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INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Command and Control and Special Operation Command Relationships Click.

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Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Command and Control and Special Operation Command Relationships Click."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Command and Control and Special Operation Command Relationships Click arrow below to continue Joint Special Operations University MacDill AFB, Tampa, FL WARNING - This document contains technical data whose export is restricted by the Arms Export Control Act (Title 22, U.S.C., Sec 2751, et seq.) or the Export Administration Act of 1979 (Title 50, U.S.C., App et seq), as amended. Violations of these export laws are subject to severe criminal penalties. Disseminate in accordance with provisions of DoD Directive This document contains information EXEMPT FROM MANDATORY DISCLOSURE under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). 1

2 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Special Operations Joint Electronic Library Joint Electronic Library 2

3 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Dept/ Agency Bureau Mission Chief DoS SCA COM IPA RP CENTCOMServices XXCENT USFOR-A CSTC-A CJTF-XX TF NCANATO ACO JFC Brunssum ISAF IJCNTM-A RC TF GIRoA UNAMA PRT ESC Operational/Tactical Authority Coordination Lines Administrative Control PROVINCIAL RECONSTRUCTION TEAM Command and Control Structures 3

4 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Task Force Subordinate Combatant (Unified) Command Combatant Command CCMDSubunifiedJTF SubunifiedJTF Levels of Joint Command 4

5 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Combatant Command Abbreviations Combatant Command Authority Nontransferable command authority established by Title 10, United States Code, Section 164, exercised only by commanders of unified or specified combatant commands. USSOCOM Commander Admiral William H. McRaven USSOCOM Headquarters MacDill AFB CCMD - Combatant Command is the organization COCOM - Combatant Command is the authority CCDR - Combatant Commander is the individual 5

6 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified President Barrack Obama Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta Transportation Special Operations Combatant Commands 6

7 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Unified Specified Broad continuing mission Two or more departments Single strategic direction Composed of forces from a single department Normally established on a function No authority to establish subordinate joint commands Combatant Commands 7

8 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Geographic Combatant Commands 8

9 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CJCSCJCS U.S.PACIFICCOMMANDU.S.PACIFICCOMMAND U.S.CENTRALCOMMANDU.S.CENTRALCOMMAND U.S.AFRICACOMMANDU.S.AFRICACOMMAND U.S.NORTHERNCOMMANDU.S.NORTHERNCOMMAND U.S.SOUTHERNCOMMANDU.S.SOUTHERNCOMMAND U.S.EUROPEANCOMMANDU.S.EUROPEANCOMMAND U.S. TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION COMMAND COMMANDU.S. TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION COMMAND COMMAND U.S. STRATEGIC COMMAND COMMAND U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND COMMAND Unified Combatant Commands 9

10 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified U.S. Pacific Command U.S. Army Pacific Pacific Air Forces Pacific Fleet Marine Corps Forces Pacific U.S. Forces Korea U.S. Forces Japan Alaska Command Special Operations Command Pacific Joint Interagency Task Force - West Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies Center of Excellence for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance Subordinate Unified Commands 10

11 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified JTF 120, Operation URGENT FURY 1983 Mission: Evacuate U.S. citizens, disarm hostile forces and restore orderly government to Grenada. JTF-South, Operation JUST CAUSE 1989 Mission: Protect U.S. lives and key sites and facilities, capture and deliver Noriega to competent authority, neutralize Panamanian Defense Forces, support establishment of a U.S.-recognized government in Panama. Joint Task Force 11

12 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified JSOTF Joint Special Operations Task Force JSOTF-P JSOTF Philippines JSOTF-AP JSOTF Arabian Peninsula JCMOTF Joint Civil Military Operations Task Force JMISOTF Joint Military Information Support Operations Task Force Joint Task Force Terms 12

13 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Joint Task Force Terms 12 JSOTF Joint Special Operations Task Force JSOTF-P JSOTF Philippines JSOTF-AP JSOTF Arabian Peninsula JCMOTF Joint Civil Military Operations Task Force JMISOTF Joint Military Information Support Operations Task Force

14 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Budget / PPBES input Assignment of subordinate commanders Relations with DOD Agencies Convene courts-martial Directive authority for logistics COCOM Unique to Combatant Commander Authoritative direction for all military operations and joint training Organize and employ commands and forces Assign command functions to subordinates Establish plans and requirements for ISR activities Suspend from duty subordinate commanders OPCON delegated SUPPORT delegated to aid, assist, protect, or sustain another organization. General, Mutual, Direct, and Close. Command Relationships TACON delegated for local direction and control of movements or maneuvers to accomplish mission. 13

15 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL (ADCON) Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations with respect to administration and support. Organization of Service forces. Control of resources and equipment. Personnel management. Unit logistics. Individual and unit training. Readiness, mobilization, demobilization. Discipline. Other non-operational matters. Synonymous with administration and support responsibilities in Title 10, USC. COORDINATING AUTHORITY A commander or individual assigned responsibility for coordinating specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more Military Departments, two or more joint force components, or two or more forces of the same Service. Authority to require consultation between the agencies involved, but not to compel agreement. A consultation relationship, not an authority through which command may be exercised. DIRECT LIAISON (DIRLAUTH) Authority granted by a commander to a subordinate to directly consult or coordinate an action with a command or agency within or outside of the granting command. More applicable to planning than operations. Requires keeping the commander granting direct liaison authorized informed. A coordination relationship, not an authority through which command may be exercised. These are authorities and not command relationships. Other Authorities 14

16 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified These are authorities and not command relationships. Other Authorities 14 ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL (ADCON) Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations with respect to administration and support. Organization of Service forces. Control of resources and equipment. Personnel management. Unit logistics. Individual and unit training. Readiness, mobilization, demobilization. Discipline. Other non-operational matters. Synonymous with administration and support responsibilities in Title 10, USC. COORDINATING AUTHORITY A commander or individual assigned responsibility for coordinating specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more Military Departments, two or more joint force components, or two or more forces of the same Service. Authority to require consultation between the agencies involved, but not to compel agreement. A consultation relationship, not an authority through which command may be exercised. DIRECT LIAISON (DIRLAUTH) Authority granted by a commander to a subordinate to directly consult or coordinate an action with a command or agency within or outside of the granting command. More applicable to planning than operations. Requires keeping the commander granting direct liaison authorized informed. A coordination relationship, not an authority through which command may be exercised.

17 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified SOF Team Members COMBATANT COMMAND SOCS AND JSOTFS SERVICE / FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS SUBUNIFIED COMMAND COMBATANT COMMAND RELATIONSHIP SUPPORTED SUPPORTING RELATIONSHIP INTER AGENCY USASOC NAVSPEC WARCOM AFSOC MARSOC JSOC SOCSOUTHSOCAFRICASOCCENTSOCPAC SOCEUR SOCKOR SOCOM NORTHCOM J32 SOD ASD SO/LIC COORDINATING JSOTFs and JFSOCCs 15

18 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified HQ USSOCOM SERVICE COMPONENTS THEATER SOCS PRODUCE EMPLOY PROVIDE COCOM RELATIONSHIP SUPPORT RELATIONSHIP USSOF ADCON AUTHORITY OPCON OF ASSIGNED SOF UNITS OPCON OF PROVIDED SOF UNITS SOF Relationships 16

19 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified SOF Liaisons SOCCE Special Operations Command and Control Element. Perform synchronization, C2 and liaison of SOF activities with conventional forces. Collocates with the supported force command post but remains OPCON to the JFSOCC or JSOTF. SOLE Special Operations Liaison Element A team provided by the JFSOCC to the JFACC or appropriate Service component air command and control organization. Coordinates, de- conflicts, and integrates special operations air, surface, and subsurface operations with conventional air operations. SOF LNOs SOF Liaison Officers Ensure the timely exchange of necessary operational and support information. Aid mission execution and preclude fratricide, duplication of effort, disruption of ongoing operations, or loss of intelligence sources. SOCOORD Special Operations Coordination Element Primary advisor to an Army corps commander for SOF integration, capabilities, and limitations. Functional organic staff element of the corps operations division. Not organic to a Marine expeditionary force but may be established to augment the MEF staff. 17

20 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified SOF Liaisons 17 SOCCE Special Operations Command and Control Element Perform synchronization, C2 and liaison of SOF activities with conventional forces Collocates with the supported force command post but remains OPCON to the JFSOCC or JSOTF SOLE Special Operations Liaison Element A team provided by the JFSOCC to the JFACC or appropriate Service component air command and control organization. Coordinates, de- conflicts, and integrates special operations air, surface, and subsurface operations with conventional air operations. SOF LNOs SOF Liaison Officers Ensure the timely exchanged of necessary and operational support information. Aid mission execution and preclude fratricide duplication of ongoing operations, or loss of intelligence sources. SOCOORD Special Operations Coordination Element Primary advisor to an Army corps commander for SOF integration, capabilities, and limitations. Functional organic staff element of the corps operations division. Not organic to a Marine expeditionary force but may be established to augment the MEF staff.

21 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS What are Special Operations? Unclassified Conclusion Three Levels of Joint Command 1.Unified Combatant Command 2.Subordinate Unified Command 3.Joint Task Force SOCOM Exercises COCOM Authority Over all CONUS-Based SOF Command Relationships/Authorities 1.Combatant Command (COCOM) 2.Operational Control (OPCON) 3.Tactical Control (TACON) 4.Support 18


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