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Flanders: Els Maton, Tania Menten, Inge Schuurmans Netherlands: Ineke van de Craats, Jeanne Kurvers, Willemijn Stockmann Literacy and L2 in the Low Countries.

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Presentation on theme: "Flanders: Els Maton, Tania Menten, Inge Schuurmans Netherlands: Ineke van de Craats, Jeanne Kurvers, Willemijn Stockmann Literacy and L2 in the Low Countries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Flanders: Els Maton, Tania Menten, Inge Schuurmans Netherlands: Ineke van de Craats, Jeanne Kurvers, Willemijn Stockmann Literacy and L2 in the Low Countries

2 Dutch as ‘world’ language Varieties of Dutch –The Netherlands: 16 million –Northern part of Belgium: Flanders 6 million –Surinam, former Dutch colony –Dutch Carribean Islands –Afrikaans, South Africa –Small part of Northern France

3 Dual presentation FlandersNetherlands

4 Main ethnic minorities from Morrocco Turkey Congo Italy Several East European countries Several (North)African countries Several Azian countries Several Middle East countries Turkey Morrocco Surinam Iraq Afghanistan Iran Several African countries

5 Leslla population Nearly all illiterates and low-educated second language learners under citizenship policy. Therefore: –Information about citizenship policy –Information about Literacy Dutch L2 –Pairwise for Flanders and Netherlands

6 Citizenship: Legislation Federal law on non- nationals (Belgium) Law on citizenship 2006 Civil orientation (settling policy) ≠ naturalization Law on non-nationals (Act on settlement) –One condition: passing exam DL2 and Knowledge of Dutch Society WIB (Immigration Act) –Before arrival WI (Act on Citizenship) –After arrival

7 Citizenship: Program Knowledge of Dutch Society –History, politics, geography, health, education, job market and work –Individual coaching –Orientation on vocational, educational and social level Dutch L2 –A1 oral and written Knowledge of Dutch Society –History, geography, health, education, job market and work Dutch L2 –New arrivals: A2 o+w –Long term residents: A2 oral, A1 written Practicing functional competence in Dutch

8 Citizenship: Requirements No examExam Home country –Dutch L2: oral A1- –Knowledge Dutch Society –Phone test

9 Citizenship: Exams No exam Centre for civil integration (settlement policy) grants certificate in case of frequent attendance Exam WI Practice test with portfolio and/or assessment Dutch L2 (phone test plus computer test) Knowledge of Dutch Society (computer test)

10 Citizenship: Who pays ? Government: Ministry of Education & Work pays: –Dutch L2 –orientation on professional level Ministry of Civil Integration (settlement policy) pays: –Social integration, individual coaching and orientation on educational & social level New arrivals: Compulsory attendance: pay safeguard Voluntary attendance: pay a part In principle: newcomer pays own citizenship courses unless –they belong to a specific group, –local authorities pay for caretakers jobless

11 Flowers for the Netherlands

12 We sent them to the minister Thanks The Netherlands for everyzing I am allowed to learn

13 Literacy DL2: Positioning in Context CEFR Framework DL2 and literacy DL2 based on the CEFR of Languages, levels: Breakthrough –1.2. Waystage Framework DL2 Portfolio Dutch L2 Framework Literacy DL2 Portfolio Dutch L2

14 Literacy DL2: participants Mainly from –Morocco (Berbers) –Afghanistan –Iraq –Ghana –Sierra Leone –Thailand –Turkey –Congo –Burundi

15 Literacy DL2: Intake Houses of Dutch: –Cognitive intake test for literate L2 learners –Refer to schools Schools: - Intake talk about expectations, aims and obligations - Intake tests (differ per school) Intake interview about expectations, aims and obligations Intake tests –TIWI –Intake tests for illiterates and low- educated L2 learners

16 DL2: Aims and Framework Framework DL2 –Level 1.1 (A1) 3 modules for civic integration (180 h) 4 modules for others (240 h) –Level 1.2 (A2) 3 modules (240 h) –Key skills –Attitudes –Learning and communication strategies Framework DL2 –5 levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 –Oral (listening, speaking, conversation) –Written (reading and writing) –Functional aims

17 Literacy DL2: Aims and Framework Framework Literacy DL2 –Level 1.1 (A1) 10 modules (600 h) –Level 1.2 (A2) 6 modules (360 h) –Key skills –Attitudes –Learning- and communication strategies Framework Literacy DL2 –3 levels: A, B, C(=A1) –Oral (listening, speaking, conversation –Written (reading and writing) –Functional skills –Technical skills

18 Literacy courses DL2: Content Functional written Dutch in personal context Decoding skills and fluency Functional oral skills –Vocabulary –Functional speech acts

19 Literacy DL2: Perspectives Vocational perspective Social perspective Educational perspective Work OGO –Education –Health care –Upbringing

20 Literacy DL2: Course Material Reading and writing course material: –ready-made programs –computer-assisted Course materials oral Dutch: –Self-made material –Ready-made material Reading and writing course material: –ready-made programs; textbooks –computer-assisted Course material oral Dutch Authentic documents Portfolio L2 Literacy Methodology - code-related - functional

21 Literacy DL2: Teacher qualifications No specific L2 qualification Degree higher education or university with teaching qualification Specific certificate for others without teaching qualification but with experience No specific L2 qualification Qualification for primary education (general) Qualified teacher of languages secondary education Specific certificate for others without teaching qualification but with experience

22 Literacy DL2: Evaluation and Assessment No exam in civil integration (settlement policy) No standardized exams for literacy DL2 Emphasis on permanent evaluation ‘ Inburgeringstoets’ Test of Citizenship: Dutch L2 Portfolio Literacy DL2 –Checklists/dossier

23 Kwaku’s first letter


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