Presentation on theme: "Research Centre of Astronomy and Geophysics Mongolian Academy of Sciences Study of near-earth objects in Mongolia. Space debris, asteroids and comets Outreach."— Presentation transcript:
Research Centre of Astronomy and Geophysics Mongolian Academy of Sciences Study of near-earth objects in Mongolia. Space debris, asteroids and comets Outreach seminar in margins of 55 th session of Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space 11 June 2012 Tungalag Namkhai
Introduction The Research Centre of Astronomy and Geophysics (RCAG) of Mongolia is unique research organization in Mongolia specializing in fundamental astronomical and geophysical research. The RCAG was founded in 1957 during the first International Geophysical Year. From the early years onwards, the following research activities were undertaken: study of latitude variations in a network of astronomical observatories; time keeping service; observation of near-Earth artificial satellites; observation of solar active phenomena; study of impact of atmospheric turbulence on seeing quality.
Research activities carrying out at o bservatory Khureltogoot (latitude: 47°51'56'' N, longitude: 107°03'10'' E, altitude: 1620 m) located on the Bogd Mountain, about 20 km south of the capital city Ulaanbaatar: - Astrometric and photometric observations of solar system small bodies, - Observation of the solar surface phenomena, sunspot, the sun’s corona, - Space geodesy. Collaboration of RCAG with the ISON project - Started in 2009 - Successful joint grant proposal for scientific basic research foundation in 2010 - Joint establishing of new observational station Tavantolgoi in 2011 (latitude: 47°53'08'' N, longitude: 106°20'03'' E, altitude: 1704 m) located on 55 km west of Ulaanbaatar city Astronomical branch of the RCAG
ISON produced and donated hardware and software tools for observations The ORI-40 and VT-78e telescopes, CCD cameras, time sync devices, mounts, CCD image processing software
Study of near-earth and main belt asteroids Started at RCAG in 2000 Photometry – prime approach to conduct research Direction of studies: - lightcurve observation of selected asteroids, - development of numerical photometric model of asteroids, - determination of theirs rotation parameters and shapes, - analysis and interpretation of the data on asteroid rotation CCD observations of asteroids 122 Gerda, 221 Eos, 411 Xanthe, 700 Auravictrix, 787 Moskva were carried out and rotation parameters and shapes of 39 asteroids were determined
Joining the ISON project permits us to expand areas of research and enhance the quality of output: the astrometric and photometric observation of near-Earth solar system bodies including satellites, space debris, asteroids and comets; investigation of high-orbital space debris population; study of orbital evolution, origin and physical properties of faint debris fragments in the geostationary region. Monitoring of near-earth objects within the framework of the ISON project
Two new telescopes ORI-40 (aperture 40cm) and VT-78e (aperture 19.2cm) with CCD cameras FLI ML09000 were installed in Astronomical Observatory Tavantolgoi of the RCAG with the help of the ISON project. ORI-40 is 0.4 m class telescope with FOV 2.3°x2.3°, which is dedicated for observation of asteroid and faint space debris fragment (down to 17 magnitudes). VT-78e is 19.2-cm class survey telescope with large FOV 7°x7° for observation of space debris. This telescope provides wide surveys of the GEO and HEO objects and makes tracks and measurements for GEO and HEO objects down to 14.5 magnitudes (around the new Moon). Monitoring of near-earth objects within the framework of the ISON project (cont.)