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Unit 17 Avoiding gridlock  Reading 1 Smashing Stereotypes  Reading 2 Avoiding Gridlock.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 17 Avoiding gridlock  Reading 1 Smashing Stereotypes  Reading 2 Avoiding Gridlock."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 17 Avoiding gridlock  Reading 1 Smashing Stereotypes  Reading 2 Avoiding Gridlock

2 R1 Smashing Stereotypes  If you are to write an essay titled Smashing Stereotypes, how will structure your article? First present the stereotypes, and then provide evidence, usually from studies, against the stereotypes.

3  Scan the first paragraph and point out what the stereotype is. Women drivers are more likely to be involved in accidents. In other words, gender is the most important factor in the accident risk. R1 Smashing Stereotypes

4  Then what are the other factors contributing to accident risks? age, driving experience, weather, speed, alcohol, etc. R1 Smashing Stereotypes

5  Scan the text and circle the key words or sentences of each paragraph. 1. A study 2. Insurance premiums 3. Age the biggest factor 4. Bend accidents 5. Driving in the dark R1 Smashing Stereotypes

6 6. Distance they keep from others 7. Higher speeds 8. Drinking alcohol 9. Driver fatigue 10. Andrew ’ s opinion  NB All other factors are discussed in relation to gender and age. R1 Smashing Stereotypes

7  Task 1 - Simple answers  Task approach: 1. Examine the questions. 2. Skim and locate the information. 3. NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.  Keys: 1 (they seek/to gain) independence 2 women (drivers) 3 age 4 55 R1 Smashing Stereotypes

8  Task 2 - Classification  Task approach: 1. Questions are not listed in order of text information. 2. Examine questions for key words. 3. Skim to find parallel expressions.  Keys: 5 B 6 A 6 C 8 A 9 B R1 Smashing Stereotypes

9  Task 3 - T/F/DNS  Task approach: 1. Examine questions for key words. 2. Look for parallel expressions. 3. Decide True, false or DNS.  Keys: 10 T 11 T 12 F 13 T 14 DNS 15 F R1 Smashing Stereotypes

10  Answer the questions before reading: 1. What is gridlock? 2. What causes gridlock? 3. How can gridlock be avoided? R2 Avoiding Gridlock

11  The general text pattern is. A. cause-effect B. problem-solution C. general-specific

12  Let ’ s predict how the text goes: 1. (What is gridlock?) 2. How did the problem come into being? 3. What are the effects? 4. What are possible solutions? 5. What about the prospect of its solution? R2 Avoiding Gridlock

13  Task 2 - Matching  Task approach: 1. Study examples in the text. 2. Examine questions for key words. 3. Skim to find parallel expressions.  Keys: 1 G 2 B 3 I 4 F 5 D R2 Avoiding Gridlock

14  Task 3 - Sentence completion  Task approach: 1. Questions appear in the same order as the text information. 2. Examine questions for key words. 3. Skim to find parallel expressions. 4. Ensure your answers fit logically and grammatically.  Keys: 6 E 7 G 8 F 9 B 10 D R2 Avoiding Gridlock

15  Task 4 - Diagram completion  Task approach: 1. Pay attention to the directions. 2. Analyze the diagram structure. 3. Examine questions for key words. 4. Skim to find parallel expressions.  Keys: 11 Global car fleet 12 cars 13 Nearly a million 14 a watershed 15 air pollution R2 Avoiding Gridlock

16 Homework Practice test Academic Reading On the Ex-books


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