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© Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Presentation on theme: "© Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0"— Presentation transcript:

1 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

2 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Snake Bite Paired fang marks, but often only a single mark or a scratch mark may be present Signs and symptoms will depend on the type of snake and venom Signs and symptoms may not appear for hours Treatment DRS ABCD & Call 000 Lay the casualty down and keep completely still Apply a pressure immobilisation bandage to the affected limb Splint the affected limb & Immobilise the casualty completely © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

3 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Snake Bite DO NOT! Wash the bite site Try to catch and identify the snake Cut the bite site Suck the venom out Move the casualty unless in danger Apply a tourniquet © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

4 Funnel Web Spider & Mouse Spider
Paradise First Aid Funnel Web Spider & Mouse Spider Treatment DRS ABCD & Call 000 Lay the casualty down and keep completely still Apply a pressure immobilisation bandage to the affected limb Splint the affected limb & Immobilise the casualty completely © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

5 Red Back & White Tailed Spider
Paradise First Aid Red Back & White Tailed Spider Treatment DRS ABCD Apply cold pack Watch for allergic reaction Seek medical advice © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

6 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Bee & Wasp Sting Potential Signs & Symptoms Immediate pain Local swelling and redness Treatment Remove Sting (bee) Apply ice pack for the pain © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

7 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Fire Ants Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain and burning at the site Swelling Treatment Rinse ants off with running water Wash with soap and water or disinfectant Apply ice packs for the pain © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

8 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Paralysis Ticks Potential Signs & Symptoms Local irritation Lethargy Muscle weakness Unsteadiness in walking Double vision Difficulty in swallowing and breathing Treatment DRS ABCD Tweezers either side of the head and pull straight out Apply disinfectant © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

9 Blue Ringed Octopus & Cone Shell
Paradise First Aid Blue Ringed Octopus & Cone Shell Treatment DRS ABCD & Call 000 Lay the casualty down and keep completely still Apply a pressure immobilisation bandage to the affected limb Splint the affected limb & Immobilise the casualty completely © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

10 Box Jelly Fish & Irukandji Jelly Fish
Paradise First Aid Box Jelly Fish & Irukandji Jelly Fish Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Carefully remove tentacles but do not rub Apply liberal amounts of vinegar to the area DO NOT use a pressure immobilisation bandage Be prepared to start CPR © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

11 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Blue Bottle Jelly Fish Potential Signs & Symptoms Blue tentacles stuck to the body Red welts on the skin Pain for some hours Pain in the groin and armpits Treatment DRS ABCD & reassure patient Remove tentacles, do not rub Immerse the affected area in hot water, as hot as the casualty can tolerate If hot water is not available, apply an ice pack © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

12 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Fish Stings Potential Signs & Symptoms Extreme pain Bleeding, swelling and discolouration at the site Panic, irrational behaviour Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Immerse the affected area in hot water, as hot as the casualty can tolerate © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

13 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Diabetes What is it? Type 1 & Type 2 Hypoglycaemia – Too little blood sugar Hyperglycaemia – Too much blood sugar © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

14 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Diabetes Hypoglycaemia Potential Signs & Symptoms Quick onset of symptoms Sweating Pale, clammy skin Weakness, tiredness Trembling Confusion & aggression Vomiting © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

15 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Diabetes Hypoglycaemia Treatment DRS ABCD Give a sugary drink If no improvement after 5 mins give more Call 000 if no improvement If casualty is unconscious do not give them anything to eat or drink, follow DRS ABCD © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

16 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Seizures Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Provide a safe environment Place padding around the person if safe to do so Put person into the recovery position once the seizure stops or diminishes Cover with a blanket if loss of bladder control Get bystanders to move away Do not restrain the person (unless essential to prevent injury) Do not put anything in their mouth (including fingers) Do not hold on to their head Record start/finish time of seizure Reassure until fully recovered © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

17 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Febrile Convulsions © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

18 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heart Attack © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

19 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heart Attack Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain or discomfort in the chest Pain described as crushing or squeezing Pain may radiate to the left arm, jaw, shoulder, back and neck Shortness of breath Nausea / vomiting Sweating Pale/grey clammy skin Feeling of impending death Feeling of needing to use the toilet © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

20 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heart Attack Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Get the casualty to stop and rest Sit the casualty upright with knees supported Assist with medication Loosen tight and restrictive clothing Reassure Be prepared to start CPR © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

21 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Stroke © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

22 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Stroke Potential Signs & Symptoms Flushed face Loss of movement and feeling down one side of the body Severe headache Difficulty swallowing Slurred speech Altered level of consciousness Pupils may differ in size Pounding, rapid pulse Facial droop Look and feel ill Nausea / vomiting © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

23 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Stroke © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

24 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Stroke Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Reassure the casualty Loosen tight clothing Maintain body temperature Rest in semi reclined position (if able to maintain airway) Roll in to recovery position if unconscious or unable to maintain airway Ensure airway is open and clear Nil by mouth © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

25 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Poisoning Ingested (Swallowed) Inhaled (Breathed In) Absorbed (Through the Skin) Injected (Pierced Skin) © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

26 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Poisoning Potential Signs & Symptoms Ingested Looking & feeling unwell Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea Abdominal and / or chest pain Altered conscious state Headache Breathing difficulties Seizures Inhaled Pale or bluish skin to indicate lack of oxygen Possible visible burns to face and neck Injected Possible visible injection site Red / discoloured skin Other signs and symptoms will depend on the injected poison Absorbed Red or burnt skin Other poisoning sign & symptoms © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

27 Poisoning Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 if required
Paradise First Aid Poisoning Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 if required Treat life threatening conditions Do not make the casualty vomit If vomiting occurs, keep to show emergency services If CPR is required, ensure protection is taken to ensure you do not become contaminated (i.e Mouth to mask technique) © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

28 Poisons Information Centre
Paradise First Aid   Poisons Information Centre © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

29 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Drug & Alcohol Abuse Common Drugs Amphetamines Also known as speed, goey, whiz, crystal, meth, base, paste, ice, shabu. Alcohol Cannabis Also known as marijuana, grass, pot, ganja, mull, hash, dope, yarndi, skunk, hydro. Cocaine Also known as coke and sometimes available as freebase or crack. Ecstasy Also known as E, pills. Hallucinogens Includes Magic Mushrooms and LSD (also known as trips, acid, tabs, wangers, microdots). Heroin Also known as hammer, H, shit, smack, horse, harry, white, scag, junk, slow, rock. Steroids (Anabolic Androgenic Steroids) Volatile Substances (Solvents, Inhalants) Includes a wide range of different substances such as petrol, spray paints, some glues, laughing gas (nitrous oxide), butane and other chemicals. © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

30 If CPR is required, ensure protection is taken
Paradise First Aid Drug & Alcohol Abuse Treatment of Suspected Drug Use/Overdose DRS ABCD Call 000 Be aware of your own safety including the possibility of contaminated needles. Do not put yourself in danger Manage life threatening conditions Do not leave the casualty alone unless you are in danger Roll casualty into recovery position if they have a reduced level of consciousness or are unconscious If CPR is required, ensure protection is taken (i.e Mouth to mask technique or continual chest compressions only) © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

31 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Needle Stick Injury Treatment of Needle Stick Injury Wash the area with soap and water If water is not available use hand wipes and alcohol-bases liquid or gel An antiseptic such as povidine-iodine may also be applied Cover with a dressing Immediately seek medical attention © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

32 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Questions & Break © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

33 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Secondary Survey Top to toe examination of the casualty Monitor vital signs Ask bystanders for information Look for medical alert devices Take a good history from the casualty Allergies Medication Previous relevant medical history Last food and/or drink Events leading to the incident © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

34 Shock Shock is a loss of effective circulation
Paradise First Aid Shock Shock is a loss of effective circulation resulting in impaired tissue oxygen, and nutrient delivery and causes life threatening organ failure. Severe bleeding Major or multiple fractures or major trauma Severe burns or scalds Severe diarrhoea and vomiting Severe sweating and dehydration © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

35 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Shock Potential Signs & Symptoms Pale, cool, clammy skin Irritability / restlessness / anxiety Irrational behaviour & confusion Drowsiness Muscle weakness Rapid, shallow breathing Rapid weak pulse Nausea / vomiting Thirst Feeling cold Reduced level of consciousness Collapse or unconsciousness © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

36 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Shock Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Lay casualty down Render the necessary first aid treatment Elevate the legs if injuries permit Provide reassurance Maintain body temperature Loosen tight and restrictive clothing Ensure good oxygen flow Nil by mouth © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

37 Remember to call 000 for life threatening bleeding
Paradise First Aid External Bleeding Treatment Pressure, Elevation, Rest, Treat for Shock Wear personal protective equipment Apply direct pressure to wound Elevate above the level of the heart Rest and reassure the casualty Treat for shock if required Nil by mouth Remember to call 000 for life threatening bleeding © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

38 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
External Bleeding © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

39 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
External Bleeding © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

40 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Embedded Objects © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

41 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Amputation © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

42 Constrictive Bandage (Tourniquet)
Paradise First Aid Constrictive Bandage (Tourniquet) As a last resort and only when other methods of controlling bleeding have failed. life-threatening bleeding e.g., traumatic amputation of a limb or major injuries with massive blood loss. 5cm wide Note time applied on bandage Not to be removed once applied Do not apply directly to the wound or over a joint Do not cover constrictive bandage with any other bandages or clothes © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

43 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Minor Wounds Use swabs and sterile saline to clean the wound Cover with a non-adherent dressing Watch for signs of infection Seek medical advice if required © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

44 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Nose Bleeds Pinch the fleshy part of the nose Get the casualty to lean forward Ask the casualty to breath through their mouth Maintain pressure for 10 minutes Apply a cool compress to the back of the neck and the forehead If bleeding persists apply pressure for a further 10 minutes If the bleeding is still not controlled call help © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

45 Traumatic Abdominal Injuries
Paradise First Aid Traumatic Abdominal Injuries © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

46 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Fainting © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

47 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Crush Injury Car accidents Falling masonry Mine shaft collapse Trench cave-in © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

48 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Crush Injury Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 If safe and physically possible, all crushing forces should be removed as soon as possible after the injury. If the crushing force has been in place for 30 min or longer (or the first aider is unsure of time) the crushing force should not be removed Control any external bleeding Reassure and monitor the casualty © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

49 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Internal Bleeding © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

50 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Internal Bleeding Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain and tenderness over or around the area Rigidity, swelling and distension Discoloration of the skin in the affected area Shock The appearance of blood from a body opening History of an injury © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

51 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Internal Bleeding Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Control any external bleeding Treat for shock Provide reassurance Nil by mouth Place casualty in appropriate position determined by injuries Keep any body fluids to show ambulance crew © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

52 Using Bandages – Practical
Paradise First Aid Using Bandages – Practical © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

53 Bandages – Important Points
Paradise First Aid Bandages – Important Points Check circulation once bandage is applied and continue to monitor Continue the pressure and elevation If bleeding persists Apply further, firmer bandages over the first to control heavy bleeding It may be necessary to remove the first bandage to check the bleeding point if major bleeding continues © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

54 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Questions & Break © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

55 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Burns Superficial first degree Partial thickness second degree Full thickness third degree © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

56 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Burns Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Cool burn with cool running water for at least 20min Where possible remove clothing and jewellery close to the burn site (as long as they are not stuck to the skin) Cover the burn with a non stick dressing (cling wrap) Where possible elevate burns to help reduce swelling Treat for shock © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

57 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Burns Do Not! Remove clothing or jewellery that sticks to the skin Use lotions, ointments or creams other than hydrogel Use ice or ice water Burst blisters Use dressings that may stick to the burn site © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

58 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Chemical Burns DRS ABCD Call 000 Avoid contact with any chemical or contaminated material Consult Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Remove contaminated clothing Brush powdered chemicals from skin Rinse with cool running water for at least 20 min Ensure that the chemical does not spread further © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

59 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Electrical Burns Ensure the casualty is disconnected from the electrical source Remember to look for and treat exit burns Be aware of irregular heart rhythms © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

60 Burns – Urgent Treatment
Paradise First Aid Burns – Urgent Treatment Children, infants and the elderly highly susceptible to shock and infection Burns to special areas. Hands, face, feet, genitalia, major joints Burns that circle limbs, chest or throat Burns to the mouth with associated inhalation injuries © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

61 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heat Exhaustion Potential Signs & Symptoms Pale, cool, clammy skin Rapid breathing Profuse sweating Cramps Thirst Nausea/vomiting Headache Lethargy © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

62 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heat Exhaustion Treatment DRS ABCD Complete rest in a cool environment Lay the casualty down and elevate legs Remove excess clothing Cool by fanning Sponge with cool water Give sips of cool water © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

63 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heat Stroke Potential Signs & Symptoms Flushed, hot, dry skin Sweating has ceased Rapid, weak pulse Irrational, aggressive and confused Fatigue Visual disturbances Headache Nausea/vomiting Seizures Coma, cardiac arrest © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

64 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Heat Stroke Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 (heat stroke is an emergency) Complete rest in a cool environment Remove excess clothing Lay the casualty down and elevate legs Give sips of cool water Cover the casualty in a wet sheet and fan air over them Apply ice packs to the groins, armpits and back of the neck © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

65 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Drowning DRS ABCD – Check airway in the recovery position Call 000 Do not attempt a rescue beyond your capabilities Treat for hypothermia Suspect and treat for spinal injuries © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

66 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Near Drowning There must be careful observation of immersion victims because of possible deterioration after an apparently successful rescue. Complications following immersion, even those that appear to be well following resuscitation. For this reason any immersion victim must always be assessed in hospital. © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

67 Eye - Minor Foreign Object
Paradise First Aid Eye - Minor Foreign Object Treatment Tilt head towards injured eye Gently flush the affected eye with Sterile saline or clean water Cover eye to restrict movement Seek medical attention © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

68 Eye – Major Embedded Object
Paradise First Aid Eye – Major Embedded Object © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

69 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Ear – Foreign Object Treatment Irrigate the ear using sterile saline, clean water or warm vegetable oil may free small objects If unsuccessful, pad over injured ear and seek medical attention © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

70 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Head Injuries Potential Signs & Symptoms Loss of memory Blurred vision Slurred speech Aggressive / confused Seizures Reduced level of consciousness or drowsiness Wound to head Changes in the shape and size of pupils Headache Nausea/vomiting Blood/clear fluid escaping from ears, nose or mouth © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

71 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Head Injuries Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 If unconscious place casualty in recovery position (if fluid leaking from one ear, place casualty on the side of leakage to allow to drain) If conscious rest in a semi reclined position Monitor airway, breathing Monitor and record conscious level Control external bleeding Suspect and treat for spinal injuries © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

72 Look at the history of the accident!
Paradise First Aid Spinal Injuries First Aiders must be suspicious of spinal injuries in accidents where velocity is involved, where a severe head and/or chest injury is present or where a casualty has multiple injuries Look at the history of the accident! © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

73 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Spinal Injuries Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 If conscious encourage the casualty not to move Pack supportive material around the casualty Hold on to casualties head to prevent movement If unconscious place casualty in recovery position using the spinal log roll if possible © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

74 Spinal Log Roll – Practical
Paradise First Aid Spinal Log Roll – Practical © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

75 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Sprains & Strains Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain Tenderness and discomfort when weight bearing Swelling Bruising and discoloration © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

76 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Sprains & Strains Treatment R.I.C.E.R Rest – get the casualty to stop and rest. Reduce movement Ice – Apply an ice pack for the pain and swelling Compression – Apply a compression bandage Elevation – Elevate the area to restrict blood flow and reduce swelling and pain Refer – Refer the casualty to appropriate medical professional © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

77 DO NOT REPLACE A DISLOCATION
Paradise First Aid Dislocations Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain, deformity, reduced mobility, bruising, swelling Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Immobilise & support in the most comfortable position Treat for shock DO NOT REPLACE A DISLOCATION © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Dislocations © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Dislocations © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Dislocations © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Dislocations © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

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Dislocations © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

83 Fractures Potential Signs & Symptoms Treatment
Paradise First Aid Fractures Potential Signs & Symptoms Pain, deformity, bruising, swelling, reduced mobility, crepitus, tenderness, bleeding (if open fracture) Treatment DRS ABCD Call 000 Control bleeding Support & Immobilise in the most comfortable position Treat for shock If you have any doubt as to whether an injury is a fracture, always treat as a fracture and seek medical attention. © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

84 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Closed Fracture – Arm © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

85 Closed Fracture – Collar Bone
Paradise First Aid Closed Fracture – Collar Bone © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

86 Complicated Fracture – Femur
Paradise First Aid Complicated Fracture – Femur © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

87 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Open Fracture – Leg © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

88 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Fractures Jaw Collar bone Upper arm Lower arm Wrist Fingers Ribs Pelvis Legs Ankle Toes © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

89 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
First Aid Kits © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0

90 © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0
Thank You! Any Questions? © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 01/05/2012 V1.0


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