Presentation on theme: "Scaled Approach and Youth Rehabilitation Order YOT Briefing pack v1.2"— Presentation transcript:
1 Scaled Approach and Youth Rehabilitation Order YOT Briefing pack v1.2
2 Objectives To give you an overview of: The Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (CJ&I)The Scaled ApproachThe Youth Rehabilitation Order (YRO)To outline the YJB’s approach to implementation support for YOTsTo begin planning operationally and strategically for implementationTo give an overview of the significant changes coming into force as a result of the Criminal Justice & Immigration Act 2008
3 Overview of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 including the Youth Rehabilitation Order
4 Key aspects of the CJ&I Act 08 Purposes of Sentencing 30 November 09YRO November 09Youth Default Orders November 09Changes to Referral Orders 27 April 09Youth Conditional Caution To be advisedCustody-related changes 2008Anti-Social Behaviour Orders 1 February 09Rehabilitation of Offenders Act December 08ContextReceived royal assent in May 2008.A number of the youth justice provisions of the Act have been implemented already with the remaining planned for implementation throughout 2009.The most significant youth justice provision is the YRO which introduces a generic community sentence for children and young people under the age of 18.This sentencing framework mirrors the adult generic community sentence as legislated for in the Criminal Justice Act 2003.
5 Purposes of sentencing Brings purposes of sentencing in line with principal aim of preventing offending and gives equal weight to other factors including welfareWhen sentencing an offender under 18 the courts should give equal weight to:the principal aim of the youth justice system (prevent offending)the welfare of the young person in accordance with section 44 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933, andthe purposes of sentencingpunishment of offendersreform and rehabilitation of offendersprotection of the publicmaking of reparation by offenders to persons affected by their offencesKey messagesWhy has it changed?It is recognised that the youth justice system requires a different approach to sentencing to that of adults, additionally, feedback from courts indicates that they find the current purposes of sentencing for children and young people difficult to reconcile the welfare of the child or young person and the aim of the youth justice system. The new framework brings the purposes of sentencing in line with the principal aim of the youth justice system which is the prevention of offending by children and young people, and gives equal weight to other factors including welfare.It is anticipated that these changes will give the youth justice system a clear sense of direction and that courts will benefit from this clarification. It will allow for the opportunity for courts to strike a reasonable balance when sentencing between the needs of the wider community to ensure public safety and public confidence and the needs of the individual child or young person.
6 The Youth Rehabilitation Order Designed to combine existing community sentences into one generic sentence – the YROWill enable sentencers to tailor sentences to individual risk and needsProvides menu of interventions to tackle offending behaviourProvides robust community sentence that can be returned to on multiple occasions adapting the menu to minimise the use of custodyThe Reparation Order and Referral Order remain as interventions below the YROThe Detention and Training Order remains for serious or persistent offenders where an intensive YRO is not deemed appropriateFor further information please go to the YJB website – Criminal Justice and Immigration Act section.
7 The Youth Rehabilitation Order Length dependent upon what requirements are imposed but cannot be longer than three yearsNo restrictions on the number of times a YRO can be ordered or the number of requirementsSentencing Guidelines Council will issue guidelines to the judiciary in relation the YRO in late summer 2009 to inform training lead by Judicial Studies BoardThe Scaled Approach provides a model for supporting YOTs to tailor proposals effectively in PSRs to the individual’s likelihood of reoffending and risk of serious harm to othersEach of the YRO requirements will have different lengths however the overall maximum length of the order is three years as this applies to the supervision requirementThe Sentencing Guidelines Council is responsible for drafting guidance upon which the Judicial Studies Board will base its training for magistrates. The YJB is committed to working alongside the Sentencing Guidelines Council and the Judicial Studies Board to ensure all messages with regards to sentencing of children and young people are alignedThe Scaled Approach was developed in order to support the new sentencing framework
8 When making a YRO the court: Must consider that the offence is serious enough to warrant a YRO, and that the restriction of liberty must be proportionate to seriousness of offence (ss Criminal Justice Act 2003)Must specify the date by which requirements must be completed (three years’ maximum length, requirements within may be different dates)Court must revoke an existing YRO, Referral Order or Reparation Order before sentencing to a new YRO – existing orders (e.g. Supervision Order) can run concurrently with the YRO for offences committed prior to the commencement of the YROWhat must the court consider before sentencing to a YRO?Before sentencing a child or young person to a YRO, the court must first obtain and consider information of their family circumstances and the likely impact the YRO will have.The court must ensure that if there are two or more requirements attached to a YRO, that these are compatible with each other. Additionally, the court must ensure that any requirement attached to a YRO does not:Conflict with the child or young person’s religious beliefsInterferes with the times, if applicable, that the child or young person is in education or employmentConflict with the requirements of any other youth rehabilitation order to which the child or young person may be subjectIn relation to the last bullet point – please see the slides on transitional arrangements for more information.
9 When making a YRO the court: May make two or more YROs on one sentencing occasion for associated offences (Schedule 1 paragraph 31) but:YROs must be of the same type and run concurrentlyRequirements which can vary for each YRO can run consecutively or concurrentlyWhere a Crown Court makes a YRO it can order that further proceedings relating to that YRO can be undertaken by the youth court and magistrates courtFurther proceedings include:Failure to complyAny application for amendment or revocation
10 What does it replace? Action Plan Order Attendance Centre Order Community Punishment & Rehabilitation OrderCommunity Punishment OrderCommunity Rehabilitation OrderCurfew OrderDrug Treatment and Testing OrderSupervision OrderExclusion OrderIts important to understand that these orders will still be available for those young people who have committed their offence prior to November We are ensuring that the case management systems retain the functionality to continue to record these.
11 YRO Requirements Custody Threshold Supervision Requirement Programme RequirementActivity RequirementAttendance Centre RequirementCurfew RequirementEducation RequirementResidence Requirement (16/17 year olds only)Local Authority Residence RequirementDrug Treatment RequirementDrug Testing Requirement (14 years old or over)Mental Health Treatment RequirementIntoxicating Substance Treatment RequirementExclusion RequirementProhibited Activity RequirementElectronic Monitoring RequirementUnpaid Work Requirement (16/17 year olds only)Intensive FosteringIntensive Supervision and SurveillanceThe YRO essentially brings existing legislative powers under one order.The YJB is drafting practice guidance in relation to the YRO and we hope to have this published around September. We will also begin to communicate through regular updates on each of the requirements of the YRO and how we envisage they will work. We are currently working with policy leads internally to ensure agencies involved in the delivery of these requirements are aware of the legislative changes. The YJB however before sending information out to YOTs must ensure that Ministry of Justice lawyers have had sight of the materials.Custody Threshold
12 Custody threshold Custodial sentences: for an imprisonable offence the court forms the opinion that the offence/s are so serious that a community sentence cannot be justifiedcourt states YRO with Intensive Supervision and Surveillance (ISS) or Intensive Fostering not appropriate and reasons why (schedule 4 – paragraph 80 (3))For a non-imprisonable offence, custody is an option only where:it follows ‘wilful and persistent’ non-compliance of a YRO, andthere is ‘wilful and persistent’ non-compliance with a YRO with Intensive Supervision and Surveillance or Intensive Fosteringlength of time in custody is limited – four month DTO for the above situationThere is now an additional requirement on the court when passing a custodial sentence to include in the statement they are already required to make when passing such a sentence to explain why they have reached that decision.This additional requirement is that where a young person is under the age of 18 the court must include a statement that it is of the opinion that the sentence of a YRO with Intensive Supervision and Surveillance or Intensive Fostering cannot be justified and why it is of that opinion.
13 Alternatives to custody The YRO brings into its remit two alternatives to custody:YRO with Intensive Supervision and Surveillance (ISS)YRO with Intensive Fostering (pilot areas only)Conditions:The offence must be imprisonableThe offence is so serious, custody may be appropriateFor under 15 years only if available if deemed persistentMust be deemed persistent to get custody – therefore if court is considering custody for young person under 15 then ISS and Intensive Fostering become availableIf not deemed persistent but the offence is still deemed serious, then a YRO with proportionate requirements should be imposedIt will put ISSP onto a statutory footing.Please note that ISSP remains an option for the community element of the custodial sentence as well as for bail applications. Mary Wyman and Sue Walker at the YJB will be providing further guidance in relation to this.
14 ISS and Intensive Fostering ISS mandatory requirements:An extended activity requirement (more than 90 days but no more than 180 days)Supervision RequirementA Curfew Requirement with electronic monitoring (standalone the exception)Intensive Fostering mandatory requirements:Pilot areas only (London, Staffordshire, Trafford and Wessex)Court must consider whether living arrangements contributed to offendingMust end no later than 12 monthsMust not include any period of time after the young person has turned 18Young person would become looked afterMust include Supervision RequirementFor both orders, additional requirements can be attached (e.g. Programme Requirement) but the YRO is still considered a YRO with ISS / Intensive Fostering
15 DRAFT – Sue Walker - Strategy Manager - YJB Programmes & Innovation who leads on ISSP has consulted with various ISSP Managers on the above model. Further guidance will be provided however if you have further comments please do let us know.NB: If the young person is not eligible for ISSP but the YOT still assesses the young person as posing a high likelihood of reoffending, then the YOT should ensure that they propose a YRO that included the requirements that would be appropriate to manage the level of risk.
16 Custody-related changes PSR must be in writing where possible custody sentence likelyPublic protection sentencesCurfew credit for tagged bail periods, at courts discretion if nine+hours per day, to be taken into account in fixing DTO periodYoung people aged 17 years can be tagged on bail, if court satisfied bail would not otherwise be givenSubject to satisfaction re risk of serious harm to others, automatic 28 day release after recall for 12+ months custodyPSRrs – section 12 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 amends section 158 of CJA 2008 in relation to PSRs. The effect of this amendment is that any PSR for under 18s who is facing a possible custodial sentence, must be in writing.Public ProtectionSection 14, 16 and 25 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 amend sections 226 and 228 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003.Amendments to Section 226 (detention for public protection)Once the seriousness threshold has been met and the court has made an assessment of dangerousness, for cases not falling within subsection 2 (detention for life), the court may impose a minimum custodial sentence of at least two years (before any reduction for time spent on remand and before the Parole Board can consider release on licence).Amendments to section 228 (extended sentence for certain violent or sexual offences)Once the seriousness threshold has been met and the court has made an assessment of dangerousness, for cases eligible for an extended sentence, the court must impose a custodial sentence of at least four years.There will be automatic release in these cases at the half way point (section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act). The extension period begins at the end of the whole custodial period, not at the point of release (if the young person receives a four year sentence they are automatically released at two years, their extension period will begin at the four year point).The entire sentence (custody and extension period) must not exceed the maximum penalty available for that offence.Judicial discretion as to what sentence to impose will be wider as a result of the provisions of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act Where a finding of dangerousness has been made, and the seriousness threshold met, the court has the discretion to impose a detention for public protection, an extended sentence or any other lawful sentence; or, where the offence carries a maximum penalty of less than 10 years, an extended sentence or any other lawful sentence.Curfew Credit – provision is now in forceSection 21 of Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 provides for young people’s custodial sentences to be “credited” with time already spent on electronically curfewed bail.The credit period is half the number of days (at least nine hours per day) that the young person was subject to the curfew rounded to the nearest whole number.It is at the courts’ discretion and they may not decide to count all or any of the available days.The last day of the curfewed period does not count towards the credit period.
17 Breach of YRO requirements It is now within the legislation and National Standards that:Warning must be given for failure to comply without reasonable excuseIf third warning within 12 month ‘warned period’ case must be referred to court for breach proceedingsCourt action can be stayed if exceptional circumstances – with manager approvalCourt penalties for breachNo action – continue with existing YROFine (under 14 max £250 / over 14 max £1000)Amend YRO but not with ISS or Intensive Fostering unless already appliesRevoke YRO and re-sentenceBreach is of the YRO not the requirementThe Act also sets out what information the warning must contain such as:Warned Period – means the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which the warning was given.The circumstances of failure to complyState that the failure is unacceptableState that the offender will be liable to be brought before the courtThe responsible officer must also record the warningAmending the YRO following BREACH:Any amended YROs with new requirements - all requirements must still be completed within three year timeframeWhen amending following breach the court can only add or substitute requirements – it appears as though you can not reduce number of requirements.Where the original order did not contain and unpaid work requirement but following breach a unpaid work requirement was included as part of the amended YRO then the minimum number of hours is 20 rather than 40.Breach takes place in the court at which you were sentenced in unless Crown Court has stated otherwiseNOTE:If offence non-imprisonable custody is an option only where:1. It follows ‘wilful and persistent’ non-compliance of a YRO2. And ‘wilful and persistent’ non-compliance with a YRO with Intensive Supervision and Surveillance or Intensive FosteringLimits on length of time in custody – four month DTO for the above situation
18 Draft transitional arrangements Q1. A young person commits an offence prior to 30 November 2009 but is sentenced after implementation. Which legislation will they be sentenced under?The date that will determine which provisions will apply when a young person is sentenced is the date the offence was committed. See paragraph 1(1)(a) of Schedule 27 to the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008Q2. A young person commits an offence both pre and post 30 November 2009 but is sentenced for both after the 30 November How should they be sentenced?Yes they would have to be sentenced to both old and new ordersPlease note these are draft and we will provide much fuller detail nearer to the time.The information was provided to us by lawyers at the Ministry of Justice.
19 Draft transitional arrangements Q3. A young person is subject to a current order goes on to reoffend after the implementation of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act How should they be sentenced? Can the old and new run concurrently?Yes, however, if the existing order is a “youth community order” then the court will have to ensure, so far as practicable, that any requirement imposed by a YRO is such as to avoid any conflict with the requirement of the existing “youth community order”Q4. A young person is on the community element of their custodial sentence and they reoffend. Can a YRO run alongside this ‘licence’ period?If subject to DTO under s 100 of the Sentencing Act then YRO will have to take effect either instead of or after any supervision period i.e. not at the same time
20 Referral Order changes in the Criminal Justice & Immigration Act From April 2009, Courts can make Referral Orders where:there is one previous conviction and Referral Order not givenprevious bind over or conditional dischargein exceptional circumstances on YOT recommendation in case with previous Referral Orderalso includes where a previous custodial sentence has been givenAnd court discretion to:discharge Referral Orders early for good behaviourextend up to three months at YOT recommendation e.g. non-compliancePlease note that these provisions came in to force on 27 April and guidance will be made available on the YJB website in the near future. For any further questions in relation to Referral Order changes please contact Roger Cullen at the YJB.
21 Youth Conditional Caution Higher-tariff, pre-court disposal available for use by police – must be CPS approvedInitially to be piloted during 2009 with 16 and 17 year olds (date to be confirmed)Only if certain conditions met e.g. signs offence admission, sufficient evidence to charge, Appropriate Adult present if 16 or underAnd can include fine (up to £100) or activity (up to 20 hours) supervised by the YOTNon compliance for Youth Conditional Caution – young person then dealt with by courts as they would have ordinarily been.Please refer to the Youth Conditional Caution Code of Practice (DRAFT) for more information.For further information please refer to theYouth Conditional Caution Code of Practice (Draft)
22 Further community-related provisions Statutory one year reviews of ASBOs for under 17 year oldsISOs must be issued with every ASBO where magistrates’ court consider it would help prevent further antisocial behaviourYouth Default Orders power in lieu of unpaid fine to impose unpaid work (16-17 yrs), curfew (with or without EM) or attendance centreReprimands and Warning spent once given; Youth Conditional Caution after three months; Apply retrospectivelySexual Offences Prevention OrderCourt Ordered Reviews – piloted in Liverpool and will require further consultation and a statutory instrument to implementSexual Offences Prevention Order – We still have limited information in relation to this and it is expected to be used rarely. Section 141 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration act amends the Sexual Offences Act It will mean that some young people convicted of offences listed in the schedule 3 of the Act will become eligible for a Sexual Offences Prevention Order.Court Ordered Reviews – will allow courts to request orders to come back before the court for a formal review. Not currently in place however pilot court areas are being considered. Will provide more information as we receive it.
23 ImplicationsPublic Accounts Committee found for adult Community Orders:Requirement options limited by availability/fundingDelayed starts impacting on completionGeographical variation including enforcementFor YOT and management boardAll YOT partners understand and support the complexity of YRO requirements and the Scaled ApproachRecognise that YOT will case manage orders but expect partners to support contact activitySeek regular Scaled Approach and YRO performance management reports, consider and forward plan to ensure resources match need
24 Overview of the Scaled Approach All information contained in the following slides has been taken from the publish Scaled Approach Model document Version 2 which is on the YJB website.
25 Why introduce the Scaled Approach? Audit Commission (2004) recommendation:‘YOTs should make better use of Asset to determine the amount as well as the nature of interventions with individuals using a scaled approach’Recent review of evidence to develop the revised Key Elements of Effective Practice tells us that interventions are more effective when:the level and intensity of intervention is matched to an assessment of the likelihood of reoffendingit is focused on the risk factors associated with offendingAudit CommissionThe Audit Commission report recommended that the YJB should make changes to national standards to reflect a risk-based approach. The Audit Commission used the term ‘scaled approach’ from which the name of the model is drawn.Also advised us to revise our National Standards for Youth Justice ServicesResearch (See Key Elements of Effective Practice source documents)Andrews et al., 2006 – programme service delivery to offenders who are higher risk produces larger decreases in recidivism than it does for offenders who are lower risk.For further information on risk based approaches the APIS Key Elements of Effective Practice provides the basis for your information.
26 Why introduce the Scaled Approach? YOT interest in a risk-led approach and existing practice in some YOTsSupported by the risk-based pilot that the YJB ran with four YOTs to inform the development of the Scaled ApproachAlready a tiered framework of interventions in the adult sector from which we could gather learningThe YRO will require a more tailored and targeted approach to the proposals made in court reports
27 Reduced risk of serious harm Increased public confidence Anticipated benefitsMore efficient and effective allocation of YOT resourcesFewer young people in custodyStrengthened case management across the youth justice systemImproved practice in assessment quality, pre-sentence reports andintervention planningTailored interventions based on an the young person’s risks and needsThese anticipated benefits and impacts have been drawn information from the pilots.Reduced reoffendingReduced risk of serious harmIncreased public confidence
28 Principles of the Scaled Approach Aims to ensure interventions are tailored to the young person, with more resources directed to those most likely to reoffend and/or pose a risk of serious harm to othersFramework for assessment, proposals to court and youth offender panels, interventions and reviewOverall revised National Standards for Youth Justice Services incorporating the Scaled Approach should not result in additional demands on YOTs
29 Principles of the Scaled Approach Assessment determines frequency of YOT contact and type of intervention appropriate (quality is paramount)Focus on:likelihood of reoffending (using Asset dynamic and static factors)risk of serious harm to others (using Risk of Serious Harm Asset)Professional judgement can be used to amend the assessed intervention level but this decision must be:defensiblediscussed and agreed with a managerclearly recordedAssessment of vulnerability should influence multi-agency input
30 How did we develop the Scaled Approach? Used all available evidence (e.g. Asset Research, Juvenile Cohort Study data, etc)Sought approval from Ministry of Justice lawyersPiloted risk-based approach to interventions with four YOTs (Neath Port Talbot; Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin; Suffolk; and Wessex)Commissioned a process evaluation of the pilots (awaiting publication)Consultation – invited key people from the youth justice system to take part and provide feedbackDeveloped and published the latest draft model in February 2009
32 Does not include pre-court interventions How does it work?The Scaled Approach should be used by the YOT to determine the level of intervention (either standard, enhanced or intensive) required when a child or young person is subject to one of the following court orders:Referral OrderYROCommunity element of a custodial sentenceDoes not include pre-court interventions
33 The Scaled Approach and the YRO The Scaled Approach will enable and encourage YOTs to tailor the content of orders to the individual risk factors and needs of the young personFor example, those at higher risk of reoffending and/or causing serious harm to others receiving the most intensive interventionsThis approach will align closely with the YRO, as the menu of requirements will enable the order to be better tailored to the individualScaled Approach contacts will only be applied to the Supervision Requirement of the YRO. Assessed level of intervention will help YOTs determine proposals for appropriate requirementsIts important to remember that the framework for assessment which is at the heart of the Scaled Approach not only determines the level of contact for a “Supervision Requirement” but it also should be used to assist the practitioner to determine the type of requirement being proposed to the court.
34 Scaled Approach in practice – an example CourtrequestsPSRYOTundertakesassessmentPopulateAsset(and ROSHif applicable)CourtindicateslikelysentenceDeterminepossible YROrequirementsGatherInfo fromrange ofsourcesDetermineScaled ApproachInterventionlevelApplyprofessionaljudgement ifapplicable andseek managerialsignoffPrepare PSRbased on allavailable info
35 Determining Likelihood of Reoffending – static factors ScoringInitial scoreOffence typeMotoring offences/vehicle theft/unauthorised taking = 4Burglary (domestic and non-domestic) = 3Other offence = 0Age at first Reprimand/Caution/Warning10 to 12 = 413 to 17 = 2No previous Reprimand/Caution/Warning = 0Age at first conviction10 to 13 = 414 to 17 = 3No previous convictions = 0Number of previous convictions4 or more = 41 to 3 = 3Total static factors score (0-16)the offence type score is nothing to do with gravity or seriousness - it's about likelihood of reconviction (and was based on reconviction data from the first Asset study)
36 Determining Likelihood of Reoffending – dynamic factors Dynamic factors/Asset sectionScoringInitial scoreLiving arrangements0, 1, 2, 3, 4Family and personal relationshipsEducation, training and employmentNeighbourhoodLifestyleSubstance usePhysical healthEmotional and mental healthPerception of self and othersThinking and behaviourAttitudes to offendingMotivation to changeTotal dynamic factors score (0-48)TOTAL SCORE (0-64)Overall assessedlikelihood of reoffendingRatingStandard (score 0-14 inclusive)Enhanced (score inclusive)Intensive (score inclusive)
37 Determining intervention level Child/young person profileIntervention LevelLow likelihood of reoffending (as indicated by Asset score [dynamic and static factors] between 0 and 14 inclusive)ANDLow risk of serious harm (as indicated by no risk of serious harm assessment being required, or low risk of serious harm assessment)StandardMedium likelihood of reoffending (as indicated by Asset score [dynamic and static factors] between 15 and 32 inclusive)ORMedium risk of serious harm (as indicated by risk of serious harm assessment)EnhancedHigh likelihood of reoffending (as indicated by Asset score [dynamic and static factors] between 33 and 64 inclusive)High risk of serious harm or very high risk of serious harm (as indicated by risk of serious harm assessment)IntensiveRemember that it is the highest of either the likelihood of reoffending score or the ROSH (where triggered) which will determine the intervention level.
38 Statutory contacts for assessed intervention level (likelihood of reoffending Score)Contacts per month for first three monthsContacts per month for rest of orderStandard (0 – 14 inclusive)21Enhanced (15 – 32 inclusive)4Intensive (33 – 64 inclusive)12Low risk likely to need an order with components to repair harm e.g. unpaid workMedium risk may also need components to help them change e.g. education or treatmentHigh risk may need all of these plus a measure of control e.g. curfewThe above may also be required to address offence seriousnessThe contact is a face to face planned meeting between the child/ young person, the YOT case manager, another member of the YOT, or a member of another agency or a volunteer approved to work with the young person in respect of the supervision of his or her court order.
39 Proposals to court Intervention level Function Possible proposal to court (not exclusive)StandardEnabling compliance and repairing harmReparationSupervisionStand-alone unpaid workStand-alone attendance centreEnhancedANDEnabling help/changeRequirement/component to help or change behaviour, e.g. drug treatment, offending behaviour programme, education, programmeCombination of the aboveIntensiveEnsuring control+Requirement/component to help or change behaviourRequirement/component to monitor or restrict movement, e.g. prohibited activity, curfew, exclusion or electronic monitoring
40 Case managementAfter sentencing/ Referral Order contract agreement, a detailed intervention plan should be drawn up in line with Scaled Approach intervention levelsYOT practitioners, as responsible officers, have the discretion to amend the level of supervision where there is clear evidence of a change in circumstances that would lead to amended intervention levelDecisions to amend intervention levels must be recorded in an Asset and discussed with the young person, family, carers, etc.Any welfare or diversity needs should be addressed as part of ongoing case managementYOT and secure estate relationships should be consideredIt’s what you are doing now!
41 Other considerations Criminal Justice: Simple, Speedy, Summary Deter Young Offender Scheme (DYO)From 30 November the ‘Deter Group’ will be those young people falling into the intensive category under the Scaled ApproachThe Office for Criminal Justice Reform has published its management frameworkKnife Possession Prevention ProgrammeSecure estateeAsset changes to allow the Scaled Approach intervention levelsResettlement planning
43 Benefits cited by pilot YOTs ‘A risk-based approach is logical, the most intervention for the most needy should lead to reduced reoffending and public protection’‘Scaled Approach allows you to focus on the high risk offenders – those most likely to reoffend or cause serious harm.’‘Going from what we had to risk-based approach did make us think more about assessment and do more ROSHs’‘Staff are more satisfied with this approach; better professionalism, better consistency, makes jobs more satisfying‘You get time to work with people you need to work with’, ‘It is common sense’‘It’s a more rational approach’ ‘It’s defensible’ ’Putting resources in the right place’’A focus on quality is now taking place’‘I would not go back to the old way of working’
44 Benefits the Scaled Approach can contribute to include: Contribute to reduction of breaches, instances of serious harmIncrease the chances of interventions tackling offending behaviourImprove the quality of assessments, plans and reportsStaff confidence in improved outcomes for young peopleImprove staff satisfactionMore effective use of YOT resourcesHelp enable defensible managerial, operational and resource decisionsImprove sentencer confidenceThese ‘benefits identified to which Scaled Approach can contribute’ is not based on statistical evidence(Need to stress here that the Scaled Approach can contribute to these, but won’t be in isolation)
45 And the possible disadvantages Static factors weighting may adversely affect intervention levels?Increase potential for challenge by courts, defence, young people, youth offender panel members and family?Community / custody transition issuesPractitioners might tamper with the bandingManagement board will withdraw resourcesConcern around sustaining quality where you identify more contactsThe potential disadvantages noted are not based on statistical evidence.
46 Benefits approach: However… Scaled Approach is a journey, involving significant cultural changeIt is straightforward to measure the Scaled Approach in relation to YOT practice (quality, congruence), but it is difficult to have confidence in its effect on key strategic objectives (e.g. reducing reoffending)While benefits to young people can be almost immediate, measuring those and wider benefits is not possible in a short timescale
47 Benefits approach: reporting National measures will be collected via National Indicators and measurements which are already collected through YOT returnsNo new measures planned specifically for Scaled ApproachFor local measures, YOTs will be asked their ‘confidence level’Baseline questionnairePost-Scaled Approach go live questionnaire and post-implementation review
49 Scaled Approach roles and responsibilities Central Implementation TeamWales / Regional Scaled Approach and YRO leadsPurpose –Give an overview of roles and responsibilities of implementation leads and YOTsKey messagesMessages -YOT management ownership of the implementation is essentialGood Communication and working relationship between Central Implementation team and regional and Wales lead is essentialRole descriptions are on the Scaled Approach section of the YJB websiteWhen doing visits/calls on frameworkWales and Regional leadsComplete the Regional/Wales Change Checklist and submit at three set checkpointsEnsure YOT manager is regularly updated and informed of progressEnsure relevant officer attends YOT briefing eventsProactively identify opportunities for YOTs to collaboratively work together where one service covers more than one YOTEstablish YOT readiness for implementationUsing the YOT Change Checklist identify potential areas of risk (e.g. shortfall in resources, lack support from partner agencies)YOT Scaled Approach and YRO leadsWork with Regional / Wales leads by providing local knowledgeEnsure YOT manager is regularly updated and informed of progress of implementing the changes locallyMonitor progress against the YOT Change ChecklistDisseminate knowledge from Regional/Wales briefing events locallyDeliver briefing to courts as requiredAct as single point of contact for YOT managers and regional / Wales Scaled Approach and YRO leadCollate and record data from workload forecasting exercise to analyse local and regional/Wales implications of the Scaled Approach for YOT caseloadsCentral Implementation teamTrish Boyce, Pegah Parandian, Nat Defriend, Peter Sutlieff and Mikesh KotakDeveloping the implementation approachDeveloping the implementation tool set inc. the change checklists, briefing packs and the workload forecasting tool.Collating and analysing the change checklist submissionsYOT management boards, YOT officers, partner organisations, courtsEnsure they are ready for the changesAttend any briefing eventsDisseminate relevant information provided to appropriate staffYOT Scaled Approach and YRO LeadsYOT management boards,YOT officers
50 The role of the Central Implementation Team Design and development of the implementation modelDesign and development of implementation tools for YOT partnerships and Wales / regional teamsKnowledge transfer for YOT partnershipsAdvice and assistance to Wales / regional leadsProactive and reactive support to YOT partnerships in conjunction with Wales / regional leadsInformation and query management
51 Implementation approach: Standard A three tiered approach to delivering implementation will be adopted :Standard offer – what all 157 YOTs will receiveProactive – YOTs that are identified that will need further support with the changeReactive – YOTs that have requested that they need support with the change
52 Implementation approach: Standard Legislative changes and the Scaled ApproachGuidanceToolkitsBriefing packsOU trainingImplementationYOT Change ChecklistContact level forecasting toolPlus regional / Wales support as normal!
53 Implementation approach: YOT Change Checklist (Standard) Based on learning from the pilotsSet of tasks to ensure YOTs are ready for 30 NovemberIt includes:Set-upGovernanceContact level forecasting toolStakeholder engagement (including courts)Staff training and quality assurancePerformance reportingSent out to all YOTS as planned on 23 April
54 Implementation approach: What will happen to the checklists? Checkpoint 1Checkpoint 2Checkpoint 3YOT checklistYOT checklistYOT checklistR/W checklistR/W checklistR/W checklistSubmission to:YOT Change Checklist submission cc Regional/Wales LeadCentral collation, analysis & reportingOngoing monitoring of system-wide implementation readiness
55 Implementation approach: Proactive Upfront planning, based on judgement, impact, knowledge of business, number of casesProactive SupportSTANDARDIn addition to the standard support some YOTs will be identified to require proactive support.
56 Implementation approach: What might proactive support look like? Assistance to YOT on key activities including:Use of contact level forecasting toolEngagement of the management board and establishment of the steering groupEngagement of courts, youth offender panels and YOT officersAdvice on the use of materials and tools generated by the YJB including quality assurance toolkits and benefits measurements packPurpose – Give an overview of what is in the proposed level of proactive supportMessage:Key message has to be that this will be done jointly with the regional and Wales leads and that they will then take over the follow up questions
57 Implementation approach: Identifying who needs proactive support Cap Gemini analysisHeads of Regions/WalesRegional/Wales leads inputConfirmed list of YOTsCompare with existing / impending Performance Consultant workDiscusswith YOTsWales / Regional leadsPerformance ConsultantsCentral Implementation TeamSubmissions from the Change ChecklistsPurpose –Outline how the YOTs who will be approached for proactive support have been identified.Ongoing monitoring and assessment of priorities
58 Implementation approach: Delivering proactive support Wales / Regional leadsPerformance ConsultantsCentral Implementation TeamConfirm with the YOTs identified whether support is actually soughtScoping meeting organised by Wales / regional teamScoping meeting confirms nature of supportSupport delivered by:Regional/Wales lead and/or Central Team)Performance consultantsPurpose –Outline who will be responsible for delivering the proactive supportMessagesConsultancy Teamfor those YOT identified as requiring and or already receiving support from the team will cover the Scaled Approach and YRO as part of their remit.Central Implementation teamWill target those YOT not captured above but identified by the regional / Wales leads as requiring this support.Regional /Wales leadsWill assist Central Implementation Team to deliver the support and then take follow up questions as requiredWhen doing visits/calls on framework – ask how they are getting on with the Scaled ApproachOther senior performance advisersSupport regional / Wales leads in support other YOTs locally through performance visit and become involved in providing reactive support as required.Attended by:YOTsRegional/Wales leadOther regional/Wales repsCentral Implementation Team member
59 Implementation approach Upfront planning, based on judgement, impact, knowledge of business, number of casesProactive SupportSTANDARDReactive SupportRequest from YOTs for assistance
60 Information and query management: Proposed method YOTs submit queries to Wales/regional lead using appropriate mechanismWales / regional response to queryCentral Implementation Team analysis of queriesUpdate FAQsRevise model(if necessary)Revise guidanceand toolkits
61 Project timeline • Kick-off briefing events Phase 1:Project InitiationPhase 2: PreparationPhase 3: ImplementationPhase 4:Post ImplementationApril 09’May 09’ –19 JuneJune ‘09JulAugSeptOctNovDec +Until April 11’• Kick-off briefing events• Scope of Case Management technical solution• First submission of Change Checklist• First formal checkpoint report•Support YOTs•Delivery of further briefing events• Second submission of Change Checklist•National Standards publishedCase Management Guidance published•Case management technical changes developed, tested and deployment commencedSecond formal checkpoint report•YOT Leads delivering knowledge drop in events for YOT staff•Third submission of Change Checklist•National Standards and Case Management guidance distributed.•Technical changes will be deployedThird formal checkpoint report• Monitor benefits• Monitor post implementation issues• Three formal checkpoints to assess the implementation success of the Scaled Approach & YROPlease note, technology dates:Dates are approximate times and subject to change. They reflect current thinking and provide input negotiations with suppliers. They do not yet reflect contracted commitments from the suppliers
62 Project timeline: Post November 2009 December 2009 onwards until April 2011Support usersPost implementation change checklistsPost implementation reviewsBenefits realisation support and trackingEnhancing the Scaled Approach model where necessaryContinued link with the performance frameworkGradual reduction in project team sizeApril 2011Move to business as usual
64 Next stepsReview and plan the suggested activities listed on the YOT Change ChecklistSubmit first Change Checklist on 11 JuneStart using the Scaled Approach section of the YJB website for toolkitsOrganise local briefing events!Attend the second series of events that will be planned for in SeptemberOrganise post September local briefings for your staffProvide any feedback/issues to your Wales/regional leads