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English Syllable Agnieszka Tuszyńska. Outline n Two representations of the English three consonant onset –Tree representation –Table of transitions n.

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Presentation on theme: "English Syllable Agnieszka Tuszyńska. Outline n Two representations of the English three consonant onset –Tree representation –Table of transitions n."— Presentation transcript:

1 English Syllable Agnieszka Tuszyńska

2 Outline n Two representations of the English three consonant onset –Tree representation –Table of transitions n Conclusions about English CCCV n Other types of English syllable onsets n English syllable codas

3 s p t k C1 l r r l r w j V1 V3 eIeI V4 V5 V6 V2 Tree representation of English CCCV onsets

4 12s- 231p- 232t- 233k- 234C1p, t, k 3141l- 3142r- 3243r- 3344l- 3345r- 3346w- 3447j- 415V1 I, e, Q,,, i :, E :, eI, aI 425V2 I, e, Q,,, i :,,u :, eI, aI, aU 435V3 I, e, Q,,, i :,, a :,,u :, eI, V4 I, Q,,, i :,, u :, eI, aI, 465V5 I, e,, i :,, E :, eI, aI, aU,, e 475V6u :, U from to through meaning v A v A :c:c e :c:c v A eIeI v A eIeI e :c:c A e

5 Conclusions about three consonant syllable onsets. n In English only /s/ can occur as the first element of CCC clusters, whereas in Polish : /pStSowa / n In English a limited number of sounds occurring as second elements; only three fortis stops / p, t, k / n small number of possible third elements / l, r, j, w / n /spw/, /stl/, and /stw/ never occur in initial CCCV, whereas in Polish : /spwavits’/, /stlits’/, /stwotSIts’/ n there is a single example of the initial sequence /smj/ in the word “smew” n three is the biggest number of consonants in an English syllable onset, whereas in Polish: /strfonits’/

6 Other types of English syllable onsets n /N/ never occurs initially; it is the same in Polish n /hw/ never occurs in initial CCV, whereas in Polish : /hwopiets/, /hweptats’/ n /sp/ is the only cluster occurring before all vowels in initial CCV

7 English syllable codas n /r, h, j, w/ do not occur in final VC n only /d/ occurs after all vowels in final VC n only /dz/ occurs after all vowels in final VCC n the biggest number of consonants in a syllable coda is 3, whereas in Polish : /nastempstf/

8 Vowels in English syllables n there are ten vowels that can constitute monosyllabic words: /i:/, /A:/, /o:/, /3:/, /eI/, /aI/, n Polish also has vowels that constitute monosyllabic words like “a”, “o”, “i” n all vowels except /U/ and can occur initially in a syllable n all vowels except /e, {, V, Q/ occur finally in a syllable, whereas in Polish: all vowels can occur finally in a syllable.


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