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1 Change Management Mengelola Proses Perubahan secara Efektif.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Change Management Mengelola Proses Perubahan secara Efektif."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Change Management Mengelola Proses Perubahan secara Efektif

2 2 Anda bisa mendownload file presentasi ini di: Composed by : Yodhia Antariksa Silakan berkunjung ke, sebuah blog tentang management skills, human capital dan business strategy

3 3 Contents Five Activities Contributing to Effective Change ManagementFive Activities Contributing to Effective Change Management Motivating ChangeMotivating Change Creating Vision of ChangeCreating Vision of Change Developing Political SupportDeveloping Political Support Managing the TransitionManaging the Transition Sustaining MomentumSustaining Momentum

4 4 “When the rate of change outside exceeds the rate of change inside, the end is in sight” Rate of Change Jack Welch

5 5 Five Activities Contributing to Effective Change Management

6 6 Five Activities Contributing to Effective Change Management 1.Motivating Change 2. Creating Vision of Change 3. Developing Political Support 4. Managing the Transition of Change 5. Sustaining Momentum Effective Change Management

7 7 1.Motivating Change Motivating change and creating readiness for change Sensitize organizations to pressure for change Reveal discrepancies between current and desired states Convey credible positive expectations for the change

8 8 Force Field Analysis Model Current Situation Restraining Forces for Change Driving Forces for Change

9 9 Force Field Analysis Model Strengthening or adding driving forces Removing or reducing restraining forces Changing the direction of some of the forces Change

10 10 Group Exercise Take this opportunity to think of a situation in your organization where Force Field Model could be demonstrated. Begin by identifying a change being instituted in your organization. List the driving forces List the restraining forces

11 11 Resistance to Change 20%40%60%80%100% Source: Information Week, June 20, 1994 Limitations of Existing Systems Lack of Executive Commitment Lack of Executive Champion Unrealistic Expectations Lack of Cross-Functional Team Inadequate Team and User Skills Technology Users Not Involved Project Charter Too Narrow Barriers to Change

12 12 Individual Resistance Habit Selective Information Processing Economic Factors Job Security Fear of the Unknown

13 13 Organizational Resistance Threat to Established Power Relationship Group Inertia Threat to Established Resource Allocations Structural Inertia Limited Focus of Change

14 14 Overcoming Resistance to Change Education and Communication Participation and Involvement Facilitation and Support Negotiation Manipulation and Cooptation Coercion Overcoming Resistance to Change

15 15 2. Creating Vision of Change Constructing the Envisioned Future Bold and Valued Outcomes Desired Future State

16 16 3. Developing Political Support Assessing Change Agent Power Identifying Key Stakeholders Influencing Stakeholders Developing Political Support

17 17 Influencing Key Stakeholders What would make them more supportive of the change? Information / understanding? Involvement and ownership? Changes in planned actions? Direction from more senior managers? Evidence of the success of the change?

18 18 Influencing Key Stakeholders What would make them less supportive of the change? Personal threat ? Non-involvement in decisions ? Personal rivalries ? Insufficient evidence in ‘trial period’ (defined by them) ?

19 19 4. Managing the Transition Current State Desired Future State Transition State Activity Planning Activity Planning Change Management Team Change Management Team

20 20 5. Sustaining Momentum Sustaining Momentum Providing Resource for Change Building a Support System for Change Agents Developing New Competencies and Skills Reinforcing New Behaviors Staying the Course

21 21 Recommended Further Readings: 1.Thomas Cummings and Christopher Worley, Organization Development and Change, South Western College Publishing 2.Lynn Fossum, Understanding Organizational Change, Crisp Learning Publication

22 22 Jika Anda menyukai presentasi ini, silakan berkunjung ke secara reguler untuk memperoleh ide-ide segar tentang manajemen dan strategi bisnis. The Right Destination for Smart People Jika Anda ingin menggunakan slide ini, mohon sebutkan sumbernya, yakni :

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