Presentation on theme: "Strategies that Lead to Transference"— Presentation transcript:
1Strategies that Lead to Transference 2:50 WelcomeLynne KoenigWoodburn School DistrictWoodburn, Oregon
2Woodburn School District Strategies That Lead to TransferenceWoodburn School District4 Elementary, 2 Middle, 5 High schoolsWashington Elementary SchoolPopFree &Red 82%ELL 76%Let me tell you a bit about myself and my school district so you know a bit more about my background before we get started.Myself10 years classroom 5,4,1,25 years instructional coachGLAD, SysELD, Reading/ESOL endorsedWoodburn School District4 elementary, 2 middle, 5 high schools- 90/10 and 50/50 partnership and self contained. Dual lang throughout highschoolStudent populationELL’sFree and reduced lunch/Title IWashington
3Strategies That Lead to Transference Who’s Here?TeachersAdministratorsNew to dual50/50 or 90/10Self ContainedPartnershipBilingualI will share several strategies that will helpyour students navigate between languages in duallanguage programs. Whether you teach in a 90/10,50/50, partnership or self‐contained classroom, thesestrategies are essential to your students' languagegrowth both academically and conversationally.
4Strategies That Lead to Transference Language Transfer and Discrete Language SkillsSurface features of L1Surface features of L2Knowledge/concepts unique to L1Knowledge/concepts unique to L23:00I want to keep this presentation as practical as possible, but I have to add A little bit of research/theory to back it up!The Research: Jim Cummins interdependence theory or Dual iceberg. Many if not all of us have seen this graphic. It represents what the common underlying proficiencies of language are. CUPIf you understand the concepts in math – addition- subtraction- the relationship between fractions/decimals/percents, or you have learned the basics of reading: letters make sounds, sounds/letters make words, words carry meaning, or more complex, that author’s have a purpose and sometimes characters learn lessons, you have only to learn this once. These concepts carry over to a second or subsequent languages. These concepts are transferable.However, there are non transferable aspects of language. Some examples would be visual, such as letter based- different sounds for same visual letter. Or Syntax within the language.Interdependence ModelLinguistic (Adapted from Cummins, J. 1987)
5For Transference To Occur… Strategies That Lead to TransferenceFor Transference To Occur…Everything is about languageKnow your students Must be explicitly modeled.3:05My beliefs- everything is about language. Every part of your day IS about language. Every subject, every minute. Language must be your focus. Balance between the teachable moment and planned instruction comes from thinking ahead to the language hurtles for each lesson as well as the bridges that can be made. Purposeful instruction is key. Making a direct correlation between what’s happening in ESOL and Content can also be a bridge.Know your students! It may be easier said than done in some places. But you MUST know about the languages your students are bringing with them. What are the bridges between their L1 and L2? You can only be purposefulTransfer must be explicitly modeled. Some students do make transfer between languages quite easily, most do not. Knowing students first language and how it relates to the target language is not only beneficial but essential to your students success. We are going to spend more time learning about this today.
6Strategies That Lead to Transference Así se dice-Literacy SquaredInteractive Cognate Word WallProbable Passage- Kylene BeersInteractive writing-Literacy SquaredOther favorites!
7Strategies That Lead to Transference Así se diceLiteracy Squared-Kathy EscamillaPurpose:Explicit translation practice helps language learners navigate between languages and experience the subtleties of language as well as get the “gist” of meaning. Language is not directly transferable. This activity also gives power to both languages as each child gets to be the “expert”.Can be used as early as late kinder with appropriate scaffolding (whole class, based on theme).Moves to partner work with students as “experts” as early as second grade.Can use curricular theme or selected poetry.3:10Language is not directly transferable. Share sit downShare Kate/Fidel translation
8Strategies That Lead to Transference Así se diceWhole class-Choose topic- Example: Halloween vocabulary from books read.Teacher records words/phrases on chart in target language (L1 or L2)Teacher leads discussion of how you would “say it” in the opposite language.This should include partner talk thinking around the best way to say it.Teacher support is essential here as they can draw out other ideas or ways the students could say it and explicit teaching of getting the gist.Teacher again records words/phrases that reflect the ideas from the original language.
9Strategies That Lead to Transference Así se dicePartners-Choose poem, shared/creative writing etc.Partners take a phrase/sentence at a time and discuss how they could say it.Students record directly on same pageTeacher support to draw out other ideas or ways the students could say it and explicit teaching of getting the gist.Share with other partners.
11Strategies That Lead to Transference Share Cathi and Annika’s
12Strategies That Lead to Transference Let’s Try It!
13Interactive Cognate Word Wall Strategies That Lead to TransferenceInteractive Cognate Word WallPurpose:Students don’t automatically use cognates to help them communicate in L2. Explicitly teaching students that cognates exist adds to the tools they have available to them to grow in their ability to communicate.Always about languageSo many cognates in Latin based languagesMath/Science,visually, phonologicallyfalseStudent run/centered/ownedAccessible3:25Students don’t know they exist- become aware of them and begin to do their own exploration/study.
14Strategies That Lead to Transference This is a GREAT time to talk about false cognates embarrassed and embarasadorChanges in visual cues/spelling differences such as observation and observacion. Those that look exactly the same doctor and doctor. And math /science insect/insecto…. Rectangle/rectangulo
16Probable Passage adapted from Kylene Beers Strategies That Lead to TransferenceProbable Passage adapted from Kylene BeersPurpose:This is a prereading strategy that previews key language for students. It sets students up for success in reading in L2 and builds language and vocabulary through student dialogue in groups.How it works:Can be used as early as reading level ITeacher chooses key words from the story based on characters, setting, problem(s) and solution.Students work in teams to discuss which category the words belong in.Students do not need to agree!Students write their prediction or gist of how they think the story will go.They read the story, class discussion or partner discussion should follow to debrief the realign thinking and record what they know now.3:35
17Strategies That Lead to Transference Let’s Try It!Probable Passage Word SelectionarroyosriverbedReba Jowellhorned toadranch houseFlash3 small favorskisscaballeroPadreprairiehitchedprince
18Interactive Writing Literacy Squared Strategies That Lead to TransferenceInteractive Writing Literacy SquaredPurpose:Students build bridges between languages by reading in one language and writing about a familiar or known story or text in their other language.This writing activity is based on a known story that is generally read in L1.How it works:Day one: Picture book read aloud in L1Day Two: Post pictures from the story- class discussion of most important words from that page- sticky note the pages-students record in story bookletsDay Three- students use words from previous day to create sentences.Day Four- students use phrases to begin final written retell in final booklet.3:50
19Day 2- Labeling The Most Important Words Strategies That Lead to TransferenceDay 2- Labeling The Most Important Words
20Day 3- Taking Words To Sentences Strategies That Lead to TransferenceDay 3- Taking Words To Sentences
21Day 4- Final Written Retell Strategies That Lead to TransferenceDay 4- Final Written Retell
22Other Strategies That Lead To Transfer Strategies That Lead to TransferenceOther Strategies That Lead To TransferLanguage Rich EnvironmentChantsWord study- Cognitive Content Dictionary- G.L.A.D.Input chartsShared readingNewsbook4:05Chants, help students gain the rhythm and cadence of language. Practicing the sound with others who are language models creates a safe environment.Shared reading also gives this extra scaffold. News book and shared reading allow for vocabulary instruction as well as oral language practice.
23Cognitive Content Dictionary Strategies That Lead to TransferenceCognitive Content Dictionary
24Language Rich Environment Strategies That Lead to TransferenceLanguage Rich EnvironmentIncluding:ChantsInput charts
25Strategies That Lead to Transference Take Aways…….4:15