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A Graph-Partitioning-Based Approach for Multi-Layer Constrained Via Minimization Yih-Chih Chou and Youn-Long Lin Department of Computer Science, Tsing.

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Presentation on theme: "A Graph-Partitioning-Based Approach for Multi-Layer Constrained Via Minimization Yih-Chih Chou and Youn-Long Lin Department of Computer Science, Tsing."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Graph-Partitioning-Based Approach for Multi-Layer Constrained Via Minimization Yih-Chih Chou and Youn-Long Lin Department of Computer Science, Tsing Hua University, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, R.O.C.

2 Outline  Introduction  Constrained via minimization problem  Layer Assignment Algorithm  Special consideration  Experimental Flow and Results  Conclusions and Future Work

3 Introduction  Side effect of vias  Chip area, Performance, Yield, Reliability  Via minimization problem  Two layer CVM, Multi-layer CVM  Problem transformation  Practical consideration

4 Basic Terminology  Net  Via  Stacked via  Mutually exclusive wire segments  Connected wire segments M1 M3 Net 2Net 1 2 metal3 metal1 metal2 M2 1

5 Constrained Via Minimization (CVM)  CVM-K problem  n wire segments  k different layers  feasible assignment ( )  all design rules must be satisfied

6 Graph representation--G( )  Exclusive edge  Connected edge  Partitioning  Cut  Via Count exclusiveconnectedNode partitioning M1 M2 M3 M2M1 5 2

7 Problem Formulation  Feasible partitioning  Problem Transformation  Quality of partitioning  Feasible move  K-way graph-partitioning problem M1 M2 M3 2 M1 M2 M3 2 M1 M2 M a b a: valid edge b: invalid edge 1 1 feasible moveinfeasible move

8 Feasible Partitioning with Illegal Via 1 3 M1 M2 M3 Illegal via for metal 1 and metal metal 1 metal 2 metal 3 exclusive connected Net 2 Net 1 2

9 Layer Assignment Algorithm  Simulated Annealing-based Optimization  Modification  Random selection  Sequential evaluation

10 Simultaneous Movement a1 a2 a1

11 Via Counting

12 Via Counting Example metal metal1metal metal 1 via_no + 1 no change Connected edge An example of via counting

13 An Observation Metal 1 Metal 2 Metal 3 Metal 1 Metal 2 Metal

14 Via Updating  Partial modification  An example 13 2 A B 13 2 A B 13 2 A B 1 Move node 1 to partition B Check node 2, mark 3 via_no + 1 Check node 3 via_no not changed

15 Special Consideration  Overlap consideration  I/O pin limitation  Over-the-cell constraint a2 a1 Net 1 Net 2 a1 a2

16 Experimental Flow Input Technology Mapping (SIS) Cell Library Verilog-In automatic P&R Edif-Out Edif Parser Result Our algorithm with interlock solution Our algorithm w/o interlock solution

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20 Experimental Results

21 Conclusions  Formulating CVM-K problem as a constrained k-way graph partitioning problem  Modified simulated annealing based heuristic  High reduction ratio  Apply to large circuits  More effective than standard simulated annealing method

22 Future Work  Crosstalk reduction  Delay minimization  Antenna Effect Consideration


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