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Source: C. Benton Monitoring Program Development David Senn, Emily Novick, Anthony Malkassian February 4, 2014 1.Background/assumptions 2.Monitoring Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Source: C. Benton Monitoring Program Development David Senn, Emily Novick, Anthony Malkassian February 4, 2014 1.Background/assumptions 2.Monitoring Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Source: C. Benton Monitoring Program Development David Senn, Emily Novick, Anthony Malkassian February 4, Background/assumptions 2.Monitoring Program Development: proposed approach a.3 year plan b.Year 1 3.Feedback

2 Discussion Topics/Questions Highest priority experimental studies to inform monitoring? Highest priority data analysis to inform monitoring? Approach to program development Goal: Feedback on discussion topics

3 Nutrient science/management questions Increasing biomass  does trajectory indicate future impacts? Phytoplankton composition, toxins  Caused by nutrients? Low DO in margin habitats, impacts  Anthropogenic nutrients? Future adverse impacts  Current loads + future scenarios How do various nutrient sources contribute to ambient concentrations (space, time) Bay? What load reductions will mitigate or prevent impairment?

4 Monitoring Program Background 1.Need for a sustainably-funded, regulatory-driven nutrient monitoring program 1.Declining support ($) for USGS science program 1.Future monitoring program will a.include/build around current USGS program + other efforts b.regulatory-driven approach will have different requirements 1.Program should be an optimal blend blend of ship-based measurements, moored sensors, and other methods (e.g., AUVs, remote sensing)

5 5.Broad goals of program: a.Assess current conditions (impaired? yes or no) b.Track status and trends c.Data for model calibration (physical, chemical, biological) 5.Want/need to take advantage of cooperative/collaborative efforts a. USGS-Menlo Park b. USGS-Sac (moored sensors) c. IEP/DWR (both discrete and moored programs) d. other institutions (e.g., RTC) 5.Need for a research vessel a. Polaris aging, USGS may not continue supporting b. need to carry out work on shoals/shallows Monitoring Program Background

6 What will shape Monitoring Program?

7 Nutrient Science Program Modeling Monitoring Special Studies Assessment Framework Loads

8 Modeling Assessment Framework Nutrient Management/Science Questions Indicators Monitoring -chl-a -dissolved oxygen -phytoplankton composition -algal toxins -… -others (?) Supporting measurements -… e.g., identify magnitude, duration, size of a problematic bloom spatial/temporal resolution of monitoring to detect a problem Model Calibration - high resolution data (moored sensors for chl-a, DO, turbidity) - additional analytes (e.g, TN, TP) - rate measurements - hydrodynamic or physical data

9 Thompson et al., 2008 What monitoring is needed to detect this? Either for… -compliance -model calibration Moorings, continuous sensors Long-term USGS cruises/stations ? ? ?

10 9/6/13 9/8/13 9/10/13 Dumbarton Chl-a Dissolved Oxygen 9/6/13 9/8/13 9/10/13 Alviso Slough Chl-a Dissolved Oxygen 9/6/13 9/8/13 9/10/13

11 Sloughs Former Salt Ponds %Time below 5 mg L -1 n=10 n=14 SFEI (2013) DO in Sloughs and Former Salt Ponds (data = ) 0

12 Alviso Slough: June 2012 – April 2013 Data: M Downing-Kunz, USGS

13 Phytoplankton composition in South Bay and Lower South Bay s36 s32 s27 s18 Data: USGS Cell counts (%total) Centric Diatoms Pennate Diatoms Cryptomonads Dinoflagellates Euglenoids Other Flagellates Green Algae Cyanobacteria

14 Modeling Assessment Framework Nutrient Management/Science Questions Indicators Monitoring -chl-a -dissolved oxygen -phytoplankton composition -algal toxins -… -others (?) Supporting measurements -… e.g., identify magnitude, duration, size of a problematic bloom spatial/temporal resolution of monitoring to detect a problem Model Calibration - high resolution data (moored sensors for chl-a, DO, turbidity) - additional analytes (e.g, TN, TP) - rate measurements - hydrodynamic or physical data

15 Monitoring Planning Needs Habitats Deep subtidal Shoals margins Compartments Sediments – Biota – chemistry/process Water column – Basic chemistry – Other chemistry, processes, toxins – Phytoplankton biomass, composition – Other biota Approach Ship-based Moorings, AUVs What to measure Analytes/processes Approach(es) Organizational/Institutional Funding, partnerships, logistics

16 Implement Phase 1 v → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0

17 Implement Phase 1 v1.0 March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Reporting or meetings Assessment framework Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→|

18 Implement Phase 1 v1.0 March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Reporting or meetings Assessment framework Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→|

19 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Reporting or meetings

20 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Reporting or meetings

21 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Reporting or meetings

22 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Reporting or meetings

23 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Reporting or meetings

24 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Reporting or meetings

25 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Reporting or meetings

26 Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Reporting or meetings Programmatic/Institutional Considerations

27 March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Implement Phase 1 v Assessment framework → Phase 2 v1.0 → Phase 3 v1.0 → Phase 1 v1.1, v2.0 Reporting or meetings Iterative refinement of indicators, criteria, etc. →|→| →|→|→|→| Inventory potential program components to address high priority issues Monitoring program Development Evaluate and prioritize monitoring program components Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Model development Carry out modeling studiesModeling Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Draft Program Structure Program Structure v1.0 Programmatic/Institutional Considerations

28 March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan

29 Monitoring Planning Needs Habitats Deep subtidal Shoals margins Compartments Sediments – Biota – chemistry/process Water column – Basic chemistry – Other chemistry, processes, toxins – Phytoplankton biomass, composition – Other biota Approach Ship-based Moorings, AUVs What to measure Analytes/processes Approach(es) Organizational/Institutional Funding, partnerships, logistics

30 March 2014 Draft Program Development Plan Lay out issues related to … Habitat Compartments Approach What to measure/how Organizational/Institutional Put forward… Approach for monitoring program development Obvious major components Major unknowns, uncertainties

31 Monitoring Program Investigations Identify studies and data analysis needed to inform monitoring component requirements/structure Carry out Data analyses/studies Carry out Experimental studies Experimental Studies Measuring phytoplankton composition Pigments flow cytometry/imaging Toxins ✔ ✔ Data analysis Historical data: spatial/temporal resolution to address need Historical data + modeling what are we measuring (mixing, space, time)? Moored sensors: data analysis, logistics/maintenance ✔ ✔ ✔ Some work underway

32 Discussion Topics/Questions Highest priority experimental studies to inform monitoring? Highest priority data analysis to inform monitoring? Approach to program development


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