Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1- Choosing to be Alcohol-free"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 1- Choosing to be Alcohol-free Chapter 22- AlcoholLesson 1- Choosing to be Alcohol-free
2You’ll Learn toIdentify factors that influence decisions about alcohol use & your healthAnalyze the physical, mental, social, and legal consequences of alcohol useExplain the relationship between alcohol use by adolescents & the role alcohol plays in unsafe situationsDevelop strategies for preventing the use of alcoholDemonstrate refusal strategies regarding alcohol use & the benefits of choosing to be alcohol freeVocabulary: ethanol, fermentation, depressant, intoxication, alcohol abuse
3Do you know which is a myth & which is a fact about alcohol? Read each statement below and respond by writing Myth or Fact for each.Alcohol has the same chemical & physical effects on everyone who drinks.Someone who doesn’t act drunk isn’t drunk.When a person is intoxicated, coffee, a cold shower, or fresh air will sober him or her up.Alcohol impairs judgment and social behaviors.Drinking alcohol on weekends or once in a while is not harmful.No amount of alcohol is safe for pregnant women to drink.Binge drinking has no long-term effects.
4The facts about alcohol Ethanol- the type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages- is a powerful & addictive drug.Fermentation- chemical action of yeast on sugars.Let’s see how it works!
5Immediate effects of alcohol consumption At first drinking alcohol may provide a kind of “energy rush”This initial reaction masks alcohol’s true effect as a depressant.Depressant- a drug that slows the central nervous system.Alcohol quickly affects a person’s motor skills by slowing reaction time & impairing vision.Intoxication- is the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the person’s physical & mental control is significantly reduced.Let’s take a look!disclaimer- there is really nothing funny about these people, they obviously have issues! BUT the video shows how a person’s motor skills are effected by alcohol!
6Factors that influence alcohol use Did you know?Despite the many problems associated with alcohol use, many teenagers still choose to drink. Why?peer pressure- to fit in and be acceptedFamily- parents who discourage and avoid the use of alcohol are more likely to have teens who do the sameMedia messages- target teen audienceBy the time teens reach 9th grade, most will have seen more ads for beer or wine than for any other productA recent study found that 93% of the 200 most popular movie rental depicted alcohol useA review of top-selling rap recordings found alcohol mentioned 47% of the songsLet’s take a look!
7Avoid alcohol: avoid unsafe behaviors Did you know?Alcohol is a serious matter. It is the key factor in33% of suicides50% of homicides62% of assaults68% of manslaughter cases50% of head injuries41% of traffic fatalitiesAlcohol also plays a major role in domestic abuse and injury, child abuse and neglect, and workplace injuries.More than half of all people who drown have consumed alcohol before entering the water.Alcohol-related traffic collisions are the #1 cause of death & disability among teens.Alcohol use is linked with deaths by drowning, fire, suicide & homicide
8Lesson 2 harmful effects of alcohol use Chapter 22 AlcoholLesson 2 harmful effects of alcohol use
9You’ll learn to Examine the short-term effects of alcohol use. Apply responsible decision making by associating the risks & consequences of drinking and driving.Recognizes the dangers of alcohol-drug interactions.Demonstrates refusal strategies concerning alcohol use.Vocabulary: metabolism, blood alcohol concentration, binge drinking, alcohol poisoning
10Short-term effects of drinking The short-term effects of alcohol are different for each individual. Some factors that influences the onset of these effects include:Body size & genderFoodAmount & rate of intakePhysical & mental impairment begin with the first drink of alcohol and increases as more alcohol is consumed
11Alcohol & drug interaction Alcohol & drugs don’t mix…why?Alcohol combined with another drug can result in a multiplier affect.Typical alcohol-drug interactions:Alcohol may slow down a drugs absorption, increasing the length of time its in the bodyIncrease in number of metabolizing enzymes causing meds to be broken down faster, decreasing their effectivenessMetabolizing enzymes can change some meds into chemicals that can damage the liver and other organsAlcohol can increase the effects of some drugs.Metabolism is the process by which the body breaks down substances
12Driving under the influence Drinking alcohol impairs vision, reaction time, and coordination.Driving while intoxicated (DWI), also known as driving under the influence (dui), is the leading cause of death among teens.A person is intoxicated when their blood alcohol concentration (bac) exceeds the state’s legal limit.BAC- is the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage. (.08% in nj)Let’s take a look!
13Binge drinking & alcohol poisoning Alcohol poisoning is a severe a potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose.Alcohol acts as a depressant & shuts down involuntary action (breathing, gag reflex).A person can choke & be asphyxiated by his or her own vomit.Binge drinking is drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting.Binge drinking can lead to alcohol poisoning.Rutgers student dies after drinking at frat house party
14Effects of alcohol poisoning Passing out is a common effect of drinking too much.Alcohol doesn’t stop entering the bloodstream after passing out .Symptoms that indicate alcohol poisoning:Mental confusion, stupor, coma, vomiting and seizuresSlow respiration (10 seconds between breaths or fewer than 8 breaths per minute)Irregular heartbeatHypothermia or low body tempSevere dehydration from vomitingA person who exhibits any of these signs or has passed out may die if left untreated. Call immediately if you suspect someone with alcohol poisoning.
15Lesson 3 Alcohol, the individual, & society Chapter 22Lesson 3 Alcohol, the individual, & society
16You’ll learn toExamine the effects of alcohol use on the body systems & the risk of disease caused by alcohol use.Analyze the harmful effects of alcohol on a fetus.Identify & assess community health services for the prevention and treatment of alcoholism & alcohol useVocabulary- fetal alcohol syndrome (fas), alcoholism, alcoholic, recovery, detoxification, sobriety
17Quick startFold a sheet of paper into 3 sections. Label the sections “physical,” “mental/emotional,” and “social.” then list the ways that alcohol use affects each part of the health triangle.
18Long-term effects of alcohol on the body In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth & development.Excessive use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems.Let’s take a look!
19Alcohol during pregnancy When a pregnant female drinks so does her fetusFetal alcohol syndrome (fas), a group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problemsEffects of fas:Small head and deformities of the face, hands or feet.Heart, liver, and kidney defects.Vision and hearing impairments.learning disabilities (attention, memory & problem solving)Leading cause of mental retardation in the US
20alcoholismAlcoholism is a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol.Impaired ability to study, work, or socialize normally.Alcoholic is an addict who is dependent on alcohol.
21alcoholicMay display harmful behaviors such as drunk driving, violent or aggressive behavior.Might display these symptoms:Craving- strong need to drinkLoss of control- cannot limit drinking, preoccupied with alcoholPhysical dependence- withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweats, shaky, anxiety)Tolerance- drink greater amounts to feel its effectsHealth, family, & legal problems
22Stages of alcoholismStage 1 abuse- begins with social to relax, over time dependence on alcohol to manage stress. Becomes intoxicated regularly & builds a toleranceStage 2 dependence- cannot stop drinking & is physical and psychological dependent on the drug.Stage 3 addiction- drinking is the most important thing in a person’s life. Life is out of control but may not realize or acknowledge it. If the alcoholic stopped drinking, he or she would experience withdrawal symptoms.
23Effects on family & society 14 million alcoholics in usAlcohol use is a major factor in the four leading causes of accidental death (car accident, falls, drownings, house fires)Plays a major role in violent crime (homicide, forcible rape, robbery).40% of violent crimes are alcohol related2/3 of victims of domestic violenceNearly half of all homicide victims had alcohol in their blood stream
24Treatment for alcohol abuse Cannot be cured only treated.The process of learning to live an alcohol-free life is called recovery.The goal of treatment programs is to stop or control the intake of alcohol.Sobriety, living without alcohol, is a lifelong commitment.Steps to recovery:AdmissionDetoxification- a process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol.Counselingrecovery
25Where to get help Al-anon/alateen Alcoholics anonymous National association for children of alcoholicsNational clearinghouse for alcohol & drug informationNational drug & treatment referral routing service