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INDUSTRIAL SPECIALTIES l Petroleum Specialties represent a group of products which find wide application in the various processing industries. These products.

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Presentation on theme: "INDUSTRIAL SPECIALTIES l Petroleum Specialties represent a group of products which find wide application in the various processing industries. These products."— Presentation transcript:

1 INDUSTRIAL SPECIALTIES l Petroleum Specialties represent a group of products which find wide application in the various processing industries. These products are primarily used in processing for manufacture of high quality finished goods. In most cases the petroleum specialties become part of the finished articles. l They impart desirable properties to raw material to facilitate their processing into finished goods. l They assist in the processing operations of the manufactured articles. l They improve quality and serviceability of the materials being processed. l They generally form part of the manufactured articles imparting them desired properties. l They enhance the sales appeal of the finished articles.

2 SPECIALTY PRODUCT SERVICE PROGRAMME l Study of processes l Recommendation of most suitable products l Advise on correct application practices l Follow up on performance of the products l Suggestions for improving performance l Development of products for special applications l Technical service to the customers

3 INDUSTRIAL SPECIALTIES PRODUCT RANGE l ALPROLSPECIAL PROCESS OIL l CONKOTECHAIN CONVEYOR LUBRICANT l DRAWMETMETAL DRAWING OIL l ELASTORUBBER PROCESS OIL l GLAMOLGLASS MOULD OIL l HYTHERMHEAT TRANSFER OIL l KOOLKUTSOLUBLE CUTTING OIL l METAQUENCHQUENCHING OIL l ROLMETROLLING OIL l RUSTOPRUST PREVENTIVE OIL l SPRAY OIL EAGRICULTURE OIL l TRIMOFINSTRAIGHT CUTTING OIL l TRIMOLSTRAIGHT CUTTING OIL l UNIPROTEXTILE OIL

4 CUTTING OILS CUTTING OPERATION l Chip formation in metal cutting l Heat sources l Built up edges l Cutting fluid paths

5 CUTTING OPERATION l Pressure l Friction l Heat

6 NECESSITY OF CUTTING FLUID l Heat generation by external friction is reduced / minimised by placing a suitable lubrication film between the rubbing surfaces of work piece, tool and chip l Cooling / lubrication of contact surface between tool, work piece and chip results in improved finish, higher cutting speeds, depth of cut, reduced power consumption and reduced rate of tool wear. l Prevents the welding/seizure taking place between tool and work piece resulting from high pressure and high temperatures.

7 FUNCTIONS OF CUTTING FLUID l To lubricate the contacting surface of tool, work piece and chip l To cool work piece, tool and chip l To prevent local welding of metal particles to the tool ( minimise built up edges ) l To flush swarf from the cutting area

8 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CUTTING FLUIDS l Cause no rusting and corrosion of machines, work piece and tool l Cause no discoloration or staining of the metal l Should not smoke or foam in use l Have no objectionable odour l Should not decompose chemically in use l Should not be harmful to the machine operator

9 SEVERITY OF METAL CUTTING OPERATION (In Descending Order) l Internal Broaching (Greatest ) l Surface broaching, pipe threading l Plain Tapping, plain threading l Gear Shaving, Cutting and Removing l Deep drilling l Milling l Multi spindle screw machining l Automatic high speed machining l Drilling, shaping, single point turning l Sawing, grinding (Least)

10 TYPES OF CUTTING FLUIDS l WATER MIX TYPE CUTTING FLUIDS - Available as following type l Forming milky white emulsions l Forming translucent emulsions l Containing EP additives and forming emulsions l Synthetic/Chemical type miscible with water l OIL TYPE OR STRAIGHT CUTTING FLUIDS l Straight cutting oils l Mineral oil / Fatty oil type of cutting fluids l Transparent sulfurized and/or chlorinated cutting oils l Dark, heavy duty sulfurized cutting oils

11 WATER MIX CUTTING FLUIDS l Koolkut 30:General purpose emulsifiable oil l Koolkut 40 :Emulsifiable oil meeting IS 1115: 1986 l Koolkut EP 66 :Emulsifiable oil with EP additives l Koolkut 70 :Semi- synthetic oil l Koolkut 80 :Premium Quality emulsifiable oil l Synthkool 100:Semi-synthetic oil

12 STRAIGHT CUTTING FLUIDS( NON STAININMG TYPE) l Trimofin 15:Low viscosity oil for honing l Trimofin 16:Medium viscosity oil l Trimofin 18:High lubricity oil l Trimofin 20:Low viscosity chlorinated oil l Trimofin 21:High viscosity chlorinated oil l Trimofin 23:Sulfurized oil meeting IS 3065 : 1985 l Trimofin 25:Sulfurized oil high viscosity l Trimofin 26:Sulfurized and chlorinated l Trimofin 27:Sulfurized and chlorinated STRAIGHT CUTTING FLUIDS ( STAINING TYPE) l Trimofin 54:Low viscosity sulfurized oil l Trimofin 55:Chlorinated and sulfurized oil l Trimofin 56:Chlorinated and sulfurized oil l Trimofin 58:High viscosity sulfurized oil

13 SOLUBLE CUTTING FLUIDS V/S STRAIGHT OILS CHARACTERISTICSOL. FLUID ST. OIL l Heat generationModerate Low l Cooling abilityHigh Low l Oiliness/LubricityModerate High l Chemical ActivityModerate High l Rust preventionModerate High l Cutting speedHigh Low l Cutting toolsH.S. Tools Carbide

14 ADDITIVES FOR CUTTING FLUIDS l Fatty oils l Sulfurized fatty oils l Chlorinated Hydrocarbons /waxes l Free sulfur l Oxidation inhibitors l Emulsifiers l Deodorants l Bacteriacides

15 TESTS CONDUCTED ON CUTTING FLUIDS l Density l Flash point l Viscosity l Viscosity Index l Pour point l Neutralisation Number l Volatility l Copper strip corrosion test l Emulsion test l Freeze test l Cast iron corrosion test

16 CARE OF CUTTING FLUIDS (SOLUBLE TYPE) l Do not use hard water above 500 ppm for making emulsions l Keep pH of emulsion at 9 l Remove chips and fines regularly l Aerate the emulsion periodically l Clean the system thoroughly when changing the oil l Avoid oil blanket on the surface l Bacterial treatment of the emulsion l Keep the emulsion under circulation during weekly shut down

17 CARE OF CUTTING FLUIDS (OIL TYPE) l Remove chips and fines regularly l Remove the sludge daily l Before and after work, wash hands & forearms and apply suitable barrier cream l Do not wear oily clothes l Wear protective clothings l Use splash guards

18 TRIMOFINS IN PREFERENCE TO KOOLKUTS l When more lubrication is required between the contacting surfaces l When it is necessary to reduce friction between the tool and work piece to maximum extent l In situations where it is necessary to prevent local welding of metal particles to the tool face. Sulfurized additive type straight cutting oil are best suited for this purpose l For machining of magnesium and its alloys, it is necessary to use straight cutting oils as magnesium can combine with oxygen in water and can create fire hazards

19 NUMBERING SYSTEM OF TRIMOFINS BRAND:TRIMOFINS FIRST DIGIT:Indicative of staining/ non-staining properties Number 1 & 2 = Non Staining Number 5 & 6 = Staining SECOND DIGIT:Indicative of potency scale Number 0 = Lowest Potency Number 8 = Highest Potency Potency gradation based on type of EP additive and content Chlorination alone lowest potency Sulfurization with free sulfur highest potency. * If first digit is 1 then second digit indicates % of compounding without EP additives

20 RUST PREVENTIVE OILS TODAYS SHINING MACHINES ARE TOMORROW'S RUST SCRAPS METAL (IRON) WATER OXYGEN

21 RUSTING - IMPLICATIONS l Damage machinery under cover as well as out of door l Delayed schedules l Costly repairs l Expensive Replacements BASIC METHODS OF RUST PREVENTION l Removing causes of Rust (Oxygen and Moisture ) l Increasing the resistance of metal to rusting (Alloying with Chromium, Nickel or Copper) l Application of Protective coatings -Metallic coatings -Lacquers and paints -Oxides and chemically formed films -Petroleum based rust preventives

22 PETROLEUM RUST PREVENTIVES- TEMPORARY RUST PROTECTORS l Low initial cost l Ease of Application l Durability l Impermeability l Sufficient Elasticity of the film l Transparent film

23 CHARACTERISTICS OF PETROLEUM RUST PREVENTIVES THE FILM SHOULD BE l Repellent to water and impervious to both water vapour and gases l Having sufficient thickness and strength to prevent dust or other solid particles from penetrating and coming in contact with metal surfaces l So as not drain out or evaporate from the surfaces l Having self-healing property l Chemically stable and should not harden to a great extent even on continued storage

24 FACTORS AFFECTING SELECTION OF RUST PREVENTIVES l Exposure l Nature of surface and type of equipment. l Handling methods. l Film characteristics desired. l Packaging

25 EXPOSURE l Humidity l Condensation l Corrosive atmosphere l Duration of exposure l Temperature and sunlight l Exposure to Fresh/Salt water l Packaging

26 HANDLING l Rough handling can cause rupture of the rust preventive film and thus expose the metal surface to the atmosphere to cause rusting. FILM CHARACTERISTICS l Oily lubricating film l Greasy lubricating film. l Dry non lubricating film l Transparent film l Ease of removal l Sealing ability l Film stability and durability

27 NATURE OF SURFACES AND TYPE OF EQUIPMENT l Plain smooth surfaces l Parts having threads,crevices and holes l Open assemblies

28 CLASSIFICATION OF RUST PREVENTIVES l Light Duty:For General storage where moderate humidity prevails with occasional condensation. l Moderate Duty:For storage in open sheds or under tarpaulins etc. l Heavy Duty:For most severe conditions of exposure Outdoor storage

29 FOUR CLASSES OF RUST PREVENTIVES CLASSUSE OR COMPOSITION l HOT DIP:DIP PARTS IN MELTED PRODUCT l SOLVENT CUT BACK:VOLATILE CARRIER PLUS FILM FORMING INGREDIENTS l OIL TYPE:LUBRICATING OILS PLUS FILM FORMING INGREDIENTS l EMULSION TYPE:MIXED WITH WATER BEFORE USE

30 HP RUST PREVENTIVES HOT DIP TYPE l Products:Rustop 387 Rustop 388 l Application:Protection during shipment and subsequent storage involving For machined steel surfaces, threaded pipes, dies etc. l Method:Hot Dip SOLVENT CUT-BACK TYPE l Products:Rustop 173, Rustop 274, Rustop 276 l Applications:Indoor protection as well as inter-process/final application l Applied by:Dip, Spray or Brush

31 OILY TYPE l Products:Rustop 276 Rustop 285 Rustop 286 Rustop 287 l Applications:Hydraulic Systems, Gear Cases, Internal combustion engines l Applied by:Circulation

32 EMULSION TYPE Products:Water based Rust Preventive l Applications:Steel sheets in cold rolling industries l Applied by:Dipping

33 NUMBERING SYSTEM FOR RUST PREVENTIVES l Rustop Grades:Non Asphaltic Products l First Digit:Indicative of product formulation :1 for solvent based :2 for oil based :3 for greasy film type l Second Digit:Indicating of film type and product Property :7 for water displacing :8 for oily / greasy film l Third Digit:Indicating of colour :0 to 9 as number increases darker the colour

34 QUENCHING OILS BASICS OF HEAT TREATMENT l When steel is heated and cooled, the iron it contains undergoes a structural change. Hot steel at its critical temperature and above is a solid solution of carbon in face - centered - cubic - iron - Austenite. When Austenite is cooled rapidly it is transformed to Martensite - hardest possible with body centred structure. l This cooling can be done by the process known as Quenching.

35 HEAT TREATMENT - OBJECTIVE l INCREASES - STRENGTH - TOUGHNESS - HARDNESS - WEAR RESISTANCE REDUCE BRITTLENESS IMPROVE MACHINABILITY RELIEF OF INTERNAL STRAINS

36 QUENCHING MEDIUMS l Salt Baths l Brine Solution l Synthetic Quenchants l Petroleum quenching Oils

37 QUENCHING- OPERATING TEMPERATURES NATURE OF BATHTEMPERATURE RANGE ( ° C ) l WATER:UPTO 100 l BRINE SOLUTION:UPTO 102 l OIL:UPTO 260 l SALT: l LEAD:

38 DISADVANTAGES l Salt Baths : - Difficult to automate - Formation of sludge - Quenched parts are difficult to clean - Difficulties in disposing of spent salts and wash water l Brine Solution : - Metal corrosion (water) - Metal distortion - Metal cracking l Synthetic Quenchants - Looses concentration - Expensive - Not easily available

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40 ADVANTAGES OF PETROLEUM QUENCHING OILS Non corrosive Non toxic Suitable for large scale automation Safe to use Easily available Comparatively low price

41 OIL CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCING QUENCHING ABILITY BOILING POINT VISCOSITY OXIDATION STABILITY CHEMICAL STABILITY THERMAL PROPERTIES FLASH POINT FREEDOM FROM WATER

42 COOLING STAGES IN QUENCHING A.Leindenfrost stage or vapour blanket stage - Formation of vapour due to sudden immersion of hot steel - Cooling of steel takes place by conduction and radiation - Vapours are poor conductors of heat - Cooling of metal is relatively slow B.Vapour Transport Stage - Energetic boiling of quenchent - Wetting of metal - Fastest rate of cooling C.Liquid Cooling Stage - Formation of vapour bubbles is stopped - Cooling by conduction and convection - Rate of cooling is slower compared to VT Stage.

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45 TYPE OF PETROLEUMHPC QUENCHING OIL QUENCHING OIL Straight Oils: Metaquench 39 Metaquench 40 Compounded Oils:Metaquench 42 Additive type Oils:Metaquench 43 Metaquench 44 Marquenching Oils:Metaquench 85 Metaquench 86

46 STRAIGHT OILS General purpose quenching oils Compatible with cyanide carry over Can be used from ambient to 90°C COMPOUNDED OILS Blends of straight oil and fatty oils Fatty oils assist in better wetting Not recommended for cyanided parts.

47 ADDITIVE TYPE Blend of straight oil and additives Wetting agents Anti oxidants Detergents and Dispersants MARQUENCHING OILS Bath maintained at martensite temp Imparts less thermal shocks to the metal. Enables accurate and controllable quenching Lesser rejections Used mainly in automotive and bearing industries

48 OPERATIONAL PROBLEMS Insufficient hardness can be due to Change in the composition of steel Insufficient heating of the metal to its critical temperature Time lag in transferring the metal from furnace to bath Thickening of oil due to oxidation / sludging / dirt Inadequate agitation FIRE HAZARDS Contamination with lighter oil fractions. Insufficient circulation. Hot Spots Presence of water beyond 0.5% Foaming Violent Boiling

49 TYPICAL INSPECTION OF QUENCHING OIL GradeViscosityFlashGM 40 °CCOC.°CQUENCHO METER READING, SECONDS Metaquench Metaquench Metaquench Metaquench Metaquench Metaquench °C Metaquench 100 °C

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51 ROLLING OILS

52 METAL ROLLING OILS Rolling of metals is a process by which the thickness of the metal is reduced to the desired level by means of rotating rolls.

53 Metal rolling process may be divided into two basic categories : Hot Rolling:Where the metal is pre-heated and rolled Cold Rolling:Where the metal is rolled at the ambient temperature

54 FUNCTIONS OF ROLLING OIL Reduce friction between rolls. Provide adequate 'Bite' between roll and work. Good conductor of heat. Proper viscosity Good Oxidation Stability Non Corrosive Non Staining Non toxic

55 CHARACTERISTICS OF ROLLING OIL Proper viscosity. Water demulsibility property. Good oxidation stability. Non corrosive. Non staining. Non toxic.

56 SELECTION OF ROLL OILS Type of metal being rolled. Temperature of the metal. Rolling speed. Reduction schedule. Roll oil system-Recirculating or once used. Annealing equipment. Quality requirements.

57 TYPES OF ROLL OILS : Straight Mineral Roll Oils Compounded Roll Oils Emulsifiable Roll Oils HP GRADES : ROLMET 40 ROLMET 43 ROLMET 45

58 TYPICAL INSPECTION OF ROLL OILS CharacteristicsROLMET40 ROLMET N 34 ROLMET V 40 Appearance Clear Clear Clear Viscosity 40 0 C Flash Point COC 0 C Pour Point 0 C Neutralisation No mgh KOH/gm

59 RUBBER OILS

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61 ASTMElastomerTrade names Classification NRIsoprene Rubber NaturalNatural SBRStyrene - Butadiene Rubbers GR-S, BUNA S IIRIsobutylene - Isoprene Rubbers BUTYL NRBNitrile - Butadine Rubbers BUNA N CRChloroprene RubbersNeoprene EPMEthylene Propylene Copolymer EPR, EPN BRButadine RubbersPolybutadiene PB

62 PROCESSING OF GENERAL RUBBER GOODS In order to process crude, synthetic or reclaimed rubber into condition suitable for use it must be put through several processes such as : 1.Break Down 2.Mixing 3.Calendering 4.Extruding 5.Preparation for curing 6.Vulcanizing

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64 COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS USED IN RUBBER GOODS MANUFACTURE Vulcanizing Agents(Sulfur) Accelerators(Sulfur Derivatives) Activators(Stearic Acid) Antioxidants(Phenolic Derivatives) Fillers(Carbon Black) Reinforcing Agents(Nylon, Rayon) Softeners(Easters, Resins, Veg. Oils) Tackifiers Pigments(Colouring materials) Retarders Plasticizersoils / chemicals Anti Ozonants

65 FUNCTIONS OF RUBBER OIL 1. Process Oils: To improve processibility of rubber in milling, mixing and extruding. To improve physical properties of valcanizites To reduce production costs 2.Extender Oils Used in extended SBR aromatic / naphthenic oil use for desired finish They contain 20 to 50% of oils per 100 parts of Rubber. 3.Reclaiming Oils Aromatic oils are widely used. 5% of oil on the wt. of rubber is generally used 4.Secondary Plasticizers Used in PVC cloth manufacture Di-Octyl Phathalate (DOP) Di-Isooctyl Phathalate (DIOP) DI-Butly-Phthalate (DBP)

66 DESCRIPTION OF PETROLEUM OILS (AS PER ASTM) % Saturates% Polar% Asphaltenes Compounds Type 101 (Highly aromatic) 20 Max.25 Max.0.75 Max. Type 102 (Aromatic) Max.0.5 Max. Type 103 (Naphthenic) Mix. 0.3 Max. Type 104 (Napthenic & Paraffinic)65.1 Min.1 Max.0.1 Max.

67 HP RUBBER OILS Elasto 245Paraffinic Elasto 215 Elasto 541Naphthenic Elasto 590 Elasto 710Aromatic Elasto 715 ELASTO 215, 245 Paraffinic Type High Flash Point Low Solvency Greatest use in butyl and EP DM rubbers Used for processing light coloured goods, white walled tyres, shoe soles, toys, sporting goods.

68 ELASTO 541, 590 Naphthenic type Good colour stability Solvency better than Elasto 245 Used as general purpose rubber oil, tyres, mats, footwear, moulded and extruded goods ELASTO 710, 715 Aromatic type Dark colour Compatible with most rubber polymers Automobile tyres, beltings, battery cases For oil extended rubber For rubber reclaiming

69 TESTING OF THE PROPERTIES OF EXTENDER AND RUBBER OILS Specific Gravity Viscosity Flash Points Volatality Pour Point Aniline Point Neutralization Number Refractive Index & Refractive Intercept Viscosity Gravity Constant U.V. Absorptivity

70 REFRACTIVITY INTERCEPT The refractivity intercept of an oil is equal to refractive 20 0 C ½ density 2 0 C. VISCOSITY GRAVITY CONSTANT VGC=(G ) LOG (V ) G=Sp F F GENERAL INTERPRETATION OF VGC VGC RangeOil Type Paraffinic Naphthenic 0.90 and aboveAromatic

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73 RUBBER OILS : NOMENCLATURE Brand ELASTO First Digit: Indicative of aromatic content. First digit multiplied by 10 gives approx. % aromatics. Second and Third Digits: Indicative viscosity Second and Third digits together show approx. 100 OC When product viscosity is more than F Last two digits Multiplied by 10 give products 100 OC.

74 RUBBER OILS PropertiesElasto Viscosity 40 O C--23 Flash Point, COC O C Aniline Point, COC O C Pour Point O C0015 Molecular Analysis ASTM D 2007 Asphltenes Wt %NilNilNil Polar Compounds wt % Aromatics wt % Saturates wt %

75 HEAT TRANSFER OILS

76 Heat transfer fluids or heat carriers are defined as fluids which absorb thermal energy delivered from a source and then by cooling, or change of phase surrender to a place of utilization called a sink.

77 TYPES OF HEAT TRANSFER MEDIA Grases-Air Vapours-Steam Liquids-Mineral Oil

78 HEAT TRANSFER FLUID Major Advantage of Liquid heat transfer fluid Lower cost installation Large diameter piping Safety Valves Capital Cost ReductionSteam Traps Water treatment facilities Lower Operating Cost Low Maintenance Requirement Reduced Make Up

79 PETROLEUM HEAT TRANSFER FLUID Meet the exacting requirement of the customer. Manufactured under special refining process. Contribute an unusual versatility that improves operating characteristics in a number of important respects.

80 SELECTION CRITERIA 1. Design Properties (Heat transfer and Transport properties). Density specific gravity expansion coefficient. Heat capacity (Specific heat). Heat content (Enthalpy). Heat conductivity. Viscosity. 2.Construction Properties (Limited Properties) Physical stability. Chemical stability. Thermal stability. Cost 3.Operation Properties (Handling Properties) Surface tension. Corrosion. Flammability. Physiological effects

81 PROPERTIES OF THERMIC FLUID Reasonably low pour point. Specific heat - heat transfer properties are reasonably well maintained. Thermally stable. Stability to oxidation. Not too viscous at ambient temperature (Cold start problem) Should not loose viscosity too much at high temperature - (High VI) Low vapour pressure - Fairly high Boiling Point Free from water & insoluble materials. Free from acidic reaction.

82 HP HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS HYTHERM 400 HYTHERM 500 HYTHERM 600

83 TYPICAL INSPECTION OF THERMIC FLUIDS CHARACTERISTICS HYTHERM 500 HYTHERM600 Viscosity Kin C3033 Flash Point, COC, 0 C Pour Point, 0 C 0 Neut No, mg KOH/gm Specific C Thermal C

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85 DRAWING COMPOUNDS

86 METAL FORMING PROCESS PRESSING STAMPING FORGING DEEP DRAWING WIRE DRAWING TUBE DRAWING

87 TYPES OF DRAWING HOT DRAWING COLD DRAWING

88 TYPES OF DRAWING COMPOUNDS WATER BASED OIL BASED SOLID LUBRICANTS

89 HP DRAWING COMPOUNDS DRAWMET 15 DRAWMET 22 DRAWMET 44 DRAWMET 66

90 SELECTION OF DRAWING COMPOUNDS TYPE OF DRAWING OPERATION METAL BEING DRAWN SEVERITY OF DRAWING

91 AUTOMOTIVE SPECIALTIES HP KOOLGARD SHOCK ABSORBER OIL SUPER DUTY BRAKE FLUID-DOT3

92 HP SHOCK ABSORBER OILS: HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL LIGHT HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL HEAVY HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL AW HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL TELE

93 SHOCK ABSORBER OILS SHOCK ABSORBER DAMPING EFFECT INCREASES COMFORT SHOCK ABSORBERHYDRULIC TYPE PNEUMATIC TYPE BOTH THESE TYPES OF SHOCK ABSORBERS NEED TO BE OIL FILLED,SEALED FOR LIFE. SHOCK ABSORBER ASSEMBLY HAS RUBBER COMPONENTS TO SEAL OIL LEAKAGE WHICH COMES IN CONTACT WITH OIL. MINERAL OIL AFFECTS RUBBER.HENCE DUE IMPORTANCE IS GIVEN WHILE FORMULATING SHOCK ABSORBER OILS. THUS ANNILINE POINT SPECIFICATION BECOMES IMPORTANT.

94 IMPORTANT MANUFACTURERS OF SHOCK ABSORBERS STALLION SHOX HYDRAULICS LTD. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS GABRIEL INDIA LTD. D.H.WOODHEAD SACHS ARMSTRONG MUNJAL SHOVA(HERO HONDA- REAR) ESCORTS TELE

95 SPECIFICATIONS CHARACTERISTIC HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL TELE AW KINEMATIC VISCOSITY 40 o C o C POUR POINT, o C FLASH POINT, o C ANNILINE POINT, o C RUBBER SWELLING TEST CHANGE IN VOL%MAX.+5 +5

96 SPECIFICATIONS CHARACTERISTIC HP SHOCK ABSORBER OIL LIGHT HEAVY KINEMATIC VISCOSITY 40 o C o C 2.6 AVG. 3.3 MIN. POUR POINT, o C FLASH POINT, o C ANNILINE POINT, o C SAP VALUE,MG.KOH/gm COPPER STRIP CORROSION o C MAX. FOAM STABILITY 0/0/0 0/0/0 2 INC MIN

97 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS ANILINE POINT LOWER THE ANNILINE POINT GREATER THE SWELLING TENDENCY. POUR POINT LOWER POUR POINT MAKES THESE OILS SUITABLE FOR YEAR ROUND SERVICE IN ALL WEATHER CONDITIONS.

98 AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE FLUIDS MINERAL OIL AFFECTS ALL TYPES OF RUBBER HENCE BRAKE FLUID IS NOT MADE WITH USE OF MINERAL OIL. SIMILARLY VEGETABLE OILS DETERIORATE FASTER AT HIGH TEMPERATURE AND CAUSE SAFETY RISK. HENCE NOT USED IN MODERN VEHICLES. MIXTURE OF CASTOR OIL AND ALCOHOL, GLYCOLS AND POLYGLYCOLS ARE USED TO PRODUCE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRAKE FLUIDS.

99 BRAKE FLUIDS ISI HAS WITHDRAWN IS: FOR MODERATE DUTY BRAKE FLUID HP STANDARD BRAKE FLUID NO LONGER MARKETED. WE MARKET TWO TYPES OF BRAKE FLUIDS- -HP HEAVY DUTY BRAKE FLUID MEETS IS: (AMENDMENT-1) SPECS. SUITABLE FOR USE IN MOST AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES AND CARRIES THEIR APPROVAL. -HP SUPER DUTY BRAKE FLUID (DOT 3) MEETS - FMVSS 16 DOT 3 OF USE\A SAE JAN. 80 IS :

100 BRAKE FLUIDS SPECIFICATION HP SUPER DUTY BRAKE FLUID Dot-4Dot 3 KINEMATIC VISCOSITY 0 C 1.5 MIN1.5 MIN C 1800 MAX MAX MAX BOILING POINT 0 C SIGNIFICANCE OF TESTS: REFLUXE BOILING POINT - HIGH REFLUXE BOILING POINT AVOIDS VAPOUR LOCK AT HIGH SERVICE TEMPERATURE

101 AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE FLUIDS MINERAL OIL AFFECTS ALL THESE TYPES OF RUBBER HENCE BRAKE FLUID IS NOT MADE WITH USE OF MINERAL OIL. SIMILARLY VEGETABLE OILS DETERIORATE FASTER AT HIGH TEMPERATURE AND CAUSE SAFETY RISK. HENCE NOT USED IN MODERN VEHICLES. MIXTURE OF CASTOR OIL AND ALCOHOL, GLYCOLS AND POLYGLYCOLS ARE USED TO PRODUCE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRAKE FLUIDS.

102 HP KOOLGARD EFFECTIVE COOLANT FREEZE PROTECTION COOLING SYSTEM PROTECTION

103 HP KOOLGARD MEETS JIS-2234 SPECIFICATIONS MEETS ASTM PERFORMANCE CONCENTRATIONS RECOMMENDED 33% IN WATER FOR AMBIENT TEMPERATURES UP TO (-) 15 OC 50% IN WATER FOR AMBIENT TEMPERATURES UP TO (-) 34 OC


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