2R1 Smashing Stereotypes If you are to write an essay titled Smashing Stereotypes, how will structure your article?First present the stereotypes, and then provide evidence, usually from studies, against the stereotypes.
3R1 Smashing Stereotypes Scan the first paragraph and point out what the stereotype is.Women drivers are more likely to be involved in accidents.In other words, gender is the most important factor in the accident risk.
4R1 Smashing Stereotypes Then what are the other factors contributing to accident risks?age, driving experience, weather, speed, alcohol, etc.
5R1 Smashing Stereotypes Scan the text and circle the key words or sentences of each paragraph.A studyInsurance premiumsAge the biggest factorBend accidentsDriving in the dark
6R1 Smashing Stereotypes Distance they keep from othersHigher speedsDrinking alcoholDriver fatigueAndrew’s opinionNB All other factors are discussed in relation to gender and age.
7R1 Smashing Stereotypes Task 1－Simple answersTask approach:Examine the questions.Skim and locate the information.NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.Keys:1 (they seek/to gain) independence2 women (drivers) 3 age
8R1 Smashing Stereotypes Task 2－ClassificationTask approach:Questions are not listed in order of text information.Examine questions for key words.Skim to find parallel expressions.Keys:5 B 6 A 6 C 8 A 9 B
9R1 Smashing Stereotypes Task 3－T/F/DNSTask approach:Examine questions for key words.Look for parallel expressions.Decide True, false or DNS.Keys:10 T 11 T 12 F 13 T 14 DNS 15 F
10R2 Avoiding Gridlock Answer the questions before reading: What is gridlock?What causes gridlock?How can gridlock be avoided?
11R2 Avoiding Gridlock The general text pattern is . A. cause-effect B. problem-solutionC. general-specific
12R2 Avoiding Gridlock Let’s predict how the text goes: (What is gridlock?)How did the problem come into being?What are the effects?What are possible solutions?What about the prospect of its solution?
13R2 Avoiding Gridlock Task 2－Matching Task approach: Keys: Study examples in the text.Examine questions for key words.Skim to find parallel expressions.Keys:1 G 2 B 3 I 4 F 5 D
14R2 Avoiding Gridlock Task 3－Sentence completion Task approach: Keys: Questions appear in the same order as the text information.Examine questions for key words.Skim to find parallel expressions.Ensure your answers fit logically and grammatically.Keys:6 E 7 G 8 F 9 B D
15R2 Avoiding Gridlock Task 4－Diagram completion Task approach: Keys: Pay attention to the directions.Analyze the diagram structure.Examine questions for key words.Skim to find parallel expressions.Keys:11 Global car fleet cars Nearly a million 14 a watershed air pollution
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