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Task R1: Distribution of Slip in Surface Ruptures Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno 1Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno.

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Presentation on theme: "Task R1: Distribution of Slip in Surface Ruptures Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno 1Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno."— Presentation transcript:

1 Task R1: Distribution of Slip in Surface Ruptures Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno 1Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

2 -- Sinesqrt was the only shape used in UCERF Shape from 13 events in Hemphill-Haley and Weldon -- Redo analysis, Wesnousky dataset, normalize and stack… <30 km ruptures >200 km ruptures All available -- Sinesqrt shape average works for all event subsets <30 km <30 km with reflections >200 km >200 km w. refl. All ruptures All w. refl. Sin(x/2L) Sqrt(sin(x/2L)) 2Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

3 Example rupture profiles from Wesnousky (2008). Red line at average displacement 3Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

4 Paleoseismic Rupture Scenarios New records since WGCEP- 2: – Bidart Fan Six events since ~1300 A.D., compared with five events since ~950 A.D. – Five to seven events at Coachella since ~900 A.D. vs. four at Indio since A.D – Seven new events at Frazier Park. – AMS redating of Pallett Creek. Shorter period of complete records, greater variability in scenarios. Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno4

5 Notes on Averaged Rupture Shapes Average rupture shape affects which scenarios from pearl-stringing fit total displacement criteria. Feeds into N(M) vs. M. Proposed: Use an empirical L->Davg regression instead of a fixed Hanks-Bakun (from Task R2?). Can average shape be used w/o removing the stress-drop? 1857 was here Rupture Length (km) 5Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

6 Multiple-Fault and Multiple Section Ruptures Geologic assessment of step-overs should give clues to the mechanical linkage of faults. At subfault ends: – Greater degrees of distributed displacement – Local rotation and extension – Exaggerated displacement gradients Obliquity of GPS strain field to fault orientation may be useful. 6Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

7 7 Wesnousky, 2008 Wells and Coppersmith events could contribute to this plot

8 Overlap Illustration (5%) Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno8

9 Considerations for UCERF-3 Displacements on shorter faults are out of proportion to their lengths. – Is this a general feature when Type B or C faults link? – How do short faults “know” what displacement to have? – Up to 12 ruptures are available to study it Systematize slip gradients at ends as inputs to other models. Re-stringing pearls would give one view of the MFD and rupture end points from paleoseismic data. Alternate Length-D average relation would change ratio of long and short ruptures. 9Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno

10 Finite-Fault Rupture Displacements Finite-fault inversion: Seismic data inverted for slip on the fault. Potential uses: – Rupture displacement with strike and depth. – Evaluation of overlap/tapering at fault-to-fault ruptures. Pros and Cons – Depth filters out variability compared with near-surface measurements – Wavelengths may reflect larger, more important structures – Inversions differ, sometimes even in gross structure – Smoothing, resolution vary from earthquake to earthquake – Analyses can be one plane or in sub-fault panels Resource – Compilation by Mai: 152 ruptures for 80 earthquakes Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno10

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12 Finite-Fault Rupture Displacements Evaluation approach – Develop slip differences in depth and horizontal separation (e.g., Shaw, 2010) – Compare with min, max frequencies in inversion – Evaluate for patterns in slip and normalized slip – Compare with available surface slip – Recommend use (or not) in UCERF-3 Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno12

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14 Candidate ruptures to add to Wesnousky 2008 database 2010 Christchurch, New Zealand 2010 El Mayor Cucapah, Mexico 2009 L’Alquila, Italy 2008 Wenchaun, China 2006 Machaze, Mozambique 2005 Pakistan 2004 Parkfield, California 2004 Mid-Niigata, Japan 1995 Kobe, Japan 1976 Montagua, Guatemala 1973 Luhuo, China 1931 Funyun, China 1905 Bulnay, Mongolia Glenn Biasi University of Nevada Reno14


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