use of ICT to enhance quality of education and support innovation Should relate ICT integration to the 6 dimensions of understanding innovation, and not just a uni- dimensional emphasis on technology use
How each component should be implemented, e.g. where computers are placed & when these can be used would affect what pedagogical practices are supported and the impact of ICT use. 3. 4 strategic components must be implemented coherently to support curriculum reform The 5-year Strategy has identified 4 strategic components: Access and Connectivity Teacher Enablement Curriculum and Resource Support Community-wide Culture
4. Formulate Long-term policy for ICT in education necessaryThe main achievement of the Five Year Strategy has so far provided schools with the necessary conditions for ICT integration into teaching and learning. Without a long term policy for ICT in education, the necessary conditions will fade and Hong Kong education will face a stark future without leading schools into the knowledge era.