5 Contacting EH&S Non-Emergencies: Emergencies: (617) 636-6911 Posner Hall Room 105Individual ExtensionsMain Number x6-3615Emergencies:Contact campus police at x or(617)24 hours day/7 days week
6 Additional Important Numbers Fire Marshals Office:Emergencies: x or (617)Non-Emergencies: x7-3922Campus Police:Non-Emergencies: x (Boston)
7 Emergency Response Contact Tufts University Police! Fire (fire alarms)Chemical SpillsSuspicious PersonMedical EmergencyInformation to Provide:Name and extension of the person callingExact location of emergencyDescription of emergencyExtent of injury if anyType of chemical if a spill has occurredCorrect spelling of the spilled chemical
8 Emergency EvacuationUnless otherwise instructed by police or emergency personnel, evacuate when the alarm sounds.1. If possible and without jeopardizing personal safety, shut off equipment.2. Proceed to the closest exit; closing lab/office doors behind you.Note: Do not use elevators.3. Proceed to designated area of gathering, away from the building.4. Do not re-enter the building until directed by authorized personnel.
9 Know Your Work Area! Fire Alarms Fire Extinguishers Safety Eyewash Safety ShowersMultiple ExitsFire Extinguisher
11 Why Are You Here? OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200 Established in 1983 by the Federal Government to protect employees from hazardous materials.The standard requires companies which produce or use hazardous materials to provide employees with information and training on the proper use and handling of these materials.The primary objective is for the employee to know how and where to find specific information on hazardous materials.Everyone working with or around hazardous materials has the right and responsibility to know the hazards in their work area!
12 Why Me? Research Clinical Analytical Darkroom Printing Maintenance ConstructionAdministrationCustodialShipping/Receiving
13 Hazard Communication Plan ResponsibilitiesChemical InventoriesTrainingLabelingMaterial Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
14 Primary Responsibilities EH&S:Development and maintenance of the hazardcommunication programProviding technical information and recommendationsconcerning hazardous chemicals, carcinogens andinfectious agents.Supervisors:Training on specific job hazards prior to beginning work.Notifying EH&S of the use and acquisition of hazardous materials
15 Primary Responsibilities Employees:Adhere to established safety policies/procedures and to conduct operations in a safe manner.Report unsafe conditions to supervisors and the EH&S.You have the right to a safe and healthy workplace;exercise this right, and understand that the ultimateresponsibility for your health and safety lies with you.
16 Hazards There are two general hazard classes that must be evaluated when assessing the safety of a material:Physical HazardsHealth Hazards
17 Physical HazardsCompressed Gas – A gas that is stored under intense pressure in cylinders.Flammability – A solid or liquid chemical that can serve as fuel sources to support a fire.Reactivity – A substance’s susceptibility to undergo a chemical reaction or change that may result in an explosion, burning, and corrosive or toxic emissions.Examples: Air sensitive chemicalsWater reactive chemicalsShock sensitive chemicalsLight sensitive chemicals
18 Health Hazards Carcinogens – A substance that causes cancer. Corrosives – A substance that causes visible destruction of living tissue at the site of contact.Irritants – A substance that causes reversible inflammation of skin, eyes, or nasal passage.Sensitizers – A substance that causes allergic reaction after repeated exposures. Note: Individual sensitivities vary.Systemic Toxins – A toxin that targets a specific organ or system.Examples: Hepatotoxin-liverNephrotoxins-kidneysNeurotoxins-nervous systemReproductive toxins-reproductive system
19 Exposure Primary routes of exposure: InhalationDermal AbsorptionIngestionInjectionWorking with or around hazardous substances does not necessarily mean that a person’s health will be effected.Exposures can be controlled or eliminated by understanding the properties of chemicals in use. Utilizing protective equipment, ppe and/or substituting less-hazardous chemicals are examples.
20 Labels and Signs Stock Chemicals: Solutions: Signs: It is the responsibility of the manufacturer or distributor to label each container containing a hazardous material with the following information:Name of hazardous substanceName and address of manufacturerThe words “caution” or “danger”Statement of hazardsFirst aid proceduresSolutions:It is the responsibility of the employee to label each container with the following information:Signs:Hazard signs should note area of hazard such as a cabinet or lab.
21 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Manufacturers of chemicals and/or products must provide an MSDS!Locating an MSDS:Hardcopy provided with shipment.Manufacturers websiteGeneral websites (EH&S website)
22 MSDS Information Identity of material, chemical name, and synonyms Hazardous componentsPhysical dataPhysical and health hazardsExposure levelsSymptoms of exposure and primary route of entryFire Fighting MeasuresSafe handling and storageControl measures, PPESpill and disposal proceduresMiscellaneous Information
23 “You have the right to a safe and healthy workplace; exercise this right, and understand that the ultimate responsibility for you health and safety lies with you!”
25 Why Are You Here? Environmental Protection Agency 40 CFR 260-281 Resource Conservation Recovery Act, RCRA, 1976Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments, 1984Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection 310 CMR 30.00Tufts University Internal Policy
26 Tufts Generator Status Large Quantity Generator90 day storage limitBostonSmall Quantity Generator180 day storage limitMedford, Grafton, HNRC, 200 Boston Ave., RBL
27 What is a Hazardous Waste? EPA listed waste:D List, F List, K List, U List, P ListCharacteristics:Ignitable (Flashpoints below 140˚F)Corrosive (pH 2 or below & 12.5 or higher)Toxic (Fail TCLP Testing)Reactive (Unstable compounds capable of violent chemical change)Massachusetts Regulated WasteUniversity Policy
28 When is it considered Waste? Chemicals have become obsolete because of questionable purity or discontinued usage.Shelf-life expiration dates have been exceeded.Chemicals are stored in old, bulging, badly decomposed or damaged containers.Chemicals have undergone visible change.
30 Waste Storage (MAA)There are multiple Main Accumulation Areas (MAA) located throughout the University for the long-term storage of chemical waste.Free standing building, designated rooms, or flammable cabinets.Additional measures to prevent release.Managed by EH&S or designated personnel.
31 Waste Storage (SAA)Each site of generation will have a satellite accumulation area (SAA).This includes:Secondary containmentSignageWeekly inspection checklistLabels
32 SAA Management (Labeling) All containers must have a completed hazardous waste label.Contain “Hazardous Waste”Full Chemical NamesDated FullHazard
33 SAA Management (Containers) Containers should be located in secondary containment.Containers should be in adequate condition. No leaks.Containers should be tightly closed. No parafilm or foil.Containers should be compatible with waste.
34 SAA Management Non-waste material should not be located in the SAA. Dated waste containers should be picked up and transported to a MAA within 3 days. Contact EH&S at x for assistance.There should not be multiple containers of the same waste in a SAA.Keep SAA free of obstructions.Updated inspection checklist. Date and Sign Weekly.
35 Waste Pick-Up Waste Pick-Up is needed when: There is no longer a need for the container.The container is old.The container is roughly 85% full.Contact EH&S at x for assistance.Name/make up of waste.QuantityBuilding room and numberPrincipal investigator/contact name and extension.
36 Palm Pilot Program Internal inspection program focused on: Assuring complianceEducating personnelSimplify hazardous waste managementConducted unannounced every 2-3 months.Conducted by outside contracted vendor.Provide EH&S and principal investigators/supervisors with report.
37 Universal Waste Universal Waste Rule 40 CFR 273 Provides less stringent management standards for:Mercury containing lamps.BatteriesPesticidesMercury devices.BallastsContact EH&S for assistance at x
38 ConclusionThis is a required annual training for personnel who generate or manage hazardous waste.Failure to comply with protocols outlined in this training could result in criminal and monetary penalties against the university and/or individual.
40 IntroductionOccupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) enacted the Occupational Exposure to Chemicals in Laboratories Standard in This standard applies to all employees engaged in the laboratory use of hazardous chemicals at Tufts University.
41 Roles and Responsibilities Provost- The University Provost has the ultimate legal responsibility and accountability for chemical hygiene within the institution.Director Of Health and Safety appoints Chemical Hygiene officers, works with Provost to determine needs and directions for Chemical Hygiene at Tufts.Chemical Hygiene Officer(s) Work with the Laboratory Safety Committee, administrators and other employees to develop and implement appropriate chemical hygiene policies and practices;Supervisors Ensure that laboratory workers know and follow the chemical hygiene rules, that protective equipment is available and in working order, and that appropriate training has been provided;Laboratory Worker Planning and conducting each operation in accordance with the institutional chemical hygiene procedures;
42 Employee Information and Training Employee safety information and training program is reviewed regularly.Chemical Hygiene training should be conducted prior to working in the lab.Basic refresher training is offered annually by the Environmental Health and Safety Department, either on line or via traditional classroom style trainings.It is the responsibility of the PI or Supervisor to conduct lab and tasks specific training that builds on the general concepts identified in the basic chemical hygiene trainings.
43 Chemical Fume Hoods Chemical Fume Hood: Do you understand how your hood works to protect you?Can you distinguish between a biological safety cabinet and a chemical fume hood?Do you know that an open lab door, high winds, or even heavy traffic in front of the hood can reduce performance?Will you know if it stops working? And who to contact?Never leave experiments unattended.
44 Emergency Drenching Facilities Eyewash Station:Do you know where the nearest eyewash station is located?Do you know how to use it?Is it free from obstructions?Is the eyewash being flushed weekly to drain sediment buildup and rust?Drench Shower:Do you know where the nearest eyewash station is located? And is it within 10 seconds from your work area?Are there any electrical hazards in the area?Is it being inspected semi-annually by the Facilities Dept?
46 Chemical Spill KitEvery laboratory has at least one chemical spill kit.Absorbent socksAbsorbent padsHazardous waste labelKnow the location of the spill kit and assure itis constantly stocked.Understand which chemicals can and cannot be cleaned up safety.Contact EH&S for assistance.
47 Personal Protective Equipment Personal Protective Equipment such as gloves, safety glasses, and lab coats should be provided by the lab or department.Gloves:No one glove material is best for all chemicals.Choose the glove with the lowest permeability forthe chemical you are using.Glove-Chemical compatibility chartsMaterial Safety Data SheetsEnvironmental Health and Safety DepartmentReusable gloves should be inspected prior to use.Remove lab gloves and dispose appropriately to avoid exposure.
48 Personal Protective Equipment Goggles/Glasses:Similar to gloves, be sure eye protection is appropriate for the hazard.Safety glasses alone are not always enough to protect against chemicalsplashes and flying debris. Goggles or face shields may be needed.Prescription are not enough to protect against chemicalsplashes and flying debris.Lab Coats:Lab coats, coveralls, or aprons should be used where there is danger to the skin.Every person working in a laboratory must be wearing a lab coat.Lab coats should not be worn in common areas such as halls, elevators,and lunch rooms.Laundry services should be provided by the lab or department.
49 General Lab Hygiene Do not eat or drink in a laboratory. Do not wear open toe shoes in a laboratory.Do not wear skirts or shorts that expose your legs when working in a laboratory.Loose clothing and long hair should be confined.Understand potential hazards associated with wearing jewelry.Mouth pipetting is prohibited.Wash and clean work areas when work is complete.
50 Cryogenic LiquidsAlways wear adequate protective clothing, eye and face protection and heat resistant gloves when dealing with cryogenic liquids.Store liquid nitrogen, dry ice and any other liquefied gases in well-ventilated areas.Do not store in walk-in cold rooms, as these are not ventilatedSeal sample tubes tightly before storing in liquid nitrogen. Improper sealing of tubes can cause an explosion upon removal from liquid nitrogen temperatures.
51 Pending the content, various levels of training is needed. Shipping MaterialsNo one should ship or participate in the packaging or preparation of biological or chemical material without completing the required training. Failure could result in penalties of $30,000.Pending the content, various levels of training is needed.Training for shipment of hazardous material can be arranged through the EH&S Department. Scheduling of this training should be done well in advance of the projected shipment date.
52 We thank you for your time and cooperation in helping Tufts University and yourself maintain continued compliance with applicable regulatory requirements.Completion of this training is an annual requirement. All material will be updated as required.Questions or comments can be directed to the Environmental Health and Safety Dept. x