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Learning a Second language is like learning any other skill CDEC- Chamber of Studies & Business Connections By MAEd. Ricardo Giraldo. CDEC- Spanish tutors.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning a Second language is like learning any other skill CDEC- Chamber of Studies & Business Connections By MAEd. Ricardo Giraldo. CDEC- Spanish tutors."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Learning a Second language is like learning any other skill CDEC- Chamber of Studies & Business Connections By MAEd. Ricardo Giraldo. CDEC- Spanish tutors that care for your learning Spanish as your second language!

3 Bilingualism The practice of alternately using two languages (Uriel Weinreich, 1968). Stages of second language Acquisition with a certain degree of perfection (Leonard Bloomfield 1935) and a certain degree of proficiency (William Mackey (1957). Early bilingualism is when the age of the bilingual at the time of the acquisition of an L2 is between tree years and puberty. Late bilingualism is when the bilingualism is learned as an adult. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

4 Is it possible to achieve fluency in a L2 if you start studying at a later age? It is still possible to reach a very high level of fluency, but almost everything depends on: Self-motivation How much time the leaner spend learning a L2 Which hemisphere is dominant in his brain and how it coordinates with the teaching methodology applied by the teacher and where does his strength lie: reading, writing, speaking or listening CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

5 Children can learn two languages at home, at school or in the community. Then speaking two languages will be like learning any other Skill, but to do it well children needs lots of practice to be provided by parents, family and people around them. Dr. Peter Kornakov from the university of St-Peterburg, Russia says that the newborn baby will never learn to talk if he is not in direct contact with the society and relatives. Development of two languages depends on the amount of input the child received in both languages. (Article Bilingualism in children: Questions and Problems, 2002). Lilliam M Malave say in her article “Parent Characteristics: Influence in the Development of Bilingualism in young children”. She Remarks this they have the advantage of knowing two cultures (Gregory, 1994; Schecter & Bailey, 1997), of being able to communicate with a wider variety of people and of possible economic advantages in their future. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

6 Bilingual Children Delay in L2 Greenspan Stanley (2005) in his article early childhood today, comments that in cases of children language delay around the age of three is necessary that the child has more opportunities to immerse him to the L2 with peer play, and adults, hearing and talking to them rather than force the family to converse in L2 at home. Greenspan Stanley (2005) in his article early childhood today, comments that in cases of children language delay around the age of three is necessary that the child has more opportunities to immerse him to the L2 with peer play, and adults, hearing and talking to them rather than force the family to converse in L2 at home. Greenspan Stanley (2005) in his article Greenspan Stanley (2005) in his article early childhood today, comments that in cases of children language delay around the age of three is necessary that the child has more opportunities to immerse him to the L2 with peer play, and adults, hearing and talking to them rather than force the family to converse in L2 at home. McWan & Martinez (2001) Semilinguals McWan & Martinez (2001) Semilinguals students who are thought to be non verbal In both English and the native language. Bilingual Children Delay in L2 CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

7  Researchers  Researchers have discovered that being bilingual may make children children “smarter” than monolingual ones. Performing certain cognitive tasks more accurately than monolinguals.”  Laura-Ann  Laura-Ann Petitto (2002), a researcher at Dartmouth College, and several several colleagues compared a group of monolingual children who spoke only French or English to a group of children who were learning one spoken language with one signed language. The children in the two groups were matched in terms of age (4 to 6) but in memory development as well.  The  The researchers determined that bilingual children far outperformed the monolingual group. ( Domenico Maceri, 2004, in his article, article, Does bilingualism makes you smarter?) Found at: CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

8 In the “Atlanta Journal” in an article By D. Aileen Dodd: Bilingual babies (Sept. 2006). She remarks that “The babies may be in diapers, but their parents are already building their resumes”. They are paying thousands of dollars so their babies can learn a second language before they can speak the first language. This because we live in a state that is raising in immigrant population. The parents puts their kids in preschool immersion programs so they can learn a foreign language from native speakers, because research suggest that being bilingual at a young age make kids more creative and better at solving complex problems at school. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

9 Since bilingualism is a definite plus, the schools system in different states, with the purpose to accelerate the process of becoming bilingual start dual language teaching since kindergarten to fifth grade and prepare them for the challenges of living in a multilingual world which is increasingly getting smaller. Since bilingualism is a definite plus, the schools system in different states, with the purpose to accelerate the process of becoming bilingual start dual language teaching since kindergarten to fifth grade and prepare them for the challenges of living in a multilingual world which is increasingly getting smaller. There are now 271 dual language schools nationwide, more than double the number of Although the most typical combination is English-Spanish, others involving Asian and European languages are also available. There are now 271 dual language schools nationwide, more than double the number of Although the most typical combination is English-Spanish, others involving Asian and European languages are also available. Nationwide bilingual babies academies offer immersion classes to Nationwide bilingual babies academies offer immersion classes to toddlers up to age 4. Prices ranges between $250 to $600 toddlers up to age 4. Prices ranges between $250 to $600 monthly. monthly. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

10 Misunderstanding about bilingualism Steven Krashen has reported that bilingual education has been dismantle in three states and is slowly disolving in several others, and the effectviness in bilingual education has been called into a question. The professional organizations don’t respond to this attacks because they have insufficient knowledge about bilingualism. The reason might be that they seldom communicate with the public to see how successful bilingual education can be implemented, and how effective it is to assist students to be able to converse in two languages in the school or after it. Steven Krashen has reported that bilingual education has been dismantle in three states and is slowly disolving in several others, and the effectviness in bilingual education has been called into a question. The professional organizations don’t respond to this attacks because they have insufficient knowledge about bilingualism. The reason might be that they seldom communicate with the public to see how successful bilingual education can be implemented, and how effective it is to assist students to be able to converse in two languages in the school or after it. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

11 Traditionally, the idea was that bilingual children’s language development was slower because of having to deal with the confusion of two languages (Ovando and Collier 1985). Researcher says that the heightened cognitive skills of bilingual children have to do with the increased computational demands of having to process two different languages (McNamara, 1976). Traditionally, the idea was that bilingual children’s language development was slower because of having to deal with the confusion of two languages (Ovando and Collier 1985). Researcher says that the heightened cognitive skills of bilingual children have to do with the increased computational demands of having to process two different languages (McNamara, 1976). Well implemented bilingual programs can Well implemented bilingual programs can promote literacy and subject matter promote literacy and subject matter knowledge in a minority language knowledge in a minority language without any negative effects (Cummins, without any negative effects (Cummins, 2000). 2000). CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

12 In conclusion: some of the most important aspects that contribute to the process of a child becoming bilingual are: Growing up in a bilingual environment (Bloom, 1964; Coleman, 1991; Laosa, 1975; Soto, 1992; Wong Fillmore, 1991; Walberg, 1984), with common bilingual patterns: Immigration Migration Close contact with other linguistic groups Schooling Growing up in a bilingual family CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

13 Most experts agree that children Are more likely to become proficient in a foreign language when they have an AU Pair bilingual care provider, because they can teach about language, traditions, Food and music. By example in Cambridge, Mass. Since 1989 has placed more than 55,000 AU pairs in American Homes. Source: Cultural Care AU Pair, May 23, 2006 CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

14 In the process to raise kids to be bilingual: The parents provided preschool activities in the first or second language (Kessler, 1984). Used television to facilitate second language acquisition (Polsky, 1974; Eisenberg, 1989) Spoke over the telephone with relatives. Facilitate reading and writing in the target language. CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

15 Sang songs in L1 or L2 Listened to the radio Used computers Visited language homeland from one to three months Incorporated L2 games Assisted with L2 homework Spoke to the child only in the target language Use the child as L2 translator Bilingual education videos CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

16 Misconceptions about Learning a L2 that make the process of bilingualism slow in the U S A Bilingual education tend to be associated with orality not literacy. Bilingual education tend to be associated with orality not literacy. Bilingual education means always communicating in the second language. Bilingual education means always communicating in the second language. In bilingualism, writing is taught, but only as a means to reinforce speaking, not an end in itself. In bilingualism, writing is taught, but only as a means to reinforce speaking, not an end in itself. Student first language is perceived as interference rather than facilitator in learning a L2, however research has convincingly disclosed that students first language provides a shortcut to learning a second language. Student first language is perceived as interference rather than facilitator in learning a L2, however research has convincingly disclosed that students first language provides a shortcut to learning a second language. From: The Jakarta Post, October 1 st, (ACC-NO:A A-12AF4-GNW) CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

17 Wong Fillmore, (1991). comments that “Children can lose their mother tongue after 2-3 years of starting school if school don’t offer bilingual education and if they don’t practice it at home, and in the community outside the school. Jim Cummins (2002) (in the article: Bilingual children’s mother tongue: Why Is It Important for Education?” quote Filmore). CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

18 U S A CHINA PERU AFRICA GERMANY PUERTO RICO WE ARE BILINGUAL, WE CAN COMMUNICATE IN ENGLISH AND IN SPANISH CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com

19 CDEC- Chamber of Studies & Business Connections CDEcamaradeestudios.com CDEC- Chamber of Studies & business Connections cdecamaradeestudios.com Thank you for visit our website, we hope Thank you for visit our website, we hope one day you to make your decision to become bilingual and start to learn Spanish as your second language. Ed parker said “The intelligent man is one who has successfully fulfilled many accomplishments, and is yet willing to learn more." one day you to make your decision to become bilingual and start to learn Spanish as your second language. Ed parker said “The intelligent man is one who has successfully fulfilled many accomplishments, and is yet willing to learn more." Leave with that in mind and give a click to this link to know about our special of the month: Leave with that in mind and give a click to this link to know about our special of the month:


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